Thornton Hough
Village

Thornton Hough Village Club and Bar
Thornton Hough
Thornton Hough
Location within Merseyside
Population770 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSJ303811
• London176 mi (283 km)[2] SE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWIRRAL
Postcode districtCH63
Dialling code0151
ISO 3166 codeGB-WRL
PoliceMerseyside
FireMerseyside
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside
53°19′19″N 3°02′49″W / 53.322°N 3.047°W / 53.322; -3.047Coordinates: 53°19′19″N 3°02′49″W / 53.322°N 3.047°W / 53.322; -3.047

Thornton Hough (/ˈhʌf/) is a village on the Wirral Peninsula, in Merseyside, England, of pre-Conquest origins. The village grew during the ownership of Joseph Hirst into a small model village and was later acquired by William Lever, founder of Lever Brothers, the predecessor of Unilever.[3] Thornton Hough is roughly 10 miles (16 km) from Liverpool and 12 miles (19 km) from Chester. Administratively, it is part of the Clatterbridge Ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral and is in the parliamentary constituency of Wirral South.

At the 2001 census, Thornton Hough had 770 inhabitants.[1]

History

The name Thornton means "thorn-tree farm/settlement" and likely derives from the Old English words þorn (hawthorn tree) and tūn (a farmstead or settlement).[4] It is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Torintone, under the ownership of Robert of Rhuddlan[5] The present name of the village was established when the daughter of local landowner Roger de Thorneton, married Richard de Hoghe during the reign of Edward II.[3]

By the beginning of the 19th century, Thornton Hough formed part of the Neston Estate owned by Baron Mostyn of Mostyn, Flintshire. The population was recorded as 165 in 1801, 164 in 1851, 547 in 1901 and 506 in 1951.[6]

Joseph Hirst, a Yorkshire woollen millowner, bought farmland land in 1866 and began the development of a small model village, building a church, a school and 'Wilshaw Terrace'. The village was bought and expanded by William Lever who developed housing for family, estate workers and company staff in a similar way to Port Sunlight, building another shop, the school, a social club and the Congregational church. Development continued in the early 20th century.[3]

Geography

Thornton Hough is in the central part of the Wirral Peninsula, approximately 11 km (6.8 mi) south-south-east of the Irish Sea at Leasowe Lighthouse, 3.5 km (2.2 mi) north-east of the Dee Estuary at Parkgate and about 6 km (3.7 mi) west-south-west of the River Mersey at Bromborough. The centre of the village is situated at an elevation of between 50–55 m (164–180 ft) above sea level.[7]

Landmarks

All Saints Church

Thornton Hough and the villages of Brimstage and Raby are in an Area of Special Landscape Value, a protective designation to preserve the character and appearance of the area[8] There are 22 listed buildings in the village which was made a conservation area in 1979.[9]

Hirst employed Kirk and Sons of Huddersfield to design All Saints Church and its vicarage, a school and school master’s house and Wilshaw Terrace before 1870.[10] All Saints, the parish church, is a grade II listed building built in 1867, it has a spire and tower displaying five clock faces. The north transept window, designed by H. Gustave Hiller is a memorial to Joseph Hirt.[11][12]

Lever's architects used a wide variety of building materials including red and buff sandstone, brick, timber framing, render and pebbledash with roofs made of clay tiles or thick stone slates which creates the impression that the village appears to be older than it is. Lever used several architects, including John Douglas. The firm of Grayson and Ould designed the Village Club and Post Office, Weald House, several houses in The Folds and rebuilt Thornton House in 1895 and designed its lodges and stables. Jonathon Simpson built the Lever School and his son, James Lomax-Simpson, rebuilt the Smithy, designed D’Arcy Cottages and extensions to Thornton House. He also designed Saint George's United Reformed Church, a reproduction Romanesque style church in 1906.[13] William and Segar Owen designed various houses including Thicketford.

Thornton Hall, once the home of wealthy shipping merchants, the Bamford Brothers of Liverpool, is believed to have been built in the mid-1800s. It was transformed into a hotel in 1954 and many of its original features remain intact including oak carvings and the ornate mother of pearl embossed ceiling in the Italian Room.

Thornton Manor, built in an Elizabethan style dates from the 1840s, and was once the home of Lord Leverhulme. From 2005 the house and gardens underwent extensive renovation. The building is now a wedding venue and provides facilities for corporate functions.[14]

Thornton House, a grade II listed building built by Douglas & Fordham in 1893 is a two storey timber-framed house in a mock-Tudor style on a stone base.[15] Thicketford built in 1892 is preserved in a largely unaltered condition.

