Nobuhiko Takada
Takada dressed as Generalissimo Takada in HUSTLE
Born (1962-04-12) April 12, 1962 (age 59)
Ring name(s)The Esperanza
Generalissimo Takada
Nobuhiko Takada
Billed height1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)
Billed weight100 kg (220 lb; 16 st)
Trained byAntonio Inoki
Karl Gotch
Kotetsu Yamamoto
Yoshiaki Fujiwara
DebutMay 9, 1981
RetiredJuly 26, 2009
Mixed martial arts career
NationalityJapanese
Height1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)
Weight95 kg (209 lb; 15.0 st)
DivisionHeavyweight
Openweight
StyleShoot wrestling
TeamTakada Dojo
Years active1997–2002
Mixed martial arts record
Total10
Wins2
By submission2
Losses6
By knockout1
By submission4
By decision1
Draws2
Other information
Mixed martial arts record from Sherdog

Nobuhiko Takada[1][2] (Japanese: 高田伸彦, ring name: 高田 ) (born April 12, 1962) is a Japanese former[3] mixed martial artist, retired professional wrestler, actor, and writer. He competed in New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW), Universal Wrestling Federation (UWF) and the Union of Wrestling Forces International (UWFI) in the 1980s and 1990s, becoming one of the highest figures of the "shoot-style" movement.

Takada later turned to mixed martial arts (MMA) where, despite his controversial match fixing ventures and lack of competitive success, he was credited with the existence and development of global MMA promotion Pride Fighting Championships,[4][5] in which he worked as an executive after his retirement from active competition until its closure. He also founded and starred at the sports entertainment professional wrestling promotion Hustle from 2004 to 2008, and currently works as an executive for the Rizin Fighting Federation.

Professional wrestling career

New Japan Pro-Wrestling (1981–1984)

After training in the New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW) dojo under Yoshiaki Fujiwara, Takada made his professional wrestling debut in 1981 against Norio Honaga. As is customary for professional wrestling newcomers, Takada spent his first year as a jobber, though he scored occasional victories against other rookies. Among them, he feuded with Kazuo Yamazaki, and their matches were so well received that TV Asahi included one of them as part of the NJPW show, something unheard at the time. Takada was appointed Antonio Inoki's personal assistant. He was also Hulk Hogan's assistant for his Japanese tours, and during that time, he was nicknamed Seishun no Esperanza (transl. "Youth Esperanza") due to his gutsy and hopeful rookie antics.[6]

In August 1983, Takada accompanied Inoki to Canada for a special appearance in Stampede Wrestling. He replaced the retiring Satoru Sayama in the event, and had his first worldwide match, defeating Athol Foley.[6] The victory granted a rank increase for Takada, and he was made part of the 1984 WWF Junior Heavyweight Championship league, facing wrestlers like Bret Hart, Dynamite Kid, and Davey Boy Smith. He stayed with NJPW until April 1984, before switching over to the Universal Wrestling Federation (UWF) by Fujiwara's invitation, and in June he was officially part of the new promotion.

Universal Wrestling Federation (1985–1986)

Takada's first matches in UWF were as a NJPW representative, but he soon joined full-time. He started with a successful singles run; he defeated foreign wrestlers and had fought Fujiwara and Akira Maeda. On 20 January 1985, he won against Super Tiger by referee stoppage. The tenure was short, as UWF folded shortly after, and Takada and other wrestlers returned to NJPW.

