The NCAA was without a playoff for the major college football teams in the University Division, later known as Division I-A, during the 20th century. The NCAA recognizes Division I-A national champions based on the final results of polls including the "wire service" (AP and UPI), FWAA and NFF. The 1964 AP poll continued to rank only ten teams, compiling the votes of 55 sportswriters, each of whom would give their opinion of the ten best. Under a point system of 10 points for first place, 9 for second, etc., the "overall" ranking was determined.

The 1964 season ended with controversy as to whether Alabama or Arkansas should be recognized as the national champion:

After a one-year trial run in 1965, the AP Poll began its current practice of naming their national champion at the conclusion of the bowl games in 1968. The UPI Poll followed suit in 1974, after its choice for national champions in each of 1965, 1970, and 1973 lost their respective bowl games.

Conference and program changes

School 1963 Conference 1964 Conference
Abilene Christian Wildcats Independent Southland
Arkansas State Indians Independent Southland
Arlington State Mavericks Independent Southland
Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets Southeastern Independent
Lamar Tech Cardinals Independent Southland
Oregon Webfoots Independent AAWU
Oregon State Beavers Independent AAWU
Trinity (TX) Tigers Independent Southland

September

In the preseason poll released on September 14, Mississippi (Ole Miss) was ranked first and Oklahoma second. Big Ten rivals Illinois and Ohio State were ranked No. 3 and No. 5 respectively, while 1963 champion Texas was No. 4. On September 19, No. 1 Mississippi beat Memphis State 30–0 at home, while No. 2 Oklahoma beat Maryland 13–3 on the road at College Park. No. 4 Texas defeated Tulane 31–0 at home.

The following week (September 26), No. 1 Mississippi was upset 27–21 by a late Kentucky touchdown at Jackson. Ole Miss would finish just 5–5–1 after posting a 46–4–3 mark over the previous five years. In its first season after the retirement of longtime head coach Bud Wilkinson, No. 2 Oklahoma was crushed by the USC Trojans, 40–14, before a record home crowd. Neither Mississippi nor Oklahoma would return to the AP Poll at any point for the rest of the year. No. 3 Illinois beat California 20–14, and No. 4 Texas shut out Texas Tech 23–0. No. 5 Ohio State defeated SMU at home, 27–8. No. 6 Alabama beat Tulane 36–6. In the poll that followed, the Texas Longhorns were the new No. 1 and USC No. 2, followed by No. 3 Illinois, No. 4 Alabama, and No. 5 Ohio State.

October

On October 3, No. 1 Texas beat Army 17–6 at home. Meanwhile, No. 2 USC lost 17–7 at Michigan State and No. 3 Illinois won 17–6 over Northwestern. No. 4 Alabama beat Tulane in a neutral site game at Mobile, 36–6. No. 5 Ohio State beat Indiana at home, 17–9. Previously unranked Kentucky earned a spot in the next poll after beating No. 7 Auburn 20–0 in Birmingham for its second straight upset of a top-ten team. Two games, Duke at Tulane and Florida at LSU, were postponed until the end of the season due to the threat of Hurricane Hilda, which made landfall in Louisiana that day. The next top five: No. 1 Texas, No. 2 Illinois, No. 3 Alabama, No. 4 Ohio State, and No. 5 Kentucky.

Top-ranked Texas beat Oklahoma 28–7 at Dallas on October 10. Visiting No. 4 Ohio State shut out No. 2 Illinois 26–0, and No. 3 Alabama beat North Carolina State 21–0. No. 5 Kentucky, previously 3–0, was beaten 48–6 by Florida State, the start of a four-game losing streak en route to a 5–5 season. Two road wins moved teams into the top five. No. 6 Notre Dame, enjoying a resurgence under new coach Ara Parseghian, won 34–7 at Air Force and No. 8 Michigan won 17–10 at No. 9 Michigan State. The top 5 were No. 1 Texas, No. 2 Ohio State, No. 3 Alabama, No. 4 Notre Dame, and No. 5 Michigan.

