Shenzhou 14
Shenzhou 14 roll out.jpg
Roll out of Shenzhou 14
Mission typeTiangong Space Station crew transport
COSPAR ID2022-060A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.52797
Mission duration180 days (planned)
49 days, 22 hours and 20 minutes (elapsed)
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftShenzhou 14
Spacecraft typeShenzhou
ManufacturerChina Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
Crew
Crew size3
MembersChen Dong
Liu Yang
Cai Xuzhe
Start of mission
Launch date5 June 2022, 02:44:10 UTC[1]
RocketLong March 2F
Launch siteJiuquan, LA-4/SLS
ContractorChina Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology
End of mission
Landing dateDecember 2022 (planned)[2]
Landing siteInner Mongolia, China
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Inclination41.5°
Docking with Tiangong Space Station
Docking portTianhe Nadir
Docking date5 June 2022, 09:42 UTC
Time docked49 days, 15 hours and 22 minutes
Shenzhou 14 insignia.png

Shenzhou 14 mission patch
神舟十四号航天员 Shenzhou 14 crew.jpg

Cai Xuzhe, Chen Dong and Liu Yang 

Shenzhou 14 (Chinese: 神舟十四号; pinyin: Shénzhōu Shísì-hào; lit. 'Divine Boat Number 14') is a Chinese spaceflight that launched on 5 June 2022 at 02:44 UTC. The flight marks the ninth crewed Chinese spaceflight and the fourteenth flight of the Shenzhou program. The spacecraft carries three People's Liberation Army Astronaut Corps (PLAAC) taikonauts on the third flight to the Tianhe core module, the first module of the Tiangong space station.[3] The launch of the three-person crew with a Long March-2F launch vehicle took place from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center.

Background

The spaceflight is the second of the upcoming missions set to last six months (180 days).[4] After that, the six-month stay aboard the space station will become the normal duration of the astronaut crew in orbit.[5] The flight marks the third of four crewed missions scheduled to dock with the Tiangong space station by the end of construction in 2022.[6]

Mission

The mission is visiting the Tianhe core module following the launch and docking of Tianzhou 4, the third resupply mission to the station. The crew are expected to assist with the assembly of the Wentian and Mengtian laboratories, which are scheduled to arrive at Tiangong in July and October respectively.[7] The Shenzhou 15 crew is scheduled to arrive 10 days before Shenzhou 14 departs, which means that the Shenzhou 14 mission marks the beginning of keeping the station permanently inhabited.[8]

The crew saluted while entering the Tianhe core module later on 5 June 2022, at 12:50 UTC as the third expedition to the Tiangong space station.

At least three spacewalks are planned to occur during the crew's approximately six-month stay in orbit. Shenzhou 15 will be on standby for any possible rescue mission.[9]

Spacecraft

Diagram of a Shenzhou spacecraft
Diagram of a Shenzhou spacecraft

Shenzhou 14 spacecraft is based heavily on Soyuz MS technology. Shenzhou was approved in 1992 as part of the Chinese space program Project 921, and has a design similar to the Russian Soyuz spacecraft.[citation needed]

In the front of the spacecraft, there is the orbital module which contains an androgynous docking ring based on APAS technology, which is used to dock to the Tianhe core module. In the middle is the reentry module containing the crew which is a scaled-up version of the Soyuz descent module. The rear of the spacecraft is the service module which is equipped with engines, fuel tanks, and solar panels.[10]

Crew

The crew was publicly announced in a press conference on 4 June 2022. Each crew member saluted when introduced, as is required by all taikonauts. [11]

Senior Colonel Chen Dong is a veteran of Shenzhou 11. Senior Colonel Liu Yang previously flew on Shenzhou 9, becoming the first Chinese woman in space. Senior Colonel Cai Xuzhe makes his first flight to space. By the time Shenzhou 14 completes the 180-day mission, Chen will have spent about 213 days in space, setting a new record for a Chinese astronaut.

Position[12] Crew member
Commander China Chen Dong, PLAAC
Second spaceflight
Operator China Liu Yang, PLAAC
Second spaceflight
System Operator China Cai Xuzhe, PLAAC
First spaceflight

See also

References

  1. ^ China Spaceflight [@CNSpaceflight] (6 April 2022). "Shenzhou 14 to be launched by Long March 2F Y14 on June.05 2022" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  2. ^ "长征二号F • 神舟十四号载人飞船(2022年待定) | 航天爱好者网". Archived from the original on 2021-08-04. Retrieved 2021-10-18.
  3. ^ Barbosa, Rui C. (1 March 2021). "China preparing to build Tiangong station in 2021, complete by 2022". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  4. ^ "中国航天进入空间站建造关键时期——访中国载人航天工程办公室主任郝淳". xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  5. ^ "空间站建造后续有四次载人飞行,航天员每次在轨驻留3至6个月". thepaper.cn. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  6. ^ Barbosa, Rui C. (1 March 2021). "China preparing to build Tiangong station in 2021, complete by 2022". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  7. ^ "www.spaceflightfans.cn/event/cz-5b_mt". spaceflightfans.cn. Retrieved 2021-10-18.
  8. ^ "China reveals missions of Shenzhou-14, Shenzhou-15 space crews". 19 April 2022.
  9. ^ "China's next crewed spacecraft is ready for potential space station rescue mission". Space.com. Retrieved 8 June 2022.
  10. ^ "China's Shenzhou 13 crew docks with space station for 6-month stay". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Nation's latest space launch set for Sunday". RTHK. Reuters. 4 June 2022. Retrieved 4 June 2022.
  12. ^ "Shenzhou 14".