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Pan-Green Coalition
LeaderTsai Ing-wen
Political positionCentre-left (majority)[1][A]
Colours  Green
Legislative Yuan
51 / 113 (45%)

^ A: The Pan-Green Coalition has been referred to as "centre-left"[1] or "left-wing".[2] However, the Democratic Progressive Party, which leads the Pan-Green Coalition, is considered "centrist" to "centre-left".
Pan-Green coalition
Traditional Chinese泛綠聯盟
Simplified Chinese泛绿联盟
Pan-Green force
Traditional Chinese泛綠軍
Simplified Chinese泛绿军
Pan-Green groups
Traditional Chinese綠營
Simplified Chinese绿营

The pan-Green coalition, pan-Green force or pan-Green groups is a nationalist political coalition in Taiwan (Republic of China), consisting of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), Taiwan Statebuilding Party (TSP), Social Democratic Party (SDP), Green Party Taiwan, Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU), and Taiwan Constitution Association (TCA). The platform of the New Power Party is also very closely aligned with all the other Pan-Green parties.[3][4][5]


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The name comes from the colours of the Democratic Progressive Party, which originally adopted green in part because of its association with the anti-nuclear movement. In contrast to the Pan-Blue Coalition, the Pan-Green Coalition favors Taiwanization and Taiwan independence over Chinese unification, although members in both coalitions have moderated their policies to reach voters in the center.

This strategy is helped by the fact that much of the motivation that voters have for voting for one party or the other are for reasons that have nothing to do with relations with China. This is particularly true among swing voters. For much of the 1990s, the parties which later formed the Pan-Green Coalition greatly benefited because they were less corrupt than the ruling Kuomintang (KMT). However, due to the controversies and the alleged corruption cases involving the former DPP nominated President Chen Shui-bian, the public perception of the Coalition is seemed to have been altered somewhat.

The Pan-Green Coalition formed in the aftermath of the 2000 presidential election, after which Lee Teng-hui was expelled from the Kuomintang and created his own party, the Taiwan Solidarity Union, which maintains a pro-independence platform.

Unlike the internal dynamics of the Pan-Blue Coalition, which consist of relatively equal-sized parties with very similar ideologies, the Pan-Green Coalition contains the DPP, which is much larger and more moderate than the TSU. So rather than coordinating electoral strategies, the presence of the TSU keeps the DPP from moving too far away from its Taiwan independence roots. In local elections, competition tends to be fierce between Pan-Green candidates from different parties, and as a rule, joint candidates are not proposed.

The Green Party Taiwan is not considered as part of the Pan-Green Coalition, but the Green Party has similar views with the Democratic Progressive Party, especially on environmental and social issues, and the Green Party is also allied with the Social Democratic Party.

Member parties

Current members

Party Ideology Leader
Democratic Progressive Party (DPP)
Tsai Ing-wen
Taiwan Statebuilding Party (TSP)
Chen Yi-chi
Social Democratic Party (SDP)
Social democracy
Ting Yung-yan
Green Party Taiwan
Green politics
Lee Keng-cheng and Chang Yu-jing
Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU)
Economic nationalism
Right-wing populism[13]
Taiwan independence[14]
Anti-Chinese nationalism[15]
Liu Yi-te

Former members

Party Ideology
Taiwan Independence Party (TIP)
Taiwan Constitution Association (TCA)