On October 17, No. 8 Arkansas beat No. 1 Texas at Austin, 14–13, stopping a late two-point conversion attempt. No. 2 Ohio State beat the USC Trojans in Columbus, 17–0. No. 3 Alabama and No. 4 Notre Dame remained unbeaten, defeating Tennessee (19–8) and UCLA (24–0) respectively. No. 5 Michigan lost to Purdue 21–20. No. 6 Nebraska, which had beaten Kansas State 47–0 (and outscored its opponents 171–34 in five wins), moved into the top five. The rankings were No. 1 Ohio State, No. 2 Notre Dame, No. 3 Alabama, No. 4 Arkansas, and No. 5 Nebraska.

October 24 had No. 1 Ohio State over Wisconsin at home, 28–3. No. 2 Notre Dame beat Stanford 26–7, No. 3 Alabama beat No. 9 Florida 17–14. No. 4 Arkansas beat Wichita State 17–0, and No. 5 Nebraska beat Colorado 21–3. The top five remained unchanged.

October 31, No. 1 Ohio State edged Iowa 21–19 while No. 2 Notre Dame defeated Navy 40–0, causing the two teams to switch spots in the next poll. No. 3 Alabama (23–6 over Ole Miss), No. 4 Arkansas (17–0 over Texas A&M) and No. 5 Nebraska (9–0 over Missouri) remained unbeaten and received the same rankings.

November

November 7, No. 1 Notre Dame beat the Pitt Panthers at Pittsburgh 17–15. Meanwhile, No. 2 Ohio State suffered its first loss to unranked (3–4) Penn State, 27–0. No. 3 Alabama (17–9 over No. 8 LSU), No. 4 Arkansas (21–0 vs. Rice) and No. 5 Nebraska (14–7 over Kansas) stayed unbeaten. No. 6 Texas (7–1), whose lone loss had been to Arkansas, won 20–14 at Baylor. The next poll was No. 1 Notre Dame, No. 2 Alabama, No. 3 Arkansas, No. 4 Nebraska, and No. 5 Texas.

November 14, No. 1 Notre Dame defeated Michigan State 34–7, and No. 2 Alabama beat No. 10 Georgia Tech in Atlanta, 14–7, to stay unbeaten. Also unblemished were No. 3 Arkansas (44–0 over SMU) and No. 4 Nebraska (27–14 vs. Oklahoma State). With two weeks still to go in the regular season, all three of the preceding teams had clinched their conference championships (the SEC, SWC, and Big 8 respectively). No. 5 Texas won 28–13 over TCU. The poll remained unchanged.

November 21, No. 1 Notre Dame beat Iowa in South Bend, 28–0. No. 2 Alabama was idle. No. 3 Arkansas beat Texas Tech 17–0 to close its regular season with five straight shutouts and a 10–0 record. No. 4 Nebraska suffered its first loss at Oklahoma, 17–7. No. 5 Texas was idle. In a foreshadowing of future battles, No. 6 Michigan faced off against No. 7 Ohio State with the Big Ten title and a berth in the Rose Bowl on the line. The Wolverines blanked the Buckeyes 10–0 and earned the conference championship. In the November 23 AP poll, unbeaten Notre Dame, Alabama, and Arkansas were first, second, and third, followed by No. 4 Michigan and No. 5 Texas.

November 26–28: Thanksgiving Day saw No. 2 Alabama finish the regular season unbeaten (10–0) with a 21–14 win over Auburn in Birmingham. No. 5 Texas beat Texas A&M 26–7 to finish 10–1. On November 28 in Los Angeles, No. 1 Notre Dame led USC 17–0 at halftime but lost, 20–17. The Trojans shared the AAWU conference title with No. 8 Oregon State, and a controversial tiebreaker sent the Beavers to face Michigan in the Rose Bowl.[4] With only Alabama and Arkansas remaining unbeaten, both with records of 10–0, the final AP poll was taken on November 30. Alabama took over the top spot and recognition as the NCAA national champion. Arkansas was No. 2, Notre Dame dropped to No. 3, and Michigan and Texas stayed at No. 4 and No. 5.