Return to NJPW (1986–1988)

Upon their return, the former UWF wrestlers created a storyline of invading the promotion, with Takada and Maeda as the twin leaders. As a singles wrestler, Takada was involved in a heated feud with the IWGP junior heavyweight champion, Shiro Koshinaka, who had been Giant Baba's assistant like Takada was Inoki's. Takada defeated Koshinaka in their first match on May 19 to win the title after hitting a Tombstone Piledriver, and he retained it in two more matches against him, as well as challengers like Keiichi Yamada, Black Tiger, and Kazuo Yamazaki, before losing the title back to Koshinaka on September 19. At the peak of his popularity, Takada received the new nickname of Wagamamana Hikazoku (Egotistical Kneecap) for his hard, stiff kicking ability.[7]

In March 1987, Takada amplified the feud with Koshinaka to a tag team when he and Maeda defeated Koshinaka and Keiji Mutoh to capture the vacant IWGP Tag Team Championship. They retained it for months until they lost it to Fujiwara and Yamazaki. Takada spent the rest of the year in tag team fights, except for a tenure in the Top of The Super Junior I and two challenges for the IWGP Junior Heavyweight title before Kuniaki Kobayashi and Hiroshi Hase. In March 1988, Takada left NJPW with Maeda and most of the original UWF wrestlers to form the second incarnation of the UWF called UWF Newborn.

UWF Newborn (1989–1990)

Takada debuted in UWF Newborn in an exhibition match with rookie Shigeo Nakano, but he soon climbed the rankings to become the promotion's top wrestler second only to Maeda, who he defeated by TKO in their second match. The promotion's run was highly successful, and they broke records on the professional wrestling/shoot-fighting event U-COSMOS, where he defeated Greco-Roman wrestling champion Duane Koslowski, twin brother of Olympic medalist Dennis Koslowski. After the event, Takada was almost unbeaten in singles matches until the promotion's closure in December 1990.

Union of Wrestling Forces International (1991–1996)

After UWF Newborn shut down, Takada formed the Union of Wrestling Forces International (UWFI), using former UWF wrestlers, while Maeda formed Fighting Network Rings, and Fujiwara formed Pro Wrestling Fujiwara Gumi. Takada opened his run as the top star of the company beating Tatsuo Nakano, Yamazaki, and American wrestler Bob Backlund, whom he fought in a pair of publicized matches. The first of them was controversial, as Takada ended the bout in 1:15 when Backlund fell to a body kick, and it almost caused a riot in the stadium; it is believed that it was an accidental KO instead of a pre-planned match. They held a rematch after two months, with Takada winning by submission after 15 minutes.[8]

Immediately after his affair with Backlund, Takada was put in a fight against boxing champion Trevor Berbick. The nature of the bout as a worked match or a shoot fight is unknown. Early in the match, after receiving some low kicks from Takada to his left leg, Berbick immediately protested, believing that kicking under the waist was illegal. Although the referee seemed to clear the situation, it happened again and Berbick protested every time Takada landed a low kick; at the end, when Takada scored a head kick, Berbick left the ring and walked out of the arena.[8] According to UWFI trainer Pat McCarthy, "no rules were ever changed. [Berbick] just never wanted to listen."[8] The win increased Takada's popularity.

Takada also had feuds with Gary Albright and Super Vader. In 1992, Takada was awarded an old NWA World Heavyweight title belt by Lou Thesz after defeating Albright, and was proclaimed the "Pro-Wrestling World Heavyweight Champion". He defended the title until Thesz withdrew the belt in 1995, losing the title once to Super Vader. On December 5, 1993, he defeated Super Vader before 46,168 fans at Tokyo's Meiji-Jingu Stadium.

As champion, Takada fought against Kōji Kitao at the October 23, 1992, UWFI event. However, discussions over the outcome of the match were difficult, which led to a draw. During the match, Takada shot on Kitao, throwing a roundhouse kick which legitimately knocked him out.[8] Like the Berbick situation, it improved Takada's reputation with the audience.

In 1995, Takada returned to NJPW as the key figure in the landmark New Japan vs. UWFI program. On October 9, 1995, Takada's match against Mutoh drew 67,000 fans to the Tokyo Dome, drawing the largest crowd and gate in Japanese wrestling history at the time. Three months later, Takada defeated Mutoh in a rematch to capture the IWGP Heavyweight Championship, becoming the only wrestler to hold all three major New Japan titles at the time. Takada dropped the title to Shinya Hashimoto on April 29, 1996, drawing a crowd of 65,000 and a gate of $5.7 million.

