KBEH
Garden Grove/Los Angeles, California
United States
CityGarden Grove, California
ChannelsDigital: 4 (VHF)
(shared with KWHY-TV)
Virtual: 63
Programming
Affiliations
Ownership
OwnerMeruelo Television
(KWHY-22 Broadcasting, LLC)
KWHY-TV, KDAY, KDEY-FM, KLOS, KPWR, KLLI
History
First air date
August 17, 1985 (36 years ago) (1985-08-17)
(in Oxnard, California; license moved to Garden Grove in 2017)
Former call signs
  • KTIE (1985–1988)
  • KADY-TV (1988–2004)
Former channel number(s)
  • Analog:
  • 63 (UHF, 1985–2009)
  • Digital:
  • 24 (UHF, 2003–2018)
  • 42 (UHF, 2018–2019)
Call sign meaning
Named for former owner Bob Behar
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID56384
ERP35 kW
HAAT894.1 m (2,933 ft)
Transmitter coordinates34°12′47.9″N 118°3′44.3″W / 34.213306°N 118.062306°W / 34.213306; -118.062306Coordinates: 34°12′47.9″N 118°3′44.3″W / 34.213306°N 118.062306°W / 34.213306; -118.062306
Links
Public license information
Profile
LMS

KBEH, virtual channel 63 (VHF digital channel 4), is a Canal de la Fe-affiliated television station serving Los Angeles, California, United States that is licensed to Garden Grove. Owned by Meruelo Broadcasting, it is part of a duopoly with Los Angeles-licensed Spanish-language independent KWHY-TV (channel 22); the two stations share channel 4 under a channel sharing agreement. KBEH and KWHY share studios on West Pico Boulevard in the Mid-City section of Los Angeles and transmitter facilities atop Mount Wilson. Despite Garden Grove being KBEH's city of license, the station maintains no physical presence there.

History

A long road to sign-on

The history of channel 63, originally allocated to Oxnard, begins on September 29, 1972,[1] when Lola Goelet Yoakem, a scriptwriter from Malibu, obtained a construction permit for the channel.[2] Aside from the assignment of the call letters KTIE,[3] little of note occurred for the next decade. The permit was assigned to a non-profit organization controlled by Yoakem, Limitless Learning, in 1976;[4] the group did apply for a HEW grant in 1978.[5]

The station was still unbuilt by 1980. That year, the FCC Broadcast Bureau denied Mekaoy Co., which had replaced Limitless Learning as permittee, another time extension to get the station on the air, citing increased interest in UHF television for its crackdown.[6] Two years later, though, the construction permit staged a comeback. After being reinstated on February 22,[7] new technical parameters were authorized,[8] and KTIE was sold to Thorne Donnelly, Jr., for $100,000.[9]

Donnelley—grandson of Reuben H. Donnelley, inventor of the yellow pages—brought in new investors, including Beverly Hills accountant and real estate broker Don Sterling (no relation to the former Los Angeles Clippers owner of the same name), and built studios on Maulhardt Road in Oxnard.[10] After a $5 million investment, the station first signed on the air on August 17, 1985, offering movies, syndicated fare and local newscasts to Ventura County from its transmitter on South Mountain near Santa Paula.[11] It was the first television station to operate in Ventura County since KKOG-TV (channel 16) shut down in 1969.

KADY-TV

The original owners, fighting ongoing losses to the tune of $1 million a year, sold the station in 1988 to billionaire Meshulam Riklis, the then-husband of actress Pia Zadora. Riklis changed the call letters to KADY-TV in honor of his and Zadora's daughter Kady, in turn the name of the role Zadora played in the movie Butterfly famously financed by Riklis.[12] The station reintroduced itself with its new call letters with a commercial-free weekend, Riklis infused capital to build up the station[12] and simulcast it on a newly built station, KADE channel 33, at San Luis Obispo.[13]