Unusually, the SEC and Big 8 champions did not play in the Sugar and Orange Bowls this year. Alabama won the SEC championship, but a "no repeat rule" prevented them from playing in the Sugar Bowl for a second straight year; instead, runner-up LSU (ranked No. 7 by the AP) was matched against Syracuse. The Orange Bowl invited Alabama and Texas on November 21.[5] The Cotton Bowl had already set up a meeting between Big 8 winner Nebraska and Southwestern Conference champ Arkansas, in what the organizers hoped would be a meeting of undefeated teams; the arrangements were finalized before Nebraska lost to Oklahoma in their last game of the regular season.[6] Notre Dame, which was undefeated and the presumptive champion at the time the bowls were being set up, also lost its last game. (Notre Dame had a longstanding policy against playing in bowl games, which was not rescinded until the 1969 season.) Thus, the season ended with only two undefeated teams, but the early bowl commitments prevented the possibility of a No. 1 vs. No. 2 showdown.

Conference standings

1964 Athletic Association of Western Universities football standings
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
No. 8 Oregon State ^ + 3 1 0 8 3 0
No. 10 USC + 3 1 0 7 3 0
Washington 5 2 0 6 4 0
UCLA 2 2 0 4 6 0
Stanford 3 4 0 5 5 0
Oregon 1 2 1 7 2 1
Washington State 1 2 1 3 6 1
California 0 4 0 3 7 0
  • + – Conference co-champions
  • ^ – Rose Bowl representative determined by longest absence, due to no head-to-head result and 4–4 tie in member vote.
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Atlantic Coast Conference football standings
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
NC State $ 5 2 0 5 5 0
Duke 3 2 1 4 5 1
Maryland 4 3 0 5 5 0
North Carolina 4 3 0 5 5 0
Wake Forest 4 3 0 5 5 0
South Carolina 2 3 1 3 5 2
Clemson 2 4 0 3 7 0
Virginia 1 5 0 5 5 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll[7]
1964 Big Eight Conference football standings
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
No. 6 Nebraska $ 6 1 0 9 2 0
Oklahoma 5 1 1 6 4 1
Kansas 5 2 0 6 4 0
Missouri 4 2 1 6 3 1
Oklahoma State 3 4 0 4 6 0
Kansas State 3 4 0 3 7 0
Colorado 1 6 0 2 8 0
Iowa State 0 7 0 1 8 1
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Big Ten Conference football standings
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
No. 4 Michigan $ 6 1 0 9 1 0
No. 9 Ohio State 5 1 0 7 2 0
Purdue 5 2 0 6 3 0
Illinois 4 3 0 6 3 0
Minnesota 4 3 0 5 4 0
Michigan State 3 3 0 4 5 0
Northwestern 2 5 0 3 6 0
Wisconsin 2 5 0 3 6 0
Iowa 1 5 0 3 6 0
Indiana 1 5 0 2 7 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Ivy League football standings
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
Princeton $ 7 0 0 9 0 0
Harvard 5 2 0 6 3 0
Yale 4 2 1 6 2 1
Dartmouth 4 3 0 6 3 0
Cornell 3 4 0 3 5 1
Brown 3 4 0 5 4 0
Columbia 1 5 1 2 6 1
Penn 0 7 0 1 8 0
  • $ – Conference champion
1964 Mid-American Conference football standings
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
Bowling Green $ 5 1 0 9 1 0
Marshall 4 2 0 7 3 0
Miami 4 2 0 6 3 1
Ohio 3 2 1 5 4 1
Western Michigan 2 4 0 3 6 0
Kent State 1 4 1 3 5 1
Toledo 1 5 0 2 8 0
  • $ – Conference champion
1964 Middle Atlantic Conference football standings
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
