Jaswant Singh
Maharaja of Jodhpur
Maharaja Jaswant Singh II of Marwar, c. 1880. Attributed to Narsingh. The Brooklyn Museum.
Maharaja of Jodhpur
PredecessorTakht Singh
Heir apparentSardar Singh
Ahmadnagar, Gujarat, India
Died11 October 1895(1895-10-11) (aged 57)
IssueSardar Singh
FatherMaharaja Takht of Jodhpur

Jaswant Singh II, GCSI,[1] (1838 – 11 October 1895)[2][3] was Maharaja of Jodhpur from 4 February 1873 – 11 October 1895.


He was born in 1838 at Ahmadnagar in Gujarat and was eldest son of Takht Singh.[4]


He had eight wives, of which the first–the daughter of the Jam Sahib of Nawanagar, Puariji–was chief consort.[5]


He acceded to the throne of Jodhpur in 1873 upon death of his father, Takht Singh,[4]


H.H. The Maharaja Jaswant Singh II of Jodhpur, G.C.S.I.
H.H. The Maharaja Jaswant Singh II of Jodhpur, G.C.S.I.

The reign of Jaswant Singh II was marked with remarkable prosperity and reforms and development works. He established Courts of Justice, introduced system of revenue settlement and re=organizing all the state departments.[4] Further, he developed infrastructure of the state by introducing telegraphs, railways (Jodhpur State Railway), and developing roads.[4] He formed Imperial Service Cavalry Corps, which later rendered active service in European War.[4] He was honoured and created the Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India in 1875.[4][6]

Swami Dayananda incident

Jawant Singh had invited Swami Dayananda as he was influenced by his ideas. But the tragedy occurred when Dayananda was poisoned on 29 September 1883, when he was the royal guest of Jaswant Singh II, by Dayananda's own cook, who had conspired with a court dancer.[7] The Maharaja was quick to arrange the services of a doctor and arranged for Swamiji to be sent to Mount Abu upon the advice of Residency.[7]


He died 11 October 1895 and was succeeded by his middle son Sardar Singh. [5]

Jaswant Thada

The Jaswant Thada mausoleum in Jodhpur, India
The Jaswant Thada mausoleum in Jodhpur, India

The Jaswant Thada is an architectural landmark located in Jodhpur. It is a white marble memorial built by Sardar Singh in 1899 in memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II.[8]


  1. ^ The Golden Book of India: A Genealogical and Biographical Dictionary of the ... By Sir Roper Lethbridge:pp 218
  2. ^ Sir William Wilson Hunter, Imperial gazetteer of India, Volume 21, Page 34
  3. ^ Nirmal Upadhyaya, The administration of Jodhpur State, 1800–1947 A.D.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey edited by Arnold Wright, 1922:pp 200.
  5. ^ a b Jodhpur
  6. ^ London Gazette, 31 December 1875
  7. ^ a b World Perspectives on Swami Dayananda Saraswati By Gaṅgā Rām Garg :pp 96–98
  8. ^ The Indian Encyclopaedia: Indo-Pak War-Kamla Karri by Subodh Kapoor – 2002 – Page 3755 Jasvvant Thada, Close to the fort complex lies this white marble cenotaph, built in 1899, in commemoration of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Rare portraits of Jodhpur's rulers are, also, to be seen at Jaswant Thada.
Preceded byMaharaja Takht Singh Kunwar of Ahmednagar1841–1843 none,state ceded to Idar Preceded byMaharaja Takht Singh Rulers of Marwar (Jodhpur) The Rathore Dynasty4 February 1873– 11 October 1895 Succeeded byMaharaja Sardar Singh