Sheffield Supertram
A Siemens-Duewag Supertram, operating a service to Halfway, seen in July 2010.
A Siemens-Duewag Supertram, operating a service to Halfway, seen in July 2010.
A schematic map of the Supertram network.
A schematic map of the Supertram network.
OwnerSouth Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive
Area served
Transit type
Number of lines4
Number of stations50
Annual ridership
  • 8.4 million (2022/23)
  • Increase 21.7%[1]
Chief executiveTim Bilby
Began operation21 March 1994; 29 years ago (1994-03-21)
Number of vehicles
System length34.6 km (21.5 mi)
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC overhead line
Top speed55 mph (89 km/h)

The Sheffield Supertram is a tram and tram-train network covering Sheffield and Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England. The infrastructure is owned by the South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (SYPTE), with Stagecoach responsible for the operation and maintenance of rolling stock under a concession until 2024, under the brand name Stagecoach Supertram.

Interest in building a modern tram system for Sheffield had mounted during the 1980s. After detailed planning by SYPTE, the Supertram proposal was approved by Act of Parliament in 1991. Construction of the network, incorporating several existing heavy rail sections as well as new track, was carried out in sections, allowing revenue services to start during 1994. Early operations, hindered by a complex ticketing system and the initially small coverage area, had disappointing ridership figures.[2] In an effort to turn around the performance, operations were privatised to Stagecoach in 1997, at price of £1.15 million, who took over from South Yorkshire Supertram Limited. After management and operational changes, and further expansion of the system, ridership numbers rose considerably.[2]

From 2008, interest had been expressed in hybrid tram-train operations, which would be able to use sections of the mainline rail network as well as tramways. During 2012 an experimental trial was planned, as this was to be the first deployment of tram-trains anywhere in the United Kingdom. The start of tram-train operations, using a purpose-built fleet of new Class 399 Stadler Citylink electric multiple units, was repeatedly delayed, but on 25 October 2018, operations of the new tram-train line commenced.[3]

The Supertram network now consists of 50 stations across four colour-coded lines, the Blue, Purple, Yellow and Tram-Train (Black) routes, which connect with local and national bus and rail services and six park and ride sites.[4]


Background and initial launch

In common with many British cities, Sheffield used to have an extensive tram network, the Sheffield Tramway (1873–1960). This finally closed in October 1960, it then being argued that motorised buses offered superior economics.[2]

The new Supertram network arose from ambitions held by the South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (SYPTE), which had been assigned the role of public transport co-ordination in the area.[5] SYPTE refined an earlier and more expansive light rail proposal to include pre-existing heavy rail alignments, in order to gain the required permissions to proceed,[5] and deposited several Bills to Parliament in 1985–1990 to gain the necessary powers.[6] Financial approval was given by the Department of Transport towards the end of 1990, allowing the £240 million construction of the initial line to commence in 1991.[7][8]

This line was opened in stages between 1994 and 1995. The first section, located along a former heavy rail alignment to Meadowhall, opened on 21 March 1994.[8] The network was operated by South Yorkshire Supertram Limited,[9] a wholly owned subsidiary company of SYPTE established to run the venture.

In the early years, the scheme was viewed by some as a failure; passengers continued using cheaper and more frequent buses, and retailers complained about the disruption caused by the lengthy construction works.[10] The complex ticketing system was also a source of irritation and confusion to passengers.[2] It became clear that projections for passenger numbers had been overly optimistic, and concern arose that the system represented poor value for money.[10] The matter of who should bear the cost became an issue.

Review and privatisation

By 1996, the councils backing the Supertram brought in consultants to draw up options to address major operational and managerial problems.[2] In December 1997, South Yorkshire Supertram Limited was privatised, and sold to Stagecoach for £1.15 million, substantially below the anticipated £80 million that the councils had hoped to raise to help pay off the accumulated debts,[11] leaving several local councils with the long-term debt for the Supertram's establishment.[12] Under the terms of the deal struck by the Labour government, a reduction in operating costs was achieved, but it was calculated that the people of South Yorkshire were each paying 5p per week for the Supertram, which continued over many years.[10] Stagecoach acquired the concession for the maintenance and operation of the Supertram network until 2024.[8][10]

Increasing use – and decline

There were initially plans for Supertram to extend services to a greater area of South Yorkshire, such as lines to Barnsley and Doncaster, but progress has been restricted.[10] According to BBC News, frustration was expressed amongst people outside of Sheffield that they were paying for something they do not use.

