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Haut-Rhin
Prefecture building of the Haut-Rhin department, in Colmar
Location of Haut-Rhin in France
Coordinates: 47°57′51″N 7°19′11″E / 47.96417°N 7.31972°E / 47.96417; 7.31972Coordinates: 47°57′51″N 7°19′11″E / 47.96417°N 7.31972°E / 47.96417; 7.31972
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
PrefectureColmar
SubprefecturesAltkirch
Mulhouse
Thann
Government
 • President of the General CouncilBrigitte Klinkert (DVD)
Area
 • Total3,525 km2 (1,361 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
 • Total767,086
 • Density220/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number68
Arrondissements4
Cantons17
Communes366
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Haut-Rhin (French pronunciation: ​[oʁɛ̃], lit.'Upper Rhine'; Alsatian: Owerelsàss or ‘s Iwerlànd;[2] German: Oberelsass, lit.'Upper Alsace') is a department in the Grand Est region of France, bordering both Germany and Switzerland. It is named after the river Rhine. Its name means Upper Rhine. Haut-Rhin is the smaller and less populated of the two departments of the former administrative Alsace region, the other being the Bas-Rhin (Lower Rhine). Especially after the 1871 cession of the southern territory known since 1922 as Territoire de Belfort, although it is still densely populated compared to the rest of metropolitan France.

On 1 January 2021, the departments of Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin have been merged into the European Collectivity of Alsace.

Subdivisions

The department consists of the following arrondissements:

History

Haut-Rhin is one of the original 83 departments, created during the French Revolution, on 4 March 1790 through the application of the law of 22 December 1789 in respect of the southern half of the province of Alsace (Haute-Alsace).

Its boundaries have been modified many times:

Geography

Haut-Rhin is bordered by the Territoire de Belfort and Vosges départements and the Vosges Mountains to the west, the Bas-Rhin département to the North, Switzerland to the south and its eastern border with Germany is also the Rhine. In the centre of the département lies a fertile plain. The climate is semi-continental.

Demographics

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801272,334—    
1806299,877+1.95%
1821326,633+0.57%
1831375,473+1.40%
1841409,683+0.88%
1851436,744+0.64%
1861459,554+0.51%
1871458,873−0.01%
1880461,942+0.07%
1890471,609+0.21%
1900495,209+0.49%
1910517,865+0.45%
1921468,943−0.90%
1931516,726+0.98%
1936507,551−0.36%
1946471,705−0.73%
1954509,647+0.97%
1962547,920+0.91%
1968585,018+1.10%
1975635,209+1.18%
1982650,372+0.34%
1990671,319+0.40%
1999708,025+0.59%
2006736,475+0.56%
2016762,743+0.35%
source:[3]

Economy

Haut-Rhin is one of the richest French départements. Mulhouse is the home of the Stellantis Mulhouse Plant automobile factory, where the Peugeot 2008 and Peugeot 508 are currently built. The lowest unemployment rate in France can be found in the Southern Sundgau region (approximately 2%). The countryside is marked by hills. Many Haut-Rhinois work in Switzerland, especially in the chemical industries of Basel, but commute from France where living costs are lower. However, the region does have some of France's worst socio-economic inequalities; Mulhouse has long been one of France's poorest major cities.

Law

Alsace and the adjacent Moselle department have a legal system slightly different from the rest of France. The statutes in question date from the period 1871 - 1919 when the area was part of the German Empire. With the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France in 1919, Paris accepted that Alsace and Moselle should retain some local laws in respect of certain matters, especially with regard to hunting, economic life, local government relationships, health insurance and social rights. It includes notably the absence of any formal separation between church and state: several mainstream denominations of the Christian church benefit from state funding, in contrast to principles applied in the rest of France.

Politics

Presidential elections 2nd round

Election Winning Candidate Party % 2nd Place Candidate Party %
2017[4] Emmanuel Macron LREM 57.97 Marine Le Pen FN 42.03
2012 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 63.33 François Hollande PS 36.67
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 65.39 Ségolène Royal PS 34.61
2002[5] Jacques Chirac RPR 77.65 Jean-Marie Le Pen FN 22.35
1995[6] Jacques Chirac RPR 57.26 Lionel Jospin PS 42.74

Current National Assembly Representatives

Constituency Member[7] Party
Haut-Rhin's 1st constituency Éric Straumann The Republicans
Haut-Rhin's 2nd constituency Jacques Cattin The Republicans
Haut-Rhin's 3rd constituency Jean-Luc Reitzer The Republicans
Haut-Rhin's 4th constituency Raphaël Schellenberger The Republicans
Haut-Rhin's 5th constituency Olivier Becht Agir
Haut-Rhin's 6th constituency Bruno Fuchs La République En Marche!

Tourism

Culture

See also

References

  1. ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Office pour la Langue et la Culture d’Alsace. "Wàs brücht m'r im Elsàss ? Petit lexique français-alsacien" (PDF). oclalsace.org (in French). Retrieved 10 December 2013..
  3. ^ Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  4. ^ https://www.interieur.gouv.fr/Elections/Les-resultats/Presidentielles
  5. ^ https://www.interieur.gouv.fr/Elections/Les-resultats/Presidentielles
  6. ^ https://www.politiquemania.com/presidentielles-1995-departement.html
  7. ^ http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/