Sipson

King William IV public house
Sipson
Sipson
Location within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ075785
• Charing Cross14.3 mi (23.0 km) E
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Historic countyMiddlesex
Post townWEST DRAYTON
Postcode districtUB7
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°29′13″N 0°27′22″W / 51.487°N 0.456°W / 51.487; -0.456Coordinates: 51°29′13″N 0°27′22″W / 51.487°N 0.456°W / 51.487; -0.456

Sipson is a village in the London Borough of Hillingdon, the westernmost borough of Greater London, England. It is 14.3 miles (23 km) west of Charing Cross and near the north perimeter of London Heathrow Airport.

History

Toponymy

The village's name comes from the Anglo-Saxon Sibbwines tūn: "Sibbwine's farmstead".

Expansion from a minor hamlet

The place was a farmstead, one of three in Harmondsworth parish, south and east of the heart of that village.[1] It had by the 1890s grown in population and gained a chapel at Sipson Green, where 18th century cottages were at the end of what by 1910 had become a semi built-up village street or lane leading to the earlier farmstead and farm workers cottages.[1] All of these places, as today, lie north of the famous "Bath Road" (the modern A4), which linked London to Bath.[1]

Heathrow expansion

On 10 January 1946 the British Cabinet agreed Stage 3 of the airport, which was an extension north of the Bath Road, with a large triangle of 3 runways, obliterating Sipson and most of Harlington, and diverting the Bath Road.[2]

In 2009 the majority of the village was under threat of demolition owing to the planned expansion of London Heathrow Airport, which would have created a third runway at the airport.[3][4] However, in March 2010 in accordance with multilateral environmental regulations and evidence that gas pollutant thresholds would be further breached within the wider area the English High Court of Justice ruled that the plan which the Department had submitted must be reconsidered.[5] Accordingly, the Government announced in May 2010 that the third runway plan had been cancelled but that a long-term study into airport capacity in the South East and beyond may recommend expansion to any of the London Airports where the environmental constraints can all be met.[6] Since 2009 BAA have been acquiring property in Sipson and elsewhere when advertised for sale which means there will be fewer resident owners to oppose further plans for expansion with a third runway. Contrary to this movement, opponents such as actress Emma Thompson and various others have bought land[citation needed] within the boundaries in 2009 with a view to preventing such expansion. In addition to this there has been a long term occupation of land within Sipson by climate activists on the invitation[citation needed] of local residents, following the latest Climate Camp. Grow Heathrow is a squatted community, opposed to the expansion of Heathrow airport and committed to finding sustainable alternatives in the face of climate change, peak oil and economic crises[editorializing]. Further, local residents have started a new campaign in 2014 called Stop Heathrow Expansion, with widespread support from local MPs and Councillors.

On 2020-02-27 A court ruled the expansion unlawful in a case brought by environmental groups, councils and the Mayor of London. The court said the government would not appeal against the judgement.[7]

Businesses

Sipson Farm

Sipson Farm was in the northeast angle of the Sipson crossroads, and was the biggest farm in the area. It had a large area of greenhouses, and 500 acres of land in Harmondsworth, Sipson, Harlington and Heathrow. In 1900 it had a substantial fruit orchard.

Wall Garden Farm

Wall Garden Farm is a little east of the Sipson crossroads, north of the road to Harlington. It was orchard land, surrounded and divided by high walls to keep winds and frost (and fruit thieves) off.

King William IV pub

The King William IV public house at the Sipson crossroads was built in the 16th century, and later altered, including a refronting in the 1930s. Originally a Wealden-type mediaeval hall house, it is a Grade II listed building.[16]

Excavating gravel

Gravel companies own much land in Harmondsworth and Sipson and Harlington. They get planning permission to extract gravel and sand on condition that they restore the land for agriculture afterwards. Their land is used for growing wheat before and after gravel extracting.[17]

Other history

Notable buildings

Name Type Built Occupant/First use Demolished? Use of house or site now
The Vineries large house 1880s Thomas Wild (born 1842), then his son Thomas 1970
Flats 1-12 Church Court, 228 Sipson Road (Sipson Baptist Church) religious/civic 1891 Worship, prayer, social, education no mid-1980s converted into apartments
Inglenook large domestic with adaptations for Thomas Wild jr. when he married Elizabeth Rayner, then his son Thomas no a children's day nursery
Hollycroft large house 18th century 1900-1948 R.R.Robbins 1960s
Zayani Indian Restaurant (conversion of The Crown) hospitality mid-Victorian hospitality no converted to restaurant
Sipson Court (approx. conversion of Sipson House) big house 18th century Wealthy family home 1970s except for façade Rebuilt similarly as office block
Sipson Post Office & Stores; independent butcher Post office, convenience shop 18th century with 19th century extensions, widening frontage Owned by Francis family (1920s-2012) No Two units: Post Office/stationery/groceries; independent butchery
The King William IV hospitality 17th century hospitality No Pub

Notable people

Nearest places

References

For book references see London Heathrow Airport#Bibliography.
  1. ^ a b c Diane K Bolton, H P F King, Gillian Wyld and D C Yaxley, 'Harmondsworth: Introduction', in the Victoria County History collaborative professional historian's series, A History of the County of Middlesex Volume 4 ed. T F T Baker, J S Cockburn and R B Pugh (London, 1971), pp. 1-7. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/middx/vol4/pp1-7
  2. ^ Sherwood 2009, p87
  3. ^ "Transport Secretary's statement to the House of Commons, 15th January 2009". Department of Transport. Archived from the original on 6 March 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2009.
  4. ^ "New runway will demolish village". BBC News. 15 January 2009. Retrieved 15 January 2009.
  5. ^ Bowcott, Owen (26 March 2010). "Heathrow protesters win third runway court victory". The Guardian. London.
  6. ^ "Heathrow runway plans cancelled". BBC News. 12 May 2010.
  7. ^ "Climate campaigners win Heathrow expansion case". The BBC. London. 27 February 2020.
  8. ^ Sherwood, 2012, p58.
  9. ^ Sherwood, 2012, p61.
  10. ^ London Gazette
  11. ^ London Gazette
  12. ^ London Gazette
  13. ^ Sherwood, 2011, p59.
  14. ^ Sherwood, 2012, p3.
  15. ^ Sherwood, 2011, p61.
  16. ^ Sherwood, 2011, p62.
  17. ^ Sherwood, 2012, p96.