Volvo S60
ManufacturerVolvo Cars
Body and chassis
ClassCompact executive car (D)
Body style4-door sedan
RelatedVolvo V60
Volvo XC60
PredecessorVolvo S70

The Volvo S60 is a compact executive car manufactured and marketed by Volvo since 2000.

The first generation (2000–2009)[1] was launched in autumn of 2000[2] in order to replace the S70 and was based on the P2 platform. It had a similar designed estate version called Volvo V70 and a high performance engine and sports-oriented suspension version called S60 R.[1] Styling cues were taken from the ECC concept car and the S80.

The second generation (2010–2018) was released in 2010 for the 2011 model year and has its own estate version, known as the Volvo V60.

The third generation joined the Volvo line-up in 2018 for the 2019 model year.[3] It is built on a shortened version of the Scalable Product Architecture platform, in America's first Volvo factory in Ridgeville, South Carolina.[4][5] The US became the sole global source of the S60 sedan after production in China was phased out in early 2019.[5]

First generation (2001)

First generation
Model years2001–2010
DesignerGéza Lóczi (1997)[8]
Body and chassis
ClassCompact executive car
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
Front-engine, all-wheel-drive
PlatformVolvo P2 platform
  • 2,713 mm (106.8 in) (2001-02)
  • 2,715 mm (106.9 in) (2003-08)
  • 4,581 mm (180.4 in) (2001-05)
  • 4,602 mm (181.2 in) (2006-08)
  • 4,605 mm (181.3 in) (2003-05, R)
  • 4,638 mm (182.6 in) (2006-08, R)
  • 1,813 mm (71.4 in) (2001-05)
  • 1,823 mm (71.8 in) (2006-08)
  • 1,433 mm (56.4 in)
  • 1,397 mm (55.0 in) (2003-05, R)
  • 1,436 mm (56.5 in) (2006-07, R)
Curb weight1,475–1,700 kg (3,252–3,748 lb)[9][10]

The S60 was built on Volvo's P2 platform,[11] which was shared with other Volvo models like the S80, V70, XC70 and finally the XC90.

The Volvo S60 was released in 2000 (2001 model year) being the company's new generation sports sedan. The S60 is aimed to mainly compete in Europe with the BMW 3 Series (E46), the Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W203) and the Alfa Romeo 156. Unlike its rivals, the Volvo S60 continued production for 9 years with multiple facelifts. When it was introduced the appearance was unlike the squared vehicles offered in previous years, and continued the new design tradition introduced by the larger S80, utilizing a cab forward approach and was more organic appearing with a pronounced shelf along the beltline that ran the length of the vehicle, achieving a Cd=0.28 drag coefficient.[12] Volvo continued its safety tradition, offering front and rear integrated crumple zones, driver and front passenger dual threshold airbags with a collapsible three-stage steering column, Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) supplemented with air bags for driver and front passenger, along with a side curtain airbag for front and rear passengers, anti-submarine seats, five padded head restraints with Whiplash Protection System (WHIPS), and automatic seat belt pretensioners while front belts also have height adjustment.[12]

In 2004 PremAir™ was introduced as a standard feature to the exterior radiator surface which converts up to 75 percent of ground level ozone in the radiator cooling air into oxygen, while the Interior Air Quality System cleans the air inside, detects for pollutants and automatically recirculates in comparison to the air outside.[12] The upholstery was available in taupe, light sand or graphite with indigo inserts and the leathers were tanned using natural plant materials. The S60 sheet metal content can be recycled, along with other metals that achieved an 85 overall percentage.[12] Dual zone climate control and heated front seats along with a three position drivers memory setting were optional, and anti-smash and grab laminated side windows were available.[12] Two 17 in (431.8 mm), three 16 in (406.4 mm) and one 15 in (381.0 mm) aluminum alloy wheel choices were available.[12]

The S60 came standard with Volvo's own radio unit, the HU-613, the HU-803 and was later upgraded to the HU-650 and an optional extra HU-850 unit. The HU-850 unit features a 225 or 335-watt power output (depending on optional external amplifier) with three presets: 2CH, 3CH and Dolby Digital Pro Logic II Surround Sound. The Four-C chassis from the S60 R became an option on some S60s.[13]

