Roderick Andrew Anthony Jude McDowall
17 September 1928
Herne Hill, London, England
|Died||3 October 1998 (aged 70)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Occupation||Actor, director, photographer|
Roderick Andrew Anthony Jude McDowall (17 September 1928 – 3 October 1998) was a British-born American actor, film director and photographer. He is best known for portraying Cornelius and Caesar in the original Planet of the Apes film series, as well as Galen in the spin-off television series. He began his acting career as a child in England, and then in the United States, in How Green Was My Valley (1941), My Friend Flicka (1943) and Lassie Come Home (1943).
As an adult, McDowall appeared most frequently as a character actor on radio, stage, film, and television. For portraying Augustus in the historical drama Cleopatra (1963), he was nominated for a Golden Globe Award. Other titles include The Longest Day (1962), The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965), That Darn Cat! (1965), Inside Daisy Clover (1965), Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971), The Poseidon Adventure (1972), Funny Lady (1975), The Black Hole (1979), Class of 1984 (1982), Fright Night (1985), Overboard (1987), Fright Night Part 2 (1988), Shakma (1990), and A Bug's Life (1998). He also served in various positions on the Board of Governors for the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and the Selection Committee for the Kennedy Center Honors, further contributing to various charities related to the film industry and film preservation. He was a founding Member of the National Film Preservation Board in 1989, and represented the Screen Actors Guild on this Board until his death.
McDowall was born at 204 Herne Hill Road, Herne Hill, London, the only son of London-born Thomas Andrew McDowall (1896–1978), a merchant seaman of distant Scottish descent, and his Irish wife Winifred (née Corcoran). Both of his parents were enthusiastic about the theatre. He and his elder sister, Virginia, were raised in their mother's Catholic faith. He attended St Joseph's College, Beulah Hill, Upper Norwood, a Roman Catholic secondary school in London.
Appearing as a child model as a baby, McDowall appeared in several films as a boy. After winning an acting prize in a school play at age nine, he started appearing in films: Murder in the Family (1938), I See Ice (1938) with George Formby, John Halifax (1938) and Scruffy (1938).
McDowall appeared in Convict 99 (1938) and Hey! Hey! USA (1938) with Will Hay, Yellow Sands (1938), The Outsider (1939), Murder Will Out (1939), Dead Man's Shoes (1940), Just William (1940), Saloon Bar (1940), You Will Remember (1941), and This England (1941).
McDowall's family moved to the United States in 1940 after the outbreak of World War II. He became a naturalized United States citizen on 9 December 1949, and lived in the United States for the rest of his life.
McDowall's American career began with a part in the 1941 thriller Man Hunt, directed by Fritz Lang. It was made by 20th Century Fox who also produced McDowall's next film How Green Was My Valley (1941), where he met and became lifelong friends with actress Maureen O'Hara. The film won the Academy Award for Best Picture, and McDowall's role as Huw Morgan made him a household name.
Fox put him in another war film, Confirm or Deny (1941), then he played Tyrone Power as a boy in Son of Fury: The Story of Benjamin Blake (1942).
Fox promoted McDowall to top billing for On the Sunny Side (1942). He was billed second to Monty Woolley in The Pied Piper (1942), playing a war orphan, then he had top billing again for an adaptation of My Friend Flicka (1942).
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer borrowed McDowall for the star role in Lassie Come Home (1943), a film that introduced an actress who would become another lifelong friend, Elizabeth Taylor. MGM kept him on to play a leading role in The White Cliffs of Dover (1944).
Back at Fox he played Gregory Peck as a young man in The Keys of the Kingdom (1944). In 1944, exhibitors voted McDowall the number four "Star of Tomorrow".
Fox gave McDowall another starring vehicle, Thunderhead – Son of Flicka (1945). They reunited him with Woolley in Molly and Me (1945), which was made as an attempt to turn Gracie Fields into a Hollywood star.
McDowall went back to MGM to support Walter Pidgeon in Holiday in Mexico (1946).
McDowall turned to the theatre, taking the title role of Young Woodley in a summer stock production in Westport, Connecticut in July 1946.