University
Gettysburg x 5 1 0 7 2 0
Bucknell 4 1 0 7 2 0
Temple 4 1 0 7 2 0
Delaware 3 3 0 4 5 0
Lafayette 0 4 2 0 7 2
Hofstra 0 3 1 6 3 1
Lehigh 0 3 1 1 7 1
College–Northern
Wagner x 5 0 0 10 0 0
Albright 6 1 0 8 1 0
Juniata 3 3 0 4 4 0
Moravian 3 4 0 4 4 0
Upsala 2 4 0 3 5 0
Wilkes 1 5 0 1 6 0
Lycoming 1 5 0 1 7 0
Susquehanna * 2 0 0 7 2 0
College–Southern
Franklin & Marshall x 7 0 0 8 0 0
Drexel 4 1 0 7 2 0
Muhlenberg 5 3 0 5 4 0
Lebanon Valley 4 4 0 4 4 0
Pennsylvania Military 4 4 0 4 5 0
Swarthmore 3 3 0 3 4 0
Dickinson 4 5 0 4 5 0
Western Maryland 2 4 0 4 5 0
Johns Hopkins 2 4 0 2 6 0
Ursinus 2 5 0 2 6 0
Haverford 0 5 0 0 6 1
West Chester * 0 0 0 6 2 0
  • x – Division champion/co-champions
  • * – Ineligible for championship due to insufficient conference games
1964 Middle Three Conference football standings
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
Rutgers $ 2 0 0 6 3 0
Lehigh 0 1 1 1 7 1
Lafayette 0 1 1 0 7 2
  • $ – Conference champion
1964 Missouri Valley Conference football standings
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
Cincinnati $ 3 0 0 8 2 0
Tulsa 3 1 0 9 2 0
Wichita State 2 2 0 4 6 0
North Texas State 1 3 0 2 7 1
Louisville 0 3 0 1 9 0
  • $ – Conference champion
1964 Southeastern Conference football standings
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
No. 1 Alabama $ 8 0 0 10 1 0
Florida 4 2 0 7 3 0
No. 7 LSU 4 2 1 8 2 1
Georgia 3 2 0 7 3 1
Auburn 3 3 0 6 4 0
Kentucky 3 3 0 5 5 0
Ole Miss 2 4 1 5 5 1
Mississippi State 2 5 0 4 6 0
Vanderbilt 1 4 1 3 6 1
Tennessee 1 5 1 4 5 1
Tulane 1 4 0 3 7 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Southern Conference football standings
Conf Overall
Team   W   L     W   L  
West Virginia $   5 0     7 4  
VPI   3 1     6 4  
George Washington   3 2     5 4  
The Citadel   4 3     4 6  
William & Mary   4 3     4 6  
Richmond   2 4     3 7  
Davidson   1 3     3 6  
Furman   1 4     3 7  
VMI   1 4     1 9  
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Southwest Conference football standings
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
No. 2 Arkansas $ 7 0 0 11 0 0
No. 5 Texas 6 1 0 10 1 0
Baylor 4 3 0 5 5 0
Texas Tech 3 3 1 6 4 1
Rice 3 3 1 4 5 1
TCU 3 4 0 4 6 0
Texas A&M 1 6 0 1 9 0
SMU 0 7 0 1 9 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Western Athletic Conference football standings
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
New Mexico + 3 1 0 9 2 0
Utah + 3 1 0 9 2 0
Arizona + 3 1 0 6 3 1
Wyoming 2 2 0 6 2 2
Arizona State 0 2 0 8 2 0
BYU 0 4 0 3 6 1
  • + – Conference co-champions
1964 NCAA University Division independents football records
Conf Overall
Team W   L   T W   L   T
No. 3 Notre Dame     9 1 0
Florida State     9 1 1
Colgate     7 2 0
Georgia Tech     7 3 0
Syracuse     7 4 0
Villanova     6 2 0
Boston College     6 3 0
Southern Miss     6 3 0
New Mexico State     6 4 0
Penn State     6 4 0
Memphis State     5 4 0
Utah State     5 4 1
Holy Cross     5 5 0
Buffalo     4 4 1
Colorado State     5 6 0
Air Force     4 5 1
Miami (FL)     4 5 1
Xavier     4 5 1
Army     4 6 0
Idaho     4 6 0
West Texas State     4 6 0
San Jose State     4 6 0
Pittsburgh     3 5 2
Navy     3 6 1
Dayton     3 7 0
Detroit     3 7 0
Boston University     2 7 0
Houston     2 6 1
Texas Western     0 8 2
Rankings from AP Poll