In 2004 the T5 engine was reengineered from 2.3 to 2.4 liters, installing continuously variable valve timing and achieving an increase of 10 hp (7 kW), while the 2.5 liter engine was given a Ultra-low-emission vehicle (ULEV) certification, and a modified turbo in the D5 model also increased the maximum claimed power from 163 PS to 185 PS, while electronic brakeforce distribution was installed for emergency braking situations.[12] The Haldex-sourced computer controlled AWD system, which was standard equipment in the S60R, was optionally available mated to the 2.5 liter engine.[12] Three transmissions were offered, the Geartronic automatic which offered five speeds that adapts to driving style or the "Auto-Stick" offers a manual mode that offered the ability to select gears by moving the gearstick forward or back. The second automatic five speed transmission was available without the manual mode feature. A more traditional manual five speed transmission was the third selection offered.[12]

The S60 was refreshed in 2005. The exterior was updated with body-colored side moldings and bumpers with chrome linings, as well as new headlamps replacing the original with black housing, with optional HID headlights. The interior received some updates as well, with new seats, trim, and an updated center console. The S60 went through a final facelift in 2008 with full body-colored bumper and door inserts and larger emblem in the front and larger spaced out "V-O-L-V-O" letters in the rear. The interior featured a new pattern upholstery which differs from its original pattern.

First generation models

S60 Police specification (UK & EU)

Police specification models came about through Volvo's extensive work alongside the users of the vehicles and Police Fleet Management departments. As a result, the Police specification vehicles have a striking difference from original showroom model that sometimes the Volvo S60 is used as police cars. Firstly the suspension was up-rated to deal with the demands of Police work; this included fitting the front suspension of the D5 model variant (as the suspension was designed to deal with the heavier diesel engine). Nivomat self-levelling suspension was also fitted to the rear to ensure correct geometry of the vehicle, regardless of the weight carried. On early models, the clutch was also replaced with the stronger D5 unit.

A larger specification battery and 110A alternator was also fitted to run all the extra equipment, along with a dedicated Police fuse box in the boot. Extra wiring looms are also fitted specially for the Police radios and other equipment, including CCTV cameras. Additional electrical noise suppression has been added so as not to interfere with the sensitive electronics the police use.

The speedometers in the vehicles are calibrated from the factory and do not require recalibration unless the wheel and overall rolling diameters are changed.

305 mm (12.0 in) vented front disc brakes were also fitted alongside special brake pads (and wear indicators) specially designed to cope with high-speed pursuits.

During 2001–2004 the 2.3 litre T5 engine was used and in 2005-2009 the 2.4 litre T5 engine was used. Also beyond common speculation and myths, the engines are not chipped or modified specially for police use: they are complete factory spec but in 'exceptional cases' the speed limiter (215 km/h [134 mph]) may have been removed.[citation needed]

S60 R

First introduced in 2004, Volvo's S60 R used a Haldex computer controlled all-wheel-drive system mated to a 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) / 400 N⋅m (300 lbf⋅ft) inline-5 which sends 95 percent of the torque to the front wheels under normal driving conditions and can send up to 70 percent to the rear wheels as necessary.[14] The 2004–2005 models came with a 6-speed manual transmission, or an available 5-speed automatic which allowed only 258 lb⋅ft (350 N⋅m) torque in 1st and 2nd gears. The 2006–2007 models came with a 6-speed manual or 6-speed automatic transmission (which was no longer torque-restricted).

Other aspects which set the R apart from standard S60s were the large Brembo front and rear four-piston brakes, 18-inch 5-spoke "Pegasus" wheels (available as an upgrade to the standard 17-inch wheels of the same design), blue faced "R" gauges, standard HID headlights, as well as the Four-C suspension system.[14]

Semi-active suspension with Four-C (a short name for "Continuously Controlled Chassis Concept") allows the user to select from three modes: Comfort, Sport, and Advanced. "Comfort" attempts to soften the car over bumps, while "Advanced" firms the suspension considerably and gives more aggressive throttle response - a setting Volvo implies is for use on the race track. This is accomplished through a drive by wire throttle, allowing the same pedal travel to result in different performance when the appropriate mode is selected,[15] electronically controlled shock absorbers that can adjust themselves 500 times a second, and a complex series of sensors throughout the body of the vehicle. Volvo collaborated with high-tech system developer Ohlins Racing AB and shock absorber manufacturer Monroe for the self-adjusting shock absorbers.[16]

The R had three themed interior color options with upholstery in soft leather supplied by Bridge of Weir,[17] and they were Nordkapp (dark blue) or Gobi (light tan). A third choice was offered as a natural leather option, Atacama (dark orange), available for an additional charge. The natural leather choice was sumptuous with a baseball glove thickness and feel.[14]

The small trunk lid spoiler that was standard on the S60 R created a 20% increased downforce at the rear wheels at high speeds compared to the standard S60s. The S60 Rs have a 0.29 Drag coefficient, compared to the standard S60's 0.28, due to the larger lower front bumper spoiler to support the secondary intercooler.[14]

Another Volvo factory option for only the S60 R was a body kit which included front bumper splitters, side skirts and a rear valance, color matched to the body. The body kit was only available with certain body colors and in certain markets.[14]

The S60 R continued the tradition of "R" cars for Volvo beginning in 1995 with the introduction of the 850 T-5 R.


