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Kwun Tong
觀塘
Neighbourhood
Kwun Tong Town Centre
Kwun Tong Town Centre
Kwun Tong is located in Hong Kong
Kwun Tong
Kwun Tong
Location within Hong Kong
Coordinates: 22°18′54″N 114°13′30″E / 22.315°N 114.225°E / 22.315; 114.225
CountryChina
Provincial-level SARHong Kong
RegionKowloon
DistrictKwun Tong District
Time zoneUTC+8 (Hong Kong Time)
Kwun Tong
Traditional Chinese觀塘
(originally '官塘')
Simplified Chinese观塘
JyutpingGun1 tong4
Literal meaning"viewing a pond"
Kwun Tong Industrial Area

Kwun Tong is an area in the Kwun Tong District of Hong Kong, situated at the eastern part of the Kowloon Peninsula, and its boundary stretches from Lion Rock in the north to Lei Yue Mun in the south, and from the winding paths of Kowloon Peak in the east to the north coast of the former Kai Tak Airport runway in the west.

One of the first new towns in Hong Kong, Kwun Tong was, and remains, a major industrial area. Its population has been growing rapidly, and the demand for housing, medical and educational facilities and services has been increasing. In view of this, a number of community development projects, such as the redevelopment of old housing estates and the construction of major parks, have been implemented in recent years. These projects have incorporated a wide range of supporting facilities, like primary and secondary schools, clinics, community centres and open spaces. All these facilities have brought about a new face to the Kwun Tong District, making it a more comfortable place for the people to live.

History

A minibus Stop at Yue Man Square. This handwritten bus stop sign and bus display are still written as "官塘"

The Chinese name of Kwun Tong ("觀塘") was formerly written as "官塘" (transcribed as Koon Tong in Cantonese Yale). Despite the identical pronunciation of these two names in Cantonese, they have different meanings. "官塘" literally means Mandarin Pond, which was allegedly named after the Koon Fu salt yards (官富鹽場) set up by the government to secure central administration of the salt trade and prevent unauthorised salt preparation and trading starting from Song Dynasty. In those days, there were many salt yards around Kwun Tong, whose long coastline stretched to as far as Kowloon Bay and To Kwa Wan in the west. Troops were stationed here to monitor the salt yards' operation. Despite the government's close watch, illegal salt trade was still active on Lantau Island. When it was discovered by the officials, a full-scale crackdown was initiated. The Lantau villagers instigated an all-out uprising of salt farmers, leading finally to a major civil riot.

Antiques and coins traced back to northern song dynasty and southern song dynasty were discovered in neighbouring Kowloon city district and Wong tai sin dynasty, however, there were not such antiques and coins unearthed in Kwun Tong district.

According to other stories, Kwun Tong was a typhoon shelter for the Kowloon Water Police, which made it an important political and defence point of southereastern Kowloon. Black Hill (Ng Kwai Shan), which today rises up behind Lam Tin Estate, was known as Koon Fu Hill (官富山) at that time.

In the 1950s, when Kwun Tong was being developed as a satellite town, the local residents disliked the word Koon (), which literally means official or government, and they persuaded the Hong Kong government to change the place name to Kwun Tong (觀塘), which literally means viewing a pond. The development of Kwun Tong spearheaded the construction and planning of new towns in the New Territories, although the first project was limited in scope and did not share the features of self-contained communities like the later ones.[1]

Features

Yuet Wah Street apartments
Yue Man Square under redevelopment
Kwun Tong Dusk View

Town centre

Industrial area

Sculpture at Kwun Tong Promenade
Kwun Tong Swimming Pool

Kwun Tong was one of the minor residential areas in Hong Kong, with factories having been built there since the 1950s. The industrial area has since then expanded to Kowloon Bay and Yau Tong. Since the manufacturing sector of Hong Kong is in decline, many factories have been torn down and commercial buildings are being constructed to replace them.

In recent years, the government has started to re-develop the coastal area of Kwun Tong to correspond with the re-development of the Kai Tak district. A promenade and a park has been built along the coast near Kwun Tong Pier.

Residential area

The residential areas in Kwun Tong are mainly located in lower Kwun Tong, to the northeast of Kwun Tong Road.

Locations

Kwun Tong is situated at the eastern part of the Kowloon Peninsula, and its boundary stretches from Lion Rock in the north to Lei Yue Mun in the south, and from the winding paths of Kowloon Peak in the east to the north coast of the Airport (Kai Tak) runway in the west.

Economy

Gammon Construction has its head office in Kwun Tong.[3] It occupies 36,900 square feet (3,430 m2) of space there. It moved from Quarry Bay circa 2019.[4]

Link REIT has its head office at The Quayside [zh] (海濱匯) in Kwun Tong.[5]

Transport

Kwun Tong is served by the Kwun Tong station of MTR's Kwun Tong line.

Roads that are serving the area include:

Kwun Tong Pier used to be a major transport hub for cross-harbour passengers until the opening of the MTR and the Eastern Harbour Crossing. Today, ferry services to Sai Wan Ho and North Point are still available.

KMB bus terminus serving the area include:

Following some recent redevelopment plans in Kwun Tong, the Yuet Wah Street Bus Terminus is about to be demolished, and the routes originally terminating there will be moved to the New Kwun Tong Station Bus Terminus and Yue Man Square Bus Terminus.

Located near the area is the former Kai Tak Airport, which is currently the site of a large cruise terminal, opened in 2013.

See also

References

  1. ^ Scott, Ian (1982). "Administering the New Towns of Hong Kong". Asian Survey. 22 (7): 660. doi:10.2307/2643702. JSTOR 2643702.
  2. ^ Lewis, Tommy (7 November 1995). "Goosehead gang reward". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Contact". Gammon Construction Limited. Archived from the original on 5 February 2021. Retrieved 24 November 2020. Hong Kong Headquarters Gammon Construction Limited Address 22/F, Tower 1, The Quayside 77 Hoi Bun Road Kwun Tong, Kowloon Hong Kong
  4. ^ Liu, Yvonne (15 April 2019). "New lettings of Grade A offices down 30% in March". JLL Partners. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  5. ^ Link. "Contact Us". Link Asset Management Limited corporate website. Link. Archived from the original on 2 July 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019. Address 20/F., Tower 1, The Quayside, 77 Hoi Bun Road, Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong - Traditional Chinese Archived 2 July 2019 at the Wayback Machine: "香港九龍觀塘海濱道77號海濱匯1座20樓" - Simplified Chinese Archived 20 April 2021 at the Wayback Machine: "香港九龙观塘海滨道77号海滨汇1座20楼"

22°18′54″N 114°13′30″E / 22.315°N 114.225°E / 22.315; 114.225