Madison County
Madison County Courthouse in Virginia City
Madison County Courthouse in Virginia City
Map of Montana highlighting Madison County
Location within the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°18′N 111°55′W / 45.3°N 111.92°W / 45.3; -111.92
Country United States
State Montana
Founded1865
Named forJames Madison[1]
SeatVirginia City
Largest townEnnis
Area
 • Total3,603 sq mi (9,330 km2)
 • Land3,587 sq mi (9,290 km2)
 • Water15 sq mi (40 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,623
 • Estimate 
(2021)
8,917 Increase
 • Density2.4/sq mi (0.92/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.madison.mt.gov
  • Montana county number 25

Madison County is a county in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2020 census, the population was 8,623.[2] Its county seat is Virginia City.[3] The county was founded in 1865;[4] at the time it was part of the Montana Territory.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has an area of 3,603 square miles (9,330 km2), of which 3,587 square miles (9,290 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (0.4%) is water.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Politics

In presidential elections, Madison County has historically voted predominantly Republican, with Franklin D. Roosevelt the only Democrat to carry the vote since 1916, the last of the three times he did so being in 1940.

United States presidential election results for Madison County, Montana[6]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,191 68.85% 1,771 29.09% 125 2.05%
2016 3,297 69.51% 1,180 24.88% 266 5.61%
2012 3,130 69.06% 1,289 28.44% 113 2.49%
2008 2,822 61.78% 1,607 35.18% 139 3.04%
2004 2,868 72.92% 983 24.99% 82 2.08%
2000 2,656 72.65% 758 20.73% 242 6.62%
1996 1,984 56.77% 955 27.32% 556 15.91%
1992 1,415 42.89% 779 23.61% 1,105 33.49%
1988 2,045 68.62% 878 29.46% 57 1.91%
1984 2,308 75.20% 708 23.07% 53 1.73%
1980 2,220 70.59% 676 21.49% 249 7.92%
1976 1,688 64.67% 870 33.33% 52 1.99%
1972 1,780 68.78% 669 25.85% 139 5.37%
1968 1,289 56.39% 734 32.11% 263 11.50%
1964 1,276 53.10% 1,125 46.82% 2 0.08%
1960 1,456 58.97% 1,010 40.91% 3 0.12%
1956 1,662 64.24% 925 35.76% 0 0.00%
1952 1,993 72.42% 751 27.29% 8 0.29%
1948 1,300 55.15% 1,006 42.68% 51 2.16%
1944 1,278 55.25% 1,022 44.19% 13 0.56%
1940 1,557 47.82% 1,674 51.41% 25 0.77%
1936 1,006 34.81% 1,819 62.94% 65 2.25%
1932 1,097 36.86% 1,764 59.27% 115 3.86%
1928 1,785 68.36% 812 31.10% 14 0.54%
1924 1,137 45.85% 672 27.10% 671 27.06%
1920 1,672 63.19% 877 33.14% 97 3.67%
1916 1,279 42.38% 1,672 55.40% 67 2.22%
1912 506 27.16% 822 44.12% 535 28.72%
1908 964 46.68% 1,029 49.83% 72 3.49%
1904 1,314 55.16% 971 40.76% 97 4.07%


Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18702,684
18803,91545.9%
18904,69219.8%
19007,69564.0%
19107,229−6.1%
19207,4953.7%
19306,323−15.6%
19407,29415.4%
19505,998−17.8%
19605,211−13.1%
19705,014−3.8%
19805,4488.7%
19905,9899.9%
20006,85114.4%
20107,69112.3%
20208,62312.1%
2021 (est.)8,917[7]3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2020[2]

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States census,[12] there were 6,851 people, 2,956 households, and 1,921 families in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km2). There were 4,671 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.02% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.76% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. 1.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.6% were of German, 16.4% English, 11.0% Irish, 7.8% American and 7.3% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 2,956 households, out of which 26.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 4.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.00% were non-families. 29.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.85.

The county population contained 22.90% under the age of 18, 4.90% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 30.10% from 45 to 64, and 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 102.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,233, and the median income for a family was $35,536. Males had a median income of $26,606 versus $17,917 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,944. About 10.20% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States census, there were 7,691 people, 3,560 households, and 2,192 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 2.1 inhabitants per square mile (0.81/km2). There were 6,940 housing units at an average density of 1.9 per square mile (0.73/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.5% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.8% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 31.0% were German, 19.7% were English, 18.9% were Irish, 7.3% were Norwegian, 5.9% were Swedish, 5.0% were Scottish, and 2.9% were American.[15]

Of the 3,560 households, 21.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families, and 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.67. The median age was 49.8 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,998 and the median income for a family was $52,636. Males had a median income of $38,495 versus $28,125 for females. The per capita income for the county was $32,205. About 8.5% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Former communities

Notable person

See also

References

  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 196.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Montana Place Names Companion". Montana Place Names From Alzada to Zortman. Montana Historical Society Research Center. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  5. ^ "2010 Census GazetteerFiles". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  6. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Economic Characteistics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  17. ^ Cameron MT Google Maps (accessed January 3, 2019)
  18. ^ Junction MT Google Maps (accessed January 3, 2019)
  19. ^ Laurin MT Google Maps (accessed January 3, 2019)
  20. ^ Nevada City, Madison County MT Google Maps (accessed 3 January 2019)
  21. ^ Red Bluff MT Google Maps (accessed January 3, 2019)
  22. ^ Rochester MT Google Maps (accessed January 3, 2019)
  23. ^ Ruby MT Google Maps (accessed January 3, 2019)
  24. ^ Sterling MT Google Maps (accessed January 3, 2019)
  25. ^ Summit, Madison County MT Google Maps (accessed January 3, 2019)

Coordinates: 45°18′N 111°55′W / 45.30°N 111.92°W / 45.30; -111.92