Narayana Panditacharya
Narayana Panditacharya

Present day Coastal Karnataka
Present day Kerala
PhilosophyDvaita Vedanta
Religious career
Literary worksSumadhva Vijaya[1] and Shiva Stuti

Sri Narayana Panditacharya (also referred as Narayana Pandita) (IAST:Nārāyaṇa Paṇḍitacārya) (c. 1290 – c. 1370[2]), is an Indian scholar and philosopher in the Dvaita Vedānta tradition. He was the youngest son of Trivikrama Panditacharya, one of the direct disciples of Sri Madhva[3] He is the author of Sri Madhva Vijaya, a metrical biography of the rejuvenator of the Dvaita school of philosophy, Sri Madhvacharya. Indologist B. N. K. Sharma writes, "Narayana has earned a lasting fame for himself by his great metrical biography of Madhva".[4]


Narayana Panditacharya is credited with more than 20 literary works:[5]

Sri Madhva Vijaya

His epic work Madhwavijaya consists of 16 sargas or cantos, and gives extensive insights into the life and philosophy of Madhvacharya.[7] It is the only authentic work available on Sri Madhva, as Narayana Panditacharya was a contemporary of Sri Madhva. He has also written his own commentary on Sumadhvavijaya, in which he explains the real names of the Sanskritised Kannada and Tulu names of persons and places in Sumadhvavijaya. This is called "Bhavaprakashika". Without this commentary it would be difficult to understand the poem itself.[8]

Sangraha Ramayana

Sangraha Ramayana is a condensed form of Valmiki Ramayana, with more than 3,000 slokas, written in accordance with the Sri Rama's story as told by Sri Madhvacharya in his "Sriman Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya". Sangraha Ramayana was printed in 1890 AD, has been reprinted (in November 2008) with Kannada translation by Dr. Vyasanakere Prabhanjanacharya. "Prameya Nava Malika" also known as "Anu Madhva Vijaya" is a condensed form of Sri Madhvacharya's Biography told in just 32 Slokas. Sri Raghavendra Swami has written a commentary on it in his Purvashrma days.

Other notable works

Manimanjari and Shubodaya are his other kavyas. Manimanjari gives account of the history of Vaishnava Acharyas before the advent of Sri Madhvacharya. It has eight cantos or sargas written in simple Sanskrit poetry. It is, in fact, one of the first Sanskrit poems taught in the traditional Madhwa learning circles. In the first two sargas Ramavatara story is narrated briefly, Third and Fourth sargas deal with the Krishnavatara story. The last four sargas deal with the history of Vaishnava Acharyas prior to Sri Madhvacarya and the eighth sarga ends with the advent of Sri Madhvacarya. SriMadhwaVijaya is a continuation of this. There are about half a dozen Sanskrit commentaries on this and a couple of them are in print. Shubodaya is an adhyatma kavya where the poet experiments with different meters.

Personal life

Narayana Pandita's home is still there in Karsargod district of Kerala and is called "Kavu Mutt". His descendants still live there. The icon of Srivasta Narayana handed over by Sri Madhvacharya to Sri Trivikrama Panditacharya is still worshipped there. There also is a vrindavana there, where he was entombed. This also gives rise to a doubt that he might have been ordained as a sanyasi in his old age.

See also


  1. ^ Siraj 2012, p. 735.
  2. ^ S. Anees Siraj (2012). Karnataka State: Udupi District. Government of Karnataka, Karnataka Gazetteer Department. p. 735. Narayana Pandita (1290- 1370): He was the third son of Trivikrama Panditacharya. He has composed a historical epic named Sumadhwa Vijaya based on Madhwacharya's biography.
  3. ^ Bryant 2007, p. 361.
  4. ^ Sharma 2000, p. 216.
  5. ^ Sharma 2000, p. 217.
  6. ^ Sharma 2000, p. 221.
  7. ^ Bhāratīya Sthalanāma Patrikā, Volume 10. Place Names Society of India by Geetha Book House. 1989. p. 60.
  8. ^ Siraj 2012, p. 736.