Roissy-en-France
Église Saint-Eloi
Église Saint-Eloi
Coat of arms of Roissy-en-France
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location of Roissy-en-France
Roissy-en-France is located in France
Roissy-en-France
Roissy-en-France
Roissy-en-France is located in Île-de-France (region)
Roissy-en-France
Roissy-en-France
Coordinates: 49°00′18″N 2°31′08″E / 49.0050°N 2.5189°E / 49.0050; 2.5189Coordinates: 49°00′18″N 2°31′08″E / 49.0050°N 2.5189°E / 49.0050; 2.5189
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentVal-d'Oise
ArrondissementSarcelles
CantonVilliers-le-Bel
IntercommunalityCA Roissy Pays de France
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Michel Thomas[1]
Area
1
14.09 km2 (5.44 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
2,833
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
95527 /95700
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Roissy-en-France (French pronunciation: [ʁwasi ɑ̃ fʁɑ̃s] (listen), literally Roissy in France; colloquially simply called Roissy) is a commune in the northeastern suburbs of Paris, France, in the Val-d'Oise department. It is located 20.7 km (12.9 mi) from the centre of Paris. In 2017, it had a population of 2,883.

One-quarter of Charles de Gaulle Airport (France's main airport) but none of its terminals is located in the commune of Roissy-en-France, which gave its original name to the airport. Later renamed, the airport is still commonly referred to as Roissy Airport in France. The rest of the airport lies on the territory of the commune of Tremblay-en-France and several other communes.

Name

In the name Roissy-en-France, 'France' refers not to the country of France but to an area (pays) of the historical province of Île-de-France. Île-de-France was made up of several pays, most notably Pays de France and Hurepoix. Pays de France was the fertile plain located immediately north of the City of Paris, with the city of Saint-Denis at its centre. Pays de France is now almost entirely built up and is covered by the northern suburbs of Paris. Pays de France is also known as "Parisis" and as the plaine de France ("plain of France"), and its name still appears in the name of some communes in the northern suburbs of Paris, such as Roissy-en-France (which literally means "Roissy in the Pays de France").

Transport

Roissy-en-France is not served by Paris Métro, RER, or suburban rail network. The closest station to Roissy-en-France is Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 1 station on line B of the RER, Paris Region's express suburban rail system. This station is located inside the airport, on the part of the airport belonging to the commune of Tremblay-en-France, 3 km (1.9 mi) from the town center of Roissy-en-France.

Economy

Blue Line, a charter passenger airline, has its head office in Building B of Paris Nord 2, Parc des Lumières in Roissy-en-France.[3]

Air France's head office is located in the Roissypôle complex on the grounds of Charles de Gaulle Airport and in Tremblay-en-France,[4][5][6] near Roissy-en-France.[7]

Education

The community has two schools, école maternelle Saint-Exupéry (preschool) and école élémentaire Jean Mermoz.[8]

Literary reference

Roissy is the location where the action of the two explicit sadomasochistic novels Story of O (Histoire d'O), and its sequel Retour à Roissy by Pauline Réage take place.

Climate

Roissy-en-France has a oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). The average annual temperature in Roissy-en-France is 12.1 °C (53.8 °F). The average annual rainfall is 694.3 mm (27.33 in) with December as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in July, at around 20.1 °C (68.2 °F), and lowest in January, at around 4.7 °C (40.5 °F). The highest temperature ever recorded in Roissy-en-France was 41.4 °C (106.5 °F) on 25 July 2019; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −17.8 °C (0.0 °F) on 17 January 1985.

Town Sunshine

(hours/yr)
Rain

(mm/yr)
Snow

(days/yr)
Storm

(days/yr)
Fog

(days/yr)
National average 1,973 770 14 22 40
Roissy-en-France N/A 694.3 13.8 20.1 40.1
Paris 1,661 637 12 18 10
Nice 2,724 767 1 29 1
Strasbourg 1,693 665 29 29 56
Brest 1,605 1,211 7 12 75


Climate data for Roissy-en-France (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1974−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
20.5
(68.9)
25.3
(77.5)
28.6
(83.5)
31.9
(89.4)
36.5
(97.7)
41.4
(106.5)
39.0
(102.2)
34.4
(93.9)
28.9
(84.0)
21.2
(70.2)
17.3
(63.1)
41.4
(106.5)
Average high °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
8.2
(46.8)
12.2
(54.0)
15.8
(60.4)
19.3
(66.7)
22.6
(72.7)
25.1
(77.2)
25.1
(77.2)
21.1
(70.0)
16.2
(61.2)
10.7
(51.3)
7.5
(45.5)
15.9
(60.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
5.3
(41.5)
8.3
(46.9)
11.2
(52.2)
14.6
(58.3)
17.8
(64.0)
20.1
(68.2)
20.1
(68.2)
16.6
(61.9)
12.7
(54.9)
8.1
(46.6)
5.2
(41.4)
12.1
(53.8)
Average low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
2.3
(36.1)
4.5
(40.1)
6.7
(44.1)
10.0
(50.0)
13.1
(55.6)
15.1
(59.2)
15.0
(59.0)
12.1
(53.8)
9.2
(48.6)
5.4
(41.7)
2.9
(37.2)
8.2
(46.8)
Record low °C (°F) −17.8
(0.0)
−12.4
(9.7)
−9.1
(15.6)
−3.9
(25.0)
0.3
(32.5)
2.6
(36.7)
7.3
(45.1)
6.1
(43.0)
2.4
(36.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
−8.1
(17.4)
−10.6
(12.9)
−17.8
(0.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 57.2
(2.25)
48.0
(1.89)
49.8
(1.96)
47.8
(1.88)
66.5
(2.62)
61.9
(2.44)
59.9
(2.36)
57.8
(2.28)
50.0
(1.97)
60.1
(2.37)
60.4
(2.38)
74.9
(2.95)
694.3
(27.33)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.3 9.8 10.0 8.8 10.0 8.6 8.1 8.2 7.9 10.1 10.8 12.3 115.9
Average snowy days 3.2 4.5 1.7 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.1 2.7 13.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 91.6 139.6 196.7 218.3 211.2 240.6 214.9 178.6 112.3 69.3 61.5
Source: Météo-France[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Contact Us." Blue Line. Retrieved on 7 September 2010.
  4. ^ "Plan interactif." Tremblay-en-France. Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  5. ^ "AIR FRANCE HEAD QUARTERS - ROISSYPOLE." Groupement d'Etudes et de Méthodes d'Ordonnancement (GEMO). Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  6. ^ "Roissy Charles-de-Gaulle." Tremblay-en-France. Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  7. ^ Head Office. Air France. Retrieved on 18 May 2009.
  8. ^ "Les écoles maternelle et élémentaire." Roissy-en-France. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
  9. ^ Paris, Nice, Strasbourg, Brest
  10. ^ "Fiche Climatologique Statistiques 1991-2020 et records" (PDF) (in French). Météo-France. Retrieved August 30, 2022.