UK-Motorway-A1 (M).svg
  A1(M)   A1
A1(M) motorway (Great Britain) map.svg

A1(M) highlighted over other motorways
Looking northwards at Washington Services as the A1(M) approaches Junction 65
Looking northwards at Washington Services as the A1(M) approaches Junction 65

A1(M) is the designation given to a series of four separate motorway sections in England. Each section is an upgrade to a section of the A1, a major north–south road which connects London, the capital of England, with Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. The first section, the Doncaster Bypass, opened in 1961 and is one of the oldest sections of motorway in Britain.[1] Construction of a new section of A1(M) between Leeming and Barton was completed on 29 March 2018, a year later than the anticipated opening in 2017 due to extensive archaeological excavations. Its completion linked the Barton to Washington section with the Darrington to Leeming Bar section, forming the longest A1(M) section overall and reducing the number of sections from five to four.

In 2015 a proposal was made by three local government organizations to renumber as M1 the section of A1(M) between Micklefield and Washington, making this section a northern extension of the M1.[2]

Overview

Most of the English section of the A1 is a series of alternating sections of primary route, dual carriageway and motorway. From Newcastle upon Tyne to Edinburgh it is a trunk road with alternating sections of dual and single carriageway. The table below summarises the road as motorway and non-motorway sections.[3] The non-motorway sections do not have junction numbers.

Road name Junctions Length Ceremonial counties Primary destinations
miles km
A1 16.58 26.68 London
Hertfordshire
London
Edgware,
Barnet, Borehamwood
A1(M) 1–10 24.14 38.84 Hertfordshire Hertford
Stevenage
A1 26.25 42.24 Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire
Cambridgeshire
Bedford,
Cambridge,
Huntingdon
A1(M) 13–17 12.84 20.66 Cambridgeshire Peterborough
A1 72.99 117.44 Cambridgeshire, Rutland
Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire
Stamford, Grantham
Newark on Trent
A1(M) 34–38 15.13 24.34 South Yorkshire Worksop, Blyth, Doncaster,
Rotherham, Barnsley
A1 7.51 12.08 South Yorkshire
West Yorkshire
Pontefract, Castleford,
Wakefield
A1(M) 40–65 93.27 150.10 West Yorkshire
North Yorkshire
County Durham
Tyne and Wear
Selby, Leeds, York, Wetherby, Harrogate,
Thirsk, Ripon, Catterick, Richmond, Scotch Corner,
Darlington, Teesside, Bishop Auckland, Durham,
Chester-le-Street, Stanley, Beamish,
Birtley, Washington (Sunderland), Gateshead
A1 128.29 206.42 Northumberland, Berwickshire
East Lothian, Edinburgh
Gateshead, Blaydon, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Cramlington,
Morpeth, Alnwick, Belford, Lindisfarne, Berwick-upon-Tweed,
Eyemouth, Dunbar, Haddington,
Tranent, Prestonpans, Musselburgh, Edinburgh
397.00 638.78

From London to Sunderland, 123.33 miles (198.48 km) of the route are non-motorway while the remaining 145.38 miles (233.97 km) are to motorway standards.

The motorway sections are discussed below.

South Mimms to Stotfold

A1(M) shield
A1(M) (J1–J10)
Route information
Part of E15
Maintained by National Highways
Length24 mi (39 km)
Existed1962–present
HistoryConstructed 1962–1986
Major junctions
North endSouth Mimms
Major intersections
Junction 1.svg
UK-Motorway-M25.svg
South endStotfold
Location
CountryUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
Primary
destinations
Hatfield, Welwyn Garden City, Stevenage, Hitchin, Letchworth
Road network
  A3(M)
The northern portal of the Hatfield Tunnel
The northern portal of the Hatfield Tunnel

This section opened in stages:

This article contains a bulleted list or table of intersections which should be presented in a properly formatted junction table. Please consult this guideline for information on how to create one. Please improve this article if you can. (December 2021)

Junctions

A1(M) motorway junctions
km Southbound exits (B carriageway) Junction Northbound exits (A carriageway)
Road continues as A1 to Central London J1
Services
M25
(M1)

