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Vittorio Gassman
Born
Vittorio Gassmann

(1922-09-01)1 September 1922
Died29 June 2000(2000-06-29) (aged 77)
Rome, Italy
Occupations
  • Actor
  • film director
  • writer
  • screenwriter
Years active1942–1999
Spouses
(m. 1944; div. 1952)
(m. 1952; div. 1954)
Diletta D'Andrea
(m. 1972)
PartnerJuliette Mayniel (1964–1968)
Children4, including Paola and Alessandro
RelativesLeo Gassmann (grandson)
AwardsBest Actor Award (Cannes Film Festival) (Scent of a Woman, 1975)

Vittorio Gassman Knight Grand Cross OMRI (Italian pronunciation: [vitˈtɔːrjo ˈɡazman]; born Gassmann; 1 September 1922 – 29 June 2000),[1] popularly known as Il Mattatore, was an Italian actor, director, and screenwriter.[2]

He is considered one of the greatest Italian actors, whose career includes both important productions as well as dozens of divertissements.[3]

Early life

Gassman was born in Genoa to a German father, Heinrich Gassmann (an engineer from Karlsruhe), and an Italian Jewish mother, Luisa Ambron, born in Pisa.[4] While still very young, he moved to Rome, where he studied at the Silvio D'Amico National Academy of Dramatic Arts.[5]

Career

Gassman's debut was in Milan, in 1942, with Alda Borelli in Niccodemi's La Nemica (theatre). He then moved to Rome and acted at the Teatro Eliseo joining Tino Carraro and Ernesto Calindri in a team that remained famous for some time; with them he acted in a range of plays from bourgeois comedy to sophisticated intellectual theatre. In 1946, he made his film debut in Preludio d'amore, while only one year later he appeared in five films. In 1948 he played in Riso amaro.

It was with Luchino Visconti's company that Gassman achieved his mature successes, together with Paolo Stoppa, Rina Morelli and Paola Borboni. He played Stanley Kowalski in Tennessee Williams' Un tram che si chiama desiderio (A Streetcar Named Desire), as well as in Come vi piace (As You Like It) by Shakespeare and Oreste (by Vittorio Alfieri). He joined the Teatro Nazionale with Tommaso Salvini, Massimo Girotti, Arnoldo Foà to create a successful Peer Gynt (by Henrik Ibsen). With Luigi Squarzina in 1952 he co-founded and co-directed the Teatro d'Arte Italiano, producing the first complete version of Hamlet in Italy, followed by rare works such as Seneca's Thyestes and Aeschylus's The Persians.

Gassman, Giovanna Ralli and Alberto Lattuada awarded at the 1957 Grolla d'oro

In 1956 Gassman played the title role in a production of Othello. He was so well received by his acting in the television series entitled Il Mattatore (Spotlight Chaser) [it] that "Il Mattatore" became the nickname that accompanied him for the rest of his life. Gassman's debut in the commedia all'italiana genre was rather accidental,[how?] in Mario Monicelli's I soliti ignoti (Big Deal on Madonna Street, 1958). Famous movies featuring Gassman include: Il sorpasso (1962), La Grande Guerra (1962), I mostri (1963), L'Armata Brancaleone (1966), Profumo di donna (1974) and C'eravamo tanto amati (1974).

He directed Adelchi, a lesser-known work by Alessandro Manzoni. Gassman brought this production to half a million spectators, crossing Italy with his Teatro Popolare Itinerante (a newer edition of the famous Carro di Tespi). His productions have included many of the famous authors and playwrights of the 20th century, with repeated returns to the classics of Shakespeare, Dostoyevsky and the Greek tragicians. He also founded a theatre school in Florence (Bottega Teatrale di Firenze), which educated many of the more talented actors of the current generation of Italian thespians.[6]

In cinema, he worked frequently both in Italy and abroad. He met and fell in love with American actress Shelley Winters while she was touring Europe with fiancé Farley Granger. When Winters was forced to return to Hollywood to fulfill contractual obligations, he followed her there and married her. With his natural charisma and his fluency in English he scored a number of roles in Hollywood, including Rhapsody with Elizabeth Taylor and The Glass Wall before returning to Italy and the theatre.

In the 1990s he took part in the popular Italian Rai 3 TV show Tunnel in which he very formally and "seriously"' recited documents such as utility bills, yellow pages and similar trivial texts, such as washing instructions for a wool sweater or cookies ingredients.[7] He rendered them with the same professional skill that made him famous while reciting Dante's Divine Comedy.[8][9]

In 1994, Gassman voiced Mufasa in the Italian dubbed version of The Lion King.[10] Gassman's voice was redubbed in several of his films by historical Italian actors and dubbers which include Emilio Cigoli, Sandro Ruffini, Gualtiero De Angelis, Stefano Sibaldi, Enrico Maria Salerno and Pino Locchi.

