2023 in spaceflight
BFR at stage separation-2018 design.jpg
SpaceX's Starship is scheduled to conduct a crewed lunar flyby in 2023 at the earliest.

This article documents expected notable spaceflight events during the year 2023.

Overview

SpaceX plans to conduct a crewed lunar flyby with Yusaku Maezawa using the Starship, a crewed spacecraft being developed with partial funding from Maezawa.[1] The flight, dubbed the dearMoon project, will include six to eight artists invited as passengers.

The European Space Agency (ESA) plans to launch the Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE) spacecraft, which will explore Jupiter and its large ice-covered moons, following an eight-year transit.[2] ESA also plans to conduct an orbital test flight of the Space Rider uncrewed spaceplane.[3]

Blue Origin plans to launch its first orbital-class launch vehicle, New Glenn, which features a reusable first stage.[4]

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

10 January[5][6] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-27 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
29 January[5] India GSLV Mk II India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
United States India NISAR[7] NASA / ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
January (TBD)[9] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Intelsat 40e / TEMPO Intelsat / NASA Geosynchronous Communications / Atmospheric pollution monitoring  
Intelsat 40e will host TEMPO, the first payload developed under NASA's Earth Venture Instrument program.[8]
January (TBD)[12] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Vandenberg United States SpaceX
United States Orbiter SN2[13] Launcher Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United States Vigoride[14] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United States DemoSat[15][16] CACI Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States OSAM-2 (Archinaut One)[17] Made In Space Low Earth (SSO) Space manufacturing
Technology demonstration
 
United States Varda 1 Photon[18][19] Varda Space Industries Low Earth (SSO) Space manufacturing  
United Kingdom TBA[20] Satellite Vu Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States AstroForge[21] AstroForge Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit, designated Transporter-7. The On-Orbit Servicing, Assembly and Manufacturing Mission 2 (OSAM-2), formerly known as Archinaut One, is scheduled to launch in early 2023.[10][11]
January (TBD)[22][23] South Korea Nuri (KSLV-II) South Korea Naro LC-2 South Korea KARI
South Korea NEXTSat-2[24] KAIST Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Third planned launch of Nuri.

February[edit]

February (TBD)[6] United States Antares 230+ United States MARS LP-0A United States Northrop Grumman
United States Cygnus NG-19 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
February (TBD)[26][27] United States Vulcan Centaur VC4L[28] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States SNC Demo-1 NASA / SNC Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
First Dream Chaser cargo mission for CRS-2.[25]

March[edit]

March (TBD)[29][30] United States Atlas V N22 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Boeing Starliner-1 (PCM-1)[31] Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Expedition TBA  
First operational Starliner mission, as part of the Commercial Crew Program.
March (TBD)[32] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX Crew-6 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 68/69  
Sixth operational Crew Dragon mission to the ISS.
March (TBD)[33] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States WorldView Legion 5 Maxar Technologies Low Earth Earth observation  
United States WorldView Legion 6 Maxar Technologies Low Earth Earth observation  
March (TBD)[34][35] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
Singapore TeLEOS-2[36] AgilSpace Low Earth Earth observation  
March (TBD)[37] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-24 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 68/69  
Late March[38][39] United States Atlas V 551 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States ViaSat-3 EMEA[40] ViaSat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q1 (TBD)[41] China Darwin-1 China TBA China Rocket Pi
China Rocket Pi Low Earth (SSO) Flight test  
Maiden flight of Rocket Pi's Darwin-1 reusable launch vehicle.
Q1 (TBD)[42] United States Daytona United States Vandenberg SLC-5 United States Phantom Space
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Phantom Space's Daytona launch vehicle.
Q1 (TBD)[43][44] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Vandenberg United States SpaceX
Norway United Kingdom ASBM 1 (GX 10A) Norwegian Ministry of Defence / Inmarsat Highly elliptical Communications  
Norway United Kingdom ASBM 2 (GX 10B) Norwegian Ministry of Defence / Inmarsat Highly elliptical Communications  
Q1 (TBD)[47][48] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Ax-2 SpaceX / Axiom Space Low Earth (ISS) Space tourism  
Axiom Mission 2, launching on Crew Dragon.[45] 10-day commercial flight of four (one professional and three private) astronauts to the International Space Station. One crew member will be selected through the Discovery Channel reality television series Who Wants to Be an Astronaut.[46]
Q1 (TBD)[49] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States SpaceX
United Kingdom Inmarsat-6 F2 (GX 6B)[50] Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q1 (TBD)[52][53] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Transport Layer Tranche 0 × 10 SDA Low Earth (SSO) Military communications  
United States Tracking Layer Tranche 0 × 4 SDA Low Earth (SSO) Military communications  
Second of two launches for the Space Development Agency's Tranche 0 Transport and Tracking Layer.[51]
Q1 (TBD)[54] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States SpaceX
Turkey Türksat 6A Türksat Geosynchronous Communications  
First domestically produced Turkish communications satellite.
Q1 (TBD)[55] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States USSF-36 U.S. Space Force TBA Reconnaissance  
Q1 (TBD)[56] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Jupiter-3 (EchoStar-24)[57] EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications  
Q1 (TBD)[58] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India Gaganyaan 1 ISRO Low Earth Flight test  
First Gaganyaan flight test.
Q1 (TBD)[59][60] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United States HYPERSAT 1[61] HyperSat Low Earth Earth observation  
First of six launches contracted to Virgin Orbit for HyperSat's hyperspectral satellite constellation.
Q1 (TBD)[62] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
Japan QPS-SAR-5 iQPS Low Earth Earth observation  
Q1 (TBD)[63] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, TBA United States Virgin Orbit
United States IoT satellites × 2 Virgin Orbit Low Earth IoT  
United States Imagery satellites × 2 Virgin Orbit Low Earth Earth observation  
First launch for Virgin Orbit's IoT and imagery satellite constellation.
Q1 (TBD)[64][65] China Long March 7 China Wenchang LC-2 China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
Q1 (TBD)[66] China Pallas-1 China TBA China Galactic Energy
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Pallas-1.
Q1 (TBD)[67][68] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
France United Kingdom MicroCarb[69] CNES / UKSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q1 (TBD)[70][71] United States Vulcan Centaur United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States USSF-106 U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Reconnaissance  
United States NTS-3[72] AFRL Geosynchronous Navigation technology demonstration  
Q1 (TBD)[73][74] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States Carbon Mapper × 2 Carbon Mapper / Planet Labs / JPL Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q1 (TBD)[75][76] TBA TBA TBA
Canada Skylark × 3 NorthStar Low Earth (SSO) Space situational awareness  