In 1947, he played Malcolm in Orson Welles's stage production of Macbeth in Salt Lake City, and played the same role in the actor-director's film version in 1948.
McDowall then signed a three-year contract with Monogram Pictures, a low-budget studio that welcomed established stars, to make two films a year.
McDowall starred in seven films for them, for which he also worked as associate producer: Rocky (1948), a boy and dog story directed by Phil Karlson; Kidnapped (1948), an adaptation of the Robert Louis Stevenson story, where he played David Balfour, directed by William Beaudine; Tuna Clipper (1949), a fishing tale, again directed by Beaudine; Black Midnight (1949), a horse story directed by Budd Boetticher; Killer Shark (1950), a shark hunting tale, again with Boetticher; Big Timber (1950), as a logger; The Steel Fist (1952), an anti-communist drama.
McDowall left Hollywood to relocate to New York City. He began appearing on television, notably shows like Celanese Theatre, Broadway Television Theatre, Medallion Theatre, Campbell Summer Soundstage, Armstrong Circle Theatre, Encounter, Robert Montgomery Presents (including an adaptation of Great Expectations where he played Pip), The Elgin Hour, Ponds Theater, General Electric Theater, The Kaiser Aluminum Hour, Lux Video Theatre, Goodyear Playhouse, The Alcoa Hour, Kraft Theatre, Matinee Theatre, Suspicion, Playhouse 90 (in an adaptation of Heart of Darkness), The United States Steel Hour, The DuPont Show of the Month (an adaptation of Billy Budd) and The Twilight Zone (the episode "People Are Alike All Over").
McDowall also had significant success on the Broadway stage. He was in a production of Misalliance (1953) that ran for 130 performances and which McDowall said "broke the mould" in how he was judged as an actor.
He followed it with Escapade (1953) with Carroll Baker and Brian Aherne; Ira Levin's No Time for Sergeants (1955–57), which was a huge hit; Diary of a Scoundrel (1956); and Good as Gold (1957).
He had a big critical success with Compulsion (1957–58) based on Leopold and Loeb – although McDowall was not cast in the film version. He followed it with Handful of Fire (1958), Noël Coward's Look After Lulu! (1959) and Peter Brook's The Fighting Cock (1960). The latter earned him a Tony Award.
McDowall was in another big Broadway hit when he played Mordred in the musical Camelot (1960–63) with Julie Andrews and Richard Burton.
He played Ariel in a TV production of The Tempest (1960) with Richard Burton and Maurice Evans, then appeared in his first Hollywood movie in almost a decade, The Subterraneans (1960). He followed it with Midnight Lace (1960).
McDowall continued to work on television in shows such as Sunday Showcase, Naked City, and Play of the Week. He was in a TV production of The Power and the Glory (1961) with Laurence Olivier, George C. Scott and Julie Harris.
In 1963, McDowall appeared as Octavian in the film production of Cleopatra, which starred Elizabeth Taylor. While filming in Europe, he appeared in Fox's war movie The Longest Day (1963). He continued to guest on television series such as Arrest and Trial, The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, The Eleventh Hour, Kraft Suspense Theatre, Combat!, Ben Casey, Twelve O'Clock High, Run for Your Life, The Invaders, and appeared as a Special Guest Villain as The Bookworm on Batman.
He had a supporting role in Fox's Shock Treatment (1964) and United Artists' The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965). He was third billed in The Third Day (1965) and one of many names in The Loved One (1965). McDowall went to Disney for That Darn Cat! (1965), and had a role in Inside Daisy Clover (1965).
McDowall had a starring role in Lord Love a Duck (1966). He also appeared in The Defector (1966), and returned briefly to Broadway for The Astrakhan Coat (1967).
Disney gave him the star role in The Adventures of Bullwhip Griffin (1967) and he was top billed in The Cool Ones (1967) and It! (1967). He was in a TV production of Saint Joan (1967) and provided the voice for Cricket on the Hearth (1967). He guest-starred in the series The Felony Squad.
In 1968, McDowall appeared in one of his memorable roles when he was cast in Planet of the Apes as the ape Cornelius. He would later go on to appear in three sequels and a TV spin-off from the film.