In August 17, 1996, Takada defeated Yoji Anjo at Tokyo's Meiji-Jingu Stadium. In December 1996, the UWFI folded after the UWFI–WAR feud, and founded Kingdom Pro Wrestling in its place. Takada only participated in one of its events: an exhibition against Ryushi Kimiyama. He later left professional wrestling for mixed martial arts (MMA).

Hustle (2004–2009)

Generalissimo Takada along with Yinling.
Generalissimo Takada along with Yinling.

In 2004, Takada was made the president of the Hustle promotion in Japan, created by a coproduction between Dream Stage Entertainment and Pro Wrestling ZERO-ONE. He firstly appeared in a press conference previous to the first Hustle event along with fellow DSE directive Nobuyuki Sakakibara, who badmouthed professional wrestling to praise MMA, which angered Naoya Ogawa, who flipped the table and confronted them. To solve things, the event featured a battle between Ogawa's professional wrestling loyalists and Takada's MMA allies, who were called the Takada Monster Army. The night ended with Ogawa being pinned by Monster Army member Bill Goldberg, giving the first victory to Takada. The next event, Takada expanded his army and appeared as Generalissimo Takada, a Yasunori Katō-esque character dressed in a military outfit and gifted with supernatural powers. Generalissimo Takada presented himself not as Nobuhiko Takada, but an old friend of his, and proceeded to send his enforcers to beat up Naoya before his match against Matt Ghaffari. This marked the new view of Hustle, in which Takada and his evil forces battled Ogawa and his Hustle Army.

Takada returned to the ring in 2006 as The Esperanza, a supernatural wrestling cyborg created by Generalissimo Takada. The Esperanza defeated Yoshihiro Tajiri and pinned him with Takada's trademark kick to the head. At HustleMania 2006, he defeated Masaki Sumitani in what was billed as Sumitani's retirement match, pinning him and giving him his own finisher, the 69 Driver, which caused "erectile dysfunction" in Sumitani. The Esperanza was described as invincible until Hustlemania 2007, when he was defeated by Wataru Sakata thanks to the magical aid of Sakata's wife Eiko Koike. The Esperanza's last match was at Hustle Aid 2009, when he was finally beaten by Magnum Tokyo. The same night, Generalissimo Takada announced his retirement, revealing that his true goal was to leave an eternal mark in professional wrestling, which he had accomplished thanks to Hustle. He appointed Magnum Tokyo as the new director and shook hands with the Hustle Army members. A character named King RIKI (Riki Takeuchi) interrupted and challenged him, which led to a supernatural duel in which RIKI reflected Takada's attacks and mortally wounded the Generalissimo. The dying Takada disappeared, declaring that Hustle would live forever. After that, the Monster Army was disbanded.

Mixed martial arts career

Takada entered MMA when he joined Pride Fighting Championships, an event created to host a fight between him and Brazilian jiu-jitsu master Rickson Gracie. The bout was highly anticipated since Gracie had defeated the UWFI wrestler Yoji Anjo in 1994, as Takada was still expected to face Rickson in order to restore his late promotion's reputation.[9][4] However, although he had been believed to be a strong legitimate contender for most of his career,[10] Takada was not a qualified fighter.[4][11] He had trained in submission wrestling and other disciplines in his various promotions,[4] but after a 17-year professional wrestling career, he was already too far from his physical prime to transition into MMA.[9][5]

According to his former training partners, future King of Pancrase champions Masakatsu Funaki and Minoru Suzuki, Takada had actually been an outstanding wrestler in their youth, being able to repeatedly dominate them in sparring,[12] but after missing time to spar during his stardom, and with the arrival of injuries and ring wear, his skills waned over time.[12] By the time of his Pride fights, as attested by Bas Rutten, Takada was overcome by Brazilian jiu-jitsu white belt practitioners while training in the Beverly Hills Jiu-Jitsu Club.[4][13] His placement in the main event scene also forced him to only fight high-level opponents, which included several of the greatest fighters of the period, like Igor Vovchanchyn, Mark Kerr, and Mirko Cro Cop.[5][9][14]

