.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Chinese. (June 2020) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 796 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Chinese Wikipedia article at [[:zh:中国运载火箭技术研究院]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|zh|中国运载火箭技术研究院)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology
Native name
FoundedNovember 16, 1957; 65 years ago (1957-11-16)[1]
Key people
  • Wang Xiaojun
    (President and Deputy Secretary)
  • Li Minghua
    (Secretary and Vice President)[2]
ServicesOrbital rocket launch
Total assetsIncrease ¥103.795 billion RMB (2020)[3]
Number of employees
33,000[3] (May 2020)
Parent CASC
China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology
Simplified Chinese中国运载火箭技术研究院
Traditional Chinese中國運載火箭技術研究院

The China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT) is a major state-owned civilian and military space launch vehicle manufacturer in China and one of the major launch service providers in the world. CALT is a subsidiary of the larger China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). It was established in 1957 by Dr. Xue-Sen Qian and is headquartered in Fengtai District, Beijing.[4]

Its major contribution to China's civilian and military launch capability has been the manufacture of the Long March family of rockets.[5][6] CALT has 31,600 employees[7] and at least 13 research facilities.[8] The current Chief Designer is Long Lehao (龙乐豪).[9]

CALT is also planning two spaceplanes. They would both be single-stage to space sub-orbital rocketplanes. One would be a 10-ton 4-passenger plane that would fly to 100 km at Mach 6. The other would be a 100-ton 20-passenger plane that would fly to 130 km at Mach 8. They would be equipped with liquid methane/liquid oxygen rocket engines. The larger spaceplane would also be able to carry a strap-on space rocket, making it function as the first stage of a two-stage to orbit space launch platform. That rocket would launch above the Karman line, and lift 1–2 tons to LEO.[10]

U.S. sanctions

Further information: United States sanctions against China

In August 2020, the United States Department of Defense released the names of “Communist Chinese military companies” operating directly or indirectly in the United States. CALT was included on the list.[6][11]

In November 2020, U.S. President Donald Trump issued an executive order prohibiting U.S. companies and individuals owning shares in companies, including CALT, that the U.S. Department of Defense has listed as having links to the People's Liberation Army.[12][13]



  1. ^ "California Business Search (C2414622 - Space Exploration Technologies Corp)". California Secretary of State. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
  2. ^ "Leadership Team - China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology". CALT Official Website. CALT. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  3. ^ a b "About US - Chinese Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology". www.calt.com. CALT. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  4. ^ "Chinese Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology - CALT 1st Academy - China Nuclear Forces". fas.org. Retrieved 2021-06-18.
  5. ^ Clark, Stephen. "China launches three military satellites, tests new rocket steering fins". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 2020-08-29.
  6. ^ a b "DOD Releases List of Additional Companies, in Accordance with Section 1237 of FY19 NDAA". U.S. Department of Defense. August 28, 2020. Archived from the original on 30 August 2020. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  7. ^ "About Us". CALT.com. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Chinese Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology – CALT". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 19 August 2005.
  9. ^ Lin, Jeffrey; Singer, P.W. (July 19, 2018). "China's super-sized space plans may involve help from Russia". Popular Science. Archived from the original on July 20, 2018. With this size and lift, China's Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT) Chief Designer Long Lehao announced that the Long March 9 will be capable of lifting 140 metric tons to low Earth orbit (LEO), 50 tons to Earth-Moon transfer orbit, and 44 tons to Earth-Mars transfer orbit (140 tons is right between the projected lifts of NASA's Space Launch System (130 tons) and SpaceX's 150 ton BFR).
  10. ^ Jeffrey Lin (7 October 2016). "China's Private Space Industry Prepares To Compete With SpaceX And Blue Origin". Popular Science.
  11. ^ "Qualifying Entities Prepared in Response to Section 1237 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (PUBLIC LAW 105–261)" (PDF). U.S. Department of Defense. August 28, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 August 2020. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  12. ^ Chen, Shawna (November 12, 2020). "Trump bans Americans from investing in 31 companies with links to Chinese military". Axios. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
  13. ^ Pamuk, Humeyra; Alper, Alexandra; Ali, Idrees (2020-11-12). "Trump bans U.S. investments in firms linked to Chinese military". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-11-12.