Sandyford

View from Sauchiehall Street looking south to Sikh gurudwara, Tron church and Glasgow Gaelic School, 2019
Sandyford
Sandyford
Location within Glasgow
OS grid referenceNS576658
Council area
Lieutenancy area
  • Glasgow
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGLASGOW
Postcode districtG3 7 / G3 8
Dialling code0141
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
Glasgow
55°51′52″N 4°16′33″W / 55.8644°N 4.2759132°W / 55.8644; -4.2759132Coordinates: 55°51′52″N 4°16′33″W / 55.8644°N 4.2759132°W / 55.8644; -4.2759132

Sandyford is an area of Glasgow, Scotland. It is north of the River Clyde and forms part of the western periphery of the city centre. Formerly the name of a ward under Glasgow Town Council in the first part of the 20th century,[a] it is within a continuous area of fairly dense urban development bordering several other neighbourhoods whose mutual boundaries have blurred over time, and is possibly less well known than all of the places which adjoin it, particularly Anderston and Finnieston.

History

The area was a country estate outside Glasgow and north of the former burgh of Anderston[2] centred around Sandyford House until the mid-19th century,[3][4] when the expansion and industrialisation of the rapidly growing city spread westwards, with Sauchiehall Street, on which Sandyford House stood,[5] becoming one of the primary thoroughfares (at that time the western end of Sauchiehall Street was known as Sandyford Street, its name changing in the early 1900s).[6] A street plan was laid out and filled mostly with Neo-Georgian terraced townhouses[7][8] in a continuation of development which had taken place further east at Blythswood Hill,[9] the mansion itself being demolished by 1850. The Park district to the north was laid out in a similar period and in a similar style. To the east, as traffic to and from the city increased, a major road junction developed at Charing Cross.

Royal Crescent
Royal Crescent

By the turn of the 20th century, the area was entirely built upon with all available space directly north of the river at Lancefield, Finnieston and Kelvinhaugh taken up by warehouses, engineering works and dockyards,[10] with the housing for the workers in those industries at Anderston and Yorkhill, as well as those streets in Sandyford north of St Vincent Street, becoming increasingly crowded.[11] But further north, the area around Sauchiehall Street largely retained its original character as a home for the middle classes, with upmarket (and upwind of industrial smog) developments at Kelvingrove on the southern fringe of the park of the same name helping to maintain the area's prestige as a leafy suburb close to the heart of Glasgow. In 1911, the large Mitchell Library was completed, adjoining the existing St Andrew's Halls for public functions (opened 1877).[12][13] Churches in the area included Kent Road UP Church,[14] Sandyford UP Church (later Highlanders' Memorial UF Church),[15] Berkeley Street UP Church (later the site of a dance hall)[16] and Trinity Church at Claremont Street.[17] Kent Road Public School was within the neighbourhood,[18] with Finnieston Public School a short distance away to the south.[19]

Tenement including the Avalon Bar, Kent Road, 2019
Tenement including the Avalon Bar, Kent Road, 2019

Much changed in the latter 20th century. Many of the townhouses in the area around Sauchiehall Street were converted to office use, with one block demolished and replaced by a modernist office block out of keeping with the rest of the architecture other than in its height;[20] the decline of traditional industries led to economic hardship across the city, and locally around Argyle Street;[21] the St Andrews Halls suffered a major fire and were converted to an extension of the Mitchell Library;[13] everything to the east of the library was disconnected (at least visually) from the city centre by the construction of the M8 motorway, with the majority of the old Anderston tenements also disappearing as a Comprehensive Redevelopment Area with brutalist apartments and tower blocks overlooking the motorway in their place;[22] and in the southern portion of Sandyford around Kent Road, several blocks of tenements considered sub-standard due to sanitation issues (i.e. outside or shared toilets) were demolished and replaced by a small playpark;[23] and the Kent Road School was also demolished in 1968, replaced by new buildings for Woodside Secondary School previously located further north at Woodlands.[20] Dalian House, a civic building for Strathclyde Regional Council completed south of the Mitchell Library in 1990, showed a respect for the design of the remaining older buildings surrounding it by being prohibited from exceeding their height.[24]

