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Yabroud
يبرود
Jabrud
Streetview
Streetview
Yabroud is located in Syria
Yabroud
Yabroud
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 33°58′N 36°40′E / 33.967°N 36.667°E / 33.967; 36.667
Country Syria
GovernorateRif Dimashq
DistrictYabroud
SubdistrictYabroud
Elevation
1,550 m (5,090 ft)
Population
 (2004 census)[1]
 • City25,891
 • Metro
~50,000
Area code(s)12

Yabroud or Yabrud (Arabic: يَبْرُود, romanizedYabrūd) is a city in Syria, located in the Rif Dimashq (i.e. Damascus' countryside) governorate about 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of the capital Damascus. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Yabroud had a population of 25,891 in the 2004 census.[1]

Etymology

The name Yabroud is said to have originated from an Aramaic word meaning "cold"; the city rests upon the Qalamoun Mountains slopes (Anti-Lebanon) at a height of 1,550 m.

History

The city is known for its ancient caves, most notably the Iskafta cave (where, in 1930, a thirty-year-old German traveller and self-taught archeologist Alfred Rust made many important pre-historical findings),[2] which dates back to a period known as Jabroudian culture, named after Yabroud;[3] and the Yabroud temple, which was once Jupiter Yabroudis's temple but later became "Konstantin and Helena Cathedral". Yabroud is home of the oldest church in Syria.[4] The Natufian archeological site Yabroud III is named for the town of Yabroud.

Yabroud was mentioned in the pottery tablets of Mesopotamia in the 1st century B.C., and Ptolemy's writings in the 2nd century A.D.[5]

In 1838, its inhabitants were Sunni Muslim, Melkite Catholic and Greek Orthodox Christians.[6]

During the Syrian Civil War the city was the center of the Battle of Yabroud in March 2014.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. ^ Alfred Rust (1950). "Ancient Yabroud (Yabrud)".
  3. ^ Renfrew, Colin; Bahn, Paul (2014). The Cambridge World Prehistory. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107647756. "The transitional period between the Acheulian and Mousterian, named after the finds of Alfred Rust at the Yabrud I rock shelter".
  4. ^ "Syria: An attempt to live a normal life - BBC News". BBC News. 24 December 2012. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
  5. ^ "Yabroud city, historical and archaeological wealth". SANA. 19 November 2018.
  6. ^ Smith, in Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, 2nd appendix, p. 173
  7. ^ ""Vi funderade inte ens. Vi bara gjorde." | Journalisten".

Gallery

  • Iskafta cave
    Iskafta cave
  • Overview of Yabroud
    Overview of Yabroud

Bibliography

Coordinates: 33°58′N 36°40′E / 33.967°N 36.667°E / 33.967; 36.667