Kaskinen
Kaskinen (Finnish)
Kaskö (Swedish)
Town
Kaskisten kaupunki
Kaskö stad
Kaskinen
Kaskinen
Coat of arms of Kaskinen
Location of Kaskinen in Finland
Location of Kaskinen in Finland
Coordinates: 62°22′N 021°15′E / 62.367°N 21.250°E / 62.367; 21.250
Country Finland
RegionOstrobothnia
Sub-regionSydösterbotten
Founded1785
Government
 • Town managerMarkku Lumio
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total175.36 km2 (67.71 sq mi)
 • Land10.64 km2 (4.11 sq mi)
 • Water164.87 km2 (63.66 sq mi)
 • Rank312th largest in Finland
Population
 (2023-09-30)[2]
 • Total1,226
 • Rank286th largest in Finland
 • Density115.23/km2 (298.4/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish59.3% (official)
 • Swedish26.9% (official)
 • Others13.8%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1411.2%
 • 15 to 6447.1%
 • 65 or older41.7%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Unemployment rate65%
Websitewww.kaskinen.fi

Kaskinen (Finnish: [ˈkɑskinen]; Swedish: Kaskö) is a town, municipality and island of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Ostrobothnia region. The population of Kaskinen is 1,226 (30 September 2023)[2] and the municipality covers an area of 10.64 km2 (4.11 sq mi) (excluding sea areas) of which 0.16 km2 (0.062 sq mi) is inland water (1 January 2018).[1] The population density is 115.23/km2 (298.4/sq mi). The population is bilingual with a majority speaking Finnish (59%) and the minority Swedish (27%).[3]

Kaskinen is the smallest municipality in Finland with town status.[6][7] The town is located on an island with two bridges to the mainland, and its only border neighbor is the town of Närpes. The townscape of Kaskinen consists of uniform wooden construction.[7][8] Even though it is planned mainly as a port town, the Suupohja Railway [fi] also runs from the town to the Ostrobothnian Railway [fi] to Seinäjoki. Today, however, the railway is only used for freight traffic, mainly for the Port of Kaskinen.[9]

The paddle appearing in the coat of arms of Kaskinen describes the excellent natural harbor that has influenced the establishment of the town in its place. The laurel leaf may have been intended to refer to flowering, but its origin may also be in the name of the Bladh family (Swedish: blad, "leaf"); Two members of the family – father and son – acquired both city rights and township status for the village at that time. The coat of arms has been redrawn by A. W. Rancken (1880–1954) based on the old coat of arms, which was originally confirmed on 9 April 1793.[10][11]

Etymology

The older name forms of Kaskinen island found in the documents are Kaskisöyen (1546), Casköö (1553), Kaskisöö (1573) and the later Kaskin or Kyperäsaari (1844). Although the oldest known written mention of the name Kaskinen for the town dates back to 1863, the name in Finnish is original. This is also indicated by the fact that in old Swedish island names, the body of the name is Kaskis-, to which the explanatory ending has been added, which means island in Swedish. The most likely interpretation of the island's original name is Kaskisaari ("Slash-burn island"), because the slash-and-burn agriculture has therefore been practiced on the island in the early days.[12]

History

The town was founded in 1785 on an island by King Gustav III of Sweden[7] and since then it has been one of the most important harbours of Finland.[6] In the 18th century, a town plan with long, straight and wide streets was drawn up for the town, and the plan prepared for a clearly larger population; however, even today, there are still many undeveloped estates in the town, and the urban settlement hardly extends beyond the original zoned area.[7][8][13][14]

The rise of the new town was slow in the 19th century, primarily due to poor transport connections. The bridge to the mainland was completed in 1828. As a maritime town, Kaskinen fell behind Kristinestad and Vaasa. Until the 19th century, fishing and trading were the most important livelihoods.[15] During the heyday of the Finnish sailing fleet on both sides of the middle of the 19th century, especially tar and timber were exported from Kaskinen. The town's merchant fleet was at its largest the size of 12 sailing ships. After the era of sailing ships, coastal traffic as well as freight and passenger traffic to Sweden was practiced in the town by steamships.[15]

On 18 November 2019, Kaskinen and Närpes voted for a municipal merger, but Kaskinen's town council voted 9–8 to reject the consolidation.[16][17]

Economy

In 2015, there were 479 jobs in the municipality. 5,2% of them were in primary production (agriculture, forestry and fisheries), 39,7% in processing and 53,7% in services. The share of processing was higher than in the whole country (20%).[18] In 2016, the companies that paid the most corporate tax were Oy Sonnfish Ab, Kuivaniemen Kala Oy and Kaskitek Oy.[19]

The town includes the Port of Kaskinen, which deals with cargo transport.[20]

Demographics

The following diagram shows the population development of the town every five years since 1990:

