Paragould, Arkansas
South Pruett Street in Paragould
South Pruett Street in Paragould
Location of Paragould in Greene County, Arkansas.
Location of Paragould in Greene County, Arkansas.
Paragould, Arkansas is located in the United States
Paragould, Arkansas
Paragould, Arkansas
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 36°3′25″N 90°30′11″W / 36.05694°N 90.50306°W / 36.05694; -90.50306Coordinates: 36°3′25″N 90°30′11″W / 36.05694°N 90.50306°W / 36.05694; -90.50306
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyGreene
Area
 • Total32.02 sq mi (82.93 km2)
 • Land31.86 sq mi (82.51 km2)
 • Water0.16 sq mi (0.42 km2)
Elevation299 ft (91 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total29,537
 • Density927.17/sq mi (357.99/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
72450-72451
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-53390
GNIS feature ID0077948[2]
WebsiteOfficial website

Paragould is the county seat of Greene County, and the 19th-largest city in Arkansas, in the United States. The city is located in northeastern Arkansas on the eastern edge of Crowley's Ridge, a geologic anomaly contained within the Arkansas delta.

Paragould is the principal city of the Paragould, Arkansas Micropolitan Statistical Area and is also a part of the Jonesboro-Paragould Combined Statistical Area. The Paragould micropolitan area's population was 42,090 at the 2010 census,[3] and the Jonesboro-Paragould Combined Statistical Area's population was 163,116.[4]

The city had a population of 26,113 at the 2010 census[5] and an estimated population of 28,986 in 2019.[6]

History

The city's name is a blend combining the last names of competing railroad magnates J. W. Paramore and Jay Gould. Paramore's Texas & St. Louis Railway (later the Cotton Belt) and Gould's St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway (later the Missouri Pacific) intersected here in 1882. A group of citizens chose the name, and it is believed to be the only city in the world with this name. Gould objected to his name's being second and refused to list the new town on his schedules.[7]

Sundown town

From 1888 to 1908, Paragould experienced a series of incidents in which White residents threatened and attacked Black residents. Some Black residents flogged, and some of their homes and churches were burned. Arkansas Governor Jeff Davis ordered the state militia not to intervene on behalf of Black citizens. On numerous occasions White residents ordered Black citizens to leave and never return. In 1908, they threatened them to leave or die, which resulted in an almost complete depopulation of African-Americans in the county, and earned Paragould the designation of a sundown town.[8] Black children were not allowed to participate in any form of public education until 1948,[9] and then by busing them out of the county to Booker T. Washington High School in Jonesboro.[10] In 1957, facing mandated integration, Jonesboro terminated this practice.[11] Prior to 1982, no hotel in Paragould would allow Black people to spend the night. In 1983, when two Black Union Pacific workers attempted to eat at a restaurant, they were locked out. When police reached the scene, they accused the workers of attempting to break into the restaurant.[12] An informal ban on hiring African-Americans was alleged to exist in Paragould until at least 2002.[13]

Geography

Paragould is located southeast of the center of Greene County. U.S. Routes 412 and 49 intersect in the city west of downtown. US 412 leads east 9 miles (14 km) to the Missouri state line at the St. Francis River, and a further 23 miles (37 km) northeast to Kennett, Missouri; to the west US 412 leads 26 miles (42 km) to Walnut Ridge. US 49 leads northeast 32 miles (51 km) to Piggott and southwest 20 miles (32 km) to Jonesboro. The closest major city is Memphis, Tennessee, 82 miles (132 km) to the southeast.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.4 square miles (81.2 km2), of which 31.2 square miles (80.8 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km2), or 0.52%, is water.[5]

Climate

Paragould has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).

Climate data for Paragould, Arkansas (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1979–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24)
78
(26)
89
(32)
93
(34)
94
(34)
103
(39)
106
(41)
105
(41)
100
(38)
93
(34)
84
(29)
77
(25)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 45.7
(7.6)
50.4
(10.2)
59.5
(15.3)
70.2
(21.2)
78.9
(26.1)
87.3
(30.7)
89.8
(32.1)
88.9
(31.6)
83.1
(28.4)
72.6
(22.6)
59.0
(15.0)
48.7
(9.3)
69.5
(20.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 37.0
(2.8)
40.9
(4.9)
49.6
(9.8)
59.8
(15.4)
69.1
(20.6)
77.5
(25.3)
80.4
(26.9)
79.0
(26.1)
72.3
(22.4)
61.1
(16.2)
49.0
(9.4)
40.2
(4.6)
59.7
(15.4)
Average low °F (°C) 28.2
(−2.1)
31.4
(−0.3)
39.7
(4.3)
49.3
(9.6)
59.3
(15.2)
67.8
(19.9)
71.0
(21.7)
69.1
(20.6)
61.5
(16.4)
49.6
(9.8)
39.0
(3.9)
31.7
(−0.2)
49.8
(9.9)
Record low °F (°C) −14
(−26)
−2
(−19)
5
(−15)
14
(−10)
34
(1)
50
(10)
53
(12)
50
(10)
36
(2)
28
(−2)
16
(−9)
−6
(−21)
−14
(−26)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.89
(99)
4.03
(102)
4.88
(124)
5.19
(132)
5.14
(131)
3.56
(90)
4.24
(108)
3.84
(98)
3.31
(84)
4.40
(112)
4.64
(118)
4.62
(117)
51.74
(1,314)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.0
(2.5)
0.8
(2.0)
0.4
(1.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
2.5
(6.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.0 9.4 11.3 10.4 11.4 8.8 8.9 8.6 6.9 8.7 9.8 11.2 115.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.9
Source: NOAA[14][15]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,666
19003,32499.5%
19105,24857.9%
19206,30620.2%
19305,966−5.4%
19407,07918.7%
19509,66836.6%
19609,9472.9%
197010,6397.0%
198015,24843.3%
199018,54021.6%
200022,01718.8%
201026,11318.6%
202029,53713.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
The former Greene County Courthouse is one of twelve sites in Paragould listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The former Greene County Courthouse is one of twelve sites in Paragould listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Green County Museum
Green County Museum