Despite these considerations, Takada was able to hold a limited amount of in-ring competence. As described by Jack Slack from Fightland: "It would be easy to remember Nobuhiko Takada as some kind of bum. [...] But this might be doing a disservice to what Takada was able to accomplish in the ring despite inexperience, age and a lack of athletic prowess. For one thing, in legitimate fights Takada was able to scramble up from beneath Mark Kerr, take down Igor Vovchanchyn, and indeed take the latter's notoriously powerful punches."[5]

Pundits acknowledged his effort to continue an unsuccessful fighting career in order to support the MMA promotion he had helped to found, lending Pride his own popularity as a professional wrestler until it had established its place, even through fixed fights when it was needed.[5][9][14] In his book The MMA Encyclopedia, Jonathan Snowden wrote about Takada: "He lost all [the fights], but it never seemed to faze him. He’d be back again and again, realizing that even though the fights were hopeless, the promotion needed his presence on the card to sell tickets."[9]

Pride (1997–2007)

Challenge against Gracie

Takada's debut against Gracie happened on October 11, 1997, at Pride 1. After circling around Gracie for some time, Takada stopped the first takedown attempt by grabbing the ring ropes, but after the restart, Gracie scored a double leg takedown and moved to mount position over him.[5] Although Takada tried to hold him down from the bottom, Gracie captured his arm and executed an armbar for the win at the 2:32 mark.[5] While the matchup was a huge economic success, which ensured new Pride events in the future, Takada's poor performance resulted in a comparable disappointment for Japanese audiences, drawing very negative comments and marked the beginning of the end of Takada as a main eventer.[9][10][11] He was likened to a war criminal to Japan by specialized press.[6] His own former trainer Karl Gotch commented unfavorably at the bout, stating: "that is not the Takada I know."[12]

Takada faced kickboxer Kyle Sturgeon at Pride 3, a match that was acknowledged as a fight fixed in order to attempt to rebuild Takada's status for a rematch.[5][4] As planned, Takada overcame Sturgeon by heel hook and requested another fight against Gracie. The latter agreed, claiming "I feel Takada is a warrior and deserves the chance to try and redeem himself" in a subsequent interview,[15] and the rematch was held at Pride 4.

Gracie opened the fight shooting for a takedown, but Takada blocked it and held Gracie away from the ground with a tight clinch.[5] After exchanging short knee strikes and stomps with Gracie, Takada dropped him with a hard knee to the midsection and blocked his subsequent guard pulling attempt.[5] Gracie eventually managed to pull Takada down, but Takada stood up in order to initiate a leglock. Takada worked from the bottom, dismounting Gracie several times and transitioned into a heel hook attempt, but Gracie avoided it and applied an armbar for the win.[5] Although the fight did not restore Takada's reputation, it was unanimously considered a much better performance, with some calling it Takada's best showing.[5]

Matches against wrestlers

Takada fought his next match at Pride 5 against Ultimate Fighting Championship tournament winner Mark Coleman. This was the second instance of a worked fight in Takada's career given in an attempt to increase his fleeting popularity.[16] Despite outweighing Takada by 40 pounds,[5] Coleman was chosen as his opponent because his previous losses to low-ranked fighters would make the result more credible. He described the treat as "It was what it was. I needed to support my family. They guaranteed me another fight after that and I needed that security. It was what it was. I'm going to leave it at that."[16] It was being argued Takada did not know of this fixing and ignored Coleman's intentions to throw the fight.[5]

Despite these considerations, the match was noted to fail at working seamlessly. Takada opened it earning a yellow card when he grabbed the ropes to avoid being taken down, while Coleman had to abstain visibly from land strikes on the ground when he scored another takedown.[5] After some scrambling, Coleman achieved dominant position and pursued a neck crank and a keylock, but the first round ended right after. At the second, Coleman took Takada down again, but he gave up his position into Takada's guard and the Japanese locked a heel hook, making him tap out theatrically.[16]

