In the European region, there are multiple stock exchanges among which five are considered major (as having a market cap of over US$1 trillion):

List

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (August 2008)
Country Stock exchange City Founded Listings Technology Operating
MIC
 Pan-European Euronext Brussels, Paris, Dublin, Amsterdam, Lisbon, Oslo, Milan 1602 (2000) 1300 OPTIQ
Nasdaq Nordic Copenhagen, Stockholm, Helsinki, Reykjavík, Tallinn, Riga, Vilnius 1620 (2003) Genium
 Albania Tirana Stock Exchange Tirana 1996 4 XTIR
 Armenia Armenia Securities Exchange Yerevan 2001 AMX
 Austria Wiener Börse Vienna 1771 63 XWBO
 Azerbaijan Baku Stock Exchange Baku 2000 6 BSEX
 Belarus Belarusian Currency and Stock Exchange Minsk 1998 BCSE
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Stock Exchange Sarajevo 2001 XSSE
Banja Luka Stock Exchange Banja Luka 2001 XBLB
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Stock Exchange Sofia 1914 XBUL
 Channel Islands The International Stock Exchange Guernsey 2013 2000 XCIE
 Croatia Zagreb Stock Exchange Zagreb 1907 45 Xetra XZAG
 Cyprus Cyprus Stock Exchange Nicosia 1996 XCYS
 Czech Republic Prague Stock Exchange Prague 1871 29 XPRA
 Faroe Islands Faroese Securities Market Tórshavn 2004 VMFX
 Georgia Georgian Stock Exchange Tbilisi 1999 261 XGSE
 Germany Berliner Börse Berlin 1685 XBER
Börse Düsseldorf Düsseldorf XDUS
Hamburg Stock Exchange Hamburg/Hanover 1558 XHAM/

XHAN

Börse München München 1830 XMUN
Börse Stuttgart Stuttgart 1861 Xitaro XSTU
Frankfurt Stock Exchange Frankfurt 1585 492 XFRA
 Gibraltar Gibraltar Stock Exchange Gibraltar 2014 GSXL
 Greece Athens Stock Exchange Athens 1876 251 XATH
 Hungary Budapest Stock Exchange Budapest 1864 61 Xetra XBUD
 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Stock Exchange Almaty 1993 XKAZ
Astana International Exchange Astana Nasdaq
 Luxembourg Luxembourg Stock Exchange Luxembourg (city) 1927 OPTIQ XLUX
 Malta Malta Stock Exchange Valletta 1992 XMAL
 Moldova Moldova Stock Exchange Chişinău 1994 XMOL
 Montenegro Montenegro Stock Exchange Podgorica 1993 XMNX
 Netherlands Nxchange Amsterdam 2015 8 XNXC
NPEX The Hague 2009 NPEX
 North Macedonia Macedonian Stock Exchange Skopje 1995 XMAE
 Poland Warsaw Stock Exchange Warsaw 1817 449 UTP XWAR
 Romania Bucharest Stock Exchange Bucharest 1882 83 XBSE
 Russia Moscow Exchange Moscow 2013 (1992) MISX
Saint Petersburg Stock Exchange Saint Petersburg 1997 SPIM
 Serbia Belgrade Stock Exchange Belgrade 1894 66 XBEL
 Slovakia Bratislava Stock Exchange Bratislava 1991 XBRA
 Slovenia Ljubljana Stock Exchange Ljubljana 1989 61 XLJU
 Spain Bolsa de Valores de Barcelona Barcelona 1915 BMEX
Bolsa de Valores de Bilbao Bilbao 1890 BMEX
Bolsa de Madrid Madrid 1831 BMEX
Mercado Oficial Español de Futuros y Opciones Madrid 1989 BMEX
Bolsa de Valores de Valencia Valencia 1981 BMEX
 Sweden Nasdaq First North Growth Market Stockholm 2008 288 FNSE
NGM Main Regulated Stockholm 2003 10 Elasticia XNGM
NGM Nordic SME Stockholm 2003 83 Elasticia NSME
Spotlight Stock Market Stockholm 1997 Elasticia XSAT
  Switzerland SIX Swiss Exchange Zürich 1850 266 XSWX
BX Swiss Zürich 1888 18 Elasticia XBRN
 Turkey Borsa Istanbul Istanbul 1866 417 XIST
 Ukraine PFTS Ukraine Stock Exchange Kyiv 2002 PFTS
Ukrainian Exchange Kyiv 2008 88 XUAX
 United Kingdom London Stock Exchange London 1571 2800 Millennium XLON

