Supreme Court of the United States
Map
38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444
EstablishedMarch 4, 1789; 234 years ago (1789-03-04)
LocationWashington, D.C.
Coordinates38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444
Composition methodPresidential nomination with Senate confirmation
Authorized byConstitution of the United States, Art. III, § 1
Judge term lengthlife tenure, subject to impeachment and removal
Number of positions9 (by statute)
Websitesupremecourt.gov

This is a list of cases reported in volume 50 (9 How.) of United States Reports, decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1850.[1]

Nominative reports

In 1874, the U.S. government created the United States Reports, and retroactively numbered older privately-published case reports as part of the new series. As a result, cases appearing in volumes 1–90 of U.S. Reports have dual citation forms; one for the volume number of U.S. Reports, and one for the volume number of the reports named for the relevant reporter of decisions (these are called "nominative reports").

Benjamin Chew Howard

Starting with the 42nd volume of U.S. Reports, the Reporter of Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States was Benjamin Chew Howard. Howard was Reporter of Decisions from 1843 to 1860, covering volumes 42 through 65 of United States Reports which correspond to volumes 1 through 24 of his Howard's Reports. As such, the dual form of citation to, for example, Pennsylvania v. Wheeling & Belmont Bridge Co. is 50 U.S. (9 How.) 647 (1850).

Justices of the Supreme Court at the time of 50 U.S. (9 How.)

See also: List of justices of the Supreme Court of the United States

See also: List of United States Supreme Court justices by time in office

See also: List of justices of the Supreme Court of the United States by court composition

The Supreme Court is established by Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of the United States, which says: "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court . . .". The size of the Court is not specified; the Constitution leaves it to Congress to set the number of justices. Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 Congress originally fixed the number of justices at six (one chief justice and five associate justices).[2] Since 1789 Congress has varied the size of the Court from six to seven, nine, ten, and back to nine justices (always including one chief justice).

When the cases in 50 U.S. (9 How.) were decided the Court comprised these nine members:

Portrait Justice Office Home State Succeeded Date confirmed by the Senate
(Vote)
Tenure on Supreme Court
Roger B. Taney Chief Justice Maryland John Marshall March 15, 1836
(29–15)
March 28, 1836

October 12, 1864
(Died)
John McLean Associate Justice Ohio Robert Trimble March 7, 1829
(Acclamation)
January 11, 1830

April 4, 1861
(Died)
James Moore Wayne Associate Justice Georgia William Johnson January 9, 1835
(Acclamation)
January 14, 1835

July 5, 1867
(Died)
John Catron Associate Justice Tennessee newly-created seat March 8, 1837
(28–15)
May 1, 1837

May 30, 1865
(Died)
John McKinley Associate Justice Alabama newly-created seat September 25, 1837
(Acclamation)
January 9, 1838

July 19, 1852
(Died)
Peter Vivian Daniel Associate Justice Virginia Philip P. Barbour March 2, 1841
(25–5)
January 10, 1842

May 31, 1860
(Died)
Samuel Nelson Associate Justice New York Smith Thompson February 14, 1845
(Acclamation)
February 27, 1845

November 28, 1872
(Retired)
Levi Woodbury Associate Justice New Hampshire Joseph Story January 31, 1846
(Acclamation)
September 23, 1845

September 4, 1851
(Died)
Robert Cooper Grier Associate Justice Pennsylvania Henry Baldwin August 4, 1846
(Acclamation)
August 10, 1846

January 31, 1870
(Retired)

Citation style

See also: United States district court

See also: United States circuit court

See also: United States federal courts

Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 the federal court structure at the time comprised District Courts, which had general trial jurisdiction; Circuit Courts, which had mixed trial and appellate (from the US District Courts) jurisdiction; and the United States Supreme Court, which had appellate jurisdiction over the federal District and Circuit courts—and for certain issues over state courts. The Supreme Court also had limited original jurisdiction (i.e., in which cases could be filed directly with the Supreme Court without first having been heard by a lower federal or state court). There were one or more federal District Courts and/or Circuit Courts in each state, territory, or other geographical region.

Bluebook citation style is used for case names, citations, and jurisdictions.

List of cases in 50 U.S. (9 How.)

