This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French. (December 2018) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at [[:fr:]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated page)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Villeurbanne
The city hall in Villeurbanne
Location of Villeurbanne
Villeurbanne
Villeurbanne
Villeurbanne
Villeurbanne
Coordinates: 45°46′00″N 4°52′49″E / 45.7667°N 4.8803°E / 45.7667; 4.8803Coordinates: 45°46′00″N 4°52′49″E / 45.7667°N 4.8803°E / 45.7667; 4.8803
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
MetropolisMetropolis of Lyon
ArrondissementLyon
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Cédric Van Styvendael (PS)
Area
1
14.52 km2 (5.61 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
150,659
 • Density10,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
69266 /69100
Elevation165–189 m (541–620 ft)
(avg. 181 m or 594 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Villeurbanne (French pronunciation: [vilœʁban] (About this soundlisten); Arpitan: Velorbana) is a commune in the Metropolis of Lyon in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France.

It is situated northeast of Lyon, with which it forms the heart of the second-largest metropolitan area in France after that of Paris. Villeurbanne is the second-largest city in the metropolitan area of Lyon and the 20th most populated in France.[2] In 2013, Villeurbanne was elected the city with the best administration of France, which attracts more and more people.

History

The current location of downtown Villeurbanne is known to have been inhabited as far back as 6000 BC. Its current name comes from a Gallo-Roman farming area, established at about the same time as Lyon (then Lugdunum) and known as the Villa Urbana ("town house"). It would then become Urbanum, then Villa Urbane and, ultimately, Villeurbanne.

Villeurbanne has belonged to the kingdom of France since 1349. It was then separated from La Guillotière (A former city lately incorporated into Lyon as the 3rd, 6th, 7th and 8th Arrondissment) by the river La Rize, a former branch of the Rhône River.

Until the 19th century, the city was merely a patchwork of distinct villages separated by fields and undeveloped land. These villages have mostly survived, and nowadays form the neighborhoods of Charpennes, Cusset, Croix-Luizet, Maisons-Neuves, etc.

With the industrial era, Villeurbanne's economy soared: the textile industry was the first to bloom, followed by mechanical and chemical ones. The factories lured in numerous immigrants, most notably from Italy. Transforming from a rural community to an industrial town, Villeurbanne underwent a tremendous demographic boom in the late 1920s. From 3,000 inhabitants in 1928, its population rocketed to 82,000 in 1931. Mayor Lazare Goujon (elected 1924) engaged the city in a vast public works initiative. Arguably the most visible heritage of this program is the Gratte-Ciel, a housing complex made up of two Art Deco towers and annex smaller buildings, lining up along the Avenue Henri Barbusse. These structures are the work of architect Môrice Leroux, and one of the most notable Art Deco structures in France. Having undergone thorough renovation, the 19-story twin towers have become an emblem of the city.

Education

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2015)

Primary and secondary schools

Public senior high schools:

Private schools:

Colleges and universities

Many colleges and universities of the Lyon metropolitan area are located in Villeurbanne. Many of these are located on the La Doua campus, home to the Claude Bernard University (Lyon I), a public university, CPE Lyon and the Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon, one of the premier engineering institute (Grandes écoles) in France, very well known for high quality education and for research in France.

Weekend schools

The Association Pour le Developpement de la Langue et de la Culture Japonaises (ADLCJ; リヨン補習授業校 Riyon Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a part-time Japanese supplementary school, is held in the Maison Berty Albrecht in Villeurbanne.[10] It was formed in 1987.[11]

Transport

Villeurbanne is well served by the Lyon area public transit system, the TCL (Transports en Commun Lyonnais). The east branch of subway line A runs through the city heart, and the new tramway lines T1 and T4 connects the La Doua campus to the Lyon business and commercial district of La Part-Dieu and the Presqu'île downtown.

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France

Villeurbanne is twinned with:[12]

In addition, Villeurbanne has a friendship declaration with:

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
17931,617—    
18001,654+0.32%
18061,834+1.74%
18212,136+1.02%
18312,826+2.84%
18362,998+1.19%
18413,677+4.17%
18464,252+2.95%
18515,395+4.88%
18565,339−0.21%
18615,850+1.84%
18666,663+2.64%
18727,474+1.93%
18769,033+4.85%
188111,176+4.35%
188614,715+5.66%
189117,940+4.04%
189621,714+3.89%
190129,220+6.12%
YearPop.±% p.a.
190633,890+3.01%
191142,526+4.64%
192156,110+2.81%
192663,775+2.59%
193182,038+5.17%
193681,322−0.18%
194682,399+0.13%
195481,769−0.10%
1962105,416+3.23%
1968119,879+2.17%
1975116,535−0.40%
1982115,960−0.07%
1990116,872+0.10%
1999124,215+0.68%
2007138,151+1.34%
2012146,282+1.15%
2017147,712+0.19%
2018150,659+2.00%
From 1962, the number here is the population without double counting
Source: EHESS[14] and INSEE[15]

In terms of population, Villeurbanne is the second largest city in the Metropolis of Lyon, the fourth largest in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, and the 21st largest in France.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Villes et communes de France − Tableaux de l'économie française | Insee". www.insee.fr. Retrieved 2019-08-28.
  3. ^ Home. Lycée Faÿs. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  4. ^ Home. Lycée Alfred de Musset. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  5. ^ Home. Lycée Marie Curie Villeurbanne. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  6. ^ Home. Lycée Pierre Brossolette. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  7. ^ Home. Lycée Magenta. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  8. ^ Home page. Institution Scolaire Immaculée Conception. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  9. ^ Home page. Ecole Beth Menahem. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  10. ^ "欧州の補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在)" (Archive). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Retrieved on May 10, 2014. "Maison Berty Albrecht 14, Place Grandclement, 69100 Viueurbanne, FRANCE"
  11. ^ Home page. Association Pour le Developpement de la Langue et de la Culture Japonaises. Retrieved on May 12, 2006.
  12. ^ "Faites Passer le Mot" (PDF). villeurbanne.fr (in French). Villeurbanne. December 2010. p. 22. Retrieved 2021-04-12.
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Villeurbanne, EHESS. (in French)
  15. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE