Lot
Òlt (Occitan)
From top down, left to right: Figeac, Rocamadour, Faycelles, Lot River, prefecture building in Cahors and Luzech
Flag of Lot
Coat of arms of Lot
Location of Lot in France
Location of Lot in France
Coordinates: 44°35′N 01°35′E / 44.583°N 1.583°E / 44.583; 1.583
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
PrefectureCahors
SubprefecturesFigeac
Gourdon
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilSerge Rigal[1]
Area
 • Total5,217 km2 (2,014 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[2]
 • Total174,942
 • Rank93rd
 • Density34/km2 (87/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number46
Arrondissements3
Cantons17
Communes313
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Lot (French pronunciation: [lɔt];[3] Occitan: Òlt [ɔl]) is a department in the Occitanie region of France. Named after the Lot River, it lies in the southwestern part of the country and had a population of 174,094 in 2019.[4] Its prefecture is Cahors; its subprefectures are Figeac and Gourdon.

History

Lot is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the province of Quercy. In 1808 some of the original southeastern cantons were separated from it to form the department of Tarn-et-Garonne. It originally extended much farther to the south and included the city of Montauban.

Geography

Lot River, after which the department is named

Lot is part of the region of Occitanie and is surrounded by the departments of Corrèze, Cantal, Aveyron, Tarn-et-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne and Dordogne. It is named after the river Lot, which in its Occitan name is Olt. Olt is also the name of a river in Romania (Romanian: Olt; German: Alt; Latin: Aluta or Alutus, Turkish: Oltu, Ancient Greek: Ἄλυτος Alytos).

Cahors is the prefecture of the department, lying in its southwestern part: a medieval cathedral town known internationally for its production of Cahors wine, it lies in a wide loop of the Lot River and is famous for its 14th-century bridge, the Pont Valentré. Figeac is a medieval town where Jean-François Champollion, the first translator of Egyptian hieroglyphics, was born, situated in the eastern part of Lot. Gourdon, a medieval hilltop town located in Lot's northwestern part, with a well preserved centre, comprises many prehistoric painted caves nearby, notably the Grottes de Cougnac.

Principal towns

The most populous commune is Cahors, the prefecture. As of 2019, there are seven communes with more than 3,000 inhabitants:[4]

Commune Population (2019)
Cahors 19,937
Figeac 9,802
Gourdon 3,981
Pradines 3,562
Gramat 3,469
Saint-Céré 3,414
Souillac 3,201

Demographics

The inhabitants of Lot are called Lotois and Lotoises in French. Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801261,207—    
1806268,149+0.53%
1821275,296+0.18%
1831284,505+0.33%
1841287,739+0.11%
1851296,224+0.29%
1861295,542−0.02%
1872281,404−0.44%
1881280,269−0.04%
1891253,939−0.98%
1901226,720−1.13%
1911205,769−0.96%
1921176,889−1.50%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1931166,637−0.60%
1936162,572−0.49%
1946154,897−0.48%
1954147,754−0.59%
1962149,929+0.18%
1968151,198+0.14%
1975150,778−0.04%
1982154,533+0.35%
1990155,816+0.10%
1999160,197+0.31%
2006169,533+0.81%
2011174,754+0.61%
2016173,347−0.16%
Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Sources:[5][6]

Politics

Departmental Council of Lot

The Departmental Council of Lot has 34 seats. Since the 2015 departmental elections, 30 are controlled by the Socialist Party (PS) and its allies; four are controlled by the miscellaneous right. Since 2014, the President of the Departmental Council has been Serge Rigal, currently a member of La République En Marche! (REM).

Members of the National Assembly

Lot elected the following members of the National Assembly during the 2017 legislative election:

Constituency Member[7] Party
Lot's 1st constituency Aurélien Pradié The Republicans
Lot's 2nd constituency Huguette Tiegna La République En Marche!

Senators

Lot is represented in the Senate by Angèle Préville (since 2017) and Jean-Claude Requier (since 2011).

Tourism

See also

References

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2021". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  3. ^ "lot - Deutsch-Übersetzung - Langenscheidt Französisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch" (in German and French). Langenscheidt. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b Populations légales 2019: 46 Lot, INSEE
  5. ^ "Historique du Lot". Le SPLAF.
  6. ^ "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  7. ^ Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.