Watford, Stansted Airport interchange, Potters Bar, South Mimms
Services

Non-motorway traffic
M25
(M1)
Heathrow Airport interchange, Watford, Stansted Airport interchange, Potters Bar
Barnet A1081
South Mimms services
Start of motorway
No Exit (Access slip road only) J2 Welham Green A1001
St Albans A414
Welham Green A1001
J3 St Albans A414
Hatfield A1001
Hatfield Tunnel Tunnel Hatfield Tunnel
Hertford A414
Hatfield A1001
Welwyn Garden City A6129
J4 Hertford A414
Welwyn Garden City A6129
No Access or Exit J5 No Exit (Access slip road only)
Welwyn Garden City, Welwyn A1000 J6 Welwyn A1000
Ware, Stevenage A602 J7 Stevenage A602
Hitchin
Stevenage (N) A602
J8 Hitchin
Stevenage (N) A602
Letchworth, Baldock A505 J9 Baldock, Letchworth A505
Start of motorway J10
Services
Stotfold, Shefford A507
Baldock services
Baldock, Stotfold A507
Baldock Services

Non-Motorway Traffic
Road continues as A1 to Alconbury

The NORTH, Peterborough A1

Alconbury to Peterborough

A1(M) shield
A1(M) (J14–J17)
Route information
Part of E15
Maintained by National Highways
Length13 mi (21 km)
Existed1998–present
HistoryConstructed 1998
Major junctions
North endOrton Southgate
South endAlconbury
Location
CountryUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
Primary
destinations
Peterborough
Road network
  A3(M)
A1(M) southbound at Sawtry.
A1(M) southbound at Sawtry.

This section runs through the Cambridgeshire countryside between Alconbury and Peterborough. It was officially opened by Lord Whitty on 31 October 1998, and is the most isolated of the motorway sections as it connects with no other motorway. It is designed to a noticeably high standard, eight miles of it being four lanes from Junction 14 at Alconbury to Junction 16 at Norman Cross in each direction whilst the remainder has three lanes in each direction. It is managed by Road Management Services (Peterborough) Ltd under a DBFO contract with National Highways.[4]

Junctions

Following the rerouting of the A14 road in 2019 at Brampton Hut interchange this section needs review.

A1(M) motorway junctions
km Southbound exits (B carriageway) Junction Northbound exits (A carriageway)
No Exit (Access slip road only)

Road continues as A1 to Stotfold


London (C & W) A1
J14 The Alconburys, The Stukeleys B1043
Non-motorway traffic
Huntingdon, St Ives (A 1307) Start of motorway

No Access to A14
Sawtry B1043 J15 Sawtry B1043
Ramsey (B660)
Yaxley A15
Stilton (B1043)
Ramsey (B660)
J16 Yaxley A15
Stilton (B1043)
Start of motorway J17
Services
Peterborough A1139
Wisbech (A47)
Northampton, Oundle A605
Peterborough services
Peterborough A1139
Wisbech (A47)
Northampton, Oundle A605
Peterborough services

Non-motorway traffic
Road continues as A1 to Doncaster

The NORTH, Stamford A1

Doncaster By-Pass (Blyth to Skellow)

A1(M) shield
A1(M) (J34–J38)
Route information
Part of
Tabliczka E15.svg
E15
Maintained by National Highways
Length15.2 mi (24.5 km)
Existed1961–present
HistoryConstructed 1961
Major junctions
North endRed House, near Skellow
Major intersections
Junction 35.svg
UK-Motorway-M18.svg
South endBlyth
Location
CountryUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
Primary
destinations
Doncaster, Wakefield, Rotherham, Barnsley
Road network
  A3(M)

This fifteen-mile section which runs from Skellow in South Yorkshire to the village of Blyth in the far north of Nottinghamshire first opened in 1961 and was one of the first sections of motorway to be built in Britain; it has two lanes in each direction. Between Junction 36 and 37 the motorway crosses the River Don on the Don Bridge.