However, by 2014 plans to extend Supertram were in various stages of action,[10] and patronage had gone up, from 7.8 million passenger journeys in 1996/97, to 15.0 million during 2011/12.[13][10] The increase in usage was credited to various factors. Industry publication Rail pointed towards changes to route patterns, the introduction of onboard conductors, ticket simplification and refurbishment of the trams themselves as having generated greater appeal amongst the public.[2]

Between 2012 and 2017, the number of passengers and operating revenue declined; during 2016/17, the network carried 12.6 million passengers.[14] Reasons presented for the reduction included the disruptive rail replacement effort across the network, which involved partial closures and the use of buses as temporary replacements, as well as the impact of cheaper petrol.[2][15]

Stadler Citylink (Class 399) tram-train No. 399206, pictured in April 2019
Siemens-Duewag Supertram 124 arriving at Gleadless Townend tram stop, on the Blue Route to Halfway

New tram-train services

The tram-train extension to Rotherham opened on 25 October 2018,[16] using seven new Vossloh-built Class 399 Citylink articulated electric multiple units.[17] Trams operate on Network Rail's line from Tinsley to Rotherham station and beyond to the Parkgate shopping centre, where services terminate on a short spur at the side of the railway, after travelling on the Supertram line from Cathedral to Meadowhall South/Tinsley.[18][19] The station at Rotherham Central is a combined tram stop and railway station,[20] with platforms 1 and 2 at Rotherham Central extended, with the new extensions numbered platforms 3 and 4 respectively. The stop at Parkgate is a single platform terminus. The first test run of the tram-train service (as far as Magna) was performed in the early hours of 10 May 2018, and the first gauging run all the way to Parkgate occurred in the early hours of 5 June 2018.[21]

The existing Siemens-Duewag Supertram fleet were not upgraded for tram-train operation, so were not registered under TOPS and cannot be used on the line as they lack the relevant Network Rail safety systems and crashworthiness. The tram-train scheme was first planned to be in service by 2015 but was delayed.[22][23]

The Class 399 units were built in 2015/16 with the first delivered in December 2015.[24] Until the completion of the tram-train line, some were used to provide increased capacity on the existing Supertram network. They first entered service on 14 September 2017.[25][26]

On the opening day of tram-train passenger operations the service was suspended following a road traffic collision on the tram network involving one of the tram-train vehicles. The incident was caused by lorry operated by Ability Handling passing a red traffic light and caused the tram to be derailed. [27] The service has also been suspended twice after faults were found on the Citylink units. The first suspension was on 9 April 2019, when the fleet was withdrawn to undergo safety checks, although service resumed the next day.[28][29] The service was later suspended again on 14 December 2019, resuming three days later on 17 December.[30][31] Services have also operated on a reduced frequency several times whilst work has been undertaken on the Citylink fleet.[32]

Return to public operation

On 18 October 2022 the South Yorkshire Mayor Oliver Coppard announced that the service will return to public operation once Stagecoach's contract expires in March 2024, alongside a £100 million grant by the central government to modernise parts of the system.[33] Coppard's authority will establish a publicly-owned arm's length organisation to manage the tram service.[34]

Summary of opening dates

Current network


Sheffield Supertram
Leppings Lane
Hillsborough Park
Malin Bridge
Hillsborough Bus interchange
Bamforth Street
Langsett/Primrose View
Infirmary Road
Netherthorpe Road
Brook Hill Underpass
University of Sheffield
West Street
City Hall
Castle Square
Fitzalan Square/Ponds Forge Bus interchange
Viaduct alongside Sheffield Parkway
Hyde Park
Cricket Inn Road
Nunnery Square
Woodburn Road
Arena/Olympic Legacy Park
Valley Centertainment
Meadowhall South/Tinsley
Meadowhall Interchange
National RailBus interchange
Rotherham Central
National RailBus interchange
Sheffield Station/Sheffield Hallam University
National Rail
Granville Road/The Sheffield College
Viaduct over Norfolk Park Road
Park Grange Croft
Park Grange
Arbourthorne Road
Spring Lane
Manor Top/Elm Tree Bus interchange
Gleadless Townend
Herdings/Leighton Road
Herdings Park
White Lane
Birley Lane
Birley Moor Road
Donetsk Way
Moss Way
Crystal Peaks Bus interchange
Beighton/Drakehouse Lane

