|Royal Saudi Naval Force|
|Size||13,500 approx. (inc. 3,000 marines) |
|Part of||Royal Armed Forces|
|Parent agency||Ministry Of Defense|
|Equipment||7 Frigate (4 u/c)|
4 corvette (5 u/c)
39 patrol vessel
2 support ship
2 royal yacht
|Engagements||List of wars involving RSNF|
Naval Forces Medal - 1st Class
Naval Forces Medal - 2nd Class
Naval Forces Medal - 3rd Class
|V. Admiral Fahd al-Ghofaily|
|Rahmah ibn Jabir al-Jalhami|
|Helicopter||AS332 Super Puma|
|Utility helicopter||AS565 SA Dauphin |
The Royal Saudi Navy (Arabic: البَحْريَّة الْمَلكيَّة السُّعُودِيَّة, romanized: Al-Quwwat al-Bahriyah al-Arabiyah as-Su'udiyah) or Royal Saudi Naval Forces (Arabic: القُوَّات البَحْريَّة الْمَلكيَّة السُّعُودِيَّة, romanized: Al-Quwwat al-Bahriyah al-Malakiyah as-Su'udiyah), is the maritime arm of the Saudi Arabian Armed Forces and one of the five service branches of the Ministry of Defense of Saudi Arabia. Its primary role is monitoring and defending the Saudi territorial waters against military or economic intrusion, and participating in international naval alliances.
The Navy operates from multiple bases along the 2,500 kilometres (1,600 mi) Saudi coastline, with two fleets.
Each fleet has a full military capability including warships, support ships, administrative and technical support, naval aviation, marines and special security units.
The Navy was founded in 1960 and began a significant expansion with United States assistance in 1972 aiming to match the Imperial Iranian Navy. Following the Iranian Revolution a further expansion programme, Sawari, was initiated with French assistance. Further vessels were purchased from Britain and France in the 1980s and 1990s. In 1980, U.S. defense contractor Science Applications International Corporation began work with the Royal Saudi Navy to design and integrate the country's own command, control, and communications (C3) centers.
The navy is a modern force with foreign built ships:
4 Multi-Mission Surface Combatant (MMSC) ordered by Royal Saudi Navy in 2019. The ship is derived from the Freedom-class littoral combat ship but with upgraded features. The deliveries of the MMSC will begin in June 2023.
|Marinette Marine||On order|
3 Al Riyadh-class frigates are modified versions of the La Fayette-class frigate (built by DCN, Lorient). Each has a fully loaded displacement of 4,725 tons, and is armed with eight MBDA Exocet MM40 Block II surface-to-surface missiles (SSM), two eight-cell Sylver vertical launch systems for the Eurosam (MBDA and Thales) Aster 15 surface-to-air missile (SAM), an Oto Melara 76 mm/62 Super Rapid gun, and four 533 mm aft torpedo tubes. The ships are armed with the DCNS F17 heavyweight anti-submarine torpedo. The helicopter deck at the stern has a single landing spot for a medium size helicopter, such as the Eurocopter AS 365 Dauphin or the larger AS 532 Cougar or NH90 helicopters.
|812||Al Riyadh||DCN Lorient||2002||In active service||Riyadh City|
|814||Makkah||2003||In active service||Makkah City|
|816||Dammam||2004||In active service||Dammam City|
4 Al Madinah-class frigates based in the Red Sea, built in France (Arsenal de Marine, Lorient (French Government Dockyard and CNIM, La Seyne) in the mid-1980s. Their full load displacement is 2,610 tons and they are armed with eight Otomat surface-to-surface missiles, one 8-cell Crotale surface-to-air missile launcher (26 missiles total), one 100 mm/44 dual purpose gun, two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns, four torpedo tubes, an aft helicopter deck and hangar; one Dauphin helicopter.
|702||Al Madinah||Arsenal de Lorient||4 January 1985||In active service|
|704||Hofouf||CNIM, La Seyne||31 October 1985||In active service|
|706||Abha||4 April 1986||In active service|
|708||Taif||29 August 1986||In active service|
It was believed the Saudis intended to order two new British-built Type 45 destroyers, however production of the destroyers came to an end with no order made. Another destroyer that the Saudis are considering is the American built Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, having been briefed by the US Navy in May 2011 on the acquisition of two destroyers in a package that also includes an unknown number of Littoral Combat Ships.