April[edit]

5 April[2] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Europe Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE) ESA Jovicentric Exploration of Jupiter
Ganymede orbiter
 
The spacecraft will embark on an 8-year journey including four gravity assist maneuvers at the Moon, Earth, and Venus. Final Ariane 5 launch.
April (TBD)[12] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Vandenberg United States SpaceX
Australia Optimus-2[77] Space Machines Company Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United States Orbiter SN3[13] Launcher Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United States Vigoride[14][78] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United States Droid.001[79] Turion Space Low Earth (SSO) Space debris monitoring  
United States TBA[78] TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit, designated Transporter-8.
April (TBD)[80] China Long March 7 China Wenchang LC-2 China CASC
China Tianzhou 6 CMSA Low Earth (TSS) Space logistics  
China Jinling (Bayi-08) Nanjing Institute of Mechatronic Technology Low Earth Education  
Cargo flight to the Tiangong space station.

May[edit]

May (TBD)[82][83] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States Photon relay satellite Rocket Lab Heliocentric to Venus Venus flyby  
United States Venus Life Finder probe[84] MIT / Rocket Lab Heliocentric to Venus Venus entry probe  
The Venus Life Finder atmospheric-entry probe will search for phosphine and other potential biosignatures for life on Venus.[81]
May (TBD)[85] TBA TBA TBA
Poland ScopeSat × 8[86] SatRevolution Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
SatRevolution-NCRD project,[85] comprising eight satellites in SatRevolution's Real-time Earth-observation Constellation (REC).[86]

June[edit]

5 June[5] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-28 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
June (TBD)[37] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-25 Roscosmos / Space Adventures Low Earth (ISS) Space tourism  
Dedicated commercial flight to the ISS.[87]
Q2 (TBD)[88] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
France Kinéis × 5 Kinéis Low Earth IoT  
First of five dedicated launches for Kinéis' IoT satellite constellation.
Q2 (TBD)[64][65] China Long March 2C China TBA China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
Q2 (TBD)[89][90] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia GK Launch Services
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
GK Launch Services rideshare mission, designated SOYUZ ASAP-S #1.
Q2 (TBD)[55] United States Vulcan Centaur United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States USSF-112 U.S. Space Force TBA Reconnaissance  
H1 2023 (TBD)[91][a] Europe Ariane 5 ECA[92] France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Europe Eutelsat Konnect VHTS[b] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
H1 2023 (TBD)[93] China Jielong 3 Y4 China Launch Platform, Yellow Sea China China Rocket
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
H1 2023 (TBD)[93] China Jielong 3 Y5 China Launch Platform, Yellow Sea China China Rocket
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
H1 2023 (TBD)[94] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Europe Sentinel-1C[95] ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Third Sentinel-1 satellite.
Mid 2023 (TBD)[96] China Gravity-1 China Sea launch platform China Orienspace
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of the Gravity-1 orbital launch vehicle.
Mid 2023 (TBD)[97] China Long March 2C China Xichang China CASC
China France SVOM CNSA / CNES Low Earth Gamma-ray astronomy  
Mid 2023 (TBD)[98] China Long March TBA China Xichang[99] China CASC
China Einstein Probe CAS Low Earth X-ray astronomy  

