Thomas Pelham-Clinton
3rd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne
In office
1794–1795
Preceded byHenry Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne
Succeeded byHenry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne
Member of the British Parliament
for Westminster
In office
1774–1780
Member of the British Parliament
for East Retford
In office
1781–1794
Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire
In office
1794–1795
Personal details
Born1 July 1752
Died18 May 1795
Spouse(s)Anna Maria Stanhope
Children4
Military service
Branch/serviceBritish Army
RankMajor-General

Major-General Thomas Pelham-Clinton, 3rd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne (1 July 1752 – 18 May 1795),[1] known as Lord Thomas Pelham-Clinton until 1779 and as Earl of Lincoln from 1779 to 1794, was a British Army officer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1774 and 1794 when he succeeded to the peerage as Duke of Newcastle.

Born on 1 July and christened on 28 July 1752 at St Margaret's, Westminster,[2] Pelham-Clinton was the second but eldest surviving son of Henry Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne,[1] and his wife Lady Catherine Pelham, daughter of Henry Pelham. After his education he embarked on a military career. In April 1774, he accompanied General Henry Lloyd, General Henry Clinton and Major Thomas Carleton as "English observers" of the Second Russo-Turkish War on the Danube (Speelman, 2002). He served in America during the American War of Independence as Aide-de-Camp to his relative, General Sir Henry Clinton, and was later Aide-de-Camp to the King. He achieved the rank of Major-General in 1787.

Pelham-Clinton also sat as Member of Parliament for Westminster from 1774 to 1780 and for East Retford from 1781 to 1794 and was Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire from 1794 to 1795. In February 1794 he succeeded his father in the dukedom.[1]

Pelham-Clinton married Lady Anna Maria Stanhope, daughter of William Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Harrington, in May 1782.[1] They had two sons and two daughters. He died, at his country seat at Sunninghill in Berkshire, in May 1795, aged 42, from the effects of an emetic which he had taken for whooping cough, having held the dukedom for only a year. He was succeeded by his eldest son Henry. The Duchess of Newcastle-under-Lyne later married General Sir Charles Gregan Craufurd and died in 1834.

Print shows Lord Lincoln standing on the right of St. Paul's portico, Charles James Fox standing in the center with Britannia and the British lion, and on the left, James Young, acting as proxy for Admiral Rodney, with Neptune, during the Westminster election of 1780
Print shows Lord Lincoln standing on the right of St. Paul's portico, Charles James Fox standing in the center with Britannia and the British lion, and on the left, James Young, acting as proxy for Admiral Rodney, with Neptune, during the Westminster election of 1780

References

  1. ^ a b c d "PELHAM CLINTON, Lord Thomas (1752–95)". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  2. ^ William Coxe, Memoirs of the Administration of the Right Honourable Henry Pelham, Volume 1 (London: Longman, Brown, Rees, Orme & Green, 1829), p. xxx

Bibliography

Parliament of Great Britain Preceded byLord WarkworthSir Robert Bernard, Bt Member of Parliament for Westminsterwith Lord Warkworth 1774–1776Viscount Petersham 1776–1779Viscount Malden 1779–1780 1774–1780 Succeeded bySir George Brydges RodneyCharles James Fox Preceded byLord John Pelham-ClintonWharton Amcotts Member of Parliament for East Retfordwith Wharton Amcotts 1781–1790Sir John Ingilby, Bt 1781–1794 1781–1784 Succeeded bySir John Ingilby, BtWilliam Henry Clinton Military offices Preceded byGeorge Morrison Colonel of the 75th Regiment of Foot (Prince of Wales's Regiment) 1782–1783 Succeeded byRegiment disbanded Preceded byThomas Gage Colonel of the 17th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons 1785–1795 Succeeded byOliver de Lancey Honorary titles Preceded byThe Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire 1794–1795 Succeeded byThe Duke of Portland Peerage of Great Britain Preceded byHenry Pelham-Clinton Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne 1794–1795 Succeeded byHenry Pelham-Clinton