Star Tribune
The August 2, 2007 front page
of the Star Tribune
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)Star Tribune Media Company LLC (Glen Taylor)
PublisherSteve Grove (taking over in April 2023)
EditorRene Sanchez
Opinion editorScott Gillespie
Founded
  • May 25, 1867; 156 years ago (1867-05-25)
    (as the Minneapolis Tribune)
  • August 19, 1920; 103 years ago (1920-08-19)
    (as the Minneapolis Daily Star)
HeadquartersStar Tribune Building
650 3rd Ave S.
Suite 1300
Minneapolis, MN
United States
Circulation242,270 Daily
351,180 Sunday (as of 2021)[1]
OCLC number43369847
Websitestartribune.com

The Star Tribune is the largest newspaper in Minnesota. It originated as the Minneapolis Tribune in 1867 and the competing Minneapolis Daily Star in 1920.[2] During the 1930s and 1940s, the two newspapers were consolidated, with the Tribune published in the morning and the Star in the evening. They merged in 1982, creating the Star and Tribune, which was renamed the Star Tribune in 1987. After a tumultuous period in which the newspaper was sold and re-sold and filed for bankruptcy protection in 2009, it was purchased by local businessman Glen Taylor in 2014.[3]

The Star Tribune is the sixth largest newspaper in the United States by circulation. It serves Minneapolis and is distributed throughout the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area, the state of Minnesota and the Upper Midwest. It typically contains a mixture of national, international and local news, sports, business and lifestyle stories. Journalists from the Star Tribune and its predecessor newspapers have won seven Pulitzer Prizes.

History

Minneapolis Tribune

The Star Tribune's roots date to the creation of the Minneapolis Daily Tribune by Colonel William S. King, William D. Washburn, and Dorilus Morrison. The two men previously operated different Minneapolis newspapers, the State Atlas and the Minneapolis Daily Chronicle. The newspaper was designed to unify the local republican party under one newspaper.[4] The Tribune's first issue was published on May 25, 1867. The newspaper went through several different editors and publishers during its first two decades, including John T. Gilman, George K. Shaw, Albert Shaw, and Alden J. Blethen. In 1878, the Minneapolis Evening Journal began publication, giving the Tribune its first competition. On November 30, 1889, the Tribune headquarters in downtown Minneapolis caught fire. Seven people were killed and 30 injured, and the building and presses were a total loss.[5]: 3, 10–14 [6]

In 1891, the Tribune was purchased by Gilbert A. Pierce and William J. Murphy for $450,000 (equivalent to $13.3 million in 2022[7]). Pierce quickly sold his share to Thomas Lowry and Lowry sold it to Murphy, making Murphy the newspaper's sole owner. His business and legal background helped him structure the Tribune's debt and modernize its printing equipment. The newspaper experimented with partial-color printing and the use of halftone for photographs and portraits. In 1893, Murphy sent the Tribune's first correspondent to Washington, D.C. As Minneapolis grew, the newspaper's circulation expanded; the Tribune and the Evening Journal were closely competitive, with the smaller Minneapolis Times in third place. In 1905, Murphy bought out the Times and merged it with the Tribune.[5]: 15–18 

He died in 1918, endowing a school of journalism at the University of Minnesota. After a brief transitional period, Murphy's younger brother Frederick became the Tribune's publisher in 1921.[5]: 23, 29 

Minneapolis Daily Star

The other half of the newspaper's history begins with the Minnesota Daily Star, which was founded on August 19, 1920, by elements of the agrarian Nonpartisan League and backed by Thomas Van Lear and Herbert Gaston. The Daily Star had difficulty attracting advertisers with its overt political agenda, and went bankrupt in 1924. After its purchase by A. B. Frizzell and former New York Times executive John Thompson, the newspaper became the politically independent Minneapolis Daily Star.[5]: 55–56 [8]

Cowles era

Smiling man in round-rimmed glasses
Star manager John Cowles Sr.

In 1935, the Cowles family of Des Moines, Iowa, purchased the Star. The family patriarch, Gardner Cowles Sr., had purchased The Des Moines Register and the Des Moines Tribune during the first decade of the century and managed them successfully. Gardner's son, John Cowles Sr. (1898–1983), moved to Minneapolis to manage the Star. Under him it had the city's highest circulation, pressuring Minneapolis's other newspapers. In 1939 the Cowles family purchased the Minneapolis Evening Journal, merging the two newspapers into the Star-Journal. Tribune publisher Fred Murphy died in 1940; the following year the Cowles family bought the Tribune and merged it with their company, giving it ownership of the city's major newspapers. The Tribune became the city's morning newspaper, the Star-Journal (renamed the Star in 1947) was the evening newspaper, and they published a joint Sunday edition. A separate evening newspaper (the Times) was spun off, and continued to be published separately until 1948.[5]: 57–62 [9]