Petrol engines
Model Engine code Year(s) Power at rpm Torque at rpm Displacement Comment
2.4 B5244S2 2001–2009 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) at 4500 220 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft) at 3300 2,435 cc (148.6 in3) Inline 5
2.4 B5244S 2001–2009 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) at 6000 230 N⋅m (170 lb⋅ft) at 4500 2,435 cc (148.6 in3) Inline 5
2.0T B5204T 2001–2003 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) at 2200–4800 1,984 cc (121.1 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
2.0T B5204T5[18] 2004–2009 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) at 5500 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) at 1850–5000 1,984 cc (121.1 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
  • 2.4T
  • 2.4T AWD
B5244T3 2001–2003 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) 285 N⋅m (210 lb⋅ft) at 1800–5000 2,435 cc (148.6 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
  • 2.5T
  • 2.5T AWD
B5254T2 2003–2009 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) at 5000[18] 320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft) at 1500–4500 2,521 cc (153.8 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
T5 2.3 B5234T3 2001–2004 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) 330 N⋅m (243 lb⋅ft) at 2400–5200 2,319 cc (141.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
T5 2.4 B5244T5 2005–2009 260 PS (191 kW; 256 hp) at 5500 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft) at 2100–5000 2,401 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
R 6-speed manual B5254T4[19] 2004–2007 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) at 5400 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 1850–5700 2,521 cc (153.8 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
R 5-speed auto B5254T4[18] 2004–2005 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft) at 1800–6000[18] 2,521 cc (153.8 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
R 6-speed auto B5254T4 2006–2007 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 1950–5250 2,521 cc (153.8 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
Diesel engines
Model Engine code Year(s) Power Torque at rpm Displacement Comment
2.4D D5244T2 2002–2006 130 PS (96 kW; 128 hp) 280 N⋅m (207 lb⋅ft) at 1750–3000 2,401 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
D5 D5244T 2001–2004 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) 340 N⋅m (251 lb⋅ft) at 1750–2750 2,401 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
D D5244T7 2006–2009 126 PS (93 kW; 124 hp) 300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) at 1750–2250 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
2.4D D5244T5 2005–2009 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) 340 N⋅m (251 lb⋅ft) at 1750–2750 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
D5 D5244T4 2004–2009 185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp) 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 2000–2750 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbo
Model Engine code Year(s) Power at rpm Tourqe at rpm Displacement Comment
2.4 Bi-Fuel CNG B5244SG[19] 2002–2008 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) at 5800 192 N⋅m (142 lb⋅ft) at 4500 2,435 cc (148.6 in3) CNG/petrol
2.4 Bi-Fuel LPG B5244SG2[19] 2002–2005 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) at 5100 214 N⋅m (158 lb⋅ft) at 4500 2,435 cc (148.6 in3) LPG/petrol

Second generation (2010)

Second generation
Model years2011–2018
  • Örjan Sterner (exterior)[21]
  • Jonathan Disley
    Tony Hunter (interior)[22]
Body and chassis
ClassCompact executive car
PlatformVolvo P3 platform
RelatedVolvo V60
Wheelbase2,775 mm (109.3 in)
2,855 mm (112.4 in) (S60L)
Length4,628 mm (182.2 in)
4,708 mm (185.4 in) (S60L)
Width1,865 mm (73.4 in)
Height1,484 mm (58.4 in)
Curb weight1,570–1,766 kg (3,461–3,893 lb)[23]
Pre-facelift Volvo S60 D5 R-Design (Germany)
Pre-facelift Volvo S60 T5 (US)
Pre-facelift Volvo S60 T4 (Singapore)

The second generation S60 began production in Ghent, Belgium on May 17, 2010, with an expected annual production of 90,000 vehicles.[24] Official photos were released in November 2009, and the car was publicly unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2010.[25] It debuted as a 2011 model in North America. The second generation S60 also arrived with the 5th generation Haldex AWD system. More differences in the second generation S60 include the new large Volvo iron symbol, parallel to the grille LED day running lamps and larger spaced letters in the brand name on rear.