The South Yorkshire Supertram network is organised around Park Square and consists of four lines – Yellow, Blue, Purple and Tram-Train (black on maps)

The lines, with termini at Meadowhall Interchange, Parkgate, Halfway and Hillsborough, all serve Sheffield city centre and meet at Park Square where a triangular junction was constructed to provide interchange between lines and operational flexibility. A pair of small branches serving Malin Bridge, from Hillsborough Interchange, and Herdings Park branch out from two of the main lines.[2]

The Supertram runs from Sheffield City Centre north-west to Middlewood and Malin Bridge via the University of Sheffield and Hillsborough; north-east to Meadowhall Interchange and Rotherham Parkgate via Attercliffe; and south-east to Halfway and Herdings Park via Norfolk Park, Manor, and Gleadless.

The three main City Centre stops are located on one side of a former dual carriageway, now a single lane and reserved for buses and taxis only. These three stops are served by all routes.[citation needed]


The tram stops on each of the four routes are as follows:

Yellow Route Blue Route Purple Route Tram-train


The off-peak daytime frequencies are:

A reduced level of service was introduced across the Supertram network on 23 March 2020, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom. A modified Sunday timetable was in operation,[35] until services were further reduced to hourly on 1 April.

Onward transport links

Stagecoach Sheffield formerly operated the SL1 and SL1a "SupertramLink" routes between the Middlewood terminus of the yellow route and Stocksbridge, via Oughtibridge. The bus ran at the same frequency as the tram and was timetabled to connect with the tram at Middlewood. Through single, return, day and week tickets were available to allow travel on both Supertram and SupertramLink bus services. On 1 June 2020, Stagecoach withdrew the dedicated SupertramLink bus from Middlewood to Stocksbridge, providing an enhanced service on local bus service 57 from Hillsborough to Stocksbridge in its place.[36]

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (September 2022)

Rolling stock

Current fleet

Stagecoach Supertram operates the following fleet across the network:

 Class  Image Type  Top speed  Length
 Capacity   In
Built Years
 mph   km/h  Std Sdg Total
Siemens-Duewag Supertram Tram 50 80 34.75 86 155 201 25 101–125 Blue, Purple, Yellow 1992 1994–present
Stadler Citylink
(Class 399)
Tram-train 62 100 37.2 96[37] 140 236 7 201–207[i] Blue, Purple, Tram-train, Yellow 2014–2015 2017–present
Total 32

Siemens-Duewag Supertram

Main article: Siemens-Duewag Supertram

The network operates 25 three car trams built by Siemens-Duewag of Düsseldorf, Germany, in 1992. The trams are 40% low floor design, the vehicles have been specially designed for gradients as steep as 10%. In the 1980s a design choice was taken to create the longest possible vehicle to avoid multiple working[38] which resulted in a 34.8-metre (114 ft) design, the third-longest tram design in operation in Europe at the time[39] and the longest in service in the UK until the 42.8-metre (140 ft) long Edinburgh Trams were introduced.

Launched in an initial light grey livery, following the awarding of the operating franchise to Stagecoach the trams were reliveried in Stagecoach's corporate livery from 1997. From 2006 the trams were refurbished, and a new dedicated Supertram blue–based livery was launched, with the entire fleet completed in early 2009.

Stadler Citylink (Class 399)

Main articles: British Rail Class 399 and Stadler Citylink

Stadler supplied seven tram-train vehicles, delivered between November 2015 and November 2016.[24]



Detail of the Supertram triangular junction at Park Square

The network is 29 km (18 miles) long, with 60 km (37 miles) of track.[40] It features two types of track; tramway track where either pedestrians or road traffic share the right of way and ballasted railway track when there are no such requirements.

