Algerian Space Agency
(in French) Agence spatiale algérienne
(in Arabic) الوكالة الفضائية الجزائرية
(in Berber languages) Tafullut Tadzayrit n Tallunt
Algerian Space Agency.jpg
ASAL's seal.
ASAL overview
FormedJanuary 16, 2002; 20 years ago (2002-01-16)
Headquarters14 rue Omar Aissaoui
El Hammadia, Bouzareah
Algiers
Coordinates: 36°47′24″N 3°1′4″E / 36.79000°N 3.01778°E / 36.79000; 3.01778
ASAL executive
  • Azzedine Oussedik
Websitewww.asal.dz
Standard Arabic
Abjadالوكالة الفضائية الجزائرية
RomanizationAl-Wakāla al-Faḍā’iyya al-Jazā’iriyya
Tamazight
Tifinaghⵜⴰⴼⵓⵍⵍⵓⵜ ⵜⴰⴷⵣⴰⵢⵔⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵜⴰⵍⵍⵓⵏⵜ
LatinTafullut Tadzayrit n Tallunt
French
FrenchAgence spatiale algérienne

The Algerian Space Agency (ASAL; French: Agence spatiale algérienne, Arabic: الوكالة الفضائية الجزائرية, romanizedAl-Wakāla al-Faḍā’iyya al-Jazā’iriyya), was established on January 16, 2002 (2002-01-16) in Bouzareah, Algiers. The agency is in charge of the Algerian space program, and has flown five different satellites.

Objectives

The Algerian Space Agency wants to:[1]

Composition

The Algerian Space Agency consists of a central structure and four operational entities: Center of Space Techniques, Space Applications Center, Satellite Development Center, and Telecommunications Systems Operating Center.[2]

International cooperation

In order to achieve the objectives set out under the National Space Program, the Algerian Space Agency has carried out bilateral and multilateral cooperation actions with space forces on the one hand and emerging countries on the other And developing countries.

Bilateral cooperation

Regarding bilateral cooperation, the Algerian Space Agency signed:[3]

Multilateral cooperation

Concerning multilateral cooperation, the Algerian Space Agency has undertaken the following actions:[5]

Under the United Nations

Since the accession of Algeria to the Committee on the Pacific Uses of the Outer Space (COPUOS) of the Nations in 2002, Algeria has ratified three agreements, namely the Atmospheric Space Treaty, the Space Liability Convention and the Registration Convention.

As such, the Algerian space agency actively participates regularly in the activities initiated by the United Nations Office of Space Affairs, notably through:[5]

Climate Change and Adaptation in Africa - The Role of Space Technologies in October 2007.

The Algerian Space Agency also participates, on behalf of Algeria, in the various subsidiary organs of the United Nations, including the Board of Directors of the African Regional Center for Science Technologies in the Space of Nations (CRASTE).[5]

It is in this capacity that the agency was designated for the organization of the 5th session of the Board of Directors of the Center held on 26 June 2012 in Algiers.[5]

In the African context

Algeria, represented by the Algerian space agency, is invited to all conferences and debates around the use of space technologies for sustainable development. It is as the agency:[5]

Algeria, South Africa and Nigeria initiated in 2004, on the sidelines of the work of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) in Vienna, a constellation of satellite observation satellites (ARMC), which culminated in the signing of the ARMC agreement between Algeria, South Africa, Kenya and Nigeria, on 7 December 2009 in Algiers.[5]

This constellation project aims to contribute to the knowledge and the rational management of the resources essential to the consolidation of the process of development and the fight against poverty initiated through the NEPAD through the daily coverage in images and the provision of services at a lower cost In a very short time.[5]

In the framework of the Arab league

At the initiative of Algeria, a project for the construction of an Earth Observation Satellite (ASEO) was approved at the 17th Summit of Arab Heads of State held in Algiers in March 2005. Since its launch, this project has been the subject of several stages of discussions and validation as well technical as political and institutional.[5]

National Space Program

Main article: National Space Program (Algeria)

Adopted by the Algerian Government on November 28, 2006 and spanning 15 years (2006–2020), with a review every 5 years, the National Space Program (NSP) is the reference instrument for space policy: it is an instrument for the government support for sustainable development and strengthening of national sovereignty.[6]

NSP Application Action Program

Eighty-six (86) projects were selected. They mainly use the use of satellite remote sensing, satellite positioning (GPS, Glonas, Galileo in perspective), space telecommunications services, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS), offering to different national sectors Powerful tools for decision-making. These projects are based on: national competences; space systems, national and international image providers and operational entities within the Algerian Space Agency.[6]

Satellites

Alsat-1 is the first of a series of 05 microsatellite launched under the DMC (Disaster Monitoring Constellation) for the time period of 2002-2005. The objective of the mission is to provide medium resolution multispectral images for monitoring natural disasters as well as other thematic remote sensing applications.[7]

Alsat-1B is a satellite designed for agricultural and disaster monitoring. It was launched on the Indian ISRO PSLV-C35 mission on Monday, September 26, 2016.[8]

Alsat-2A was successfully launched from the Sriharikota site near Chennai (South-East of India) on 12 July 2010, as an Algerian Earth observation satellite . Since its launch, Alsat-2A has provided nearly 30,000 images.[9]

Alsat-2B is similar to Alsat-2A, but integrated in Algeria within the small satellite development center (UDPS) in Oran.[10]

Alsat-1N contains amateur radio payloads and was launched on the Indian ISRO PSLV-C35 mission at 0342 GMT on Monday, September 26, 2016.[11]

Alcomsat-1 : is the first Algerian communication satellite, it was successfully launched Sunday afternoon, carried by Chinese launcher Long March 3B, from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mission". ASAL (in French). Archived from the original on September 23, 2019. Retrieved August 1, 2022.
  2. ^ "Entités opérationnelles". ASAL (in French). Archived from the original on September 23, 2019.
  3. ^ "Bilatérale". ASAL (in French). Archived from the original on September 23, 2019.
  4. ^ "Accord entre l'Agence spatiale algérienne et la compagnie Wisscom Aerospace du chercheur Abdou Attou". HuffPost Algeria (in French). April 19, 2018. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Multilatérale". ASAL (in French). Archived from the original on September 23, 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Programme Spatial National (PSN)". ASAL (in French). Archived from the original on September 23, 2019.
  7. ^ Wolstenholme, Robin (26 August 2010). "Algeria's first satellite mission completed". SSTL space blog.
  8. ^ "AlSat-1B". Spaceflight101.com. Retrieved 2016-10-30.
  9. ^ "Alsat-2A second observation satellite earth of the National Space Program -Horizon 2020 (NSP)". Agence Spatiale Algrienne (in French). Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  10. ^ "AlSat-2B". Spaceflight101.com. Retrieved November 1, 2016.
  11. ^ "AlSAT-1N" (PDF). Retrieved November 1, 2016.
  12. ^ "Chinese Long March 3B lofts Alcomsat-1 for Algeria". Retrieved December 10, 2017.