Riklis achieved his wealth by inventing complicated paper schemes like junk bonds and leveraged buyouts. As Riklis' empire began to unravel, KADY-TV was part of settlements, and a payment dispute caused it to lose the San Luis Obispo station where it leased time.[13] The subsequent company, E-II Holdings (a group of jilted Riklis investors),[14] sold KADY to John Huddy, former general manager under Riklis; Huddy had been near a deal in 1991 to acquire the station for $10 million.[15]

Under Huddy ownership, the station returned to local news for the first time in several years with the 1993 introduction of Ventura County News Network (VCNN), a separate venture that shared studio space with and aired programming on KADY.[16] The station also became a charter affiliate of UPN when it launched on January 16, 1995, and built more than 200 miles (320 km) of microwave links to deliver its signal to all cable systems in the Santa Barbara market.[17] However, Huddy's management became a financial disaster for the television station. Despite promising to offer "the best local news in America",[17] VCNN, unable to rate well due to the way ratings were measured between two media markets in Ventura County and its high costs compared to channel 63's other programs, folded on July 1, 1996.[18] By that time, the station was mired in a string of financial problems. It was behind on rent to Sterling, who had built the station more than a decade prior and still owned the Oxnard facilities, and narrowly avoided eviction in February,[19] only for a court to ratify his right to foreclose on the station a month later for $4 million.[20] Sterling had previously lost a lawsuit earlier for failing to pay monthly rent and a longshot bid at the FCC to have the license transferred back to him.[21] On top of all of this and attempts to sell KADY, Huddy suffered a major heart attack in January 1996.[21]

Fixing the mess

It at least equals the most poorly managed companies I've seen.

John Hyde, on the situation the Huddys left at KADY[17]

The messy Huddy era ended with creditors, primarily program providers, forcing the station into bankruptcy and the naming of a court-appointed trustee, John Hyde, in July 1996.[22] The situation confronting Hyde was a mess. The state of California had designated KADY a "problem employer" due to a spat of claims made to the state labor commission.[17]

Within a year, a deal had been reached to buy the station, subject to potential outbidding, with Paxson Communications placing an $8 million bid on KADY in July 1997 as part of its national purchasing spree to build Paxnet.[23] At the auction at the end of September, however, a surprise $11 million bid, from media broker Brian Cobb, won out.[24]

Cobb had no immediate plans for what to do with the station.[25] However, he soon cast his gaze south. Cobb began a $4 million facility upgrade[26] by moving the station's studio facilities from Oxnard to Camarillo and filed to boost the station's power to cover Simi Valley and the Conejo Valley better.[27] Another go at local news was made, this time using newscasts produced by Santa Barbara ABC affiliate KEYT-TV, using studio and editing space provided by KADY.[26] The station disaffiliated from UPN in 2002.

Going Spanish

KBEH logo used while Spanish independent
KBEH logo used while Spanish independent

In 2004, Cobb sold the station for $30 million to Bela, LLC, a Florida-based Spanish-language broadcaster headed by Bob Behar. The move came after KADY was approved to build a booster on Mount Wilson, a major move to gain visibility in the Los Angeles market.[28] In May 2004, the station dropped its prior programming and became KBEH, a Spanish-language independent targeting the Los Angeles market and available on Los Angeles-area cable systems.[29] One year later, when MTV Tr3s launched, Bela switched KBEH and its other station, KMOH-TV/KEJR-LP in the Phoenix market, to the network, becoming its lone full-power affiliates.

Bela Broadcasting sold KBEH to Hero Broadcasting in January 2008.[30]

On January 28, 2012, KBEH began serving as the pilot station of CNN Latino, a news service targeting U.S. Hispanics focusing on news, lifestyle, documentary, talk and debate program as an alternative to traditional Hispanic networks. The service's initial rollout on the station began with a branded programming block of eight hours of customized content from 3 to 11 p.m.