Junctions

Data from driver location signs are used to provide distance and carriageway identifier information.[5]

A1(M) motorway junctions
km Southbound exits (B carriageway) Junction Northbound exits (A carriageway)
0.0 Road continues as A1 to Peterborough

The SOUTH, Newark A1
Nottingham (A614)
J34
Services
Bawtry A614
Doncaster Sheffield Airport interchange
Non-motorway traffic
Blyth services
Bawtry A614
Gainsborough (A631)
Doncaster Sheffield Airport interchange
Blyth services
Start of motorway
Entering Nottinghamshire Entering South Yorkshire
12.0 M18
Sheffield (M1)
Scunthorpe (M180)
Doncaster Sheffield Airport interchange
J35 Doncaster M18
Sheffield (M1)
Scunthorpe (M180)
Hull (M62)
14.9 Rotherham, Doncaster A630 J36 Rotherham, Doncaster A630
20.3 Doncaster, Barnsley A635 J37 Doncaster, Barnsley A635
24.4 Start of motorway J38 Wakefield A638
Doncaster, Wakefield A638
Non-motorway traffic
Road continues as A1 to Darrington

The NORTH A1
Leeds (M62)

Skellow to Darrington (proposed)

Proposals were made by a previous government to upgrade the Skellow to Darrington section of the A1 to motorway, meaning the entire stretch of A1 from Blyth in Nottinghamshire to Washington in Tyne and Wear would be motorway-standard road.[6]

Darrington to Washington

A1(M) shield
A1(M) (J40–J65)
Route information
Part of E15
Maintained by National Highways
Length93.8 mi (151.0 km)
Existed1965–present
HistoryConstructed 1965–2018
Major junctions
South endDarrington
Major intersections
Junction 41.svg
UK-Motorway-M62.svg

J41 → M62 motorway
Junction 43.svg
UK-Motorway-M1.svg

J43 → M1 motorway
Junction 57.svg
UK-Motorway-A66 (M).svg

J57 → A66(M) motorway
Junction 65.svg
UK-Motorway-A194 (M).svg

J65 → A194(M) motorway
North endBirtley
Location
CountryUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
Primary
destinations
Wetherby, Knaresborough, Ripon, Catterick, Scotch Corner, Darlington, Newton Aycliffe, Durham, Houghton le Spring, Chester-le-Street, Washington Road network
Road network
  A3(M)
Wetherby Services on the A1(M).
Wetherby Services on the A1(M).

This section opened in sections:

When this section opened it ended at a temporary terminus south of the M1. There was a final exit into Micklefield Village for non-motorway traffic onto what is now the access road. During the first week of June 2009, Junctions 44 and 45 were renumbered to 43 and 44. At the same time the existing A1/A659 Grange Moor junction became A1(M) Junction 45.[7] As a result many atlases show incorrect junction numbering for this stretch of motorway.
The northern section of the upgrade, bypassing Fairburn village, opened to traffic in April 2005 with a temporary connection with the existing A1 between Fairburn and Brotherton. The southern section, with a free-flow interchange with the M62 motorway, opened to traffic on 13 January 2006.
Work began in March 2009 to upgrade the Dishforth to Leeming section to dual 3-lane motorway standard with existing connections being replaced by two new junctions. The Dishforth to Baldersby Section (J49 to J50) was completed in October 2011[10] and the Baldersby to Leeming section (J50 to J51) was opened to traffic on 31 March 2012.
Work on upgrading the Leeming Bar to Barton section to three-lane motorway began in April 2014. Work was expected to be completed by summer 2017.[11] In early 2017, the Highways Agency announced that the full opening would be delayed until December 2017.[12] In the end, the motorway opened up on 29 March 2018, making the A1 continuous motorway standard from Darrington, West Yorkshire, to Washington, Tyne and Wear, though residual works were still to be completed.[13]

Junctions

Data from driver location signs are used to provide distance and carriageway identifier information.[5]

A1(M) motorway junctions
km Southbound exits (B carriageway) Junction Northbound exits (A carriageway)
36.5 Road continues as A1 to Doncaster

