North Little Rock
Location of North Little Rock in Pulaski County, Arkansas
Location of North Little Rock in Pulaski County, Arkansas
North Little Rock is located in Arkansas
North Little Rock
North Little Rock
Location in the Arkansas
Coordinates: 34°46′51″N 92°15′25″W / 34.78083°N 92.25694°W / 34.78083; -92.25694
Country United States
State Arkansas
CountyPulaski
TownshipHill
FoundedApril 18, 1871 (1871-04-18)
IncorporatedJuly 17, 1901 (1901-07-17)
Named forLittle Rock, Arkansas
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • MayorTerry Hartwick
 • CouncilNorth Little Rock City Council
Area
 • City56.20 sq mi (145.55 km2)
 • Land53.04 sq mi (137.38 km2)
 • Water3.15 sq mi (8.16 km2)
Elevation
266 ft (81 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • City64,591
 • RankUS: 524th
 • Density1,217.69/sq mi (470.15/km2)
 • Urban
431,388 (US: 88th)
 • Metro
729,135 (US: 75th)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
72114-119, 721124, 72190, 72199
Area code501
FIPS code05-50450
GNIS feature ID0077862[2]
Websitewww.northlittlerock.ar.gov Edit this at Wikidata

North Little Rock (often dubbed as "NLR") is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States. It is the twin city of Little Rock. The population was 64,591 at the 2020 Census, making it the seventh-most populous city in Arkansas.

The city has been experiencing significant beautification efforts over the past few years, resulting in renewed interest from young families and professionals. Areas such as the Argenta Historic District in Downtown have turned into thriving entertainment districts offering theaters, fine dining, bars, gastropubs, and boutiques. It is also home to Dickey-Stephens Park, which hosts the Arkansas Travelers minor league baseball team, and Simmons Bank Arena, the metropolitan area's main entertainment venue. Farther west is Burns Park, one of the largest municipal parks in the United States.

History

Originally named Argenta, Arkansas, it was founded on April 18, 1871.[3] In 1890, the city of Little Rock annexed Argenta as part of its eighth ward, preempting a competing petition to incorporate. As part of a plan to reclaim its independence, Argenta was incorporated on July 17, 1901, as the town of "North Little Rock". By 1904, the state's supreme court allowed North Little Rock to annex what was left of the ward. It readopted the name Argenta in 1906, only to revert to North Little Rock in October 1917. Evidence of the old town can still be found in the North Little Rock City Hall (built in 1914) which contains plaques referring to Argenta, and incorporates "C of A" (i.e. City of Argenta) ornamental features.[4]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 47.0 square miles (122 km2), of which 44.8 square miles (116 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (4.58%) is water.

Neighborhoods

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, North Little Rock has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[5]

North Little Rock has a humid subtropical climate with long, hot, and sunny summers and mild, wet winters with little snow. January on average is the coldest month, while July is typically the warmest, though occasionally August can claim the distinction.[6] The overall yearly average temperature is 62.5 degrees. Precipitation averages 45.79 inches a year, with winter and spring tending to be wetter than summer and autumn.[7] Severe thunderstorms can occur, especially during the Spring, on April 25, 2011, a possible tornado struck the air force base in the city.