Personal life

Gassman married three times, all to actresses: Nora Ricci (with whom he had Paola, an actress and wife of Ugo Pagliai);[11] Shelley Winters (mother of his daughter Vittoria);[12] and Diletta D'Andrea [it] (mother of his son Jacopo).[13][14]

While rehearsing Hamlet, he began an affair with Anna Maria Ferrero, his 16-year-old Ophelia, which ended his marriage to Winters.[15] He and Winters were forced to work together on Mambo just as their marriage was unraveling, providing fodder for tabloids all over the world.

From 1964 to 1968 he was the partner of French actress Juliette Mayniel (mother of his son Alessandro, also an actor).[16] Through Alessandro, he is the grandfather of singer-songwriter Leo Gassmann.[17]

Death

On 29 June 2000, Gassman died of a heart attack in his sleep at his home in Rome at the age of 77.[18] He was buried at Campo Verano.[19]

Gassman suffered from bipolar disorder.[20]

Filmography

Vittorio Gassman in Bitter Rice (1948)
Gassman in War and Peace (1956)
Memmo Carotenuto and Gassman in Big Deal on Madonna Street (1958)
Gassman, Silvana Mangano and Alberto Sordi in The Great War (1959)
Catherine Spaak and Gassman in Il Sorpasso (1962)
Gassman and Ugo Tognazzi in I Mostri (1963)
Gassman and Luigi Vannucchi in Pleasant Nights (1965)
Gassman in L'armata Brancaleone (1965)
Gassman, Nino Manfredi and Stefano Satta Flores in We All Loved Each Other So Much (1974)

Actor

Director

Dubbing roles

Animation

Live action

Writer

Audiobooks

References

  1. ^ Born: 1 September 1922, Struppa (Genoa)Died: 29 June 2000, Rome. "Vittorio Gassman | BFI | BFI". Explore.bfi.org.uk. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ "Biografia di Vittorio Gassman". Biografieonline.it. 13 January 2004. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  3. ^ Markon.net srl. "Vittorio Gassman - Sito ufficiale". Vittoriogassman.it. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Vittorio Gassman Video | Celebrity Interview and Paparazzi". Ovguide.com. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  5. ^ Markon.net srl. "Vittorio Gassman - Sito ufficiale". Vittoriogassman.it. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  6. ^ Markon.net srl. "Vittorio Gassman - Sito ufficiale". Vittoriogassman.it. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  7. ^ "Theatre | Casa Italiana Zerilli / Marimò". Casaitaliananyu.org. Archived from the original on 7 September 2011. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Vittorio GASSMAN". Encinematheque.net. Archived from the original on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  9. ^ Markon.net srl. "Vittorio Gassman - Sito ufficiale". Vittoriogassman.it. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  10. ^ Mallozzi, Giuseppe (29 August 2022). Vittorio Gassman: Quaderni di Visioni Corte Film Festival (in Italian). Ali Ribelli Edizioni. ISBN 978-88-3346-900-3.
  11. ^ Costantini, Emilia (24 June 2020). "Paola Gassman: "Papà Vittorio morto il giorno del mio "non compleanno!"". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  12. ^ "Vittorio Gassman raccontato da sua figlia - Cinema". Rai Cultura (in Italian). Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  13. ^ "Emanuele Salce a Oggi è un altro giorno: "Il mio rapporto con il mio patrigno Vittorio Gassman"". www.ilmattino.it (in Italian). 25 February 2022. Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  14. ^ "Vent'anni dalla morte di Vittorio Gassman: i suoi amori. FOTO". tg24.sky.it (in Italian). 29 June 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  15. ^ "È morta Anna Maria Ferrero, l'attrice che lasciò il cinema per amore". la Repubblica (in Italian). 21 May 2018. Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  16. ^ Vittorio Gassman. "La schema di Vittorio Gassman. Biografia e filmografia - Trovacinema" (in Italian). Trovacinema.repubblica.it. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  17. ^ "Vittorio Gassman, il ricordo di suo nipote Leo. VIDEO". tg24.sky.it (in Italian). 28 June 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  18. ^ "Vittorio Gassman, 77, Veteran Italian Star Comfortable in Classics and Comedy, Dies". The New York Times. 30 June 2000.
  19. ^ Roma, Redazione (18 February 2018). "Il cimitero del Verano "paradiso degli artisti": ecco tutte le celebrità sepolte a Roma". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  20. ^ "Vittorio Gassman, dai successi de "Il sorpasso" e "I mostri" alla malattia: a 20 anni dalla scomparsa l'omaggio di Sky coi figli e tanti attori". Il Fatto Quotidiano (in Italian). 28 June 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  21. ^ "The Lion King Italian voice cast". Antoniogenna.net. Retrieved 24 April 2019.

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