|Coordinates: 45°05′N 04°05′E / 45.083°N 4.083°ECoordinates: 45°05′N 04°05′E / 45.083°N 4.083°E|
|• President of the Departmental Council||Georges Ziegler (LR)|
|• Total||4,781 km2 (1,846 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (410/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
Loire (/lwɑːr/; French pronunciation: [lwaʁ]; Arpitan: Lêre; Occitan: Léger or Leir) is a landlocked département in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of France occupying the river Loire's upper reaches. Its prefecture is Saint-Étienne. It had a population of 765,634 in 2019.
Loire was created in 1793 when the Rhône-et-Loire département was split into two, about 3½ years after it was created. This was a response to counter-revolutionary activities in Lyon which, by population, was the country's second largest city. By splitting Rhône-et-Loire the government sought to protect the French Revolution from the potential power and influence of counter revolutionary activity in the Lyon region.
The departmental capitals (prefectures) throughout its history are as follows:
Loire is part of the current administrative region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and is surrounded by the départements of Rhône, Isère, Ardèche, Haute-Loire, Puy-de-Dôme, Allier, and Saône-et-Loire.
The river Loire traverses the department from south to north.
The Loire département is divided into three arrondissements:
Parts of the department belong to Parc naturel régional Livradois-Forez.
The inhabitants of the département are called Ligériens. The industrial city of Saint-Étienne with its agglomeration contains about half of the inhabitants of the département.
Population development since 1801:
The most populous commune is Saint-Étienne, the prefecture. As of 2019, there are 6 communes with more than 15,000 inhabitants:
The president of the Departmental Council is Georges Ziegler, elected in October 2017.
|Loire's 1st constituency||Régis Juanico||Socialist Party|
|Loire's 2nd constituency||Jean-Michel Mis||La République En Marche!|
|Loire's 3rd constituency||Valéria Faure-Muntian||La République En Marche!|
|Loire's 4th constituency||Dino Cinieri||The Republicans|
|Loire's 5th constituency||Nathalie Sarles||Modem|
|Loire's 6th constituency||Julien Borowczyk||La République En Marche!|