Tramway track consists of a grooved tramway rail set into a concrete base with troughs into which the rails are laid. Most of the track is on-street using 35G-section grooved tram rail, with BS11-80A 80 lb/yd (39.7 kg/m) flat-bottom rail elsewhere.[40] The railway track was supplied by British Steel Corporation Track Products of Workington and laid on sleepers consisting of concrete blocks with steel ties which gives a spring feeling when travelling on these sections. The track is laid on a bed of ballast which in turn rests on a prepared formation. Street crossings are usually laid with grooved tramway rails.

There are some major structures. Two viaducts carry Supertram onto Park Square (a major road junction in the centre of the city), one of them being a six-span viaduct, the other the bowstring steel arch Park Square Bridge. An underpass takes the tram underneath the busy A57 roundabout outside the University of Sheffield.

Tram stop design

Donetsk Way tram stop. The platform edge's alignment and rugged paving can be seen.

The Supertram has 50 tram stops,[41] which are generally 26.5 m (87 ft) long and 3 m (9.8 ft) deep and are of a network-wide standard making them easy to understand and use. The design incorporates recommendations made by the Cranfield Institute of Technology who studied ergonomics for both able-bodied and disabled users.[42]

The platforms are 37.5 cm (14.8 inches) high, with a 1:20 slope. The platform edge comprises a 60 cm (24-inch) wide light-coloured textured paving with strips of 40 cm (16 inches) wide edge warning tactile strip. Directional guidance tactile paving crosses the width of the platform to coincide with the tram door locations.[43]

Power supply

Supertram is powered through 12 electric substations and fed through 107 mm2 (0.166 sq in) cross-section overhead line equipment (OHLE) wire.[40] The substations convert the 11 kV AC supply into 750 V DC supply into the overhead. The 12 substations are situated as follows:

The overhead line equipment depends on the location. If the tracks are close together, central poles with 'steady' arms on each side are used. If the tracks are further apart, poles on either side with span wire are used. With aesthetics in mind, a minimum number of traction poles are used and whenever possible the wire is anchored onto neighbouring buildings, and blended into the structures as far as possible, after talks between Supertram, the City Council and landlords.

The contact wires are twin cadmium copper ones, twin wires being necessary because of the high installed power rating of the trams (1 megawatt). The regenerative braking on the tram feeds current back into the wires.


Siemens-Duewag Supertram 122, operating the Purple Route to Herdings Park, on the permanent way leaving Sheffield station for Sheffield College (Granville Road) in July 2004

There is a single depot, located at Nunnery Square, which occupies former carriage sidings alongside the Sheffield to Lincoln railway line. It was designed and constructed by Balfour Beatty on 2.6 hectares (6.4 acres) of land and consists of a three-line workshop building, six stabling sidings, a turning loop, engineers sidings and sundry equipment.[citation needed]

Before the arrival of Supertram, the site was already dedicated to the railway industry. Nunnery engine shed filled most of the site whilst lines of the Midland Railway, Great Central Railway and London & North Eastern Railway irrigated the area and served collieries.

Rules of operation

The rules of operation of the South Yorkshire Supertram are similar to those of a traditional railway. But unlike normal trains, tramways can be operated without signalling, although block signalling is sometimes necessary on single-line sections. The trams are driven on a line-of-sight basis, so that the tram can be stopped if an obstruction is spotted ahead.[citation needed]

The route a tram is to take is computer-controlled. The route is set on a device in the tram before a journey is started, and on approach to junctions, a signal is sent from the tram to a device known as a VIS loop buried beneath the track. This automatically sets the points in the correct direction. Signals, however, are used to give indications to tram drivers when running on-street and at street crossings. As trams have priority[44] at many places, it was necessary to give them different traffic light phases from motor traffic and therefore different types of indication have to be used from those applicable to motor vehicles. Signal phases for the tramway are specifically modified to account for the length of the tram. The tram signals are usually operated alongside and in conjunction with traffic signals. Signals consist of white lights arranged vertically (for go), horizontally (for stop) and a cross (for caution). Two other light arrangement indicate a point direction at junctions.

Points indicators are provided at junctions to indicate the route which is set through the points. At junctions where Supertram and train movements can conflict with road traffic, fixed signals are provided in addition to points indicators. A points indicator may only be passed if it displays the correct route indication for the tram concerned and, where fixed signals are provided, if both points indicators and fixed signals are set for the correct route.