In the FCC's incentive auction, KBEH sold its spectrum for $146,627,980 and indicated that it would enter into a post-auction channel sharing agreement.[31] In April 2017, KBEH reached a channel sharing agreement with KWHY-TV (channel 22); Hero Broadcasting also agreed to sell the KBEH license to KWHY's owner, Meruelo Television, for $10 million.[32]

In March 2018, KBEH began airing classic movies and children's programming that normally air on sister station KWHY-TV. The network added the children's program Reino Animal to their Niños 63 block and started airing a block of classic Mexican movies named Cine en la Casa.[33][34]

On May 7, 2018, KBEH began airing a broad mix of Spanish language programming from various Latin American countries. The station pulled the programing on August 9, 2018 and replaced it with religious programming from Canal de la Fe.

Programming

Prior to 2018, KBEH's programming consisted primarily of infomercials 24 hours a day outside required E/I programming. In 2013, KBEH joined the ACC Network for broadcasts of selected Atlantic Coast Conference football games syndicated by Raycom Media. It returned such broadcasts to the Los Angeles market after a one-season absence after KCOP-TV had dropped the telecasts. These broadcasts ended in 2014, when they were picked up by KDOC-TV. KDOC previously carried SEC football games, but these broadcasts ended due to the shutdown of SEC TV as a result of the launch of the pay TV-only SEC Network.

On May 7, 2018, KBEH began airing a broad mix of Spanish language programming, such as telenovelas, court shows, sitcoms, and children's programming from various Latin American countries, plus Spain. KBEH started airing the Venezuelan telenovela Rebeca,[35] the Venezuelan comedy Tómame o déjame,[36] the telenovela Camelia la Texana,[37] and the Mexican telenovela Las Aparicio.[38] The network also starting airing court shows La corte del pueblo and Sala de Justicia, talk show Triunfadores Latinos, Multimedios singing competition show Cantadisimo Junior, as well as classic Mexican movies.[39][40][41][42]

The station pulled all the programming on August 9, 2018 and started airing religious programming from Universal Church.[43]

Technical information

Subchannels

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[44]
63.1 720p 16:9 KBEH-DT Canal de la Fe (Spanish Religious)
63.3 4:3 480i Retro TV
63.4 Spanish Infomercials
63.5 EEE TV (Spanish Religious)

Repeaters

Because of its original transmitter location on South Mountain (near Santa Paula in Ventura County), KBEH's signal only provided spotty coverage into Los Angeles County. To overcome this, KBEH employed a low-power booster station KBEH1 to broadcast its signal into Orange, Riverside and San Bernardino counties. The analog (and later digital) booster was discontinued in November 2009 when KBEH commenced using its maximum-power facilities at Mt. Harvard (a peak adjacent to Mount Wilson).[45] It is also seen in Santa Barbara over-the-air on KSBT-LD channel 32 and on local cable systems like Charter Communications, Cox Communications, AT&T U-Verse, Verizon Fios, DirecTV and Dish Network.