Bowl games

Major bowls

Friday, January 1, 1965

Bowl
COTTON No. 2 Arkansas Razorbacks 10 No. 6 Nebraska Cornhuskers 7
SUGAR No. 7 LSU Tigers 10 No. 12 Syracuse Orangemen 7
ROSE No. 4 Michigan Wolverines 34 No. 8 Oregon State Beavers 7
ORANGE No. 5 Texas Longhorns 21 No. 1 Alabama Crimson Tide 17

Top-ranked Alabama, led by quarterback Joe Namath, fell to No. 5 Texas 21–17 in the Orange Bowl, the first night postseason bowl game. In the final minutes, down by four and facing 4th-and-goal at the Texas one-yard line, Namath's quarterback sneak was denied by the Longhorn defense. In the Cotton Bowl, quarterback Fred Marshall drove No. 2 Arkansas to a touchdown with 4:41 left to beat No. 6 Nebraska 10–7. Notable members of the 1964 Arkansas team include Jerry Jones, who would later become a billionaire as owner of the Dallas Cowboys of the NFL, and Jimmy Johnson, whom Jones would hire as coach of the Cowboys. No. 5 Michigan routed No. 8 Oregon State 34–7 in the Rose Bowl, while in the Sugar Bowl, No. 7 LSU beat unranked Syracuse 10–7 on a late field goal.

A five-member committee of the Football Writers Association of America awarded Arkansas the "Grantland Rice Trophy" as the No. 1 team in a poll taken after the bowl games. The Helms Athletic Foundation, which also took polls after the bowl games, named Arkansas as the national champions. Notre Dame was named as the National Football Foundation's national champion. In 1965, the AP's final poll came after the bowl games, but the policy did not become permanent until 1968. The Coaches' Poll adopted the same policy in 1974, after similar issues in 1970 and 1973. These selectors, including the AP Poll and the Coaches' Poll, were nationally syndicated in newspapers and magazines during the 1964 football season.[8]

Other bowls

BOWL Location Date Winner Score Runner-up
SUN El Paso, TX December 26 Georgia 7–0 Texas Tech
GATOR Jacksonville, FL January 2 Florida State 36–19 Oklahoma
BLUEBONNET Houston, TX December 19 Tulsa 14–7 Mississippi
LIBERTY Atlantic City, NJ December 19 Utah 32–6 West Virginia

Heisman Trophy

  1. John Huarte, QB - Notre Dame, 1,026 points
  2. Jerry Rhome, QB - Tulsa, 952
  3. Dick Butkus, C-LB - Illinois, 505
  4. Bob Timberlake, QB-K - Michigan, 361
  5. Jack Snow, WR - Notre Dame, 187
  6. Tucker Frederickson, FB - Auburn, 184
  7. Craig Morton, QB - California, 181
  8. Steve DeLong, NG - Tennessee, 176
  9. Cosmo Iacavazzi, RB - Princeton, 165
  10. Brian Piccolo, RB - Wake Forest, 124
  11. Joe Namath, QB - Alabama
  12. Gale Sayers, RB - Kansas
  13. Bob Berry, QB - Oregon
  14. Archie Roberts, QB - Columbia

Source:[9][10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-02. Retrieved 2009-01-06.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "WOOOOO, Pig! Razorbacks Win Grantland Trophy". The Longview Daily News. January 7, 1965. p. 9 – via Newspapers.com.
  3. ^ 2017 NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records (PDF). Indianapolis: The National Collegiate Athletic Association. July 2017. pp. 113–114. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
  4. ^ "Oregon State's last Rose Bowl appearance in 1965 still a bone of contention with old-time USC fans". 27 November 2009.
  5. ^ "Orange Bowl Wants Tide, Longhorns," Kingsport Times News November 22, 1964, pC-1
  6. ^ "Nebraska Agrees to Play Arkansas in Cotton Bowl," The Post Standard (Syracuse, NY) November 16, 1964, p17
  7. ^ "1964 Atlantic Coast Conference Year Summary". sports-reference.com. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
  8. ^ "National Poll Champions" (PDF). NCAA. p. 70. Retrieved 2011-07-29.
  9. ^ "Huarte wins Heisman gridiron trophy". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. November 25, 1964. p. 1, sec. 3.
  10. ^ "John Huarte". Heisman Trophy. 1964. Retrieved January 24, 2017.