In 1944, John Cowles Sr. hired Wisconsin native and former Tulsa Tribune editor William P. Steven as managing editor of the two newspapers; Steven became vice president and executive editor in 1954. During his tenure in Minneapolis, he was president of the Associated Press Managing Editors Association in 1949 and first chairman of the organization's Continuing Study Committee. By August 1960, John Cowles Jr. was vice president and associate editor of the two papers, and it was soon apparent that he disapproved of Steven's hard-nosed approach to journalism. When Steven chafed under the younger Cowles's management, he was fired.[10][11]

After Steven's ouster, John Cowles Jr. was editor of the two newspapers; he became president in 1968 and editorial chairman the following year. He had a progressive political viewpoint, publishing editorials supporting the civil rights movement and liberal causes.[12]

In 1982, the afternoon Star was discontinued due to dwindling circulation, a trend common for afternoon newspapers. The two papers were merged into a single morning paper, the Minneapolis Star and Tribune. Cowles Jr. fired publisher Donald R. Dwight. His handling of Dwight's termination led to his removal as editor in 1983, although his family retained a controlling financial interest in the newspaper.[12]

In 1983, the Star and Tribune challenged a Minnesota tax on paper and ink before the Supreme Court of the United States. In Minneapolis Star Tribune Co. v. Commissioner, the court found that the tax (which targeted specific newspapers) was a violation of the First Amendment.[13] In 1987, the newspaper's name was simplified to Star Tribune, and the slogan "Newspaper of the Twin Cities" was added.[9]

1998 to present

In 1998, the McClatchy Company purchased Cowles Media Company for $1.4 billion, ending the newspaper's 61-year history in the family in one of the largest sales in American newspaper history. Although McClatchy sold many of Cowles's smaller assets, it kept the Star Tribune for several years. On December 26, 2006, McClatchy sold the paper to private equity firm Avista Capital Partners for $530 million, less than half of what it had paid for Cowles eight years earlier.[14][15]

In March 2007, Par Ridder was appointed Star Tribune publisher after his predecessor, J. Keith Moyer, left the newspaper after the sale.[16] Ridder is a member of the Ridder family, which had owned Knight Ridder (publishers of several newspapers, including at that time the rival St. Paul Pioneer Press). Ridder's arrival resulted in litigation when it was discovered that he had stolen a hard drive containing information about employees and advertisers which the Pioneer Press called "trade secrets". Ridder also took two high-ranking staff members with him to the Minneapolis paper, which raised eyebrows since such employees usually have non-compete clauses in their contracts. On September 18, 2007, Ridder was removed from his post by a Ramsey County judge,[17][18][19] and he resigned on December 7.[20]

On January 15, 2009, the paper, then the country's 15th-largest daily, filed for bankruptcy under Chapter 11.[21][22][23][24] On September 17, the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York approved a bankruptcy plan for the Star Tribune, which emerged from bankruptcy protection on September 28. The paper's senior secured lenders received about 95 percent of the post-bankruptcy company.[25]

Since 2010, the Star Tribune has given out awards to the "Top 150 Workplaces in Minnesota".[26][27]

Since the Star Tribune's bankruptcy, its former ownership group, led by New York City–based Avista Capital Partners, has no stake in the company.[25]

Wayzata Investment Partners became majority owner of the Star Tribune Company in August 2012, with a 58% stake.[28] In 2014, the company was acquired by Glen Taylor, owner of the NBA's Minnesota Timberwolves and the WNBA's Minnesota Lynx. Taylor, a former Republican state senator, said that the Star Tribune would be less liberal under his ownership, but also said the paper had already begun a shift and he would focus on accurately reporting both sides of all issues.[29][30] In May 2015, the company acquired alternative weekly City Pages from Voice Media Group.[31] City Pages continued publishing until it became another victim of advertising revenue loss and the COVID-19 pandemic. It shuttered in October 2020 and the website was moved to the Hennepin County Library's archives.[32]

Editions

After the 1987, formation of the Star Tribune, the newspaper was published in three editions: one for Minneapolis and the western suburbs, one for St. Paul and the eastern suburbs and a state edition for Minnesota and the Midwest. The St. Paul edition was discontinued in 1999 in favor of a metro edition for the Minneapolis–St. Paul area and a state edition for areas beyond the metropolitan area.[33][34]

Although the newspaper competes with the St. Paul–based Pioneer Press in the Minneapolis–St. Paul area, the Star Tribune is more popular in the western metropolitan area and the Pioneer Press more popular in the eastern metro area. The newspapers share some printing and delivery operations.[35][36]

The Star Tribune went online in 1995, introducing the StarTribune.com website the following year. In 2011, the website erected a paywall.[9][37]

Departments

The Star Tribune has five main sections: main news, local news, sports, business and variety (lifestyle and entertainment). Special weekly sections include Taste (restaurants and cooking), travel, Outdoors Weekend and Science + Health. The Sunday edition has a larger editorial and opinion section, Opinion Exchange.