Kaskinen's population growth in 1990–2020
Year Population
1990
1 780
1995
1 596
2000
1 564
2005
1 482
2010
1 429
2015
1 285
2020
1 278
Source: Statistics Finland.[21]

Government

Kaskinen Town Hall

At the end of 2017, Minna Nikander was elected the town manager of Kaskinen.[22]

Politics

The two major parties in Kaskinen are SFP and SDP, which form the majority in elections and in the council. Below are the percentages of support for the parliamentary elections based on the votes cast in the most recent municipal elections:[23][24]

Culture

Food

Gubbe ronka or gubbe runka, mashed potato containing salted Baltic herring, served with mashed lingonberry and melted butter, was named as Kaskinen's traditional parish dish in the 1980s.[25][26]

Notable people

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population statistics 2023, September". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 26 October 2023.
  3. ^ a b "Demographic Structure by area as of 31 December 2022". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Luettelo kuntien ja seurakuntien tuloveroprosenteista vuonna 2023". Tax Administration of Finland. 14 November 2022. Retrieved 7 May 2023.
  6. ^ a b The Island Town of Artisans, Fishermen and Sailors – Visit Kaskinen
  7. ^ a b c d Heidi Sommar: Kaskinen ei kasvanutkaan metropoliksi vaan puutaloidylliksi. YLE, April 17, 2015. (in Finnish)
  8. ^ a b Valtakunnallisesti merkittävät rakennetut kulttuuriympäristot RKY: Kaskisten ruutukaava-alueFinnish Heritage Agency (in Finnish)
  9. ^ Niemistö, Elina (8 August 2018). "Kun liikennerahat ovat tiukassa, rahoitusta etsitään kumppanuuksista – Seinäjoen ja Kaskisten välinen Suupohjan rata halutaan uuteen nousuun". YLE (in Finnish). Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  10. ^ Suomen kunnallisvaakunat (in Finnish). Suomen Kunnallisliitto. 1982. p. 117. ISBN 951-773-085-3.
  11. ^ Геральдика Великого Княжества Финляндского (in Russian). Запорожье. 2013.
  12. ^ Sirkka Paikkala (2007). Suomalainen paikannimikirja (in Finnish). Jyväskylä: Kotimaisten kielten tutkimuskeskus. p. 141. ISBN 978-951-593-976-0.
  13. ^ Kaskö – Kaskinen (in Finnish)
  14. ^ KASKINEN: ASEMAKAAVARUNGON SELOSTUS (lyhennetty nettiversio) – Tenkanen.net (in Finnish)
  15. ^ a b Kalevi Rikkinen & Hannes Sihvo (1986). Finlandia: Otavan iso maammekirja 7 (in Finnish). Keuruu: Viiskunta Oy. ISBN 951-1-08930-7.
  16. ^ Kaakinen, Elina (18 November 2019). "Suomen pienin kaupunki ei taivu kuntaliitokseen – Kaskisten ja Närpiön liitto kaatui tiukan äänestyksen jälkeen" [Finland's smallest town won't agree to a union of municipalities – the union of Kaskinen and Närpes fell after a tight vote!]. Yle (in Finnish). Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  17. ^ Kääriäinen, Juuso (17 September 2022). "Suomen pienin kaupunki on kohta syönyt säästönsä – 1 300 asukkaan Kaskinen tekee tappiota lähes miljoona euroa vuodessa, mutta kuntaliitos ei kiinnosta" [Finland's smallest town has almost eaten its savings – Kaskinen, with 1,300 inhabitants, makes a loss of almost one million euros a year, but the union of municipalities is not interested!]. Yle (in Finnish). Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  18. ^ "Kuntien avainluvut" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  19. ^ Tebest, Teemo (1 November 2016). "Tässä ovat eniten yhteisöveroa maksaneet yritykset – katso koko maan ja kuntien suurimmat veromaksajat". YLE (in Finnish). Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  20. ^ "Port of Kaskinen - Quick access to the high seas". Kaskistensatama.fi. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  21. ^ "Väestörakenne / 11s5 -- Väkiluku kuukausittain ja alueittain, 1990M01-2020M12" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  22. ^ "Minna Nikanderista Kaskisten uusi kaupunginjohtaja". Kuntalehti (in Finnish). 23 November 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  23. ^ "Eduskuntavaalit 2011 tulospalvelu". Yle (in Finnish). Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  24. ^ "Kuntavaalit 2021 - Kaskinen". YLE (in Finnish). 16 June 2021. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  25. ^ Jaakko Kolmonen (1988). Kotomaamme ruoka-aitta: Suomen, Karjalan ja Petsamon pitäjäruoat (in Finnish). Helsinki: Patakolmonen. p. 156. ISBN 951-96047-3-1.
  26. ^ Wörlund, Eva (12 February 2015). "Mat från förr smakar än i dag". Hufvudstadsbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 24 July 2022.

Media related to Kaskinen at Wikimedia Commons Kaskinen travel guide from Wikivoyage