33°55′12.59″N 118°7′20.03″W / 33.9201639°N 118.1222306°W / 33.9201639; -118.1222306

Country United States
Contract awardNorth American Rockwell
StatusIn storage

Space Shuttle Inspiration is a full-scale Space Shuttle mockup built in 1972 by North American Rockwell. The plastic and wood model was made to promote the company's bid to construct the Space Shuttle fleet.


The Space Shuttle Orbiter mockup was constructed by North American Rockwell in 1972. It was shown to NASA and Congress to win approval for the Space Shuttle program. The mockup is approximately the same size and shape as an actual Orbiter. It was also used to design cable harnesses for production shuttle Orbiters and to test-fit flight hardware.

The mockup was abandoned in place by NASA, so the owners of the property placed it on temporary display at the Columbia Memorial Space Center in Downey, California, in July 2012.[2][3]

Refurbishment and naming

After sitting in storage for many years, in 2012, the owners decided to refurbish Inspiration. A 2009 grant proposal estimated the cost of refurbishment and housing at $1,880,000, with about half going to restoration efforts and half to construction of a permanent facility.[2]

"Some deterioration processes are already underway. The outer skin of the shuttle, made of plywood on a wooden frame, is buckling slightly and showing signs of internal delamination. Paper components representing insulation or other lining of the sub-deck are disintegrating. Adhesive mounts and backing for a range of fasteners have become yellowed and embrittled. Delicate plastic components also appear to be degrading slightly. Clear plastic, prismatic ceiling panels have fine crazing cracks, and are starting to become detached at their fasteners."[2][4]

Originally unnamed, it was named Inspiration on September 24, 2012.[5][6]

Display and storage

Inspiration was housed in a tent outside the Columbia Memorial Space Science Learning Center in Downey, California.[6] Despite receiving a $3 million federal loan in May 2013 to build a community center to house the mockup, the Downey City Council voted to place Inspiration into storage until an executive director was hired to oversee the project.[7][8] On March 4 and 5, 2014, the replica was disassembled and moved to the city's maintenance yard.[9][7]

See also


  1. ^ Pearlman, Robert Z. (April 29, 2016). "Replica on the runway: Mock orbiter lands on real space shuttle strip". collectSPACE.
  2. ^ a b c Goss, Heather (June 14, 2012). "Downey Will Display Shuttle Mock-Up". AirSpaceMag.com. Daily Planet. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
  3. ^ Hennigan, W. J. (June 15, 2012). "Meet 'the original shuttle'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
  4. ^ Pearlman, Robert Z. (June 25, 2012). "Original 1972 space shuttle mockup going on display". CollectSpace. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  5. ^ "Council chooses 'Inspiration' as name for space shuttle mock-up". DowneyBeat.com. September 25, 2012. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
  6. ^ a b Pearlman, Robert Z. (July 12, 2012). "Original 1972 space shuttle mockup moved outdoors for Downey, CA display". CollectSpace. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
  7. ^ a b Yee, Greg (March 12, 2014). "Downey space shuttle mock-up's fate rests with yet-to-be-hired executive director". Press-Telegram. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  8. ^ Brown, Christian (December 19, 2013). "Downey's space shuttle mock-up going back in storage". The Downey Patriot. Vol. 12, no. 36. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  9. ^ Brown, Christian (March 6, 2014). "Downey's space shuttle goes back in storage". The Downey Patriot. Vol. 12, no. 47. Archived from the original on April 16, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014.