He was Prince John in The Legend of Robin Hood (1968) for TV, and appeared in 5 Card Stud (1968), Journey to the Unknown, It Takes a Thief, Midas Run (1969), Hello Down There (1969), Angel, Angel, Down We Go (1969), Night Gallery (1969), The Name of the Game and Medical Center.
McDowall made his debut as director with The Ballad of Tam Lin (1970).
As an actor he was in Pretty Maids All in a Row (1971). McDowall was not in the first Apes sequel but was in the second, Escape from the Planet of the Apes (1971). He was in the TV movies Terror in the Sky (1971), What's a Nice Girl Like You...? (1971) and A Taste of Evil (1971) and Disney's Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971).
He guest starred on Ironside, The Carol Burnett Show, Columbo (1972, "Short Fuse"), The Delphi Bureau, The Rookies, Mission: Impossible, Barnaby Jones and McCloud.
McDowall made his third Apes film with 1972's Conquest of the Planet of the Apes. He had supporting roles in The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972) and The Poseidon Adventure (1972) and starred in a pilot that did not go to series, Topper Returns (1973), and The Legend of Hell House (1973).
His final Apes movie was Battle for the Planet of the Apes (1973). He also appeared in McMillan & Wife, Love, American Style, Arnold (1973), a remake of Miracle on 34th Street (1973), The Elevator (1974), and The Snoop Sisters also (1974) an uncredited cameo appearance as a grocery store manager in the film Dirty Mary Crazy Larry.
He starred in the short lived TV spin-off series of Planet of the Apes (1974). During a guest appearance on The Carol Burnett Show, he came onstage in his Planet of the Apes makeup and performed a love duet with Burnett.
Asked about his career in a 1975 interview, McDowall said "I just hope to keep working and in interesting things."
For the rest of the 1970s, McDowall alternated between features, TV films and TV series. Features included Funny Lady (1975), Mean Johnny Barrows (1976), Embryo (1976), Sixth and Main (1977), Laserblast (1978), Rabbit Test (1978), The Cat from Outer Space (1978) for Disney, Circle of Iron (1978), Scavenger Hunt (1979), Nutcracker Fantasy (1979) (doing voice over for the English language edition), and Disney's The Black Hole (1979) in which he voiced one of the robot roles.
TV series included Police Woman, Mowgli's Brothers, Harry O, The Feather and Father Gang, Wonder Woman, Flying High, The Love Boat, $weepstake$, Supertrain, Hart to Hart, A Man Called Sloane, Trapper John, M.D. (the pilot episode), Buck Rogers in the 25th Century ("Planet of the Slave Girls") and Mork & Mindy. He also had a regular role in the short-lived sci-fi series The Fantastic Journey (1977).
TV movies included Flood! (1977), The Rhinemann Exchange (1978), The Immigrants (1978), and The Thief of Baghdad (1978).
McDowall's TV movie/mini-series work in the 1980s included The Martian Chronicles (1980), The Memory of Eva Ryker (1980), The Return of the King (1980) (on which he did voice over work), The Million Dollar Face (1981), Judgement Day (1981), Twilight Theatre (1982), Mae West (1982), This Girl for Hire (1983), The Zany Adventures of Robin Hood (1984), London and Davis in New York (1984), Hollywood Wives (1985), and Alice in Wonderland (1985).
TV series included Boomer and Miss 21st Century, Fantasy Island (several times), Faerie Tale Theatre, Tales of the Gold Monkey (a series regular), Small and Frye, Hotel, and George Burns Comedy Week.
McDowall's features included Charlie Chan and the Curse of the Dragon Queen (1981), Evil Under the Sun (1982), Class of 1984 (1984), and the cult classic horror Fright Night (1985).
McDowall began to play many voice over roles, such as Zoo Ship (1985), GoBots: Battle of the Rock Lords (1986), and The Wind in the Willows (1987). TV series included Bridges to Cross (1986) (in which McDowall was a regular), The Wizard, Murder, She Wrote, Matlock, and Nightmare Classics, and TV movies included Remo Williams: The Prophecy and Around the World in 80 Days (1989).