The engine range of the S60 and V60 comprises four petrol engines and three diesels. The engines available are the T3, T4, T5 and T6 petrol engines and D3, D5 and 1.6D DRIVe diesel engines, the latter of which has Stop Start Technology to increase the efficiency of the engine. The 2.4-litre D5 plug-in hybrid version, fitted with a five-cylinder diesel engine and a 50 kW electric motor, was scheduled for sale in Europe by November 2012.[26]

The Volvo S60 and V60 come with Volvo's City Safety system as standard, which is the same system fitted to its sister the XC60. This system stops the car in the event of impending collision in 'City Traffic' below 19 mph (31 km/h). Also, a new safety feature named "Pedestrian Detection" (available on both the V60 and S60) detects people in front of the car and automatically applies the brakes if the driver does not react in time. The new sedan shows off Volvo's completely new design language already seen in the Volvo XC60 concept. It rides on the same platform as the XC60. The goal of this new design was to target younger demographics.

2013 T5 engine update

In 2013, the T5 engine was revamped before the launch of the Drive-E arrival. Among the tweaks to the T5 power plant is a boost in engine compression to 9.5:1 from 9.0, engine torque peaks at 4200 rpm and engine management changes provide faster gear changes and upshifts when the 6-speed automatic gearbox is in the sport mode. Output remains the same over 2012 at 250 bhp (186 kW; 253 PS) and 266 lb⋅ft (361 N⋅m) of torque, although there is a provision for overboost from the turbo which bumps the torque number to 295 lb⋅ft (400 N⋅m). The changes in compression ratio helps the S60 T5 deliver 1 mpg‑US (0.43 km/L) extra in the city and combined cycle. Front-drive versions are rated at 21 mpg‑US (8.9 km/L) city/30 mpg‑US (13 km/L) highway for a combined of 24 mpg‑US (10 km/L), while the AWD model is 1 mpg‑US (0.43 km/L) less across the board. Volvo also says the T5 AWD is good for a 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) sprint of 6.6 seconds, while the front-drive version is 0.2 seconds quicker.[27]

2014 model year update

Changes include all-new exterior panels from the A-pillars forward including a new hood, front fenders and fascia; a wider grille with a larger Ironmark is flanked by new headlights while a larger, wider lower front intake gains bright accents and horizontally mounted LED daytime running lights; new integrated exhaust pipes at rear, a new Adaptive Digital TFT Display instrument cluster for select models (R-Design versions include unique blue instrument dials), new paddle shifters on T6 AWD and R-Design models (optional on T5), Advanced Quick Shift (AQS) option on all T6 engines and activated when the transmission is set to sport mode or when using paddle shifters, IntelliSafe with Pedestrian Detection and Cyclist Detection with full auto brake and Cross Traffic Alert became part of the Technology Package, a new radar-based Blind Spot Information System (BLIS) to monitor and alert the driver to rapidly approaching vehicles behind the car while still informing the driver about vehicles in the blind spots on both sides of the car, Cross Traffic Alert with radar sensors at the rear end of the car to alert the driver to crossing traffic from the sides when reversing out of a parking space.

North America models went on sale as 2014 model year vehicles in late 2013. Early models include S60 T5 (base, Premier, Premier Plus, Platinum), T6 (AWD, Premier Plus, Platinum, R-Design AWD, RD Platinum).[28]

Second generation models


The S60L, also marketed as S60 Inscription, is the top-of-the-line, long wheelbase model of the S60. It has been lengthened by 80 mm (3.1 in) compared to the standard model to give additional legroom for rear passengers.[29] It is also manufactured in Chengdu, China, and is the first consumer automobile manufactured in China to be sold in the United States.[30] The S60L commenced production in October 2014.


The Volvo S60L PPHEV (Petrol Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) concept car was unveiled at the 2014 Beijing International Automotive Exhibition.[31] Volvo Cars announced that the S60L PPHEV will be manufactured at the Chengdu plant and is scheduled to be launched in China in the first half of 2015.[32]

The S60L PPHEV shares the same electric-drive technology as the Volvo V60 Plug-in Hybrid, but instead of the diesel engine of the V60, the S60L PPHEV has a 2-liter, four-cylinder gasoline turbocharged engine from Volvo Cars’ new Drive-E engine family. The 50 kW (67 hp) electric motor is powered by an 11.2 kWh lithium-ion battery pack that delivers an all-electric range of up to 50 km (31 mi). The petrol-powered engine produces 177 kW (237 hp) and 350 N·m (258 lb-ft) of torque. The driver can select via three buttons among three driving modes: Pure, Hybrid or Power. In the default hybrid mode, the CO2 emissions are about 50 g/km, corresponding to a fuel consumption of 2.0 L/100 km (140 mpg‑imp; 120 mpg‑US). By selecting Pure mode, the car runs in all-electric mode, and the Power mode combines the capabilities of the engine and motor to deliver 225 kW (302 hp), 550 N·m (405 lb-ft) of torque and 0–100 km/h (62 mph) acceleration in 5.5 seconds.[31]

