South Jeolla Province
전라남도
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul전라남도
 • Hanja
 • McCune‑ReischauerChŏllanam-do
 • Revised RomanizationJeollanam-do
From the left: Damyang, Yeosu, Mokpo, Yeongam, Haenam, Boseong
Flag of South Jeolla Province
Official logo of South Jeolla Province
Location of South Jeolla Province
Coordinates: 34°45′N 127°0′E / 34.750°N 127.000°E / 34.750; 127.000
CountrySouth Korea
RegionHonam
Largest citySuncheon
CapitalMuan County
Subdivisions5 cities; 17 counties
Government
 • GovernorKim Yung-rok (D)
Area
 • Total12,335.13 km2 (4,762.62 sq mi)
 • Rank3rd
Population
 (October, 2014)
 • Total1,817,697
 • Rank6th
 • Density147.36/km2 (381.7/sq mi)
Provincial symbols
 • FlowerCamellia japonica
 • TreeGinkgo
 • BirdOriental turtle dove
GDP
 • TotalKR₩ 91 trillion
US$ 73 billion (2022)
ISO 3166 codeKR-46
DialectJeolla
WebsiteOfficial website (English)

South Jeolla Province (Korean전라남도; Hanja全羅南道; Jeollanam-do), also known as Jeonnam (Korean전남; Hanja全南), is a province in the Honam region, South Korea, and the southernmost province in mainland Korea. South Jeolla borders the provinces of North Jeolla to the north, South Gyeongsang to the northeast, and Jeju to the southwest in the Korea Strait.

Suncheon is the largest city in the province, closely followed by Yeosu. Other major cities include Mokpo, Gwangyang and Naju.

History

South Cholla was established in 1896 from the province of Cholla, one of the Eight Provinces of Korea, consisting of the southern half of its mainland territory and most outlying islands.

During the Japanese occupation of Korea from 1910 to 1945, South Cholla was known as South Zenra, with its provincial capital at Kōshū (now Gwangju). In addition, Cheju Island (now Jeju Island) was part of South Cholla until August 1, 1946.

Kwangju (now Gwangju) was part of South Cholla until 1986 (when it became a Metropolitan City) and the capital until 2005, when the provincial government relocated from Gwangju to Muan County to the planned town of Namak.

Geography

The province is part of the Honam region, and is bounded on the west by the Yellow Sea, on the north by Jeollabuk-do Province, on the south by Jeju Strait, and on the east by Gyeongsangnam-do.

There are almost 2,000 islands along the coastline, about three quarters of which are uninhabited. The coastline is about 6,100 kilometres (3,800 mi) long. Some of the marine products, in particular oyster and seaweed cultivation, are leading in South Korea.

The province is only partially mountainous. The plains along the rivers Seomjin, Yeongsan and Tamjin are suitable for large-scale grain agriculture. There is abundant rainfall in the area, which helps agriculture. The province is also home to the warmest weather on the peninsula. This helps to produce large amounts of agricultural produce, mainly rice, wheat, barley, pulses and potatoes. Vegetables, cotton and fruits are also grown in the province.

Further information on the mountain: Mohusansan

Enviornment

A small amount of gold and coal is mined in the province, but industries have also been developed in the area. The amount of harmful heavy metals in the province is one-thirtieth of the environmental standard requirement, boasting clean air.[2]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 2,923,191—    
1990 2,507,439−1.52%
2000 1,996,456−2.25%
2010 1,741,499−1.36%
2015 1,799,044+0.65%
2020 1,788,807−0.11%
Source: Citypopulation[3]
Age Ddistribution (2020)
Age Population
90+ years
14,883
80–89 years
103,290
70–79 years
184,866
60–69 years
257,648
50–59 years
298,881
40–49 years
252,465
30–39 years
191,379
20–29 years
194,394
10–19 years
159,118
0–9 years
131,883

Administrative divisions

Jeollanam-do is divided into 5 cities (si) and 17 counties (gun). Listed below is the name of each entity in English, hangul, and hanja.