Lineside signals give instructions or warnings to tram drivers. To distinguish them from normal road signs, they are diamond-shaped. The most common are speed restrictions, which are in miles per hour. These are particularly necessary on road-running where trams travel along with road traffic.

Fares and ticketing

Prior to the Stagecoach takeover, ticketing was done via ticket machines, provided by Abberfield Technology of Australia. These blue ticket machines dispensed adult single ride tickets, senior citizen concessionary tickets and child concessionary tickets. As well as singles, the machines sold multi-packs at a discount. Fare tables were shown on the machines with the validity of the different prices. To travel, each ticket had to be validated in a yellow machine on the platform. The ticket defined the type of passenger and trip. On validation, an overprint was added, giving the tramstop code, time and date of validation and the point of validation.[citation needed]

As the machines did not dispense change, nearby shop-owners were often asked for change to purchase tickets from the machines. There were also problems with machine reliability.[citation needed] Just prior to Stagecoach taking over Supertram a move was made to remove the ticket machines and begin selling tickets on board using conductors. This change brought two key positives: an improved staff presence on board each tram, and meant that passenger's tickets could be systematically checked.

Stagecoach Sheffield period tickets are valid on the trams and on Stagecoach buses, and period SYPTE tickets covering Sheffield or the whole of South Yorkshire are valid on Supertram as well as buses and trains. Unlike some other tramway and light rail operators in England, Supertram accepts concessionary travel passes issued by any English local authority.[45] PlusBus tickets are accepted as well.

In January 2020 the option to pay for a ticket via credit/debit card, along with other contactless methods of payment (such as Google Pay and Apple Pay), was introduced to all trams. Up until this point the only payment method onboard was cash.[46]

In October 2020, £2.6 million was allocated to Stagecoach Supertram to make up for lost revenue caused by the Coronavirus outbreak.[47]

Corporate affairs

Ownership and structure

The system is owned by the South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (SYPTE), which in turn is controlled by the South Yorkshire Mayoral Combined Authority, which consists of representatives from the metropolitan boroughs of Sheffield, Rotherham, Doncaster, and Barnsley.

Supertram is operated through an exclusive concession agreement between SYPTE and South Yorkshire Supertram Ltd (SYSL), now a wholly owned subsidiary of Stagecoach Holdings PLC. SYSL holds the concession to operate and maintain the network until 31 March 2024.

Business trends

Full financial figures do not appear to be published for the South Yorkshire Supertram; SYPTE produces its own annual accounts, but profit and loss figures for the tram operations are not shown separately.[48] The key available trends in recent years for South Yorkshire Supertram are (years ending 31 March):

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Passenger revenue (£M) 13.9 12.6 11.4 13.5 13.9 14.0 13.8 6.4 10.9
Number of passengers (millions) 12.6 11.5 11.6 12.6 12.3 11.9 10.5 2.8 6.9
Customer satisfaction (score) 66.0 82.5 80.0 73.0
Operating performance – services on time (%) 93.1 96.7 96.5 98.0
Number of trams 25 25 26 32 32 32 32 32 32
Notes/sources [49] [49] [49] [49][50] [49][50] [49][51] [49][50] [49] [49]

Activities in the financial year 2020/21 were severely reduced by the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.

Passenger numbers

Detailed passenger journeys since Supertram commenced operations in May 1994 were:

Estimated passenger journeys (in millions) made on South Yorkshire Supertram per financial year (to 31 March)
Year Passenger
Year Passenger
Year Passenger
Year Passenger
1994–95 2.2 2002–03 11.5 2010–11 15.0 2018–19 11.9
1995–96 5.3 2003–04 12.3 2011–12 15.0 2019–20 10.5
1996–97 7.8 2004–05 12.8 2012–13 14.4 2020–21 2.8
1997–98 9.2 2005–06 13.1 2013–14 12.6 2021–22 6.9
1998–99 10.4 2006–07 14.0 2014–15 11.5 2022–23 8.4
1999–00 10.9 2007–08 14.8 2015–16 11.6
2000–01 11.9 2008–09 15.0 2016–17 12.6
2001–02 11.4 2009–10 14.7 2017–18 12.3
Estimates from the Department for Transport[52]

Proposed developments

A number of extensions to the Supertram network have been proposed.