References

  1. ^ "Final actions" (PDF). November 6, 1972. p. 62. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  2. ^ "Oxnard TV Station Clears Major Hurdle". Oxnard Press-Courier. October 8, 1972. p. 9. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  3. ^ "Call letter application" (PDF). Broadcasting. November 27, 1972. p. 57. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  4. ^ "For the Record" (PDF). Broadcasting. March 8, 1976. p. 66. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  5. ^ "Departments of State, Justice, and Commerce, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 1980". 1979. p. 106. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  6. ^ Schonman, Gary P. (1985). "Extensions of Broadcast Construction Permits". Catholic University Law Review. 34 (3). Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  7. ^ "CPs & Applications" (PDF). Television Factbook. 1984. p. 1079. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  8. ^ "For the Record" (PDF). July 26, 1985. p. 111. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  9. ^ "For the Record" (PDF). Broadcasting. August 9, 1982. p. 68. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  10. ^ "Ventura County to Get New Television Station". Los Angeles Times. January 13, 1985. p. VII 2. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  11. ^ Margulies, Lee (August 16, 1985). "New TV Station To Bow in Ventura". Los Angeles Times. p. VI 26. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  12. ^ a b Fukushima, Rhoda (May 1988). "From Pia to Prime Time: Meshulam Riklis Enters Station Business" (PDF). Channels. p. 13. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  13. ^ a b Hastings, Angela (November 6, 1991). "Dispute has TV station pulling plug". Santa Maria Times. p. A-3. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  14. ^ "COMPANY NEWS; E-II Holdings Wins Fight For Reorganization Plan". The New York Times. May 26, 1993. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  15. ^ Reynolds, Christopher (May 30, 1991). "KADY May Be Sold to Area Buyers". Los Angeles Times. pp. Ventura B1, B4. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  16. ^ Rother, Caitlin (July 12, 1993). "FAMILY-RUN VCNN PRODUCING VENTURA COUNTY NEWS PROGRAM". Daily News of Los Angeles. p. TO1.
  17. ^ a b c d Kelley, Daryl (July 28, 1996). "New Boss Seeks to Repair Financially Troubled KADY-TV". Los Angeles Times. pp. Ventura B1, B6, B7.
  18. ^ Alvarez, Fred (July 2, 1996). "KADY-TV Pulls Plug on County News Network" (PDF). pp. Ventura B1, B7. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  19. ^ Kelley, Daryl (February 14, 1996). "KADY-TV Operators Barely Avoid Eviction". Los Angeles Times. p. Ventura B3. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  20. ^ Kelley, Daryl (March 5, 1996). "Judge Gives Approval to KADY-TV Foreclosure". Los Angeles Times. p. A20. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  21. ^ a b Kelley, Daryl (February 6, 1996). "Judge Bolsters Bid to Sell KADY". Los Angeles Times. pp. Ventura B1, B4. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  22. ^ Kelley, Daryl (July 10, 1996). "Court-Named Trustee Takes Over at KADY". Los Angeles Times. pp. Ventura B3. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  23. ^ Warchol, Richard (July 8, 1997). "Infomercial Carrier Signs Deal to Buy Channel 63". Los Angeles Times. p. Ventura B5. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  24. ^ du Turenne, Veronique (September 30, 1997). "KADY-TV Sold in Bankruptcy Auction". Los Angeles Times. p. Ventura B4. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  25. ^ Lehr, John A. (September 30, 1997). "TV station sells for $11 million - BANKRUPTCY AUCTION: Media broker unsure what he'll do with KADY". Ventura County Star. p. A1.
  26. ^ a b Lehr, John A. (September 3, 1998). "New owner pumping $4 million into Camarillo-based television station - Remaking KADY UPGRADING: Brian Cobb wants to establish a 'viable broadcast entity.'". Ventura County Star. p. E1.
  27. ^ Lehr, John A. (July 3, 1998). "Owners will take KADY to Camarillo - EXPANSION: Media broker is applying with the FCC to increase station's reach". Ventura County Star. p. E1.
  28. ^ Crowe, Deborah (March 19, 2004). "Miami group buys Camarillo TV station". p. Business 1.
  29. ^ Fernández, María Elena (May 26, 2004). "New Spanish-Language TV Station Enters Market". Los Angeles Times. p. C11. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  30. ^ BIA Financial Networks (January 11, 2008). "Deals". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
  31. ^ "FCC Broadcast Television Spectrum Incentive Auction Auction 1001 Winning Bids" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. April 4, 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
  32. ^ "Application For Consent To Assignment Of Broadcast Station Construction Permit Or License". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. April 28, 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
  33. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-03-22. Retrieved 2018-03-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-03-22. Retrieved 2018-03-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  35. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-04-30. Retrieved 2018-04-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  36. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-04-30. Retrieved 2018-04-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  37. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-04-30. Retrieved 2018-04-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  38. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-04-30. Retrieved 2018-04-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  39. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-04-30. Retrieved 2018-04-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-04-30. Retrieved 2018-04-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  41. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-04-30. Retrieved 2018-04-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  42. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-05-02. Retrieved 2018-05-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  43. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-08-11. Retrieved 2018-08-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  44. ^ https://rabbitears.info/market.php?request=station_search&callsign=56384
  45. ^ FCC Construction Permit