In 1987, he had supporting roles in Dead of Winter and Overboard, on which he also served as executive producer. Other features included Doin' Time on Planet Earth (1988), Fright Night Part 2 (1989), The Big Picture (1989), Cutting Class (1989), and Heroes Stand Alone (1989).
In 1989, he said "I feel as Henry Fonda did that every job I get may be my last. I'm one of those creatures born to be working. I feel better when I'm working. I don't like it when I'm not working and I've never worked as much as I want to."
McDowall's 1990s work included The Color of Evening (1990), Shakma (1990), Going Under (1990), An Inconvenient Woman (1991), Earth Angel (1991), Deadly Game (1991), The Naked Target (1992), Double Trouble (1992), The New Lassie (1992), Quantum Leap (A Leap for Lisa) (1992), The Evil Inside Me (1993), I Strahd: The Memoirs of a Vampaire (1993 audio book), Dream On, Heads (1994), Hart to Hart: Home Is Where the Hart Is (1994), Mirror, Mirror 2: Raven Dance (1994), Burke's Law, Angel 4: Undercover (1994), The Alien Within (1995), The Grass Harp (1995), Last Summer in the Hamptons (1995), Bullet Hearts (1996), Star Hunter (1996), It's My Party (1996), Tracey Takes On..., Dead Man's Island, Remember WENN, Unlikely Angel (1996), The Second Jungle Book: Mowgli & Baloo (1997), Something to Believe In (1998), and Loss of Faith (1998).
He did voices for The Pirates of Dark Water (1991–92), Timmy's Gift: A Precious Moments Christmas (1992), Camp Candy, The Legend of Prince Valiant (1992), Darkwing Duck (1992), 2 Stupid Dogs, Swat Kats: The Radical Squadron, Batman: The Animated Series, Red Planet, The Tick, Galaxy Beat, Gargoyles, Duckman: Private Dick/Family Man, Pinky and the Brain, The New Batman Adventures, Superman, A Bug's Life (1998), and Godzilla: The Series.
He was the subject of This Is Your Life in 1993, when he was surprised by Michael Aspel at the Pacific Design Center in West Hollywood.
In 1997, McDowall hosted the MGM Musicals Tribute at Carnegie Hall.
McDowall served for several years in various capacities on the Board of Governors of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the organisation that presents the Oscar Awards, and on the selection committee for the Kennedy Center Awards. He was Chairman of the Actors' Branch for five terms. He was elected President of the Academy Foundation in 1998, the year that he died. He worked to support the Motion Pictures Retirement Home, where a rose garden named in his honour was officially dedicated on 9 October 2001 and remains a part of the campus.
McDowall received recognition as a photographer, working with Look, Vogue, Collier's, and Life. His work includes a cover story on Mae West for Life and the cover of the 1964 Barbra Streisand album, The Third Album. He took the photograph when Streisand performed on the Judy Garland television show in October, 1963.
He published five books of photographs, each featuring photos and profile interviews of his celebrity friends interviewing each other, such as Elizabeth Taylor, Judy Garland, Judy Holliday, Maureen O'Hara, Katharine Hepburn, Lauren Bacall, and others. It started with Double Exposure in 1968.
McDowall was a Democrat and was supportive of Adlai Stevenson's campaign during the 1952 presidential election.
In the spring and summer of 1965, while working on Inside Daisy Clover, McDowall made 8mm movies on-set and in Malibu, California, of the cast and his friends; long after his death they were transferred to video and uploaded to YouTube.
In 1974, the FBI raided McDowall's home and seized his collection of films and television series in the course of an investigation into film piracy and copyright infringement. His collection consisted of 160 16-mm prints and more than 1,000 video cassettes, at a time before the era of commercial videotapes, when there was no legal aftermarket for films. McDowall had purchased Errol Flynn's home cinema films and transferred them all to tape for longer-lasting archival storage. No charges were filed.
