Developer(s)Blueprint for Free Speech
Initial releaseJune 2014[1]
Stable release
1.1.4[2][3] Edit this on Wikidata[needs update] (fork took over development, now at 3.0.15) / 7 November 2016
Written inC++
Operating systemWindows, OS X, Linux, FreeBSD

Ricochet or Ricochet IM is a free software, multi-platform, instant messaging software project originally developed by John Brooks[5] and later adopted as the official instant messaging client project of the Invisible.im group.[6] A goal of the Invisible.im group is to help people maintain privacy by developing a "metadata free" instant messaging client.[7]


Originally called Torsion IM, Ricochet was renamed in June 2014.[1] Ricochet is a modern alternative to TorChat,[8] which hasn't been updated in several years, and to Tor Messenger, which is discontinued.[9] On September 17, 2014, it was announced that the Invisible.im group would be working with Brooks on further development of Ricochet in a Wired article by Kim Zetter.[5] Zetter also wrote that Ricochet's future plans included a protocol redesign and file-transfer capabilities.[5] The protocol redesign was implemented in April 2015.[10]

In February 2016, Ricochet's developers made public a security audit that had been sponsored by the Open Technology Fund and carried out by the NCC Group in November 2015.[11] The results of the audit were "reasonably positive".[12] The audit identified "multiple areas of improvement" and one vulnerability that could be used to deanonymize users.[11] According to Brooks, the vulnerability has been fixed in the latest release.[13]


Ricochet is a decentralized instant messenger, meaning there is no server to connect to and share metadata with.[8] Further, using Tor, Ricochet starts a Tor hidden service locally on a person's computer and can communicate only with other Ricochet users who are also running their own Ricochet-created Tor hidden services. This way, Ricochet communication never leaves the Tor network. A user screen name (example: ricochet:hslmfsg47dmcqctb) is auto-generated upon first starting Ricochet; the first half of the screen name is the word "ricochet", with the second half being the address of the Tor hidden service. Before two Ricochet users can talk, at least one of them must privately or publicly share their unique screen name in some way.

Privacy benefits

See also


  1. ^ a b Brooks, John. "The name 'Torsion' is not ideal". GitHub. Archived from the original on 7 December 2018. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  2. ^ Error: Unable to display the reference properly. See the documentation for details.
  3. ^ "Release 1.1.4". 7 November 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  4. ^ Brooks, John. "Ricochet / LICENSE". GitHub. Archived from the original on 7 September 2021. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Zetter, Kim (17 September 2014). "Middle-School Dropout Codes Clever Chat Program That Foils NSA Spying". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  6. ^ Invisible.im Team (17 September 2014). "2014-09-17: Update from the Invisible.im Team". invisible.im (Press release). Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  7. ^ ricochet-im. "ricochet-im/ricochet". GitHub. Archived from the original on 27 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e Hacker10 (23 March 2014). "Tor proxy anonymous Instant Messenger". hacker10.com (Blog). Archived from the original on 11 July 2021. Retrieved 13 January 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ sukhbir. "Tor Messenger Beta Chat over Tor easily" (Blog). Tor Project. Archived from the original on 30 October 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  10. ^ Brooks, John (11 April 2015). "Ricochet 1.1.0". GitHub. Archived from the original on 19 July 2020. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  11. ^ a b c Hertz, Jesse; Jara-Ettinger, Patricio; Manning, Mark (15 February 2016). "Ricochet Security Assessment" (PDF). NCC Group. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 January 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  12. ^ Baraniuk, Chris (19 February 2016). "Tor: 'Mystery' spike in hidden addresses". BBC News. BBC. Archived from the original on 21 February 2016. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  13. ^ Cox, Joseph (17 February 2016). "'Ricochet', the Messenger That Beats Metadata, Passes Security Audit". Motherboard. Vice Media LLC. Archived from the original on 23 January 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2016.