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Other namesUrophilia, undinism, golden shower, watersports
A woman in stockings raising her skirt and urinating into the mouth of a man

Urolagnia (also urophilia, and, more colloquially, a golden shower or watersports) is a paraphilia in which sexual excitement is associated with the sight or thought of urine or urination.[1][2][3] The term has origins in the Greek language (from ouron, "urine", and lagneia, "lust").[4][3] Golden shower is slang for the practice of urinating on another person for sexual pleasure.


Urolagnia is an inclination to derive sexual satisfaction from the vision or idea of urination.[5] It is a paraphilia.[2][3] During the activity, urine may be consumed or the person may bathe in it. Other variations include arousal from wetting or seeing someone else urinate in their pants or underclothes, or wetting the bed. Other forms of urolagnia may involve a tendency to be sexually aroused by smelling urine-soaked clothing or body parts. In many cases, a strong correlation or conditioning arises between urine smell or sight, and the sexual act. For some individuals the phenomenon may include a diaper fetish and/or arousal from infantilism.

Urolagnia is sometimes associated with, or confused with the Japanese practice of omorashi, arousal from having a full bladder or a sexual attraction to someone else experiencing the discomfort or pain of a full bladder, possibly a sadomasochistic inclination.

Urolagnia is acknowledged by the DSM-5 as part of the wide range of human sexual interests. When we consider urolagnia from the perspective of the DSM-5, it's important to understand the difference between an unusual sexual interest and what might be a disorder. Urolagnia crosses into the territory of a paraphilic disorder only if it leads to significant personal trouble, like deep emotional distress or problems in day-to-day life. If it involves harmful or non-consensual activities it is also considered a paraphilic disorder. If someone's interest in urolagnia is causing them psychological issues or involves others who haven't consented or could be hurt, then it's seen as a problem that needs care. But if none of these serious issues are present, urolagnia is seen more as a unique aspect of someone's sexuality. This approach in the DSM-5 shows respect for sexual diversity while also being clear about when these interests might need professional help.[6]

Legal and Ethical Considerations

The legal and ethical considerations surrounding urolagnia, specifically when it comes to the high-profile cases involving R. Kelly, highlight the complexities of sexual paraphilias in the eyes of the law and society. While consensual adult practices of urolagnia do not typically fall under legal scrutiny, the case of R. Kelly underscores the serious legal repercussions when such activities involve non-consenting parties, especially minors. Kelly's conviction on sex crimes, including the creation of child pornography and coercion of minors, demonstrates the strict legal boundaries against any sexual activities involving minors or non-consensual acts, regardless of the specific nature of the paraphilia.[7]

Common variations


Jennifer Eve Rehor of San Francisco State University points out that such data as exists on what she calls "unconventional" or "kink" sexual behavior is generally problematic because of the way that it has been collected, through criminal and clinical case studies.[9] Behavior that appears neither in criminal trials nor in clinical studies (for example, because the individuals concerned do not commonly seek professional help) is therefore under-reported. Rehor therefore surveyed 1,764 female participants in "kink" behavior (mostly association with BDSM) in 2010–11, receiving 1,580 valid responses. What Rehor calls "urine play" is relatively infrequent, with only 36.52% of her sample reporting having done it or having had it done to them. In contrast, 93.99% of her sample reported having done spanking or having had it done to them, and 61.96% reported having used or been exposed to feathers/fur.[9] It is impossible to extrapolate Rehor's data onto the general population, as the habits of the general population are different than participants in “kink", but her study does give a guide to prevalence in the North American BDSM community.