Yeosu
Yeosu
Map Name Hangul Hanja Population (2021)[4] Area
(km2)
Population density
2021 (per km2)
Subdivisions

Yeosu

Yeosu 여수시 麗水市 268,687 510.08 km2 526.75/km2 1 eup, 6 myeon, 20 haengjeong-dong

Mokpo

Mokpo 목포시 木浦市 221,178 51.58 km2 4,288.06/km2 23 haengjeong-dong

Suncheon

Suncheon 순천시 順天市 273,827 907.43 km2 301.76/km2 1 eup, 10 myeon, 13 haengjeong-dong

Gwangyang

Gwangyang 광양시 光陽市 144,226 458.89 km2 314.29/km2 1 eup, 6 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong

Naju

Naju 나주시 羅州市 115,138 608.45 km2 189.23/km2 1 eup, 12 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong

Muan County

Muan County 무안군 務安郡 90,094 448.95 km2 200.68/km2 3 eup, 6 myeon

Haenam County

Haenam County 해남군 海南郡 63,242 1,013.8 km2 62.38/km2 1 eup, 13 myeon

Goheung County

Goheung County 고흥군 高興郡 58,873 807.23 km2 72.93/km2 2 eup, 14 myeon

Hwasun County

Hwasun County 화순군 和順郡 60,136 786.9 km2 76.42/km2 1 eup, 12 myeon

Yeongam County

Yeongam County 영암군 靈巖郡 55,998 604.24 km2 92.68/km2 2 eup, 9 myeon

Yeonggwang County

Yeonggwang County 영광군 靈光郡 48,981 473.69 km2 103.40/km2 3 eup, 8 myeon

Wando County

Wando County 완도군 莞島郡 47,210 396.13 km2 119.18/km2 3 eup, 9 myeon

Damyang County

Damyang County 담양군 潭陽郡 44,034 455.12 km2 96.75/km2 1 eup, 11 myeon

Boseong County

Boseong County 보성군 寶城郡 36,981 663.35 km2 55.75/km2 2 eup, 10 myeon

Jangseong County

Jangseong County 장성군 長城郡 40,604 518.65 km2 78.29/km2 1 eup, 10 myeon

Jangheung County

Jangheung County 장흥군 長興郡 34,268 618.2 km2 55.43/km2 3 eup, 7 myeon

Gangjin County

Gangjin County 강진군 康津郡 31,941 500.28 km2 63.85/km2 1 eup, 10 myeon

Sinan County

Sinan County 신안군 新安郡 34,000 663.59 km2 51.24/km2 2 eup, 12 myeon

Hampyeong County

Hampyeong County 함평군 咸平郡 29,369 392.43 km2 74.84/km2 1 eup, 8 myeon

Jindo County

Jindo County 진도군 珍島郡 29,013 440.1 km2 65.92/km2 1 eup, 6 myeon

Gokseong County

Gokseong County 곡성군 谷城郡 26,781 547.44 km2 48.92/km2 1 eup, 10 myeon

Gurye County

Gurye County 구례군 求禮郡 23,543 443.2 km2 53.12/km2 1 eup, 7 myeon

Sister cities and provinces

Religion

Religion in South Jeolla (2005)[7]

  Not religious (53.4%)
  Protestantism (21.8%)
  Buddhism (16.1%)
  Catholicism (8.7%)

According to the census of 2005, of the people of South Jeolla 30.5% follow Christianity (21.8% Protestantism and 8.7% Catholicism) and 16.1% follow Buddhism.[7] 53.4% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions.

Education

National universities with graduate schools

Private universities with graduate schools

Public institutes of higher education

Private institutes of higher education

Governor

Main article: Governor of South Jeolla Province

Economy

Gwangyang Steel Mill, one of the world's largest single steel producer with an annual capacity of 21 million tons, is located in Gwangyang City. In addition, Yeosu National Industrial Complex, the nation's largest petrochemical industrial complex, is located in Yeosu City.[8]

Transportation

Rail

Roads

Airports

Yeosu Airport in Yeosu

Tourism

Nagan Eupseong Folk Village in Suncheon

See also

References

  1. ^ "2022년 지역소득(잠정)". www.kostat.go.kr.
  2. ^ "Clean Natural Environment". Jeollanamdo.
  3. ^ "South Korea: Provinces".
  4. ^ "KOSIS".
  5. ^ "Background Brief on International Trade" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-09. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
  6. ^ "Consulta".
  7. ^ a b "2005 Census - Religion Results". Archived from the original on 2015-09-04.
  8. ^ "Investment Attractiveness". Jeollanamdo.

Sources