Climate data for Little Rock (Clinton National Airport), 1991−2020 normals,[a] extremes 1879−present[b]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
(28)
87
(31)
91
(33)
95
(35)
98
(37)
107
(42)
112
(44)
114
(46)
106
(41)
98
(37)
86
(30)
81
(27)
114
(46)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 72.0
(22.2)
75.8
(24.3)
82.2
(27.9)
86.2
(30.1)
91.3
(32.9)
96.2
(35.7)
100.2
(37.9)
101.1
(38.4)
96.2
(35.7)
89.2
(31.8)
79.6
(26.4)
72.8
(22.7)
102.4
(39.1)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 50.5
(10.3)
55.2
(12.9)
63.7
(17.6)
72.8
(22.7)
80.5
(26.9)
88.2
(31.2)
91.7
(33.2)
91.5
(33.1)
85.1
(29.5)
74.2
(23.4)
61.9
(16.6)
52.6
(11.4)
72.3
(22.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 40.7
(4.8)
44.7
(7.1)
52.7
(11.5)
61.4
(16.3)
69.9
(21.1)
78.0
(25.6)
81.4
(27.4)
80.8
(27.1)
74.0
(23.3)
62.6
(17.0)
51.1
(10.6)
43.0
(6.1)
61.7
(16.5)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 30.9
(−0.6)
34.2
(1.2)
41.8
(5.4)
50.1
(10.1)
59.3
(15.2)
67.7
(19.8)
71.2
(21.8)
70.1
(21.2)
62.9
(17.2)
50.9
(10.5)
40.2
(4.6)
33.3
(0.7)
51.0
(10.6)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 16.4
(−8.7)
20.5
(−6.4)
26.6
(−3.0)
36.9
(2.7)
47.2
(8.4)
59.8
(15.4)
65.6
(18.7)
63.8
(17.7)
50.4
(10.2)
37.1
(2.8)
26.4
(−3.1)
20.3
(−6.5)
13.6
(−10.2)
Record low °F (°C) −8
(−22)
−12
(−24)
11
(−12)
28
(−2)
38
(3)
46
(8)
54
(12)
52
(11)
37
(3)
27
(−3)
10
(−12)
−1
(−18)
−12
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.50
(89)
3.97
(101)
4.96
(126)
5.59
(142)
5.08
(129)
3.55
(90)
3.33
(85)
3.16
(80)
3.01
(76)
4.47
(114)
4.72
(120)
5.08
(129)
50.42
(1,281)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.1
(2.8)
1.6
(4.1)
0.5
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.6
(1.5)
3.8
(9.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.2 9.3 10.5 9.4 10.9 8.0 8.7 7.2 6.6 8.1 8.5 9.5 105.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 2.2
Average relative humidity (%) 70.2 68.3 65.4 66.7 71.1 70.0 71.6 71.7 73.5 70.4 71.0 70.9 70.1
Average dew point °F (°C) 28.9
(−1.7)
32.4
(0.2)
40.3
(4.6)
49.6
(9.8)
59.2
(15.1)
66.2
(19.0)
70.2
(21.2)
68.5
(20.3)
63.1
(17.3)
51.1
(10.6)
41.7
(5.4)
32.7
(0.4)
50.3
(10.2)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 180.9 188.2 244.5 276.7 325.3 346.2 351.0 323.0 271.9 251.0 176.9 166.2 3,101.8
Percent possible sunshine 58 62 66 71 75 80 80 78 73 72 57 54 70
Average ultraviolet index 2.5 3.8 5.7 7.6 8.9 9.6 9.8 8.9 7.2 4.9 3.0 2.3 6.1
Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity and dew point 1961-1990, sun 1961−1990 at North Little Rock Airport)[8][9][10][11][12]
Source 2: UV Index Today (1995 to 2022)[13]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
191011,138
192014,04826.1%
193019,41838.2%
194021,1378.9%
195044,097108.6%
196058,03231.6%
197060,0403.5%
198064,3887.2%
199061,741−4.1%
200060,433−2.1%
201062,3043.1%
202064,5913.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

2020 census

North Little Rock Racial Composition[15]
Race Num. Perc.
White 28,430 44.02%
Black or African American 27,465 42.52%
Native American 222 0.34%
Asian 726 1.12%
Pacific Islander 30 0.05%
Other/Mixed 3,126 4.84%
Hispanic or Latino 4,592 7.11%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 64,591 people, 27,903 households, and 14,720 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,234.2 people per square mile.[15]

23.6% of the population were under 18, and 6.9% were under the age of 5. People over 65 made up 16.2% of the population. The gender make up was 51.9% female and 48.1% male.[15]

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 62,304 people, 25,542 households, and 16,117 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,348.6 inhabitants per square mile (520.7/km2). There were 27,567 housing units at an average density of 615.2 per square mile (237.5/km2). The city was 54.02% White, 39.73% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 2.71% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. 5.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,542 households, out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.5% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older[citation needed]. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males[citation needed].

The median income for a household in the city was $35,578, and the median income for a family was $43,595[citation needed]. Males had a median income of $31,420 versus $24,987 for females[citation needed]. The per capita income for the city was $19,662[citation needed]. About 12.4% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over[citation needed].

Arts and culture

Points of interest

See also: National Register of Historic Places listings in Pulaski County, Arkansas

United States Navy color guard at the Arkansas Inland Maritime Museum

Sports

Dickey-Stephens Park is the location of the Arkansas Travelers baseball team.

Parks and recreation

Government

The City of North Little Rock elected officials are a mayor, city council of city council members (eight total, with two from each of the four wards), city clerk/treasurer, city attorney, and two judges. This is supplemented by a number of boards and commissions composed of city officials and residents.[18]

Intergovernmental Relations

North Little Rock is home to the headquarters of the Arkansas Municipal League (AML), the state's only municipal representation organization. AML prides itself on providing leadership to each city or town before the state and federal governments. It is also a place for discussion and sharing of mutual concerns.[19]

Education

Public primary and secondary schools

Most students attend public schools in the North Little Rock School District[citation needed] which includes:

The North Little Rock High School West Campus facility is listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its art-deco architecture style.[20]

In addition, the Pulaski County Special School District administers several other North Little Rock area schools, including:

Scipio Jones High School, the segregated public school for black children, was established in 1909 and disestablished in 1970.[21]

Downtown North Little Rock, known as Argenta, in September 2011

Private primary and secondary schools

In North Little Rock there are a number of private schools:

North Little Rock previously had a Catholic grade school for black people, St. Augustine School. It closed in 1976.[23]

Post-secondary education

Public libraries

The North Little Rock Public Library System has two branches: the Argenta Branch Library and the William F. Laman branch, which was named after a former mayor.[24]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Highways

North Little Rock is also the eastern terminus of Interstate 30 and southern terminus of the Arkansas-designated portion of Interstate 57. Interstate 40, US 65, US 67, and US 167 all run through the city.