21st Century

In the early 21st century, the area's profile changed again, with Woodside Secondary closing in 1999 and Glasgow Gaelic School moving into the buildings in 2006,[25] while the majority of 'gap sites' were filled by new blocks of apartments (including a conversion of Kent Road UP Church),[14] resulting in a variety of building styles and ages being found among the small number of streets in the area. The neighbourhood includes the former Trinity Church building which was previously known as the Henry Wood Hall while home to the Royal Scottish National Orchestra until 2012, after which it became a church once again;[26][27] and a large modern Sikh temple, the Central Gurdwara Singh Sabha (completed 2016),[28] next to their smaller, older facility in the same street.[29]

Sauchiehall Street looking west - buildings are mainly hotels
Sauchiehall Street looking west - buildings are mainly hotels

Owing to its location between the tourist areas of Glasgow city centre, the West End (centred on Byres Road) and the entertainment venues at the SEC Centre, a large number of hotels are present among tenements near to Kelvingrove Park, mostly on Sauchiehall Street.[b] There are also several established restaurants[c] and bars,[40][41][42] a provision which increased markedly in the 2010s as the wider area (usually marketed as Finnieston) around Argyle Street became more popular as a destination in its own right.[43][44]

The local Sandyford Post Office is also in this area on Argyle Street, and further west is The Church of Scotland Sandyford Henderson Memorial Church;[45] which includes Finnieston, Kelvinhaugh and Yorkhill within its parish borders but none of the former Sandyford Town Council ward[a] which instead falls under the parish of the Anderston-Kelvingrove Parish Church.[46] In medical circles, the name is familiar as Sandyford Central, the headquarters of a NHS facility that mainly provides services relating to sexual health and has expanded to branches elsewhere in the city.[47]

There are three railway stations in the vicinity of Sandyford: Exhibition Centre and Anderston on the Argyle Line connecting with Glasgow Central, and Charing Cross on the North Clyde Line connecting with Glasgow Queen Street. Finnieston railway station just off Argyle Street was once the nearest, but this closed in 1917; a century later, the local community council shared its plans regarding a possible reopening of the station seeking input from residents.[48]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b The ward had a roughly triangular territory extending from the point where Argyle Street and Sauchiehall Street connected near to the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum and which included parts of Anderston south of St. Vincent Street and parts of the city centre (as far east as Pitt Street) which have been physically detached by redevelopment including the building of the M8 motorway, with those major roads forming natural borders for the smaller Sandyford area ending at North Street.[1]
  2. ^ [30][31][32][33][34][35]
  3. ^ [36][37][38][39]

