Newton-metre
One newton-metre is the torque resulting from a force of one newton applied perpendicularly to the end of a moment arm that is one metre long.
General information
Unit systemSI
Unit oftorque
SymbolN⋅m, N m
Conversions
1 N⋅m in ...... is equal to ...
FPS system   0.73756215 lbf.ft
inch⋅pound-force   8.8507 in lbf
inch⋅ounce-force   141.6 in oz

The newton-metre or newton-meter (also non-hyphenated, newton metre or newton meter; symbol N⋅m[1] or N m[1])[a] is the unit of torque (also called moment) in the International System of Units (SI). One newton-metre is equal to the torque resulting from a force of one newton applied perpendicularly to the end of a moment arm that is one metre long.

The unit is also used less commonly as a unit of work, or energy, in which case it is equivalent to the more common and standard SI unit of energy, the joule.[2] In this usage the metre term represents the distance travelled or displacement in the direction of the force, and not the perpendicular distance from a fulcrum as it does when used to express torque. This usage is generally discouraged,[3] since it can lead to confusion as to whether a given quantity expressed in newton-metres is a torque or a quantity of energy.[4] However, since torque represents energy transferred or expended per angle of revolution, one newton-metre of torque is equivalent to one joule per radian.[4]

Newton-metres and joules are dimensionally equivalent in the sense that they have the same expression in SI base units,

${\displaystyle 1\,{\text{N)){\cdot }\mathrm {m} =1\,{\frac ((\text{kg)){\cdot }{\text{m))^{2))((\text{s))^{2))}\quad ,\quad 1\,\mathrm {J} =1\,{\frac {\mathrm {kg} {\cdot }\mathrm {m} ^{2)){\mathrm {s} ^{2))))$

but are distinguished in terms of applicable kind of quantity, to avoid misunderstandings when a torque is mistaken for an energy or vice versa. Similar examples of dimensionally equivalent units include Pa versus J/m3, Bq versus Hz, and ohm versus ohm per square.