Awards

Journalists with the pre-merger Minneapolis Star and Minneapolis Tribune won three Pulitzer Prizes:

Star Tribune journalists have won three Pulitzers:

In 2021, the staff of the Star Tribune won the Pulitzer prize for breaking news coverage for the "urgent, authoritative and nuanced" coverage of the murder of George Floyd.[44]

Staff and management

Columnists affiliated with the Star Tribune include:

In April 2023, Steve Grove will become the new publisher as Michael Klingensmith steps down. Grove is the head of the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development under Minnesota Governor Tim Walz.[45] He formerly worked as a reporter and a Google executive, leading the Google News Lab. Klingensmith has served as publisher since 2010.[20]

Headquarters and printing plant

Aerial photo of long, low office building
Star Tribune Downtown East headquarters until 2015

After the city's newspapers were consolidated by the Cowles family, their offices were gradually moved to the former the Daily Star headquarters in downtown Minneapolis. The building was renovated in 1939–1940, and expanded in a larger renovation from 1946 to 1949. After 1949, the building housed the offices and presses of the Star and the Tribune. During the 1980s an annex, the Freeman Building, was built across the street from the headquarters and connected with a skyway.[46][47] In 1987, the Star Tribune opened a new, $110 million printing plant, called the Heritage Center, in a historic warehouse district on the northern edge of downtown Minneapolis. Its five offset presses took over the printing of all Star Tribune editions. News and business offices remained in the downtown headquarters, whose old presses were removed.[48]