See also: Taney Court

Case Name Page and year Opinion of the Court Concurring opinion(s) Dissenting opinion(s) Lower court Disposition
Almonester v. Kenton 1 (1850) Catron none none La. dismissed
Irwin v. Dixion 10 (1850) Woodbury none none C.C.D.C. reversed
Walden v. Bodley's Heirs 34 (1850) Catron none none C.C.D. Ky. multiple
Wheeler v. Smith 55 (1850) McLean none none C.C.D.C. reversed
United States v. Price 83 (1850) Grier none Woodbury C.C.E.D. Pa. affirmed
Wilson v. Simpson 109 (1850) Wayne none none C.C.D. La. affirmed
United States v. Reynes 127 (1850) Daniel none none D. La. reversed
La Roche v. Jones's Lessee 155 (1850) Catron none none C.C.S.D. Miss. reversed
Perrine v. Chesapeake and Delaware Canal Company 172 (1850) Taney none McLean C.C.D. Del. certification
Neves v. Scott 196 (1850) Nelson none none C.C.D. Ga. reversed
Withers v. Greene 213 (1850) Daniel none Nelson C.C.S.D. Ala. reversed
Benner v. Porter 235 (1850) Nelson none none S.D. Fla. reversed
Mason v. Fearson 248 (1850) Woodbury none none C.C.D.C. reversed
Strader v. Baldwin 261 (1850) Grier none none Ohio dismissed
Brabston v. Gibson 263 (1850) McLean none none C.C.D. La. reversed
Davis v. Concordia Parish 280 (1850) Wayne none none La. affirmed
Humphreys v. Smith 297 (1850) Grier none none C.C.S.D. Miss. reversed
Lytle v. Arkansas 314 (1850) McLean none Catron Ark. reversed
Boswell's Lessee v. Otis 336 (1850) McLean none none C.C.D. Ohio certification
United States v. Briggs 351 (1850) Catron none none C.C.D. Mich. certification
Gaines v. Nicholson 356 (1850) Nelson none none C.C.S.D. Miss. reversed
Barrow v. Reab 366 (1850) Woodbury none none C.C.D. La. affirmed
Harrison v. Vose 372 (1850) Woodbury none none C.C.D. Me. certification
Hill v. United States 386 (1850) Daniel none none C.C.S.D. Miss. certification
Tayloe v. Merchants' Fire Insurance Company 390 (1850) Nelson none Catron C.C.D. Md. reversed
Townsend v. Jemison 407 (1850) Wayne none none M.D. Ala. affirmed
Doe v. Eslava 421 (1850) Woodbury none none Ala. affirmed
Doe v. City of Mobile 451 (1850) Woodbury none none Ala. affirmed
Goodtitle v. Kibbe 471 (1850) Taney none none Ala. affirmed
Atkinson's Lessee v. Cummins 479 (1850) Grier none none C.C.W.D. Pa. affirmed
Brown v. United States 487 (1850) Daniel none none C.C.D.C. reversed
United States v. Roberts 501 (1850) Wayne none none C.C.D. Ill. reversed
Bank of Alabama v. Dalton 522 (1850) Catron none none N.D. Miss. affirmed
Bayard v. Lombard 530 (1850) Grier none none C.C.E.D. Pa. affirmed
Lamert v. Ghiselin 552 (1850) Taney none none C.C.D. Md. certification
United States v. Marigold 560 (1850) Daniel none none C.C.N.D.N.Y. certification
Forsyth v. United States 571 (1850) Nelson none none N.D. Fla. reversed
Simpson v. United States 578 (1850) Nelson none none N.D. Fla. reversed
Cotton v. United States 579 (1850) Nelson none none N.D. Fla. continued
Baldwin v. Ely 580 (1850) Taney none none C.C.D.C. reversed
Hogan v. Ross 602 (1850) per curiam none none N.D. Miss. dismissed
Fleming v. Page 603 (1850) Taney none none C.C.E.D. Pa. certification
Marriott v. Brune 619 (1850) Woodbury none none C.C.D. Md. affirmed
United States v. Southmayd 637 (1850) Woodbury none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
Pennsylvania v. Wheeling and Belmont Bridge Company 647 (1850) Nelson none Daniels original referred to commissioner

Notes and references

  1. ^ Anne Ashmore, DATES OF SUPREME COURT DECISIONS AND ARGUMENTS, Library, Supreme Court of the United States, 26 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Supreme Court Research Guide". Georgetown Law Library. Retrieved April 7, 2021.

See also