Eastern Hemisphere at the beginning of the 8th century

The 8th century is the period from 701 (represented by the Roman numerals DCCI) through 800 (DCCC) in accordance with the Julian Calendar.

The coast of North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula quickly came under Islamic Arab domination. The westward expansion of the Umayyad Empire was famously halted at the siege of Constantinople by the Byzantine Empire and the Battle of Tours by the Franks. The tide of Arab conquest came to an end in the middle of the 8th century.[1]

In Europe, late in the century, the Vikings, seafaring peoples from Scandinavia, begin raiding the coasts of Europe and the Mediterranean, and go on to found several important kingdoms.

In Asia, the Pala Empire is founded in Bengal. The Tang dynasty reaches its pinnacle under Chinese Emperor Xuanzong. The Nara period begins in Japan.


A prisoner from Palenque in Toniná
An 8th-century Tang dynasty Chinese clay figurine of a Sogdian man (an Eastern Iranian person) wearing a distinctive cap and face veil, possibly a camel rider or even a Zoroastrian priest engaging in a ritual at a fire temple, since face veils were used to avoid contaminating the holy fire with breath or saliva; Museum of Oriental Art (Turin), Italy.[7]
Abbasid caliph al-Mansur was succeeded by his heir and son Al-Mahdi, on 6th October 775.

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

8th century silk fragment, central Asia


  1. ^ Roberts, J., History of the World, Penguin, 1994.
  2. ^ a b Roberts, J., History of the World, Penguin, 1994.
  3. ^ Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella (ed.). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
  4. ^ Azra, Azyumardi (2006). Islam in the Indonesian world: an account of institutional formation. Mizan Pustaka. ISBN 979-433-430-8.
  5. ^ Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 34–37. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  6. ^ a b Miksic (1997)
  7. ^ Lawrence, Lee (3 September 2011). "A Mysterious Stranger in China | Masterpiece by Lee Lawrence". WSJ. Retrieved 2023-02-16.
  8. ^ Miksic (2003)
  9. ^ Taylor (2003), p. 37.
  10. ^ Munoz, Paul Michel (2006). Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsula. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. p. 171. ISBN 981-4155-67-5.
  11. ^ Gibbon, Edward (1995). The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. New York: Random House. p. 1693.