Takada was then pitted against Mark Kerr, Mark Coleman's teammate, at Pride 6. Unlike the previous, this match is generally acknowledged as a non-fixed fight, although Kerr reported he was offered a bonus payment in exchange for fighting a technical bout instead of using ground and pound.[17] As such, Kerr went to claim he would defeat Takada by a submission move in less time than Rickson Gracie had done in Takada's debut.[18] The fight was also promoted as Kerr taking revenge for Coleman.[19]

Started the match, Takada came out with punches, driving Kerr to clinch.[18] The American executed a single leg takedown, but Takada escaped and returned to standing, where he started scoring quick low kicks. Kerr took him down again, though, and achieved side control. From there, he locked an americana, forcing Takada to tap out. The fight ended at 3:05, two minutes less than the first fight between Takada and Gracie, as Kerr had meant.[18]

At PRIDE 7, Takada faced fellow professional wrestler Alexander Otsuka. The match, another worked venture, is controversial about whether it was billed as a mixed martial arts fight or a professional wrestling match. It is not included in Takada's fight record on the Sherdog website,[20] though is in his PRIDE official record.[21] The match saw Otsuka landing a fisherman suplex before Takada locked a rear naked choke for the tap out.

PRIDE Grand Prix and competition against strikers

Takada competed in the PRIDE Grand Prix 2000 Opening Round, where he was pitted against his second opponent in the Gracie family, Rickson's brother Royce, who returned from a hiatus after his career in Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC). At the beginning of the match, Royce immediately clinched Takada and pulled guard, but action stopped right there, as none of the fighters followed with any action. For the rest of the 15 minute match, Takada lied on Royce's guard[5] while Royce held him there, occasionally hitting heel kicks to the kidneys and trying gi chokes. After the end of the bout, decision was given to Royce.[22] Takada visibly limped to his corner,[23] which was later explained as Takada having fought the bout with a heel injury.

The fight was negatively received by the crowd, who booed Takada. It drew comparisons to Ken Shamrock's "The Dance in Detroit" bout against Dan Severn in April 1995[23] and particularly to Shamrock's own bout against Royce Gracie at the same year.[5]

Takada's next MMA event participation was in Pride 11, where he fought against Vovchanchyn. Having trained especially for the match with his own trainee Kazushi Sakuraba and K-1 veteran Masaaki Satake,[24] Takada was acknowledged to have improved his performance.[25] Vovchanchyn overpowered Takada in the second round, when he caught him with a counterpunch and gained full mount after a restart. Vovchanchyn landed hard strikes, making Takada tap out.[25]

At Pride 17, Takada faced Cro Cop, who was debuting in mixed martial arts; as such, the fight had six shorter rounds and no judges.[26] During the match, Takada broke his foot, forcing him to depend solely on defensive tactics.[26] He spent the rest of the match sitting on the mat, fruitlessly goading Cro Cop to engage him on the ground until the end of the bout. Reception to this strategy was negative.[26]

His next fight was again against a kickboxer, Mike Bernardo, as part of Inoki's team in the Inoki Bom-Ba-Ye event. The fight saw virtually no offense, as both fighters acted with excessive caution to the other's skills and never engaged in the entire fight.[27]

Retirement fight

Takada's final match was against his former student Kiyoshi Tamura. There was both story and controversy between them, as Tamura had challenged Takada several times without an answer, and then walked out of UWF International in 1995 to work for Fighting Network Rings.[6] Tamura was also reluctant to fight at the event, as he shared cards with Kenichi Yamamoto, another Takada understudy he had a personal enmity with.[28]

Tamura dropped Takada with a leg kick, but the match was paused when he landed an accidental heavy low blow. After recovering, Takada took Tamura down and worked a few strikes through his guard, but he escaped to his feet. In the second round, Tamura connected with a combination and knocked Takada out.[28]