References

  1. ^ Ward 14 (Valuation Rolls: List of Wards 1913-1914), The Glasgow Story
  2. ^ Industrial Revolution: 1770s to 1830s: Neighbourhoods: Anderston, The Glasgow Story
  3. ^ map of Kelvingrove area (1832), Glasgow West-end Addresses and their Occupants 1836-1915
  4. ^ Sandyford House, 4 Sandyford Road, Glasgow West-end Addresses and their Occupants 1836-1915
  5. ^ OS Six-inch 1st edition, 1843-1882, Explore georeferenced maps (National Library of Scotland)
  6. ^ Glasgow, Bart PO 1900, Explore georeferenced maps (National Library of Scotland)
  7. ^ City Views: Somerset Place, Sauchiehall Street (Glasgow University Library, Special Collections, Wylie Collection, Allan & Ferguson, 1843), The Glasgow Story
  8. ^ City Views: Royal Crescent, Glasgow (Glasgow University Library, Special Collections, Wylie Collection, Allan & Ferguson, 1843), The Glasgow Story
  9. ^ Industrial Revolution: 1770s to 1830s: Neighbourhoods: Blythswood, The Glasgow Story
  10. ^ OS 25 inch Scotland, 1892-1905, Explore georeferenced maps (National Library of Scotland)
  11. ^ Second City of The Empire: 1830s to 1914: Neighbourhoods: Anderston, The Glasgow Story
  12. ^ St Andrew's Halls (Glasgow University Archive Services, Building Photographs, 1920), The Glasgow Story
  13. ^ a b St. Andrew's Halls (Mitchell Library, Theatre Collection, 1907), The Glasgow Story
  14. ^ a b Kent Road UP Church (Burrell Collection Photo Library, 1875), The Glasgow Story
  15. ^ Sandyford UP Church (Glasgow University Library, Theology, 1875), The Glasgow Story
  16. ^ Berkeley Street UP Church (Burrell Collection Photo Library, 1875), The Glasgow Story
  17. ^ Trinity Church, Clairmont Street, Sandyford, Glasgow West-end Addresses and their Occupants 1836-1915
  18. ^ Kent Road School (Glasgow City Archives, Department of Education, 1916), The Glasgow Story
  19. ^ Finnieston Secondary School (Glasgow City Archives, Department of Education, 1970), The Glasgow Story
  20. ^ a b The Buildings of Scotland: Glasgow (page 290), Elizabeth Williamson, Anne Riches, Malcolm Higgs, 1990, ISBN 9780140710694
  21. ^ Sandyford Henderson Memorial Church of Scotland. Parish Profile 2017 (PDF). Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  22. ^ The New Anderston (Mitchell Library, Glasgow Collection, Bulletin Photographs, 1980), The Glasgow Story
  23. ^ OS National Grid Maps, 1944-1967, Explore georeferenced maps (National Library of Scotland)
  24. ^ Dalian House (Mitchell Library, Glasgow Collection, 2003), The Glasgow Story
  25. ^ Brown, Craig (22 August 2006). "Gaelic first as £4m new campus offers education for ages 3 to 18". The Scotsman. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  26. ^ The Tron at Kelvingrove, The Tron Church
  27. ^ Final curtain as orchestra bows out of historic city church base, Evening Times, 29 May 2012
  28. ^ "About us". Central Gurdwara Glasgow. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  29. ^ Sikh Temple (Mitchell Library, Glasgow Collection, 2003), The Glasgow Story
  30. ^ Welcome, Kelvingrove Hotel
  31. ^ Welcome to the Sandyford Hotel, Sandyford Hotel Glasgow
  32. ^ Home, Argyll Hotel Glasgow
  33. ^ About Us, Lorne Hotel Glasgow
  34. ^ Welcome to the Sandyford Lodge Hotel, The Sandyford Lodge
  35. ^ Welcome to the Devoncote Hotel, Devoncote Hotel
  36. ^ Welcome to Pickled Ginger, Pickled Ginger Finnieston
  37. ^ Welcome to Strip Joint, Strip Joint Glasgow
  38. ^ Our Story, Fanny Trollopes
  39. ^ Cracking Good Food, Crabshakk
  40. ^ Bar Crawls: Glasgow - The Sauchiehall Street Saunter, The List, 18 November 2011
  41. ^ Seven of the best bars in Finnieston: Take a trip into Glasgow's 'new west end', Glasgow Live, 20 January 2017
  42. ^ 5 of the best pubs in Glasgow’s Finnieston, The Scotsman, 30 January 2018
  43. ^ Why Glasgow's Finnieston neighbourhood is now up there with London's Shoreditch, Evening Times, 23 November 2015
  44. ^ Is This Part of Glasgow Really 'the Hippest Place in Britain'?, Vice, 11 April 2016
  45. ^ "Parish: Glasgow Sandyford Henderson Memorial" (PDF). Statistics for Mission. Church of Scotland. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  46. ^ Anderston Kelvingrove Parish Church gets noticed, Secret Scotland, 1 October 2018
  47. ^ Where are our Services, NHS Sandyford
  48. ^ "Re-opening of Finnieston Railway Station considered 101 years after closure". Glasgow Live. 22 June 2018. Retrieved 21 December 2019.