In May 2003, the South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority announced plans to extend the Supertram network to Hellaby, a suburb of Rotherham; Dore, a suburb of Sheffield; and Ranmoor, Sheffield. None of these extensions have been built.[53][54]

In August 2008, plans were announced for the trial of diesel-electro hybrid tram trains on a route via Network Rail tracks to Huddersfield via Meadowhall, Barnsley and Penistone. The fleet of five tram trains, costing £9 million was expected to be in operation by the end of 2010 with the whole project costing £24 million for the 37-mile route. It was planned that the hourly Northern Rail service from Sheffield to Huddersfield via the Penistone line would be scrapped, being replaced by a more frequent tram service with more stops and a faster service due to the trams' more rapid acceleration. Plans were also announced for a second trial between Rotherham Central and Sheffield at the same time.[55]

The Sheffield to Huddersfield plans were later abandoned in September 2009,[56] although the Sheffield to Rotherham route was to go ahead. The initial plan was to use electric vehicles capable of operating on either 750 V DC or 25 kV 50 Hz AC, via Rotherham Central to a new station at Parkgate. The scheme was estimated to require £15 million, later revised upwards to £18.7 million to build when first proposed, but was eventually expected to cost £75.1 million. The Rotherham route was originally intended to begin operation in 2015, however this date was put back several times until the October 2018 opening date after a series of delays.[57][58][59] Part of the delay was due to the transport secretary failing to approve the building of a 150m (164yd) section of track at Tinsley in a timely manner.[60] The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) was critical of Network Rail's initial estimates for the cost of modifications to the route calling them, "wholly unrealistic". The PAC also noted that Network Rail and the Department for Transport could not provide figures on how much money had been spent on a now cancelled line electrification project.[61][62] Part of the unexpected rise in the cost of creating the route and the delay was due to the need to demolish and rebuild the College Road road over-bridge next to Rotherham Central station. It was thought that the ballast beneath the railway line could have been excavated to provide headroom for the catenary but this proved not to be feasible.[63][64]

In 2017, the Sheffield City Region invited public consultation on The Sheffield City Region Transport Strategy 2018–2040 policy document (draft for consultation November 2017) in which it was revealed that only 1% of the population used the Supertram network on journeys to work in 2011.[65] The number of passengers on the Supertram network increased from 2 million in the 1994/1995 financial years to over 12 million in the 2016/2017 financial years.[66]

In March 2020, There are plans to re-route the tram line from behind Sheffield station to where Sheaf Street is currently located as part of a £1.5 billion plan to redevelop the station and surrounding area.[67]

In July 2021, There are also plans to build a new stop on the Tram Train route outside Magna Science Adventure Centre.[68]

In April 2022, the Sheffield Green Party unveiled their plans for the system, with extensions planned across South Yorkshire.[69]

In September 2023, Rotherham Council proposed a new train station and tram stop in the Parkgate area.[70]

