Wang Su
Minister of Ceremonies (太常)
In office
? (?)–256 (256)
MonarchCao Fang / Cao Mao
Intendant of Henan (河南尹)
In office
? (?)–? (?)
MonarchCao Fang
Administrator of Guangping (廣平太守)
In office
240 (240)–? (?)
MonarchCao Fang
Personal details
Diedbetween 21 May 256 and 31 January 257[a] (aged 61)
Spouse(s)Lady Yang (羊氏)[2]
Lady Xiahou (夏侯氏)[3]
  • Wang Hun
  • Wang Xun
  • Wang Qian
  • Wang Kai
  • Wang Yuanji
  • Kuai Diao's wife
  • four other sons
Courtesy nameZiyong (子雍)
Posthumous nameMarquis Jing (景侯)
PeerageMarquis of Lanling

Wang Su (195–256),[4] courtesy name Ziyong, was an official and Confucian scholar of the state of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period of China. He was a son of Wang Lang. When Guanqiu Jian started a rebellion in Shouchun, Wang Su advised Sima Shi to lower the rebels' morale by treating their families with respect. Following that, Wang Su entreated Cao Mao to allow Sima Zhao to succeed Sima Shi as regent of Wei.[5]

Wang Su's daughter, Wang Yuanji, married Sima Zhao and gave birth to Sima Yan, the first emperor of the Jin dynasty, in 236. Thus, Wang Su became a grandfather himself. Wang Su inherited the title and marquisate of Marquis of Lanling (蘭陵侯) from his father.[6]

Wang Su compiled the extant edition of the Kongzi Jiayu (School Sayings of Confucius), the sayings of Confucius not included in the Analects. Scholars long suspected it was a forgery by Wang Su,[4] but a book discovered in 1977 from the Shuanggudui tomb (sealed in 165 BCE), entitled Ru Jia Zhe Yan (儒家者言, Sayings of the Ru School), contains very similar content to the Kongzi Jiayu.[7]

See also


  1. ^ Wang Su's biography in the Sanguozhi recorded that he died in the 1st year of the Gan'lu era (256-260) in Cao Mao's reign.[1] Also, in Cao Mao's biography, it was recorded that he visited the taixue on the bing'chen day of the 4th month of that year. During the visit, Wang Su replied to his queries. Thus, Wang Su must have died after the visit; the date corresponds to 21 May 256 in the Julian calendar. The year ends on 31 Jan 257 in the Julian calendar.


  1. ^ (甘露元年薨, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 13.
  2. ^ Lady Yang was Wang Yuanji's mother. In 267, Lady Yang was posthumously conferred the title of xianjun (县君) and given the posthumous name 'Jing" (靖); her full posthumous title was "Lady Jing of Pingyang" (平阳靖君). (帝以后母羊氏未崇谥号,泰始三年下诏曰:“...其封夫人为县君,依德纪谥,主者详如旧典。”于是使使持节谒者何融追谥为平阳靖君。) Jin Shu, vol.31. Also, it is unknown if Lady Yang was related to Yang Hu and Yang Huiyu.
  3. ^ Lady Xiahou was Wang Yuanji's stepmother. In 286, Lady Xiahou was posthumously conferred the title of "xiangjun of Xingyang" (荥阳乡君). (太康七年,追赠继祖母夏侯氏为荥阳乡君。) Jin Shu, vol.31
  4. ^ a b Goldin, Paul Rakita (1999). Rituals of the Way: The Philosophy of Xunzi. Open Court Publishing. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-8126-9400-0.
  5. ^ Sanguozhi vol. 13.
  6. ^ Jin Shu vol. 31.
  7. ^ Shaughnessy, Edward L. (2014). Unearthing the Changes: Recently Discovered Manuscripts of the Yi Jing ( I Ching) and Related Texts. Columbia University Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-231-16184-8.