On 3 October 1998, at age 70, McDowall died of pancreatic cancer at his home in Los Angeles. His body was cremated and his ashes were scattered into the Pacific Ocean on 7 October 1998 off Los Angeles County. Dennis Osborne, a screenwriter, had cared for the actor in his final months. The media quoted Osborne as having said, "It was very peaceful. It was just as he wanted it. It was exactly the way he planned."
|Denotes series that has not yet aired|
|1951||Family Theatre||Private Huntington (The Professor)||Episode: "Hill Number One: A Story of Faith and Inspiration"|
|1960||The Twilight Zone||Sam Conrad||Season 1, Episode 25: "People Are Alike All Over"|
|1960||The Tempest||Ariel||TV movie|
|1961||Naked City||Donnie Benton||Season 2, Episode 20: "The Fault in Our Stars"|
|1964||The Alfred Hitchcock Hour||George / Gerald Musgrove||Season 9, Episode 24: "The Gentleman Caller"|
Season 3, Episode 5: "See the Monkey Dance"
|1964||Combat!||Murfree||Season 3, Episode 13: "The Long Walk"|
|1964||Kraft Suspense Theatre||Robert "Professor" Benson||Season 2, Episode 11: "The Wine-Dark Sea"|
|1965||Ben Casey||Dwight Franklin||Season 4, Episode 19: "When I am grown to Man's Estate"|
|1966||12 O'Clock High||"T" / Sgt. Willets||Season 2, Episode 24: "Angel Babe"|
|1966||Batman||Bookworm||Season 1, Episode 29: "The Bookworm Turns" |
Season 1, Episode: 30 "While Gotham City Burns"
|1966||Run for Your Life||Gyula Bognar||Episode: "Don't Count on Tomorrow"|
|1967||The Cricket on the Hearth||Cricket Crocket||Voice, TV movie|
|1967||The Invaders||Lloyd Lindstrom||Season 1, Episode: 2 "The Experiment"|
|1968||The Legend of Robin Hood||Prince John||Episode dated 18 February 1968|
|1969||Journey to the Unknown||Rollo Verdew||Season 1, Episode 12: "The Killing Bottle"|
|1969||It Takes a Thief||Roger||Season 2, Episode 19: "Boom at the Top"|
|1969||Night Gallery||Jeremy Evans||"The Cemetery" segment|
|1969||The Name of the Game||Philip Saxon||Season 1, Episode 11: "The White Birch"|
|1970||The Name of the Game||Early McCorley||Season 3, Episode 12: "Why I Blew Up Dakota"|
|1971||Terror in the Sky||Dr. Ralph Baird||TV movie|
|1971||A Taste of Evil||Dr. Michael Lomas||TV movie|
|1971||What's a Nice Girl Like You...?||Albert Soames||TV movie|
|1972||Columbo||Roger Stanford||Episode: "Short Fuse"|
|1972||The Rookies: Dirge for Sunday||Fenner||Episode: "Dirge for Sunday"|
|1972||Mission: Impossible||Leo Ostro||Episode: The Puppet|
|1973–1974||The Carol Burnett Show||Himself – Guest|
|1973||Barnaby Jones||Stanley Lambert||Episode: "See Some Evil... Do Some Evil"|
|1973||Miracle on 34th Street||Dr. Sawyer||1973 remake, TV movie|
|1973||McMillan & Wife||Jamie McMillan||Episode: "Death of a Monster... Birth of a Legend"|
|1974||Planet of the Apes||Galen||14 episodes|
|1974||The Elevator||Marvin Ellis||TV movie|
|1976||Ellery Queen||The Amazing Armitage||Season 1, Episode: 12 "The Adventure of the Black Falcon"|
|1976||Flood!||Mr. Franklin||TV movie|
|1976||Mowgli's Brothers||Narrator / Mowgli / Shere Khan / Baloo / Bagheera / Tabaqui||Voice, TV Short|
|1977||The Feather and Father Gang||Vincent Stoddard||Season 1, Episode 12: "The Mayan Connection"|
|1977||The Rhinemann Exchange||Bobby Ballard||3 episodes|