Volvo unveiled the production model, the S60L T6 Twin Engine PHEV, at the 2015 Shanghai Motor Show. Sales of the S60L T6 PHEV, limited to the Chinese market, began on 22 April 2015. The production model has an all-electric range of 53 km (33 mi).[33]

S60 Cross Country

A new limited production model known as the S60 Cross Country saw a limited American release in the autumn of 2015 (as it was for the 2015 model year in Europe), with each dealership only getting one car. This variant is similar to the Volvo V60 Cross Country, as it is a raised sedan variant of the S60. Limited to about 500 units from 2016 to 2017.[34]

Concepts and special editions

Volvo S60 Polestar performance concept (2012)

The Volvo S60 Polestar performance concept is a version of the Volvo S60 T6 AWD with a Volvo T6 inline six (B6304T4) engine rated at 508 PS (374 kW; 501 hp) at 6500 rpm and 575 N⋅m (424 lb⋅ft) of torque at 5500 rpm. It features a modified cylinder head and combustion chambers, modified inlet manifold and air intake, special manufactured connecting rods, Garrett 3171 turbocharger, Ferrita 3.5" stainless steel exhaust system, reinforced M66C (close ratio) manual 6-speed gear box, Haldex E-LSD in rear, Haldex Gen4 XWD, 265/30R19 tires, 9.5×19-inch Polestar Rims, chassis lowered by 30 mm (1.2 in), Öhlins 3-way shock absorbers, reinforced anti-roll bars in the front and rear, increased track width by 20 mm (0.79 in) in the front and 40 mm (1.6 in) in the rear, Polestar-tuned EHPAS steering, stabilising X-members (front and rear), modified control-arms with uniballs in the front and rear, reinforced bushings in sub-frame and control-arms, modified engine mounts, 380 mm ventilated front brake discs with Polestar-Brembo 6 piston calipers, 302 mm (11.9 in) ventilated discs rear brake discs with Polestar-Volvo calipers, brake cooling air intakes from front, lowered front splitter and larger rear spoiler to reduce high speed lift, carbon fibre diffuser, body 20 mm (0.79 in) widened in the front and rear, Polestar designed seats with increased support, Alcantara on all functional areas (steering wheel, gear knob, and seats) to ensure maximum grip and a lowered centre console for optimised gear-lever ergonomics.

The vehicle was unveiled at the Gothenburg CityArena.[35]


The 2013 Volvo S60 Polestar is a limited (50 units) version of the Volvo S60 T6 AWD for the Australian market. It is based on the S60 Polestar performance concept and features an inline 6 engine rated at 258 kW (346 hp; 351 PS) and 508 N⋅m (375 lb⋅ft) of torque. It includes a new BorgWarner turbo, new intercooler, a 2.5 in (64 mm) stainless full-flow exhaust system with 3.5 in (89 mm) tail pipes, Polestar Öhlins 2-way adjustable shock absorbers, upgraded springs (60N/mm front, 65N/mm rear. (80% stiffer than stock)), upgraded stabilizers in the front and rear, upgraded rear tie blades, upgraded top mount in the front and rear, upgraded toe link arms in the rear, strut brace with carbon fibre reinforcement, Michelin Pilot Super Sport 235/40R19 tires, 8x19-inch ET51 bespoke Polestar rims, Polestar-tuned AWF21 six-speed automatic gearbox with a launch control system, a Polestar-tuned Haldex 4WD system, modified transmission software for faster shifts and launch control, modified AWD software for more rear torque, front 336x29 mm ventilated brake discs with Jurid 958 performance brake pads, rear 302x22 mm ventilated brake discs with HP2000 Brembo performance brake pads, new Polestar front splitter corners, new Polestar rear spoiler, new Polestar diffuser, Polestar door trims, Polestar badging on the front grille, boot and engine cover, Polestar shift knob, Polestar limited edition plate on the door sills and steering wheel and black outside mirror covers. Delivery began in June 2013.[36]


The 2014 S60 Polestar was offered in Canada, the Netherlands, Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and the United States. Based on the S60 Polestar Concept car and the Australian S60 Polestar, it includes a Polestar Öhlins shock absorber system, Polestar 8×20-inch ET53 bespoke rims with 245/35R20 tyres, a new twin-scroll BorgWarner turbo with new intercooler, 2.5 in (64 mm) stainless full-flow exhaust system with 3.5 in (89 mm) tail pipes, AWF21 automatic gearbox with paddle shift system, Polestar transmission calibration for faster gearshifts, launch control and curve-hold functionality; Polestar Haldex calibration for more rear torque dynamic distribution, Polestar calibrated stability control system, front 371 mm × 32 mm (14.6 in × 1.3 in) ventilated and floating brake discs with Polestar/Brembo 6 piston brake calipers, rear 302 mm × 22 mm (11.89 in × 0.87 in) ventilated brake disc. Delivery was set to begin in June 2014 to the local markets.[37]