The SOUTH A1
Doncaster (A638)
J40 Hull (M62)
Pontefract A162 (A645)
Non-motorway traffic
Ferrybridge services
No access (on-ramp only) Start of motorway
41.1 Hull, Manchester M62
Ferrybridge services
J41 Manchester, Leeds M62
46.7 Leeds, Selby A63 J42 Leeds, Selby A63
London, Leeds M1
Manchester (M62)
J43 No access (on-ramp only)
55.3 York, Leeds (N) A64 J44 Leeds, York A64
57.2 Wetherby A168
Otley A659
J45 Wetherby A168
Otley A659
York, Wetherby B1224
Wetherby services
J46
Services
Wetherby, York B1224
Wetherby services
79.3 York, Knaresborough, Harrogate, Leeds/Bradford Airport interchange A59 J47 Knaresborough, Harrogate, Leeds/Bradford Airport interchange, York A59
86.3 Boroughbridge A6055 J48 Boroughbridge A6055
Ripon (B6265)
Dishforth A168
95.2 Thirsk A168
Teesside (A19)
J49 Thirsk A168
Teesside (A19)
102.8 Ripon, Thirsk A61 J50 Ripon, Thirsk A61
119.9 Northallerton, Leyburn A684
Bedale (B6285)
J51 Northallerton, Bedale A6055 (A684)
Catterick A6055 (A6136) J52 Catterick A6055 (A6136)
Richmond A6055 (A6108)
Penrith, Brough A66
Scotch Corner services
J53 Richmond A6055 (A6108)
Penrith, Brough A66
Scotch Corner services
Piercebridge B6275
Barton
J56 Piercebridge B6275
Barton
No access (on-ramp only) J57 Darlington, Teesside, Teesside Airport interchange A66(M)
Corbridge, Darlington A68 J58 Darlington, Bishop Auckland, Corbridge A68
Newton Aycliffe, Darlington A167 J59 Newton Aycliffe A167
Bishop Auckland, Hartlepool, Teesside A689 J60 Bishop Auckland, Hartlepool, Teesside A689
Spennymoor, Bishop Auckland A688
Peterlee A177
Durham services
J61
Services
Spennymoor A688
Peterlee A177
Durham services
Sunderland, Durham A690
Consett (A691)
J62 Sunderland, Durham A690
Consett (A691)
Chester-le-Street A167
Stanley A693
J63 Chester-le-Street A167
Stanley A693
Washington (S) A195 J64 Washington, Birtley A195
Washington services Services Washington services
Start of motorway J65 Tyne Tunnel, South Shields A194(M)
Sunderland, Washington A1231
Non-motorway traffic
Road continues as A1 to Edinburgh

Newcastle, Gateshead A1

References

  1. ^ "The Motorway Archive. Oldest, widest, longest, highest". ciht.org.uk. 2008. Archived from the original on 22 January 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  2. ^ "Renaming A1(m) to M1". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  3. ^ The table was drawn up by reading values from the AA Route Planner for the journey Bank of England, London to Waverley Station, Edinburgh via Wittering. Adjustments were made for sections of the route that were not part of the A1."Route planner". AA. Archived from the original on 31 January 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
  4. ^ "A1(M) Alconbury to Peterborough Design, Build, Finance and Operate (DBFO) contract". Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  5. ^ a b "Traffic England Live Traffic Condition Map". Locations extracted from Traffic Camera Popup identifier text. Highways Agency. p. 1. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
  6. ^ "Road investment strategy: north east and Yorkshire, 1 December 2014".
  7. ^ "A1(M) Bramham to Wetherby". Highways Authority. Archived from the original on 27 June 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
  8. ^ "A1(M) Wetherby to Walshford". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 30 August 2008. Retrieved 6 August 2008.
  9. ^ "A1(M) Bramham to Wetherby". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved 6 August 2008.
  10. ^ "A1 Dishforth to Leeming Improvement Scheme (A1 Dishforth to Barton) Progress to Date". Archived from the original on 1 July 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
  11. ^ "A1 Leeming to Barton Improvement". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 30 April 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  12. ^ Copeland, Alexa (14 April 2017). "Further six months of roadworks". Darlington & Stockton Times. No. 2017–15. p. 13. ISSN 2040-3933.
  13. ^ "Hitting the open road". The Northern Echo. 30 March 2018. p. 1. ISSN 2043-0442.

Route map:

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