In 2014, the company announced that it would relocate from the 95-year-old headquarters building to the newly christened Star Tribune Building at the Capella Tower complex, making way for development around nearby U.S. Bank Stadium. Demolition of the buildings began in 2014, the last employees relocated in mid-2015, and the demolition completed later that year.[49][50] Also in 2014, the Star Tribune's Heritage printing plant began printing the St. Paul Pioneer Press[51] under a contract with its cross-town rival. The following year USA Today contracted with the Star Tribune to print regional copies of its daily edition at the Heritage plant.[52] Printing plants owned by those newspaper companies in St. Paul and Maple Grove, Minn., shut down.[51][52]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Minnesota Newspaper Directory 2022" (PDF). Minnesota Newspaper Association. October 1, 2022. Retrieved April 21, 2023.
  2. ^ "| Minnesota Historical Society". www.mnhs.org. Retrieved September 17, 2023.
  3. ^ "OPINION EXCHANGE | Ethnic studies will turn schools into extremist boot camps". Star Tribune.
  4. ^ "Minneapolis Tribune". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved January 17, 2023.
  5. ^ a b c d e Morison, Bradley (1966). Sunlight on Your Doorstep: The Minneapolis Tribune's First Hundred Years. Minneapolis: Ross & Haines.
  6. ^ "About Star tribune. (Minneapolis, MN) 1999-current". Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Library of Congress. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  7. ^ Johnston, Louis; Williamson, Samuel H. (2023). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved November 30, 2023. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series.
  8. ^ Nathanson, Iric (March 23, 2015). "'Newspaper with a Soul': The Short-Lived Minnesota Daily Star launched in 1920". MinnPost.
  9. ^ a b c "Timeline: A Look at History of Star Tribune". Star Tribune.
  10. ^ "Minneapolis Man Gets Houston Post". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. September 20, 1960. p. 39. Retrieved June 14, 2014 – via NewspaperArchive.com.
  11. ^ "The Press: Let History Try". Time. August 29, 1960. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  12. ^ a b Royce, Gradon (March 19, 2012). "Publisher John Cowles Jr., who Shaped the Twin Cities for 50 Years, Dies". Minneapolis Star Tribune.
  13. ^ "Minneapolis Star & Tribune Company v. Minnesota Commissioner of Revenue" – via Oyez.
  14. ^ "McClatchy in $1.4 Billion Cowles Deal". The New York Times. November 14, 1997.
  15. ^ Ellison, Sarah (December 26, 2006). "McClatchy's Minneapolis Sale Aids Web Efforts". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  16. ^ McKinney, Matt (March 5, 2007). "Par Ridder named Star Tribune CEO, publisher". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on September 9, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2008.
  17. ^ Stawicki, Elizabeth (September 18, 2007). "Judge Critical of Par Ridder's Conduct in Ruling". Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  18. ^ Welbes, John (February 1, 2008). "Star Tribune to Put Headquarters, Other Land up for Sale". St. Paul Pioneer Press. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
  19. ^ Orrick, Natasha R. (February 1, 2008). "Star Tribune Trying to Sell Headquarters". Minneapolis / St. Paul Business Journal. American City Business Journals. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
  20. ^ a b "Star Tribune Names Klingensmith as New Publisher". Minneapolis / St. Paul Business Journal. American City Business Journals. January 7, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  21. ^ Schmickle, Sharon (January 15, 2009). "Star Tribune Files for Bankruptcy and Lists Unsecured Creditors". MinnPost. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  22. ^ Kary, Tiffany (January 16, 2009). "Star Tribune Files for Bankruptcy After Ads Decline". Bloomberg News. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  23. ^ Fitzgerald, Mark (January 16, 2009). "Economist: Avista Has Only Itself to Blame In 'Strib' Bankruptcy". Editor & Publisher. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  24. ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard (January 6, 2009). "Bankruptcy for Another U.S. Paper". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  25. ^ a b Newmarker, Chris (September 17, 2009). "Star Tribune to Emerge from Bankruptcy, No New Publisher Named". Milwaukee Business Journal. American City Business Journals. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  26. ^ "Star Tribune Announces Winners of Sixth Annual "Top 150 Workplaces in Minnesota"". Startribunecompany.com. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  27. ^ "Star Tribune names IC System a 2018 Top 150 Workplace". Prnewswire.com (Press release). Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  28. ^ Phelps, David (August 12, 2012). "Star Tribune Gains a Majority Owner". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  29. ^ Bjorhus, Jennifer (April 2, 2014). "Wolves Owner Glen Taylor Makes Cash Offer to Buy Star Tribune". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  30. ^ Robson, Britt (April 16, 2015). "New Owner Glen Taylor: Less Liberal Star Tribune Ahead". MinnPost. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
  31. ^ Yuen, Laura (May 6, 2015). "Star Tribune Says It Will Buy City Pages". Minnesota Public Radio News. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  32. ^ "City Pages ceased publication on October 29, 2020". City Pages. Hennepin County Library. 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2023.
  33. ^ McGuire, Tim (December 12, 1999). "Newspaper Aims to Serve the Entire Metro Area, not Pieces of It". Star Tribune.
  34. ^ Desky, Mark (July 27, 1987). "Twin Cities Paper Changes Name, Distribution". AdWeek: 43.
  35. ^ Brauer, David (October 18, 2012). "Mapping the Newspaper War, 25 Years After the Star Tribune Invaded Pioneer Press Turf". MinnPost.
  36. ^ Collins, Bob (June 2015). "Combining Delivery, PiPress and Strib Get Cozier". Minnesota Public Radio.
  37. ^ Brauer, David (December 6, 2011). "Strib Metered Pay Wall: Web Traffic Down 10–15 percent, Revenue Up". MinnPost.
  38. ^ "1948 Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  39. ^ "1959 Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  40. ^ "1968 Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  41. ^ "1990 Winners and Finalists". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  42. ^ "The 2013 Pulitzer Prize Winners: Editorial Cartooning". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  43. ^ "The 2013 Pulitzer Prize Winners: Local Reporting". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  44. ^ Allen, Jonathan; Borter, Gabriella (June 11, 2021). "Reuters, New York Times win Pulitzers for coverage of racial injustice, COVID-19". Reuters.com. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  45. ^ Johnson, Brooks (February 14, 2023). "Star Tribune names economic development commissioner Steve Grove, a former Google exec, as publisher". Star Tribune. Minneapolis, Minnesota. Archived from the original on February 14, 2023. Retrieved February 14, 2023.
  46. ^ "A Eulogy: The Minneapolis Star-Tribune Building". Hennepin County Library Special Collections Tumblr.
  47. ^ Lileks, James (March 21, 2015). "Streetscapes: Star Tribune Is Last of Minneapolis Newspaper Buildings". Star Tribune.
  48. ^ Parkinson, Roger (August 23, 1987). "A Letter from the Publisher/To Our Readers". Minneapolis Star Tribune.
  49. ^ Moore, Janet (May 13, 2014). "Star Tribune to Move Headquarters to Capella Tower in 2015". Star-Tribune.
  50. ^ "Star Tribune Staff Says Goodbye to Old Building". MPR News. March 26, 2015.
  51. ^ a b "Star Tribune to start printing Pioneer Press in 2014". Star Tribune. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  52. ^ a b "Star Tribune will start printing USA Today". Star Tribune. Retrieved May 15, 2018.

Further reading

44°58′34″N 93°16′06″W / 44.976063°N 93.268248°W / 44.976063; -93.268248 (D: Star Tribune, Minneapolis)