In Channel 4's 2017 nationwide Great British Sex survey, watersports (or urolagnia) was ranked ninth in popularity among sexual fetishes in the UK.[10]

Notable cases

British sexologist Havelock Ellis

See also


  1. ^ "MerckEngage - Healthy Living Tips and Health Information". Archived from the original on 24 August 2010. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  2. ^ a b Balon R (2016). Practical Guide to Paraphilia and Paraphilic Disorders. Springer. p. 188. ISBN 978-3319426501.
  3. ^ a b c Laws DR, O'Donohue WT (2012). Sexual Deviance: Theory, Assessment, and Treatment. Guilford Press. pp. 395, 403. ISBN 978-1462506699.
  4. ^ Colman, Andrew M. (2006). A Dictionary of Psychology. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-280632-1. Retrieved 2009-01-08.
  5. ^ "Meaning of urolagnia in English". Lexico Dictionaries. Archived from the original on September 16, 2021.
  6. ^ "DSM-5" (PDF).
  7. ^ Lampen, C. "R. Kelly back on trial for child pornography: What to know".
  8. ^ "Definition of GOLDEN SHOWER". Archived from the original on 2016-04-30. Retrieved 2019-10-23.
  9. ^ a b Jennifer Eve Rehor (2015), "Sensual, Erotic, and Sexual Behaviors of Women from the "Kink" Community," Archives of Sexual Behavior 44:825–836, DOI 10.1007/s10508-015-0524-2
  10. ^ Mangan, Lucy (February 26, 2016). "The Great British Sex Survey review: the nation's fetishes get aired in all their gory glory". The Guardian. Archived from the original on July 16, 2019. Retrieved July 16, 2019 – via
  11. ^ Gilmore, Mikal (7 April 2017). "Chuck Berry: Farewell to the Father of Rock". Archived from the original on 20 June 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  12. ^ "The Complicated Truth About Chuck Berry". Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
  13. ^ "Sex and Drugs and Rock'n'Roll Especially Sex". Spy Magazine. February 1993. pp. 58–63.
  14. ^ Andrew Brink (1980), "Havelock Ellis: eros and explanation (review of Phyllis Grosskurth, Havelock Ellis: a Biography)", Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies, vol. 100, no. 1, archived from the original on 2010-08-24, retrieved 2010-07-23
  15. ^ Harold Schechter (1990), Deranged: The Shocking True Story of America's Most Fiendish Killer (reedited, illustrated ed.), Simon and Schuster, pp. 92, 271–272, ISBN 9780671678753, archived from the original on 2016-01-02, retrieved 2015-10-27
  16. ^ Montreal Mirror report Archived 2003-09-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ "Ricky Martin outraged over controversy caused by his "golden shower" comment". Singapore: Agence France-Presse / Yahoo! Singapore Pte. Ltd. 2006-01-14. Archived from the original on 2007-01-25. Retrieved 2013-03-11. Latin crooner Ricky Martin has expressed outrage over controversy that emerged after he told a leading US music magazine he enjoyed "golden showers" -- the act of urinating on another person. ... "I love giving the golden shower," he told Blender magazine earlier.
  18. ^ "Ricky Martin Criticised Over 'Giving The Golden Shower'". 16 January 2006. Archived from the original on 28 December 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  19. ^ "- YouTube". Retrieved 2023-01-18.
  20. ^ "Patrice O'Neal: Death of a Stand-Up". Jonah Weiner. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Originally published in Rolling Stone, February 16, 2012.
  21. ^ Redaction, "Annie Sprinkle", Miradas (in Spanish), archived from the original on 2011-07-18, (...) she made herself get called Annie Sprinkle. Sprinkle (...) made reference to her obsession with fluids: "I was attracted by the sprinkles over ice cones and by the sound of humidity. I like cascades, urine, vaginal fluid, sweat, anything wet. So the name "Annie Sprinkle" seemed perfect".
  22. ^ Barry Charles (July 2003). "Troughman". Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services. 15 (3&4): 65–74. doi:10.1300/J041v15n03_06. S2CID 216138115.Reynolds, Robert (July 2003). "Editor's Comment: Afternoon Tea with Troughman". Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services. 15 (3&4): 70–74. doi:10.1300/J041v15n03_06. S2CID 216138115.
  23. ^ "Disturbing Ian Watkins Trial Details Surface: Singer Sexually Touched, Had Sex With and Urinated on Children". Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2016.

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