The 2015 S60 Polestar's 3.0-liter inline six-cylinder produces 350 PS (260 kW; 350 hp) and 500 N⋅m (370 lb⋅ft) of torque, an additional 20 hp (15 kW; 20 PS) and 20 N⋅m (15 lb⋅ft) more torque compared to the same engine in the S60 R-Design. This is developed by way of massaged engine management software, a stainless exhaust with 64-millimetre (2.5 in) pipes, new twin-scroll BorgWarner turbochargers and new intercooler. Polestar also did work to the transmission with new calibration for quicker gearshifts and launch control capabilities. The Haldex four-wheel-drive system also has Polestar tuning for more rear torque distribution, and the stability control system has been massaged. The chassis is firmer with a suspension that features Öhlins shock absorbers with 80 percent stiffer springs sitting on 20-inch wheels that would normally come wrapped with Michelin Pilot Super Sport tires from the factory. Brakes get a nice upgrade with 370-millimetre (14.6 in) front discs (replacing 340-millimetre [13.2 in] ones on the R-Design) with six-piston Brembo calipers and 300-millimetre (11.8 in)-inch rear discs. Visual changes include new front and rear splitters, rear spoiler and diffuser. Inside there's a thick-rimmed steering wheel and upgraded seats with suede inserts, suede door inserts and blue accent stitching throughout. According to Volvo, it has a 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) time of 4.7 seconds and an electronically limited top speed of 249 km/h (155 mph), up from 210 km/h (130 mph).[38]


Petrol engines
Model Engine code Year(s) Power Torque at rpm Displacement Comment
T3[39] B4164T3 2011–2018 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) 1,596 cc (97.4 in3) turbocharged inline-four
T4 B4164T 2011–2018 132 kW (179 PS; 177 hp) 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) 1,596 cc (97.4 in3) turbocharged inline-four
DRIVe B4164T2 2010–2018 134 kW (182 PS; 180 hp) 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) 1,596 cc (97.4 in3) FFV turbocharged inline-four
2.0T B4204T6 2010–2018 149 kW (203 PS; 200 hp) 300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) 1,999 cc (122.0 in3) turbocharged inline-four
T5 FWD Drive-E B4204T7 2014–2018 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft) 1,999 cc (122.0 in3)
T5 (AWD) B5254T12 2013–2015 187 kW (254 PS; 251 hp) 360 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft) 2,497 cc (152.4 in3) turbocharged inline-five
T6 FWD Drive-E B4204T9 2014–2018 225 kW (306 PS; 302 hp) 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) 1,999 cc (122.0 in3) turbocharged and supercharged inline-four
T6 AWD B6304T4 2011–2015 224 kW (305 PS; 300 hp) 440 N⋅m (325 lb⋅ft) 2,952 cc (180.1 in3) turbocharged inline-six
T6 Drive-E R-Design B4204T9 2016–2018 225 kW (306 PS; 302 hp) 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) 1,999 cc (122.0 in3) turbocharged and supercharged inline-four
T6 R-Design (US) B6304T4 2012–2016 242 kW (329 PS; 325 hp) 485 N⋅m (358 lb⋅ft) 2,952 cc (180.1 in3) turbocharged inline-six
Polestar B6304T5 2014–2016 257 kW (349 PS; 345 hp) 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft) 2,952 cc (180.1 in3)
Polestar B4204T43[40] 2017–2018 270 kW (367 PS; 362 hp) 470 N⋅m (347 lb⋅ft) 1,969 cc (120.2 in3) Inline 4 with turbocharger and supercharger
Diesel engines
Model Engine code Year(s) Power Torque at rpm Displacement Comment
D2 D4162T 2011–2015 84 kW (114 PS; 113 hp) 270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft) 1,560 cc (95.2 in3) Inline 4 with turbocharger
D2 D4204T8 2015–2018 88 kW (120 PS; 118 hp) 280 N⋅m (207 lb⋅ft) 1,969 cc (120.2 in3) Inline 4 with turbocharger
D3 D5204T7 2010–2014 100 kW (136 PS; 134 hp) 320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft) 1,984 cc (121.1 in3) Inline 5 with turbocharger
D3 D4204T9 2015–2018 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) 320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft) 1,969 cc (120.2 in3) Inline 4 with turbocharger
D4 D5204T3 2011–2013 120 kW (163 PS; 161 hp) 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) 1,984 cc (121.1 in3) Inline 5 with turbocharger
D4 D4204T5 2014–2016 133 kW (181 PS; 178 hp) 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) 1,969 cc (120.2 in3) Inline 4 with turbocharger
D4 D4204T14 2017–2018 140 kW (190 PS; 188 hp) 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) 1,969 cc (120.2 in3) Inline 4 with turbocharger
D4 AWD D5204T21 2013–2018 140 kW (190 PS; 188 hp) 420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft) 1,984 cc (121.1 in3) Inline 5 with turbocharger
D5 D5244T11 2010–2014 158 kW (215 PS; 212 hp) 420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft) 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbocharger
D5 D5244T15 2010–2014 158 kW (215 PS; 212 hp) 470 N⋅m (347 lb⋅ft) 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbocharger
D5 D4204T11 2015–2018 165 kW (224 PS; 221 hp) 470 N⋅m (347 lb⋅ft) 1,969 cc (120.2 in3) Inline 4 with turbocharger
D5 AWD D5244T15 2010–2014 158 kW (215 PS; 212 hp) 470 N⋅m (347 lb⋅ft) 2,400 cc (146.5 in3) Inline 5 with turbocharger
D5 AWD D4204T11 2015–2018 165 kW (224 PS; 221 hp) 470 N⋅m (347 lb⋅ft) 1,969 cc (120.2 in3) Inline 4 with turbocharger