The bout was followed by a reconciliation between Takada and Tamura, the latter of whom cried and stated: "Thank you for giving the people their dream and hope for twenty-two years."[28] Takada's proper retirement ceremony was hosted after the main event between his other student Kazushi Sakuraba and Gilles Arsene. Former UWF wrestlers like Tamura, Yamamoto, Yoshihiro Takayama, and Anjo attended the ceremony, along with Pride fighters like Fedor Emelianenko, Antonio Rodrigo Nogueira, Wanderlei Silva and Gary Goodridge. Inoki also came to the ceremony.[28]

After retiring, Takada ran his mixed martial arts training facility, Takada Dojo, where he helped train fighters. He also stayed on in a management role at Pride and its parent company Dream Stage Entertainment until it was purchased by Zuffa in 2007.

Rizin Fighting Federation (2015–present)

In 2015, Takada returned to mainstream MMA when he signed on as a spokesperson and matchmaker for the Rizin Fighting Federation, Takada works alongside Nobuyuki Sakakibara and other former Pride employees.

Works

Championships and accomplishments

Mixed martial arts record

Professional record breakdown
10 matches 2 wins 6 losses
By knockout 0 1
By submission 2 4
By decision 0 1
Draws 2
Res. Record Opponent Method Event Date Round Time Location Notes
Loss 2–6–2 Kiyoshi Tamura KO (punch) PRIDE 23 November 24, 2002 2 1:00 Tokyo, Japan
Draw 2–5–2 Mike Bernardo Draw Inoki Bom-Ba-Ye 2001 December 31, 2001 3 3:00 Saitama, Japan
Draw 2–5–1 Mirko Cro Cop Draw PRIDE 17 November 3, 2001 4 5:00 Tokyo, Japan
Loss 2–5 Igor Vovchanchyn Submission (punches) PRIDE 11 October 31, 2000 2 3:17 Osaka, Japan
Loss 2–4 Royce Gracie Decision (unanimous) PRIDE Grand Prix 2000 Opening Round January 30, 2000 1 15:00 Tokyo, Japan
Loss 2–3 Mark Kerr Submission (kimura) PRIDE 6 July 4, 1999 1 3:04 Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
Win 2–2 Mark Coleman Submission (heel hook) PRIDE 5 April 29, 1999 2 1:44 Nagoya, Japan
Loss 1–2 Rickson Gracie Submission (armbar) PRIDE 4 October 11, 1998 1 9:30 Tokyo, Japan
Win 1–1 Kyle Sturgeon Submission (heel hook) PRIDE 3 June 24, 1998 1 2:18 Tokyo, Japan
Loss 0–1 Rickson Gracie Submission (armbar) PRIDE 1 October 11, 1997 1 4:47 Tokyo, Japan

Filmography

Film
Year Title Role Notes
1989 Yawara! A Fashionable Judo Girl! Himself Cameo
2006 Simpsons Noriyuki Motoyima
2007 Calling You Mr. Yamaguchi
2007 - 2019 Mokoubuchi movies 1-16 An-san
2010 Watashi no Yasashiku nai Senpai Makoto Iriomote
Bokutachi no Play Ball Himself
2014 The Great Shu Ra Ra Boom Nami Natsume
2015 Super Hero Taisen GP: Kamen Rider 3 General Black
Mr. Maxman Ryo Jindaiji
2019 Mentai Piriri Kazuhisa Inao
Television
Year Title Role Notes
2006 Kōmyō ga Tsuji Honda Tadakatsu Taiga drama
2007 Fūrin Kazan Kojima Gorozaemon Taiga drama
Hitomi Masaru Morimoto
Seven Days of a Daddy and a Daughter Shin'ichi Sakuragi
2009 Otomen Ryo's father
2012 Mou Yuukai Nante Shinai Quick service delivery man
2018 Solitary Gourmet
Dubbing
Year Title Role Notes
2014 Sabotage James "Monster" Murray [34]

