Peru at the
1936 Summer Olympics
IOC codePER
NOCPeruvian Olympic Committee
Websitewww.coperu.org (in Spanish)
in Berlin
Competitors40 (all men) in 8 sports
Medals
Gold
0
Silver
0
Bronze
0
Total
0
Summer Olympics appearances (overview)

Peru competed in the Summer Olympic Games for the first time at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin,[1] Germany. 40 competitors, all men, took part in 16 events in 8 sports.[2] Peru's participation in the Olympic Games forced the authorities to suspend the Peruvian football league for 1936.

Football controversy

1936 Berlin Summer Olympics team. Front: Adelfo Magallanes, Jorge Alcalde, Teodoro Fernández, José Morales, and Alejandro Villanueva. Back: Carlos Tovar, Víctor Guarderas Lavalle, Juan Valdivieso, Arturo Fernández, Segundo Castillo, and Orestes Jordán.
1936 Berlin Summer Olympics team. Front: Adelfo Magallanes, Jorge Alcalde, Teodoro Fernández, José Morales, and Alejandro Villanueva. Back: Carlos Tovar, Víctor Guarderas Lavalle, Juan Valdivieso, Arturo Fernández, Segundo Castillo, and Orestes Jordán.

Austria played Peru in an astonishing game leading to a huge political row.

Time Magazine reported: In Lima President Oscar Benavides of Peru last week addressed an angry crowd: "I have just received cables from Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Mexico supporting the Peruvian attitude against the crafty Berlin decision." The crowd, which had already torn an Olympic flag, gathered to listen to more speeches at the Plaza San Martin. Later it threw stones to the German Consulate's windows until police arrived in trucks. At Callao, Lima's seaport, workmen on the docks refused to load two German vessels.

The "crafty Berlin decision" concerned a soccer game on the fortnight in which the Peruvians overturned a 2-goal deficit against Austria to take the tie into extra-time and win the match 4-2, with a goal scored in the last minute of extra-time. After the game, Austria argued that Peruvian players had manhandled them, and that spectators, one of them brandishing a revolver, had swarmed down on the field. FIFA ordered the game replayed behind closed doors, so Peru's whole Olympic team of 40 promptly withdrew from the Games in protest; the game was awarded to Austria by default.[3] Said Miguel Dasso of the Peruvian Olympic Committee: "We've no faith in European athletics. We have come here and found a bunch of merchants."

Athletics

Main article: Athletics at the 1936 Summer Olympics

Athlete Events Heat Quarterfinal Semifinal Final Rank
Result Rank Result Rank Result Rank Result
Antonio Cuba Men's 100 metres 5 Did not advance
Francisco Valdez Bravo Men's 800 metres 7 N/A Did not advance
Carlos Marcerano Men's 800 metres 2:00:8 6 N/A Did not advance

Basketball

Main article: Basketball at the 1936 Summer Olympics

Roster:

Miguel Godoy, Luis Jacob, Roberto Rospigliosi, Koko Cárdenas, Fernando Ruiz, "Canon" Ore, Jose Carlos Godoy, Armando Rossi, Rolando Bacigalupo, Manuel Fiestas, Willy Dasso, Antuco Flecha (Coach: Pedro Vera)

First Round

August 7
5:00 pm
Peru Peru 35–22 Egypt Egypt
Tennis Stadium, Berlin
Referees: T. Suvoong (China)

Second Round

August 9
5:00 pm
Peru Peru 29–21 Taiwan China
Tennis Stadium, Berlin
Referees: V. Ugolini (Italy)

Third Round

Peru was awarded a bye to the next round.


Fourth Round

Poland won by walk-over and was awarded 2 points.

Poland Poland 2–0 Peru Peru

Fifth Place Match

Uruguay won by walk-over and was awarded 2 points.

Uruguay Uruguay 2–0 Peru Peru

Cycling

Main article: Cycling at the 1936 Summer Olympics

Road

Team

Peru finished without a time during the team road race.

Men
Rider Event Time Rank
Manuel Bacigalupo Road race no time
Gregorio Caloggero Road race no time
José Mazzini Road race no time
César Peñaranda Road race no time

Times were not recorded for any of the four competing athletes because they finished after the 16th place.

Track

Sprints
Athlete Event Round One Round 1
(repechage)
Round 2 Round 3 Semifinals Final Bronze medal race
Opposition
Time
Speed (km/h)
Rank Opposition
Time
Speed
Rank Opposition
Time
Speed
Opposition
Time
Speed
Opposition
Time
Speed
Opposition
Time
Speed
Opposition
Time
Speed
José Mazzini Men's sprint  Karl Magnussen (DEN)
 L, L
2  Dunc Gray (AUS)
 L, L
 Ted Clayton (RSA)
 L, L
3 Did not advance

Diving

Main article: Diving at the 1936 Summer Olympics

Men'
Athlete Events Preliminary Semifinal Final
Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank
Alfredo Alvarez 3 m springboard DNF 24

Football

Main article: Football at the 1936 Summer Olympics

First Round
Peru 7–3 Finland
Fernández 17' 33' 47' 49' 70'
Villanueva 21' 67'
Report Kanerva 42' (pen.)
Grönlund 75'
Larvo 80'
Berlin Hertha-BSC-Platz
Attendance: 2.500
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (ITA)

Quarter finals
Peru 4–2 (a.e.t.) Austria
Alcalde 75'
Villanueva 81' 117'
Fernández 119'
Report Wergin 23'
Steinmetz 37'
Berlin Hertha-BSC-Platz
Attendance: 5.000
Referee: Thoralf Kristiansen (NOR)

Due to a pitch invasion, the match was declared null and void, and ordered to be replayed on August 10. Peru objected to the replay decision and withdrew from the tournament.


Replay

Peru Walkover Austria
Berlin Poststadion
Attendance: 0
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (ITA)

Modern pentathlon

Main article: Modern pentathlon at the 1936 Summer Olympics

One male pentathlete represented Peru in 1936.

Men
Athlete Shooting
(10 m air pistol)
Fencing
(épée one touch)
Swimming
(200 m freestyle)
Riding
(show jumping)
Running
(3000 m)
Total points Final rank
Score Rank MP points Results Rank MP points Time Rank MP points Penalties Rank MP points Time Rank MP points
José Escribens DNF

Shooting

Main article: Shooting at the 1936 Summer Olympics

Men

Rifle[4]

Athlete Event Score Rank
Jorge Patiño 50 m rifle prone 287 51

Swimming

Main article: Swimming at the 1936 Summer Olympics

Athlete Event Heat Semifinal Final
Time Rank Time Rank Time Rank
Arturo Alvarez 100 m freestyle 1:04.9 7 Did not advance
Juan Paz 100 m freestyle 1:05.6 7 Did not advance
Walter Ledgard 400 m freestyle 5:05.5 2 DNF 7 Did not advance

References

  1. ^ "1936 Berlin Summer Games Report" (PDF). la84foundation.org. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  2. ^ "Peru at the 1936 Berlin Summer Games". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-04-17. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
  3. ^ "Berlin, 1936". FIFA. Archived from the original on October 1, 2007. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
  4. ^ "1936 Official Report" (PDF). IOC. 1937. Retrieved July 31, 2012.