Accidents and incidents

See also


  1. ^ As these vehicles operate on the National Rail network as well as the Supertram network, they have been allocated the TOPS numbers 399201-399207
  1. ^ "Light rail and tram statistics, England: year ending March 2023". GOV.UK. Department for Transport. 5 September 2023. Retrieved 5 September 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Sheffield Supertram’s logical progression" Rail 9 December 2015
  3. ^ "Supertram | Tram Train". Archived from the original on 21 October 2018. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  4. ^ About Supertram Stagecoach Supertram
  5. ^ a b "Sheffield Supertram, Operated by Stagecoach Supertram, United Kingdom". Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  6. ^ "South Yorkshire Supertram" (PDF).
  7. ^ "Sheffield Supertram information". BBC South Yorkshire. BBC News. Retrieved 11 March 2009.
  8. ^ a b c Courtenay, Peter. "Sheffield Supertram: History". Retrieved 19 August 2007.
  9. ^ "SOUTH YORKSHIRE SUPERTRAM LIMITED". Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Vincent, James. "Sheffield Supertram marks 20-year journey" BBC News 21 March 2014
  11. ^ "Losses 'jeopardising tram plans'." BBC News, 23 April 2005.
  12. ^ "Sheffield supertram falls victim to competition from cheap buses." The Independent, 10 June 1996.
  13. ^ "Light rail and tram statistics: 2011/12". Government Digital Service. 19 July 2012. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013. Table LRT0101.
  14. ^ "Light Rail and Tram Statistics: England 2016/17" (PDF). Department for Transport. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  15. ^ "Interview: Margaret Key." Rail Professional, 29 March 2017.
  16. ^ Rotherham tram-train to launch this month Metro Report International 4 October 2018
  17. ^ Davis, Ceri (10 December 2015). "UK's First Tram Train Unveiled in South Yorkshire". Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  18. ^ Rotherham tram-tram project funding confirmed Railway Gazette International 17 May 2012
  19. ^ "New 2017 hope for delayed £60m Sheffield to Rotherham tram-train scheme". The Star. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  20. ^ "Pioneering tram train on track for Rotherham launch". Rotherham Advertiser. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  21. ^ Sheffield tram-train runs onto Network Rail infrastructure Metro Report International 14 May 2018
  22. ^ "Sheffield to Rotherham tram-train scheme delayed by year". BBC News. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  23. ^ "Sheffield to Rotherham tram-train scheme delayed further". BBC News. 25 November 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  24. ^ a b "First tram-train heads for Sheffield". Railway Gazette International. 20 November 2015. Archived from the original on 5 October 2018.
  25. ^ "Minister launches first Citylink tram train into service". Stagecoach. 14 September 2017.
  26. ^ "Sheffield tram-train enters service". Metro Report International. 15 September 2017.
  27. ^ "Tram-train crashes on first day of service". BBC News. 25 October 2018. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  28. ^ "Tram-trains suspended after fault found". BBC News. 10 April 2019. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  29. ^ "Fault found on Sheffield to Rotherham tram-train service". Sheffield Star. 10 April 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  30. ^ "Tram-trains suspended 'on maker's advice'". BBC News. 14 December 2019. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  31. ^ "ST Tram Train Service Update". 17 December 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  32. ^ "Urgent repairs see tram train service reduced in Sheffield in run-up to Christmas". Sheffield Star. 23 November 2019. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  33. ^ "Public control of South Yorkshire tram system given green light". South Yorkshire Mayoral Combined Authority. 19 October 2022. Retrieved 20 October 2022.
  34. ^ "South Yorkshire plans for Supertram future". Railway Gazette. 3 April 2023. Retrieved 6 April 2023.
  35. ^ "Revised Tram Timetables from Monday 23 March 2020". Stagecoach Supertram. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  36. ^ "'Is this some sort of bad joke?' – fury as popular Sheffield bus service is scrapped". Sheffield Star. 29 May 2020. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  37. ^ "Citylink Dual-Voltage Tram-Train Sheffield" (PDF). Vossloh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  38. ^ "Home – Supertram" (PDF). Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  39. ^ "Home – Supertram" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  40. ^ a b c "About us: Technical". Stagecoach Supertram. Retrieved 19 August 2007.
  41. ^ Courtenay, Peter. "Sheffield Supertram: Facts and figures". Retrieved 19 August 2007.
  42. ^ "About us: Access". Stagecoach Supertram website. Retrieved 19 August 2007.
  43. ^ "Accessibility of our trams". Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  44. ^ Collier, Brent. "JCT Symposium 2017: Sprucing up your ITS" (PDF). Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  45. ^ "Stagecoach Supertram Ticket Information". Stagecoach Group. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  46. ^ ""Welcome to the year 2020!" You can finally pay with card on Sheffield's trams". Sheffield Telegraph. 28 January 2020.
  47. ^ "Coronavirus: Trams and Metros to get Covid-19 cash". BBC News. 22 October 2020. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
  48. ^ "Statement of Accounts – year ending 31 March 2019" (PDF). South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive.
  49. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Light rail and tram statistics (LRT): LRT0101, LRT0202, LRT0301". Department for Transport. 24 August 2022. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
  50. ^ a b c "Public Transport Performance figures for South Yorkshire" (PDF). SYPTE. 29 August 2019. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
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