Video games

References

  1. ^ "Nobuhiko Takada profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  2. ^ "Profile at Puroresu Central". Puroresu Central. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  3. ^ "高田道場オフィシャルサイト - 高田延彦/NOBUHIKO TAKADA - プロフィール". Takada-dojo.com. Archived from the original on 2014-01-16. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
  4. ^ a b c d e f David Bixenspan (October 13, 2017). "The World's Greatest Fighter Was A Pro Wrestler Who Couldn't Fight". Deadspin. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Jack Slack (July 3, 2017). "Nobuhiko Takada: MMA's Most Important Bad Fighter". Fightland. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d Tatsuhito Kaneko, Nakimushi, Gentosha 2002
  7. ^ Nobuhiko Takada, Nobuhiko Takada no Katachi, Toho 2002
  8. ^ a b c d "UWF-I Roster at Puroresu Central". Puroresu Central. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Jonathan Snowden, Kendall Shields, Peter Lockley (November 1, 2010). The MMA Encyclopedia. ECW Press. ISBN 978-15-502292-3-3.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ a b Keith Vargo, Way of the Warrior: Takada's Last Dance, Black Belt magazine, April 2003
  11. ^ a b Ben Fowlkes (October 11, 2017). "Today in MMA History: The birth of PRIDE FC". MMA Junkie. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  12. ^ a b c Maeda, Akira; Fujiwara, Yoshiaki; Yamazaki, Kazuo; Funaki, Masakatsu; Suzuki, Minoru (2017). 証言UWF 最後の真実. Takarajimasha. ISBN 978-4800271235.
  13. ^ Jonathan Snowden (Jun 29, 2011). "52 Things I Love About MMA: Kazushi Sakuraba And Royce Gracie Make History". SB Nation. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  14. ^ a b Keith Vargo, Kazushi Sakuraba and the Takada Dojo, Black Belt magazine, June 2001
  15. ^ Rickson Gracie interview 2, Onthemat.com
  16. ^ a b c "Not For the Ages: Mark Coleman vs. Nobuhiko Takada and a brief history of fight fixing". BloodyElbow.com. 2013-07-12. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
  17. ^ Jonathan Snowden (2012). Shooters: The Toughest Men in Professional Wrestling. ECW Press. ISBN 978-17-709022-1-3.
  18. ^ a b c Stephen Quadros, Kerr, Takada compete at PRIDE 6, Black Belt magazine
  19. ^ Scott Newman (2014-01-24). "MMA Review: #432: PRIDE 6". The Oratory. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  20. ^ "Nobuhiko Takada MMA Stats, Pictures, News, Videos, Biography". Sherdog.com. 1962-04-12. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
  21. ^ "PRIDEFC Official Website". Pridefc.com. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
  22. ^ Jeremy Wall (August 1, 2005). UFC's Ultimate Warriors: The Top 10. ECW Press. ISBN 978-15-502269-1-1.
  23. ^ a b Jake Rossen, Royce Gracie triumphs in PRIDE, Black Belt magazine, May 2000
  24. ^ "Interview with Kazushi Sakuraba". Global Training Report. November 25, 2000. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  25. ^ a b Scott Newman (February 26, 2007). "Pride 11: Battle Of The Rising Sun review". The Sports Oratory. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  26. ^ a b c Keith Vargo, Sperry, Silva, Nogueira and Gracie win at Pride 17, Black Belt magazine, March 2002
  27. ^ D, G. "The 10 Worst Matches in MMA History". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  28. ^ a b c d Ichiban Puroresu - November 2002
  29. ^ "Nikkan Sports Awards - 1996". wrestlingscout. February 9, 2016.
  30. ^ "Nobuhiko Takada « Wrestlers Database « CAGEMATCH - The Internet Wrestling Database". Cagematch.net. 2009-07-26. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
  31. ^ [1] Archived May 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ [2] Archived January 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ a b c d [3] Archived July 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ "サボタージュ". Fukikaeru. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  35. ^ "Saikyou: Takada Nobuhiko Release Information for Super Nintendo". GameFAQs. 1995-12-27. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
Achievements Preceded byKeiji Mutoh 18th IWGP Heavyweight Champion January 4, 1996 – April 29, 1996 Succeeded byShinya Hashimoto