Legislative strength

Legislative Yuan

Election Number of popular votes % of popular votes Districts At-large Aborigine Overseas Total Seats Member parties (extra-parliamentary parties bracketed)
1992 2,944,195 (Districts + Aborigine) 31.03 38 11 0 2
51 / 130
1995 3,132,156 (Districts + Aborigine) 33.20 41 11 0 2
54 / 164
1998 3,111,952 (Districts + Aborigine) 31.01 53 15 0 3
71 / 225
2001 4,250,682 (Districts + Aborigine) 41.15 77 19 0 4
100 / 225
2004 4,230,076 (Districts + Aborigine) 43.53 76 20 1 4
101 / 225
2008 4,043,781 (Party-list) 41.35 13 14 0 -
27 / 113
DPP + (TSU + TCA + Green)
2012 5,735,422 (Party-list) 43.57 27 16 0 -
43 / 113
2016 6,027,672 (Party-list) 49.48 49 18 1 -
68 / 113
DPP + (TSU + TIP + TCA + Green + SDP)
2020 5,650,427 (Party-list) 39.90 47 13 2 -
62 / 113
DPP + TSP + (Green + TSU + TIP)
2024 5,237,810 (Party-list) 38.01 36 13 2 -
51 / 113
DPP + (TSP + Green + TSU)


See also


  1. ^ a b Po Jen Yap, Chien-Chih Lin, ed. (2021). Constitutional Convergence in East Asia. Cambridge University Press. p. 30. ISBN 9781108831178.
  2. ^ Adnan Rasool (July 25, 2023). Sabotage: Lessons in Bureaucratic Governance from Pakistan, Taiwan, and Turkey. Lexington Books. p. 73. ISBN 978-1-6669-0176-4. Archived from the original on June 3, 2024. Retrieved May 31, 2024. The Sunflower Movement helped prevent the signing of the CSSTA and gave birth to the New Power Party, a party that allied with the DPP as part of the left-wing Pan Green Coalition.
  3. ^ "【政治事】時代力量十席「緊箍咒」 套到民進黨". Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
  4. ^ "時代力量傾向支持蔡英文 黃國昌:需承諾共推重要改革 | ETtoday政治新聞 | ETtoday新聞雲". 8 July 2015. Archived from the original on 11 February 2022. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  5. ^ "超越藍綠?台灣社運型政黨前進立法院". 24 August 2015. Archived from the original on 2019-05-13. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  6. ^ Chih-ming Wang (2006). Transpacific Articulations: Study Abroad and the Making of Asia/America. University of California, Santa Cruz. p. 204.
  7. ^ "Not Just a Two-party System". Taiwan Business TOPICS. 25 March 2020. Archived from the original on 18 February 2021. Retrieved 16 June 2020. Besides supporting Taiwan independence, the TSP regards itself as a left-wing party that promotes social equality and admires the social welfare systems of northern European countries.
  8. ^ "'The loss of language is the loss of heritage:' the push to revive Taiwanese in Taiwan". Hong Kong Free Press. 31 October 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021. But the implementation of 18 national languages in official settings has not gone smoothly. In late September, a conversation between Defense Minister Chiu Kuo-cheng and the progressive Taiwan Statebuilding Party's only elected lawmaker, Chen Po-wei, became heated after Chen requested the use of an interpreter so he could speak in Taigí, his mother tongue.
  9. ^ "基進黨(基進側翼)- 關於基進黨". Archived from the original on 2019-05-14.
  10. ^ Ng, Kang-chung (8 May 2019). "Pro-independence Taiwanese party broadcasts recording of woman claiming to be Hong Kong localist who fled the city ahead of Mong Kok riot trial". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 11 January 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  11. ^ Statebuilding, Taiwan (2021-12-22). "共諜滲透肆虐,威脅台美軍事互信". 台灣基進 (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Archived from the original on 2024-06-03. Retrieved 2024-05-07.
  12. ^ Statebuilding, Taiwan (2022-10-01). "台灣基進《同島一命 捍衛和平》宣言". 台灣基進 (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Archived from the original on 2024-05-14. Retrieved 2024-06-03.
  13. ^ "台聯黨賭上政治生涯!刊廣告「輸給新黨 台聯收攤」". Formosa Television. 10 October 2021. Archived from the original on 9 October 2021.
  14. ^ "台灣團結聯盟". Archived from the original on 2017-06-21. Retrieved 2024-05-07.
  15. ^ "撕毀踩踏五星旗!台聯撐香港 籲小英射出「三支箭」 - YouTube". YouTube. 7 October 2019. Archived from the original on 2023-11-20. Retrieved 2024-05-07.