Euro NCAP V60:[41]

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)

IIHS S60:[42]
Moderate overlap frontal offset Good
Small overlap frontal offset Good1
Side impact Good
Roof strength Good2
1 vehicle structure rated "Good"
2 strength-to-weight ratio: 4.95


2013 S60 AWD NHTSA[43]
Frontal Driver:
Frontal Passenger:
Side Driver:
Side Passenger:
Side Pole Driver:

Third generation (2019)

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Other than the Polestar model, T6 Momentum model and the T6 R-Design all other S60 models can be purchased or leased in the traditional way.[44] Polestar models will be offered solely through its Care by Volvo monthly subscription plan.[44] The 2019 model went on sale in October 2018.[45]

Third generation
Model years2019–present
DesignerT. Jon Mayer
Body and chassis
ClassCompact executive car
PlatformSPA platform
RelatedV60 II
Electric motorPermanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (T6/T8 Twin Engine)
  • 8-speed Aisin TG-81SC automatic
  • 8-speed Aisin TG-81SD automatic
Hybrid drivetrainPlug-in hybrid (Twin Engine)
Battery9.2 kWh (33 MJ) lithium-ion battery / 18.8 kWh (68 MJ) lithium-ion battery from 2022
Wheelbase2,872 mm (113.1 in)
Length4,761 mm (187.4 in)
Width1,850 mm (72.8 in)
Height1,431 mm (56.3 in)
Curb weight1,680–2,020 kg (3,700–4,450 lb)[47]


Production began in September 2018 in Ridgeville, South Carolina. The third generation of the Volvo S60 is the first Volvo manufactured in the United States.[48] A 2.3-million-square-foot (210,000 m2) plant builds over 60,000 vehicles per year for both American and export markets. Capacity can go up to 100,000 vehicles per year if demand calls for it. The facility is Volvo's seventh, joining two European, three Chinese, and one Malaysian location. As of 2022, the plant employs nearly 1,500 people.

Trim levels

The S60 is available in Core, Plus, Ultimate, and Polestar trim levels depending on the sales market.


The S60 comes with three engine options: the T5, which features a turbocharged mild hybrid 2.0-liter four-cylinder sending 252 hp (188 kW; 255 PS) to the front wheels (or all four wheels in some markets as an option), the T6, which features a Twincharged 2.0 I4, sending 316 hp (236 kW; 320 PS) to all 4 wheels, and the T8, a performance-oriented plug-in hybrid which combines a turbocharged four-cylinder and an electric motor, replacing the supercharger from the T6 at the rear, sending a combined 400 hp (298 kW; 406 PS) to all four wheels.[49] The T8 produces 472 lb⋅ft (640 N⋅m; 65 kg⋅m) and with a 11.6-kWh battery pack, it gets a range of 22 miles (35 km) on the electric model. In 2022, the T8 hybrid engine was updated by removing its supercharger, which with its electrical engine, produces max 455 horsepower (339 kW; 461 PS) combined and 523 pound-feet (709 N⋅m; 72 kg⋅m) torque. Battery pack was also increased to 18.8-kWh battery pack which improves the range to 41 miles (66 km).