2020 census

Paragould racial composition[17]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 25,438 86.1%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 872 3.0%
Native American 100 0.3%
Asian 156 0.5%
Pacific Islander 280 1.0%
Other/Mixed 1,396 4.7%
Hispanic or Latino 1,295 4.4%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 29,537 people, 10,755 households, and 7,439 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,113 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 94.4% White, 0.8% Black, 0.4% Native American, 0.3% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, <0.1% from some other race and 1.2% from two or more races. 2.8% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 census

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 22,017 people, 8,941 households, and 6,133 families living in the city. The population density was 714.6 people per square mile (275.9/km2). There were 9,789 housing units at an average density of 317.7 per square mile (122.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.9% White, <0.1% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. 1.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,941 households, out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.8% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,815, and the median income for a family was $39,431. Males had a median income of $28,103 versus $20,623 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,076. About 8.4% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Paragould is home to Crowley's Ridge College, and a campus of Black River Technical College. Paragould has two public school districts, the Greene County Tech School District and the Paragould School District, as well as Crowley's Ridge Academy and St. Mary's Catholic School private school systems.[citation needed]

The Northeast Arkansas School District was formed on July 1, 1985, by the merger of the former Paragould School District with the Oak Grove School District.[19] By 1997 the name of the new district became the Paragould School District.[20]

Television

KPMF-LD, a MyNetworkTV/Quest affiliated TV station serving the Jonesboro and Memphis markets, and owned by HC2 Holdings.

K17LV-D, translator station of ABC/NBC/CW+ affiliated station KAIT in Jonesboro, and owned by Atlanta-based Gray Television.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Highways

Health care

Arkansas Methodist Medical Center is Paragould's only hospital. The 127-bed acute-care hospital's campus includes a professional office building with a community wellness center.[citation needed]

Law enforcement

On December 15, 2012, it was announced that "beginning in 2013, the department would deploy a new street crimes unit to high crime areas on foot to take back the streets."[21] The remaining town hall meetings to inform the public of the new plan were cancelled due to the volume of threats received as a result of national media exposure. This was done for public safety, as continuing to hold the meetings may have posed a danger to attendees.[22][needs update] The planned unit was not deployed.

Cultural appearances

The documentary short film Udaan (2021) was made by Pakistani film maker Amman Abbasi about Baneen Khan, a female Pakistani student from Karachi enrolling at Black River Technical College.[23]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Paragould, Arkansas
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Paragould, AR Micro Area". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jonesboro-Paragould, AR CSA". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Paragould city, Arkansas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2016.[dead link]
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  7. ^ Temple, Robert D. Edge Effects: The Border-Name Places (2nd edition, 2009), iUniverse, ISBN 978-0595477586, p. 320.
  8. ^ Griffith, Nancy Snell (September 7, 2021). "Paragould Race Riots". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  9. ^ Nelson, Rex (July 18, 2020). "Paragould to the Bootheel". Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  10. ^ Hamblen, Mack (November 12, 2020). "Paragould (Greene County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  11. ^ Ulmer, Amy (September 8, 2020). "Booker T. Washington High School (Jonesboro)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  12. ^ Loewen, James (2006). Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism. Touchstone. p. 278. ISBN 978-0743294485.
  13. ^ Loewen, James (December 3, 2018). "Sundown Towns". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  14. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
  15. ^ "Station: Paragould 1S, AR". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991–2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  19. ^ "ConsolidationAnnex_from_1983.xls." Arkansas Department of Education. Retrieved on October 13, 2017.
  20. ^ Home. Paragould School District. February 11, 1997. Retrieved on October 14, 2017. "Paragould School District is a consolidated district comprising the former districts of Oak Grove, Stanford, and Paragould."
  21. ^ "Armed task force to patrol streets". Archived from the original on January 31, 2013.
  22. ^ "PPD cancels town hall events". Archived from the original on January 31, 2013.
  23. ^ Wissott, Lauren (May 18, 2021). "Amman Abbasi on his CAAMFest-selected short 'Udaan'". Filmmaker. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  24. ^ Iris DeMent profile, artistdirect.com; accessed April 8, 2015.