Hesketh Grange, a grade II listed building, was built in 1894 for Leverhulme's father.[16]

Governance

Thornton Hough was a township in the parish of Neston, of the Wirral Hundred. It became a civil parish in 1866. Historically within the county of Cheshire, it was part of the Wirral Rural District between 1894 and 1933, subsequently moving within the boundaries of a jurisdiction that would become the Municipal Borough of Bebington. Further changes occurred on 1 April 1974, when local government reorganisation resulted in most of Wirral, including Thornton Hough, being transferred from Cheshire to the newly formed county of Merseyside.[6][17]

As of 2021, Thornton Hough is within the Clatterbridge Ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. The village is represented nationally through the parliamentary constituency of Wirral South.

Community

The Stores and Wilshaw Terrace
The Stores and Wilshaw Terrace
A scarecrow festival entrant from 2005
A scarecrow festival entrant from 2005

Thornton Hough's central feature is the village green with its cricket pitch and pavilion, tennis courts, and a children's play area.

The local primary school is Thornton Hough Primary School located on St George's Way and is the catchment school for children living in Thornton Hough, Raby Mere, Raby and Brimstage. This school building was originally built to serve as a military building, but was turned over for school usage after the Second World War. The original playground has been reduced in size due to the building extensions of decking and garden areas.

The Parish Hall was the original village school until it closed in 1953, it has a Victorian exterior, although its interior has been updated. The Village Hall is a large extension to the original wooden hall belonging to St George's Church and was built in the 1970s by Collins Construction. It is referred to as the New Village Hall to set it apart from the Parish Hall which is used for the fortnightly youth club. Since it opened, the hall has been used for a variety of local events and as a venue for parties. The hall is used by the badminton club, play-school, Cubs, Scouts, Rainbows, Brownies and Guides.

The village has a number of shops and a post office next to which is the British Legion, known as "the Men's Club" as women were barred except for on two days per year. The Village Stores struggled to compete with the bigger and cheaper supermarkets before its closure in 2007. It is now Jennifer O'Neill Cakes and Dragonfly Couture Stationery, 'The Seven Stars', is a traditional public house established in the 1840s on what was once a turnpike route between Birkenhead and Neston. In 1905 the smithy moved from its original site into a half timbered building and was extant in 2009.

Just outside the village is 'The Red Fox', a public house and restaurant on the border of Thornton Hough and Neston.

Culture

The Thornton Hough Scarecrow Festival was held between 1999 and 2006. Residents participating made scarecrows of varying designs and quality, which were judged at the end of a week-long open season. The festival also included a fête on the village green. By 2006, when the festival attracted over 35,000 visitors, it had raised £75,000 for village projects.[18]

Notable people

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Wirral 2001 Census: Thornton Hough". Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. Retrieved 17 May 2007.
  2. ^ "Coordinate Distance Calculator". boulter.com. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "Thornton Hough Appraisal (page 8)" (pdf). Wirral Council. p. 8. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  4. ^ "Key to English Place-Names: Thornton Hough". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  5. ^ "Cheshire L-Z: Thornton Hough". Domesday Book Online. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  6. ^ a b "Thornton Hough". GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  7. ^ "SRTM & Ordnance Survey Elevation Data in PHP". Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  8. ^ "UDP Topic : Heritage and Conservation". Wirral Council. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  9. ^ "Thornton Hough Appraisal (page 7)" (pdf). Wirral Council. p. 7. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  10. ^ "Thornton Hough Appraisal (pages 22-23)" (pdf). Wirral Council. pp. 22–23. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  11. ^ Historic England, "Church of All Saints (215578)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 15 April 2020
  12. ^ "History and Architecture, All Saints Church Thornton Hough". All Saints Church Thornton Hough. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
  13. ^ Historic England. "Church of St George (United Reformed), Thornton Hough (1185603)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  14. ^ "About Us". Thornton Manor. Retrieved 1 May 2008.
  15. ^ Historic England, "Thornton House (1299579)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 15 April 2020
  16. ^ Historic England, "Hesketh Grange (1075417)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 15 April 2020
  17. ^ "Thornton Hough Tn/CP". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  18. ^ "Wirral scarecrow festival cancelled again". Wirral Globe. 30 April 2008. Retrieved 22 March 2021.

Bibliography