5 Avante-class corvettes ordered by Royal Saudi Navy in 2018. The corvettes built by Spanish company Navantia.
|828||Al Jubail||Navantia||Fitting out||Al Jubail City|
|830||Al Diriyah||Fitting out||Al Diriyah City|
4 Badr-class corvettes built in the United States in 1981–83, based in the Persian Gulf, full load displacement of 1,038 tons, armament of eight Harpoon SSM, one 76 mm OTO Melara DP gun, one 20 mm Phalanx CIWS, two 20 mm guns, one 81 mm mortar, two 40 mm grenade launchers, two triple 12.75 inch torpedo tubes.
|612||Badr||Tacoma Boatbuilding||1981||In active service|
|614||Al Yarmook||1982||In active service|
|616||Hitteen||1982||In active service|
|618||Tabuk||1983||In active service|
9 Al Sadiq-class patrol boats built in the United States (Peterson Builders, Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin) 1972–1980, full load displacement of 495 tons, armed with four Harpoon SSM, one 76 mm OTO gun, one 20 mm Phalanx CIWS, two 20 mm guns, one 81 mm mortar, two 40 mm grenade launchers, two triple 12.75 inch torpedo tubes.
|511||As-Siddiq (الصّدّيق)||Peterson Builders||1980||In active service|
|513||Al-Farouq (الفاروق)||1981||In active service|
|515||Abdul-Aziz||1981||In active service|
|517||Faisal||1981||In active service|
|519||Khalid||1982||In active service|
|521||Amr||1982||In active service|
|523||Tariq||1982||In active service|
|525||Ouqbah||1982||In active service|
|527||Abu Obaidah||1982||In active service|
3 Sandown-class minehunters (built by Vosper Thornycroft, Woolston), full load displacement of 480 tons:
|420||Al Jawf||Vosper Thornycroft||1991||In active service|
|422||Shaqra||1993||In active service|
|424||Al Kharj||1994||In active service|
2 French built Boraida-class replenishment oiler (modified Durance-class replenishment ships built by CN La Ciotat, with a helicopter deck aft and hangars for 2 helicopters.
|902||Boraida||CN La Ciotat||1984||In active service|
|904||Yunbou||1985||In active service|
Many smaller patrol craft, two Danish-built royal yachts
The Royal Saudi Navy maintains two, 1,500-man marine brigades consisting of three battalions each. The brigades are assigned to the Western Fleet headquartered in Jeddah and the Eastern Fleet headquartered in Jubail. The brigades are equipped with 200 Pegaso BMR AFVs and HMMWVs.
Germany will supply 48 patrol boats to Saudi Arabia within the framework of its border security project, a cost of 1.5 billion euros has been noted for this deal. Lürssen has already started building 15 patrol vessels for the project's first phase. The patrol boats to be procured under the current contract come in two forms. The first are the 'TNC 35' models, which are 35-meter-long and are propelled by two diesel engines with a combined output of 7,800 kilowatts. The boat can reach speeds of up to 40 knots. The second models, 'FPB 38' are 38-meter-long and can reach speeds of up to 31 knots. As of November 2016 1 TNC 35 has been delivered to Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia wants to buy five German submarines for around €2.5 billion ($3.4 billion) and more than two dozen more in the future.
In December 2014, the U.S. awarded Lockheed Martin a contract for a Foreign Military Sale of the Mk 41 Vertical Launching System to Saudi Arabia. With no surface ships compatible with the Mk 41 and no plans to acquire a land-based missile defense system, this indicates the country is close to purchasing a VLS-equipped surface combatant. Saudi Arabia has evaluated the Arleigh Burke-class destroyer and the Multi-mission Combat Ship version of the Freedom-class littoral combat ship able to carry a VLS. In October 2015, the US Congress was informed of a possible sale of Multi-Mission Surface Combatant (MMSC) Ships, a variant of the LCS.
In July 2018 it was announced that Navantia had signed an agreement with the Royal Saudi Navy for the production of 5 Avante 2000 Corvettes with the last to be delivered by 2022 at a cost of approximately 2 billion Euros.
Main article: Saudi Arabian military ranks
|Rank group||General/flag officers||Field/senior officers||Junior officers||Officer cadet|
| Royal Saudi Navy
The rank insignia of non-commissioned officers and enlisted personnel.
|Rank group||Senior NCOs||Junior NCOs||Enlisted|
| Royal Saudi Navy
On 30 January 2017 Al-Madinah was attacked by Houthi rebels using a suicide boat, killing 2 sailors and wounding 3 others. The attack took place near the port city of Al Hudaydah, 150 kilometers southwest of the Yemeni capital Sana'a.