Standard gear on all S60s includes an improved City Safety collision avoidance system based on Volvo's Vision 2020. The system can now help the driver do an evasive maneuver and can detect and mitigate oncoming vehicles at intersections.[50] An optional Pilot Assist system is equipped into the model.[51]


British land speed record

On 14 and 15 October 2000, the first-generation S60 T5 broke 18 British land speed records (including the highest average speed over a 24-hour period) for a Production Car class D (2000-3000cc) at 135.10 miles per hour (217.42 km/h) at the Millbrook Proving Ground, in Bedfordshire, UK. A joint project by Volvo and Prodrive and covered by Channel 4's Driven and Car magazine.

The car was standard except for safety modifications such as a roll cage, exterior cut out switch, a modified fuel tank and additional head support to allow the drivers (BTCC drivers Anthony Reid, Rickard Rydell, John Cleland and Alain Menu as well as various Car journalists and Channel 4's Mike Brewer) to rest their neck during the 2-hour gaps between pit stops. Each pitstop included a driver change, refuel and tyre changes due to the extreme stresses being placed on the front outside tyre.

The following records were broken:


The S60 has been raced in a range of championships across Europe, North America and Australia.


Volvo regularly entered the S60 in the Swedish Touring Car Championship, where it finished 2nd in the drivers' championship twice and won the manufacturers' title once. The S60 continued to be raced after the formation of the Scandinavian Touring Car Championship, a merger of the Swedish and Danish touring car championships. Thed Björk won three consecutive titles from 2013 to 2015, and Rikard Göransson won the championship in 2016, driving an S60 prepared by Polestar Racing.

From 2002 to 2007 there was an S60 one-make racing series as a support series to the Swedish Touring Car Championship known as the S60 Challenge Cup, using 26 factory-modified S60s.

An S60 was driven by Robert Dahlgren in the Swedish round of the 2007 World Touring Car Championship.

In 2016 the S60 made its return to the WTCC with Fredrik Ekblom and Thed Björk driving for Polestar Cyan Racing.[53] Their 2017 lineup consists of Thed Björk, Nestor Girolami and Nick Catsburg.

North America

The first generation S60 made its competitive debut in 2006, racing in the Speed World Challenge GT class. The second-generation model was introduced for the 2009 season. In 2010, its programme was expanded to include the SCAA Pro Racing World Challenge, where it won both the drivers' championship, for factory driver Randy Pobst, his fourth, and manufacturers' championships in the GT class. The programme was expanded again in 2011 to include the Pirelli World Challenge.[54]


Volvo competed in the V8 Supercars Championship with two rear wheel drive V8 B8444S powered S60s between 2014 and 2016 with Garry Rogers Motorsport highlighted by a debut 2nd place at the Adelaide 500, a last second overtake to steal a race win at the Phillip Island Circuit, and third for Scott McLaughlin in the 2016 series driver standings.[55][56]

Sales and marketing

S60 and V60 Sales
Calendar year US S60[57] Canada S60[58] Sweden S60[59] China S60L[60] Global S60[61] Global V60[61]
2010 1,437 208 2,068 14,786 4,609
2011 21,282 1,519 3,395 68,330 49,820
2012 23,356 1,525 13,997† 64,746 53,037
2013 23,210 1,374 14,174† 61,646‡ 54,666
2014 20,457 14,444† 7,275 67,623 61,977
2015 16,993 24,960 64,078 61,341
2016 14,789 29,566 61,941 51,911
2017 12,454 26,986 54,197 60,637
2018 7,583 19,350 40,499 54,095
2019 17,526 15,460 42,795 68,577
2020 11,946 26,348 52,251 64,912
2021 10,550 26,129 49,244 56,036
2022 6,151 21,643 39,504 32,077
2023 10,357 40,153 30,438

† Combined total for S60 and V60. ‡ Includes 67 sales of the S60L long-wheelbase version.

Product placement

In Stephenie Meyer's popular Twilight novel series, it is suggested that Edward drives a "shiny" and "silver" first generation Volvo S60-R, a fast sleeper car that doesn't call attention to the Cullen family's wealth. The film series partnered with Volvo to place a Volvo C30 in the 2008 Twilight film, feeling that the C30 better suited the persona of a 108 year old vampire pretending to be a 17 year old high school student. Volvo reported an increase in the sale of the C30 in the US market following the film's release, and helped change the perception of Volvo as a "cool" car in a younger generation of buyers. Volvo continued the partnership through the series, placing the second generation S60 in the 2011 film, Twilight:Breaking Dawn.[62][63]

See also


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