Consolidation

The following timeline outlines the consolidation through mergers and acquisitions among bourses in the European Union, which has taken place since the 1990s in response to financial harmonisation and liberalisation. Current, independent (parent) exchange companies are shown in colour.

    United States Intercontinental Exchange, Inc.
  United States New York Stock Exchange, Inc. United States European Union NYSE Euronext, Inc.
    United Kingdom London Traded Options Market United Kingdom London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange European Union Euronext N.V.
      United Kingdom London International Financial Futures Exchange
    United Kingdom London Commercial Sale Rooms United Kingdom London Commodity Exchange  
Netherlands Amsterdam Exchanges N.V. (Amsterdam Bourse)     European Union Euronext N.V.
    Belgium Bourse de Valeurs Mobilières de Bruxelles S.A. (Brussels Bourse)
  France Société des Bourses Françaises S.A. (Paris Bourse)
    Portugal Bolsa de Valores de Lisboa e Porto (Lisbon Bourse)
          Republic of Ireland Irish Stock Exchange  
                Norway Oslo Stock Exchange Norway Oslo Børs Holding ASA Norway Oslo Børs VPS Holding ASA  
                                      Norway Verdipapirsentralen Norway Verdipapirsentralen ASA  
                                    Denmark VP Securities A/S  
                  Italy Borsa Italiana S.p.A. (Italian Bourse) United Kingdom London Stock Exchange Group plc  
    United Kingdom London Stock Exchange plc  
                                              Norway Statnett Marked AS   European Union Nord Pool Spot AS European Union Nord Pool AS  
                                              European Union Nord Pool ASA    
                                United States National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. (NASD) United States Nasdaq United States NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. United States Nasdaq, Inc.
                      Sweden Stockholm Stock Exchange Sweden OM AB European Union OM HEX AB European Union OMX AB
                          Finland Helsinki Stock Exchange Finland Helsinki Exchanges Group Plc
                                                Estonia Tallinn Stock Exchange  
                                              Latvia Riga Stock Exchange  
                                              Lithuania Vilnius Stock Exchange
  Denmark Copenhagen Stock Exchange  
                                          Iceland Iceland Stock Exchange  
                                                          Armenia Armenian Stock Exchange  
                                                Switzerland SIX Swiss Exchange AG
                      Spain Bolsas y Mercados Españoles, Sociedad Holding de Mercados y Sistemas Financieros, S.A. (Spanish Bourses)  
                          Hungary Budapest Stock Exchange     Hungary Budapest Stock Exchange
          Austria Wiener Börse AG (Vienna Stock Exchange) European Union Central and Eastern Europe Stock Exchange Group AG Austria Vienna Stock Exchange
                                                Czech Republic Burza cenných papírů Praha, a.s. (Prague Stock Exchange)  
                                            Slovenia Ljubljana Stock Exchange      
                                              Croatia Zagreb Stock Exchange
Germany Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse AG (Frankfurt Stock Exchange)   Germany Deutsche Börse AG (German Bourse)
                                  Luxembourg Centrale de Livraison de Valeurs Mobilières Luxembourg Cedel International  
                                                              Germany European Energy Exchange  
                                                        Germany Switzerland Eurex Exchange  
                                                        Germany Switzerland STOXX
1585
1602
1625
1698
1724
1769
1771
1792
1799
1801
1808
1818
1831
1863
1864
1912
1954
1970
1971
1978
1979
1980
1985
1989
1991
1993
1995
1996
1998
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2018
2019
2020
2021

See also

Notes


References