Turks of Croatia
Total population
404 (2021 census)[1]
est. 2,000[2]
Regions with significant populations
City of Zagreb134
Primorje-Gorski Kotar County91
Istria County50
Split-Dalmatia County37
Zadar County17
Languages
Religion
Sunni Islam

Turks of Croatia, also referred to as Turkish Croatians or Croatian Turks, (Croatian: Turci u Hrvatskoj; Turkish: Hırvatistan Türkleri) are one among 22 recognised national minorities in Croatia. According to the 2021 census, there were 404 Turks living in Croatia, most of which most lived in Primorje-Gorski Kotar County and later in the City of Zagreb. Only 368 native Turkish-language speakers live in that country.[3]

Turks compose approximately 0.01% of the total population. The majority of Croatian Turks are Sunni Muslims, and make up 0.6% of Croatia's Muslim population (50,981 Muslims in total).

History

Croatia Turkish Embassy in Zagreb, Croatia

During the Croatian-Ottoman Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, parts of Croatia were incorporated into the Ottoman Empire and settled by Turks. However, the majority of these retreated to other parts of Rumelia or Anatolia after the end of Ottoman rule. Many ethnic Turks in Croatia today are from more recent immigrations from the mid-20th century onwards.[citation needed]

Culture

In the Independent State of Croatia, the Croatian Muslim Printing House issued a magazine in Turkish language intended for the Turkish public, the European turkologists and those in the Independent State of Croatia who spoke Turkish language. The magazine was called The East and the West: the Cultural, Economic, Social and Political Magazine (Turkish: Doğu ve Batı. Kültür, iktisat, sosyal ve siyasi mecmuası). It was issued between 6 April 1943 and 15 August 1944. It was the first magazine in Turkish language on the territory of the present-day Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and second on the territory of the former Yugoslavia.[4]

Population

Official name of Croatia Year Number of Turks
- 1931 186
 PR Croatia 1948 13
1953 276
1961 2,710
 SR Croatia 1971 221
1981 279
 Croatia 1991 320
2001 300
2011 367
2021 404
(Croatian Bureau of Statistics)[1][5]

Notable people

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Ethnic composition in Croatia, 2021" (in Croatian). Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  2. ^ Zaman. "Altepe'den Hırvat Müslümanlara moral". Retrieved 2011-09-09.
  3. ^ "Population by Towns/Municipalities, 2021 Census". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in 2021. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. 2022.
  4. ^ Vlašić 2013.
  5. ^ Population of Croatia 1931-2001

Journals