Raf coffee
Rafcoffe.jpg
TypeCoffee
Country of originRussia

Raf or raf coffee is a popular coffee drink in Russia and the countries of the former USSR, which appeared in the late 1990s. Prepared by adding cream and vanilla sugar to a single shot of espresso and then foaming the mix with a steam heater. The main differences from latte are the use of vanilla sugar and cream instead of milk and the fact that the whole mix is foamed together instead of just milk. Syrup is often used instead of vanilla sugar.[1]

Recipe

First, some syrup is poured into the coffee container, then 35 ml of espresso is added.[2] Then warmed cream is added with a fat content of no more than 30% with the addition of vanilla sugar, all the ingredients are heated to 65 degrees in a pitcher.[3] Often, ready-made raf is sprinkled with ground cinnamon.[4] There are various variations of the drink with the addition of specific ingredients: alcohol, honey instead of sugar, lavender etc.

History

Raf coffee appeared in 1996-1997 as a result of experiments in the Moscow coffeehouse "Coffee Bean".[5] One of their regular customers, Rafael Timerbaev,[6][7][8] asked the barista to serve him something new. As a result of the experiment of three baristas Gleb Neveikin, Artem Berestov and Galina Samokhina, a new beverage was created, first named as "coffee for Raf".[5] Later, visitors began to ask for "the same coffee as for Raf",[2] and gradually the name was shortened to "Raf coffee" or simply "Raf". After a while, this coffee drink become popular in all coffeehouses throughout Russia.[5] It is considered a very popular coffee drink in Moscow.[9][10][2] By 2018, raf coffee has spread beyond the borders of Russia - coffeehouses in Ukraine,[11] Kazakhstan and Belarus[12] also prepare it. Outside the CIS, raf coffee is practically unknown,[5] although according to some sources, this drink is also made in some Czech coffeehouses,[6] in Israel, Romania, and in Indonesia.[13]

Some Russian coffee experts criticize raf coffee for the fact that the taste of cream and vanilla sugar practically drowns out the aroma of espresso, however, they admit that this coffee drink is one of the few coffee innovations originally from Russia[5] In addition, the very fact of the popularity of a rather sweet drink is indicated by them as a characteristic feature of Russian coffee culture.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Raf Coffee - What is It and How to Make it?". Paulig - Barista Institute. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  2. ^ a b c Кофе. 100 правил, историй, рецептов / Сост. Юрышева Я.. — М.: Эксмо, 2018. — С. 113—114. — 128 с.
  3. ^ Кофе: рецепты, коктейли, советы, мастер-классы / Сост. Денисов Д. И., Цыро С. В.. — М.: Ресторанные ведомости, 2014. — С. 98. — 176 с.
  4. ^ "Раф кофе / Raf coffee".((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ a b c d e "Правда ли, что кофе раф придумали в Москве?". The Village (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  6. ^ a b Afanasyeva, Darya. "Meet The Raf, Russia's Favorite Coffee Drink". sprudge.com. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  7. ^ "Раф. Время московской кухни". Eda.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  8. ^ "Что есть? Раф". Морс (in Russian). 23 October 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  9. ^ Rebecca Bluitt. "'Rusiano' revolution: How Moscow does coffee". CNN. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  10. ^ ТИТКО, Алиса (2018-02-26). "Чашка кофе в Москве: где найти самый дешевый напиток". msk.kp.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  11. ^ "Lavender Raf Coffee in Kiev". Tasting Table. 2018-05-16. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  12. ^ "Что есть и пить на GASTROFEST. КОФЕ". The Village Беларусь. 2018-02-05. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  13. ^ "Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  14. ^ "Круглый стол: 10 экспертов о кофе в Москве и мире". The Village (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-07-02.