The Nour satellite (also spelled Noor, Persian: ماهواره نور, lit. 'Light') callsign "NOUR 02" or "NOOR 02", is an Iranian military satellite, which was launched to orbit on 8 March 2022.[1] The Nour 2 satellite was lifted into space by the three-stage launcher Qased, or "Messenger". The satellite was placed into orbit at an altitude of 500 km.[2] Before, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Aerospace Force (IRGCASF) launched Nour 1 satellite to space on 22 April 2020 by the three-stage launcher Qased.[3] The Nour 1 had reached an orbit of 425 kilometers above the surface of the Earth.[4]

Satellite launch

On 8 March 2022, the Nour 2 satellite, callsign "NOUR 02" or "NOOR 02", the Iranian military satellite, was launched to orbit by IRGCASF.[1] The Nour 2 satellite was lifted into space from the Shahroud spaceport by the three-stage launcher Qased, or "Messenger" which utilizes a combination of liquid and solid fuels.[5] Before, on 22 April 2020, the IRGCASF launched Nour 1 satellite to space by the three-stage launcher Qased. The Nour 1 had reached an orbit of 425 kilometers above the surface of the Earth.[6]


The Reconnaissance satellite orbits the Earth once every 90 minutes, its mission will last three years.[7]

On 10 May 2022, Iranian Minister of Communication and Information Technology, Issa Zarepour posted on his Instagram several images displaying the flat views of lands of Marvdasht in Fars Province and Khormoj in Bushehr Province in Southern Iran and a low-resolution, true-color, overhead image of the U.S. Navy's Fifth Fleet Base in Bahrain taken by the Noor-2 satellite.[8] The minister's account was banned from Instagram hours later.

Noor-class Satellites
English Name Persian Name Launch Date Altitude COSPAR Operational Status
Noor-1 ماهواره نور ۱ 22 April 2020 425 km 2020-024A[9] Non-operational, decayed from orbit on 13 April 2022
Noor-2 ماهواره نور ۲ 13 April 2022 500 km 2022-024A[9] Operational

Launch reactions

The attempts to launch were criticized by the United States, Germany and France.[7]

The U.S. claimed Iran will could use the same long-range ballistic technology to Intercontinental ballistic missile, launching more long-range weapons, including nuclear warheads.Iran rejected the claim by the US and described the purpose of launching satellites and missiles as civilian and defensive.[7][1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Iran puts second military satellite into orbit". Reuters. 8 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Report: Iran's Revolutionary Guard launches second satellite". Al Jazeera. 8 March 2022.
  3. ^ Global News (22 April 2020). "Iran's Revolutionary Guards say it launched country's first military satellite into orbit". Corus.
  4. ^ "Iran Says It Launched a Military Satellite Into Orbit". The New York Times. 22 April 2022.
  5. ^ "Iranian State Media Claims Second Military Satellite in Orbit". Voice of America. 8 March 2022.
  6. ^ "NOUR 01". 13 April 2022. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  7. ^ a b c "Iran says puts new military satellite in orbit". Al-Monitor. 8 March 2022.
  8. ^ Norman, Greg (11 May 2022). "Iranian-made satellite photographs US Fifth Fleet headquarters in Bahrain". Fox News. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  9. ^ a b "Noor 1, 2". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 13 May 2022.