's Owerlànd, Owerelsàss
|• Prefect||Louis Laugier|
|• Total||3,525 km2 (1,361 sq mi)|
|• Density||220/km2 (560/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
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Haut-Rhin (French pronunciation: [oʁɛ̃], lit. 'Upper Rhine'; Alsatian: Owerelsàss or ‘s Iwerlànd; German: Oberelsass, lit. 'Upper Alsace') is a département in the Grand Est region, France, bordering both Germany and Switzerland. It is named after the river Rhine. Its name means Upper Rhine. Haut-Rhin is the smaller and less populated of the two departments of the former administrative Alsace region, the other being the Bas-Rhin (Lower Rhine). Especially after the 1871 cession of the southern territory known since 1922 as Territoire de Belfort, although it is still densely populated compared to the rest of metropolitan France. It had a population of 767,842 in 2020.
On 1 January 2021, the départements of Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin were merged into the European Collectivity of Alsace.
Haut-Rhin is one of the original 83 départements, created during the French Revolution, on 4 March 1790 through the application of the law of 22 December 1789 in respect of the southern half of the province of Alsace (Haute-Alsace).
Its boundaries have been modified many times:
Haut-Rhin is bordered by the Territoire de Belfort and Vosges départements and the Vosges Mountains to the west, the Bas-Rhin département to the North, Switzerland to the south and its eastern border with Germany is also the Rhine. In the centre of the département lies a fertile plain. The climate is semi-continental.
The department consists of the following arrondissements:
The most populous commune is Mulhouse; the prefecture Colmar is the second-most populous. As of 2020, there are 11 communes with more than 10,000 inhabitants:
Population development since 1801:
Graphs are temporarily unavailable due to technical issues.
Haut-Rhin is one of the richest French départements. Mulhouse is the home of the Stellantis Mulhouse Plant automobile factory, where the Peugeot 2008 and Peugeot 508 are currently built. The lowest unemployment rate in France can be found in the Southern Sundgau region (approximately 2%). The countryside is marked by hills. Many Haut-Rhinois work in Switzerland, especially in the chemical industries of Basel, but commute from France where living costs are lower. However, the region does have some of France's worst socio-economic inequalities; Mulhouse has long been one of France's poorest major cities.
Alsace and the adjacent Moselle department have a legal system slightly different from the rest of France. The statutes in question date from the period 1871–1919 when the area was part of the German Empire. With the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, Paris accepted that Alsace and Moselle should retain some local laws in respect of certain matters, especially with regard to hunting, economic life, local government relationships, health insurance and social rights. It includes notably the absence of any formal separation between church and state: several mainstream denominations of the Christian church benefit from state funding, in contrast to principles applied in the rest of France.
|Election||Winning Candidate||Party||%||2nd Place Candidate||Party||%|
|2022||Emmanuel Macron||LREM||52.90||Marine Le Pen||FN||47.10|
|2017||Emmanuel Macron||LREM||57.97||Marine Le Pen||FN||42.03|
|2012||Nicolas Sarkozy||UMP||63.33||François Hollande||PS||36.67|
|2007||Nicolas Sarkozy||UMP||65.39||Ségolène Royal||PS||34.61|
|2002||Jacques Chirac||RPR||77.65||Jean-Marie Le Pen||FN||22.35|
|1995||Jacques Chirac||RPR||57.26||Lionel Jospin||PS||42.74|
|Haut-Rhin's 1st constituency||Éric Straumann||The Republicans|
|Haut-Rhin's 2nd constituency||Jacques Cattin||The Republicans|
|Haut-Rhin's 3rd constituency||Jean-Luc Reitzer||The Republicans|
|Haut-Rhin's 4th constituency||Raphaël Schellenberger||The Republicans|
|Haut-Rhin's 5th constituency||Olivier Becht||Agir|
|Haut-Rhin's 6th constituency||Bruno Fuchs||La République En Marche!|