An example of fashion photography involving cigarettes.
An example of fashion photography involving cigarettes.

Smoking fetishism (also known as capnolagnia) is a sexual fetish based on the pulmonary consumption (smoking) of tobacco, most often via cigarettes, cigars, cannabis and also pipes, vapes, and hookahs to some extent. As a fetish, its mechanisms regard sexual arousal from the observation or imagination of a person smoking, sometimes including oneself.


Capnolagnia is not considered a disease but an unusual sexual practice, and many of the fetishists do not seek medical help unless this behavior strongly interferes with their daily lives. The majority of people simply learn to accept their fetish and manage to achieve gratification in an appropriate manner.[1]

A 2003 study found that the fetish was not previously the subject of academic study but had been mentioned in "a few newspapers".[2]


The mannerism of the smoker, as shown here, may also elicit sexual arousal.

Like any fetish, the causes and mechanisms of a smoking fetish vary widely, with roots of sexual association in early childhood and adolescence. Typical causes and hypotheses include:

In the adult industry

Smoking has often been associated with the dominatrix role in BDSM, and numerous adult production for the kink community feature scenes depicting smoking and other acts related to it, such as extinguishing cigarettes on characters or forcing characters to inhale the smoke. Over the years, numerous studios formed, which specialize in producing adult material aimed mainly at smoking fetishists. Some of the studios also offer custom-made productions catering to sub-fetishes, such as a smoking female extinguishing a cigarette on the leather seats of a luxury car.[4]


The diagnostic criteria for fetishism are:

People who experience one or more of the symptoms below are considered to have a smoking fetish:

See also


  1. ^ "Treatments for Capnolagnia". Retrieved 2010-04-22.
  2. ^ Ribisl KM, Lee RE, Henriksen L, Haladjian HH, "A content analysis of Web sites promoting smoking culture and lifestyle", Health Educ Behav. 2003 Feb;30(1):64-78
  3. ^ Hwang, Suein (31 Jan 1996). "Drag Queens: Paula Puffs and Her Fans Watch, Enraptured". Wall Street Journal. p. A1.
  4. ^ "Sex with Fetish Filmmakers". Sex With Strangers.
  5. ^ "Symptoms of Capnolagnia". Retrieved 2010-04-22.