Bus

North Little Rock is home to the headquarters of Rock Region Metro, Arkansas's largest transit agency. Before 2015, it was known as CATA (Central Arkansas Transit Authority). That same year, all of CATA's former buses were retrofitted to be energy-efficient. Rock Region's main bus terminal is located in Little Rock nearby the city's River Market. Rock Region also has the Metro Rail streetcars, which are a group of classic black and yellow streetcars that can be seen in Little Rock’s River Market and North Little Rock’s Argenta.

Air

In the city's northern part is the North Little Rock Municipal Airport. It has several hangars and is frequented by people who fly biplanes. It is a reliever airport for Clinton National Airport. It is also home to the National Weather Service North Little Rock, Arkansas. This is a major weather service authority in the region and frequently works with major media platforms to inform Arkansans of weather patterns in the state.

Police

North Little Rock
Crime rates* (2012)
Violent crimes
Homicide8
Rape9
Robbery177
Aggravated assault255
Total violent crime449
Property crimes
Burglary1,204
Larceny-theft3,894
Motor vehicle theft373
Arson10
Total property crime5,471
Notes

*Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.

2012 population: 63,125

Source: 2012 FBI UCR Data

The North Little Rock Police Department operates unmanned aerial vehicles and has been working with a small pilotless helicopter since 2008.[25]

Fire department

In addition to fire and EMS calls, the North Little Rock Fire Department (NLRFD) responds to calls for their Special Operations Response Team, Haz Mat Response Team, and Water Rescue for the Arkansas River.[26]

Hospitals

Notable people

Sister cities

Notes

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. ^ Official records for Little Rock began on 1 July 1879 at the State Capitol and maintained there until 30 April 1942. The next day, and until 7 August 1942, temperature and precipitation were recorded separately at two different locations in and around Little Rock, and the official climatology station has been Adams Field since 8 August 1942. For more information, see Threadex

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ Record of Appointment of Postmasters, 1832-1971. NARA Microfilm Publication, M841, 145 rolls. Records of the Post Office Department, Record Group Number 28, Washington, D.C.: National Archives
  4. ^ Adams, Walter M., "A History of North Little Rock The Unique City" (1986, August House)(ISBN 0874830028)
  5. ^ Climate Summary for North Little Rock
  6. ^ "North Little Rock, AR Weather Forecast and Conditions - The Weather Channel | Weather.com". The Weather Channel. Retrieved August 19, 2017.
  7. ^ Data, US Climate. "Climate North Little Rock - Arkansas and Weather averages North Little Rock". www.usclimatedata.com. Retrieved August 19, 2017.
  8. ^ "NowData − NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  9. ^ "Station: Little Rock AP Adams FLD, AR". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991−2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  10. ^ "Climatological Averages, Statistics and Records for Little Rock, Arkansas" (PDF). National Weather Service. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  11. ^ "Little Rock Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 28, 2023.
  12. ^ "WMO 1961–1990 Climate Normals for North Little Rock Airport". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  13. ^ "Historical UV Index Data - Little Rock, AR". UV Index Today. Retrieved April 20, 2023.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ a b c "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 9, 2021.
  16. ^ "Argenta Plaza". Retrieved April 15, 2022.
  17. ^ "Lakewood Village". Retrieved April 15, 2022.
  18. ^ "About Government". City of North Little Rock. Archived from the original on 28 May 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  19. ^ "Mission Statement". Arkansas Municipal League. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
  20. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Registration form" (PDF). Arkansas Heritage. Retrieved January 11, 2024.
  21. ^ Hanley, Steven G. and Ray Hanley. Around Little Rock: A Postcard History. Arcadia Publishing, June 1, 1998. ISBN 0738568678, 9780738568676. p. 118.
  22. ^ Hargett, Malea (March 28, 2013). "Despite 'year of grace,' St. Joseph School will close". Arkansas Catholic. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  23. ^ Hargett, Malea (May 12, 2012). "State's last black Catholic school to close". Arkansas Catholic. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  24. ^ "About Us". Laman Library. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  25. ^ Pasztor, Andy (April 21, 2012). "Drone Use Takes Off on the Home Front - WSJ.com". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
  26. ^ "About Fire Department". City of North Little Rock. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  27. ^ "Benjamin Marcus Bogard (1868–1951)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
  28. ^ "Sister cities". North Little Rock. Intrado Corporation. Retrieved September 14, 2022.