Raffles City Chongqing
Raffles City Chongqing in September 2019
General information
Architectural styleHigh-tech architecture
AddressNo.18, Xinyi Street, Yuzhong District
Town or cityChongqing
Construction started2013 approx.
Topped-outJanuary 2019
CompletedAugust 2019
Opened6 September 2019
Height354.5 meters
Technical details
MaterialReinforced concrete and steel
Floor count67
Floor area1,200,000 square feet (110,000 m2)
Design and construction
Architect(s)Moshe Safdie
Raffles City Chongqing
Simplified Chinese重庆来福士广场
Traditional Chinese重慶來福士廣場

Raffles City Chongqing is a complex of eight buildings in Yuzhong District, Chongqing, China, developed by Singaporean real estate developer CapitaLand and constructed by China Construction Third Engineering Bureau Group Co. Ltd.

Raffles City Chongqing features a 300-metre-long horizontal skybridge called the "Crystal" that connects the top of four of the skycrapers.[1] The skybridge is the second highest in the world after the Kingdom Centre in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The entire project comprises eight towers with a total of 817,000 square metres of floor space. It was designed by Israeli-Canadian architect Moshe Safdie.[2] It is one of the most expensive buildings built in China.[citation needed] It replaced the 32-story passenger terminal building and hotel built in 1996 and the Three Gorges Hotel that was demolished on August 30, 2012.

Raffles City Chongqing exterior in 2019


Construction began around 2013.[3] As of February 2019, the structures had been completed and the interior was being finished.


Raffles City Chongqing consists of eight skyscrapers situated on a site covering 9.2 hectares, in Yuzhong District, at the tip of the peninsula where the Yangtze and Jialing Rivers meet.

Atop four of the 250-metre-tall towers is an enclosed skyway, called the Crystal.[4] Two 350-metre-tall towers connect to them, each via a cantilever bridge. Two other 250-metre-tall towers are adjacent to these six.

The project will contain 1.12 million square metres of space, 817,000 square metres of which will be floor space and will include 150,000m² of offices and 1,400 residences, a hotel, a 235,000m² shopping mall, and landscaped grounds.[5][3]

The buildings are reinforced concrete with concrete-encased steel columns and steel floor spanning. The height to tip is 354.5 metres with 79 above-ground floors and 3 below.[6]

The Crystal

The Crystal is an enclosed 300-metre-long horizontal skyway that sits atop four of the buildings. It is 32.5m wide and 26.5m high. The Crystal will set a record for being the highest in the world linking the highest number of towers. The exterior consists of approximately 3,000 glass panels and nearly 5,000 aluminum panels. The Crystal was constructed in nine parts. Four were constructed on the top of the towers and the three middle parts were prefabricated and raised from the ground and installed.

Within the Crystal, there will be two swimming pools, restaurants, a gallery, gardens with trees, and a viewing site.

Design and recognition

The project was designed by architect Moshe Safdie, who also designed Singapore's similar-looking Marina Bay Sands.[7] It was inspired by Chinese sailing vessels and is a tribute to Chongqing historical past as a maritime trading centre.[citation needed]

Raffles City Chongqing won the China Tall Building Innovation Award.[citation needed]

See also


  1. ^ "Safdie Architects". www.safdiearchitects.com. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  2. ^ Hardingham-Gill, Tamara (27 February 2019). "China's 'horizontal skyscraper' attraction nears completion". CNN Travel. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b Emeche, Chika (27 February 2019). "China's amazing horizontal skyscraper at Raffles City Chongqing nears completion". Archived from the original on 1 March 2019. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  4. ^ "CapitaLand announces topping out of Raffles City Chongqing; says on track to open by 2H19". The Edge Singapore. 25 February 2019. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  5. ^ "CapitaLand tops out China's Raffles City Chongqing with highest sky bridge - World Construction Network". www.worldconstructionnetwork.com. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Raffles City Chongqing T3N - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  7. ^ https://wwd.com/feature/raffles-city-chongqing-debut-1203089925/

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