|1977||The Fantastic Journey||Dr. Jonathan Willoway||8 Episodes|
|1977||Wonder Woman||Henry Roberts / Professor Arthur Chapman||2 episodes|
|1978||The Immigrants||Mark Levy||TV movie|
|1978||The Thief of Baghdad||Hasan||TV movie|
|1979||Buck Rogers in the 25th Century||Governor Saroyan||Season 1, Episode 2: "Planet of the Slave Girls"|
|1979||Supertrain||Talcott||Episode: "The Green Lady"|
|1979||Fantasy Island||Gary Pointer||1 Episodes|
|1979||Hart to Hart||Dr. Peterson||Episode: "Hart to Hart"|
|1979||Mork & Mindy||Chuck the Robot||Voice, Episode: "Dr. Morkenstein"|
|1980||The Martian Chronicles||Father Stone||3 episodes|
|1980||The Memory of Eva Ryker||MacFarland||TV movie|
|1980||The Return of the King||Samwise Gamgee||Voice, TV movie|
|1980–1981||Fantasy Island||Mephistopheles||2 Episodes|
|1981||The Million Dollar Face||Derek Kenyon||TV movie|
|1982–1983||Tales of the Gold Monkey||Bon Chance Louie||20 episodes|
|1984||The Zany Adventures of Robin Hood||Prince John||TV movie|
|1985||Hollywood Wives||Jason Swankle||3 episodes|
|1985||Alice in Wonderland||The March Hare||TV movie|
|1985–1989||Murder, She Wrote||Gordon Fairchild / Dr. Alger Kenyon||2 episodes|
|1985||Bridges to Cross||Norman Parks||Episode: "Memories of Molly"|
|1987–1989||Matlock||Don Mosher / Christopher Hoyt||2 episodes|
|1987||The Wind in the Willows||Ratty||Voice, TV movie|
|1988||Remo Williams: The Prophecy||Chuin||TV movie|
|1989||Around the World in 80 Days||McBaines||3 episodes|
|1991||The Pirates of Dark Water||Niddler||Voice, 5 Episodes|
|1991||An Inconvenient Woman||Cyril Rathbone||2 episodes|
|1991||Timmy's Gift: A Precious Moments Christmas||Narrator||Voice|
|1992||The Legend of Prince Valiant||King Frederick||Voice, Episode: "The Battle of Greystone"|
|1992||Quantum Leap||Edward St. John V||Season 4, Episode: "A Leap for Lisa"|
|1992||Darkwing Duck||Sir Quackmire Mallard||Voice, Episode: "Inherit the Wimp"|
|1992–1994||Batman: The Animated Series||Jervis Tetch / The Mad Hatter||Voice, 4 episodes|
|1992||Camp Candy||Voice, Episode: "When it Rains… it Snows"|
|1993||2 Stupid Dogs||Chameleon||Voice, Episode: "Chameleon"|
|1993||SWAT Kats||Lenny Ringtail / Madkat||Voice, Episode: "Enter the Madkat"|
|1994||Hart to Hart: Home Is Where the Hart Is||Jeremy Sennet||TV movie|
|1994||Red Planet||Headmaster Marcus Howe||Voice, 3 Episodes|
|1994||The Tick||Breadmaster||Voice, 6 Episodes|
|1996||Tracey Takes On...||Rex Gaydon||Episode: "Nostalgia"|
|1996||Gargoyles||Proteus||Voice, Episode: "The New Olympians"|
|1996||Duckman||Akers||Voice, Episode: "Apocalypse Not"|
|1996||Pinky and the Brain||Snowball||Voice, 6 Episodes|
|1996||Dead Man's Island||Trevor Dunnaway||TV movie|
|1996||Unlikely Angel||Saint Peter||TV movie|
|1998||The New Batman Adventures||Jervis Tetch / The Mad Hatter||Voice, 2 Episodes|
|1998||Superman: The Animated Series||Episode: "Knight Time"|
|1998||Behind the Planet of the Apes||host / narrator||Television documentary|
|1999||Godzilla: The Series||Dr. Hugh Trevor||Voice, Episode: "DeadLoch" |
|1943||Lux Radio Theatre||My Friend Flicka|
|1947||Suspense||One Way Street|
|1948||The Voyage of the Scarlet Queen||Rocky Iii And The Dead Mans Chest|
|1952||Family Theater||A Lullaby for Christmas|