King William IV public house
|OS grid reference|
|• Charing Cross||14.3 mi (23.0 km) E|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||WEST DRAYTON|
Sipson is a village in the London Borough of Hillingdon, the westernmost borough of Greater London, England. It is 14.3 miles (23 km) west of Charing Cross and near the north perimeter of London Heathrow Airport.
The village's name comes from the Anglo-Saxon Sibbwines tūn: "Sibbwine's farmstead".
The place was a farmstead, one of three in Harmondsworth parish, south and east of the heart of that village. It had by the 1890s grown in population and gained a chapel at Sipson Green, where 18th century cottages were at the end of what by 1910 had become a semi built-up village street or lane leading to the earlier farmstead and farm workers cottages. All of these places, as today, lie north of the famous "Bath Road" (the modern A4), which linked London to Bath.
On 10 January 1946 the British Cabinet agreed Stage 3 of the airport, which was an extension north of the Bath Road, with a large triangle of 3 runways, obliterating Sipson and most of Harlington, and diverting the Bath Road.
In 2009 the majority of the village was under threat of demolition owing to the planned expansion of London Heathrow Airport, which would have created a third runway at the airport. However, in March 2010 in accordance with multilateral environmental regulations and evidence that gas pollutant thresholds would be further breached within the wider area the English High Court of Justice ruled that the plan which the Department had submitted must be reconsidered. Accordingly, the Government announced in May 2010 that the third runway plan had been cancelled but that a long-term study into airport capacity in the South East and beyond may recommend expansion to any of the London Airports where the environmental constraints can all be met. Since 2009 BAA have been acquiring property in Sipson and elsewhere when advertised for sale which means there will be fewer resident owners to oppose further plans for expansion with a third runway. Contrary to this movement, opponents such as actress Emma Thompson and various others have bought land within the boundaries in 2009 with a view to preventing such expansion. In addition to this there has been a long term occupation of land within Sipson by climate activists on the invitation of local residents, following the latest Climate Camp. Grow Heathrow is a squatted community, opposed to the expansion of Heathrow airport and committed to finding sustainable alternatives in the face of climate change, peak oil and economic crises[editorializing]. Further, local residents have started a new campaign in 2014 called Stop Heathrow Expansion, with widespread support from local MPs and Councillors.
On 2020-02-27 A court ruled the expansion unlawful in a case brought by environmental groups, councils and the Mayor of London. The court said the government would not appeal against the judgement.
Sipson Farm was in the northeast angle of the Sipson crossroads, and was the biggest farm in the area. It had a large area of greenhouses, and 500 acres of land in Harmondsworth, Sipson, Harlington and Heathrow. In 1900 it had a substantial fruit orchard.
Wall Garden Farm is a little east of the Sipson crossroads, north of the road to Harlington. It was orchard land, surrounded and divided by high walls to keep winds and frost (and fruit thieves) off.
The King William IV public house at the Sipson crossroads was built in the 16th century, and later altered, including a refronting in the 1930s. Originally a Wealden-type mediaeval hall house, it is a Grade II listed building.
Gravel companies own much land in Harmondsworth and Sipson and Harlington. They get planning permission to extract gravel and sand on condition that they restore the land for agriculture afterwards. Their land is used for growing wheat before and after gravel extracting.
|Name||Type||Built||Occupant/First use||Demolished?||Use of house or site now|
|The Vineries||large house||1880s||Thomas Wild (born 1842), then his son Thomas||1970|
|Flats 1-12 Church Court, 228 Sipson Road (Sipson Baptist Church)||religious/civic||1891||Worship, prayer, social, education||no||mid-1980s converted into apartments|
|Inglenook||large domestic with adaptations||for Thomas Wild jr. when he married Elizabeth Rayner, then his son Thomas||no||a children's day nursery|
|Hollycroft||large house||18th century||1900-1948 R.R.Robbins||1960s|
|Zayani Indian Restaurant (conversion of The Crown)||hospitality||mid-Victorian||hospitality||no||converted to restaurant|
|Sipson Court (approx. conversion of Sipson House)||big house||18th century||Wealthy family home||1970s except for façade||Rebuilt similarly as office block|
|Sipson Post Office & Stores; independent butcher||Post office, convenience shop||18th century with 19th century extensions, widening frontage||Owned by Francis family (1920s-2012)||No||Two units: Post Office/stationery/groceries; independent butchery|
|The King William IV||hospitality||17th century||hospitality||No||Pub|