July[edit]

August[edit]

August (TBD)[100][101] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Vandenberg United States SpaceX
Taiwan FORMOSAT-8A NSPO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
August (TBD)[102] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India HRSAT-1 × 3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
August (TBD)[103][104] Europe Vega France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Europe Biomass ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Earth Explorer 7 of the Living Planet Programme.

September[edit]

September (TBD)[37] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-26 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 69/70  
Q3 (TBD)[89] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
United States Uhura-1 (Node-1)[105][106] Skyloom Geosynchronous Communications  
Multi-Launch Service Proof of Concept (MLS POC) rideshare mission.
Q3 (TBD)[108] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States SpaceX
United States Galaxy 37 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Galaxy 37, also known as Galaxy 13R, will replace Galaxy 13.[107]
Q3 (TBD)[109] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States SpaceX
United States MicroGEO × 4 Astranis Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[55] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States NROL-69 NRO TBA Reconnaissance  
Q3 (TBD)[64][65] China Long March 2D or 4B/4C China TBA China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
Q3 (TBD)[110] Germany RFA One Norway Andøya Germany RFA
Germany SUPREME Neutron Star Systems Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Q3 (TBD)[89] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Small Satellites Mission Service (SSMS) #7 rideshare mission.
Q3 (TBD)[55] United States Vulcan Centaur United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States USSF-87 U.S. Space Force TBA Reconnaissance  

October[edit]

20 October[5] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-29 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
October (TBD)[12] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Vandenberg United States SpaceX
United States Orbiter SN4[13] Launcher Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
France SpaceVan[111] Exotrail Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United States Vigoride[14] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United Arab Emirates MBZ-SAT[112] MBRSC Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit, designated Transporter-9.
October (TBD)[114][115] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States PUNCH NASA Low Earth (SSO) Heliophysics  
United States TRACERS NASA Low Earth (SSO) Magnetospheric research  
Launch of two missions for NASA's Small Explorer program.[113]

November[edit]

30 November[116][5] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States PACE[117] NASA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
November (TBD)[119][120] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Griffin Astrobotic TLI to lunar surface Lunar lander  
United States VIPER NASA TLI to lunar surface Lunar rover  
Griffin Mission 1. Part of the Commercial Lunar Payload Services program. The VIPER rover will be carried aboard Astrobotic's Griffin lander, and will prospect for water ice near the lunar south pole at Nobile Crater.[118]
November (TBD)[121] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States SpaceX
United States Masten Mission One NASA / Masten TLI to lunar surface Lunar lander  
United States MoonRanger[122] Astrobotic / CMU TLI to lunar surface Lunar rover  
Masten Mission One (MM1). First XL-1 lunar lander mission. Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) mission to the lunar south pole, near Haworth Crater.

December[edit]

December (TBD)[123] Russia Soyuz-2 TBA Russia Glavkosmos
Bangladesh Bangabandhu-2 BSCL Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[124] Europe Ariane 62 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
France CSO-3 CNES / DGA Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
Q4 (TBD)[125] United States Daytona United States Vandenberg SLC-5[42] United States Phantom Space
United States AFNIO × ? Ingenu Low Earth IoT  
Will launch "the majority of" Ingenu's 72-satellite AFNIO constellation.
Q4 (TBD)[126][127] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States LOXSAT 1 Eta Space Low Earth (SSO) Propellant depot
Technology demonstration
 
Q4 (TBD)[128] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Indonesia SATRIA PSN Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[58] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India Gaganyaan 2 ISRO Low Earth Flight test  
Second Gaganyaan flight test. Will carry the Vyommitra humanoid robot.
Q4 (TBD)[130] Russia Irtysh / DM-SLB[131] Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 45/1 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Dummy satellite Roscosmos Low Earth Flight test  
First launch of Irtysh, also known as Soyuz-5. A dummy payload matching a future satellite in weight and size will be launched.[129]
Q4 (TBD)[132] Germany RFA One Norway Andøya Germany RFA
Spain Germany Harmony 1 Plus Ultra Selenocentric Lunar communications  
First of eight satellites for Harmony, Plus Ultra's lunar communications and navigation constellation.
Q4 (TBD)[134] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Bion-M No.2 Roscosmos Low Earth Biological science  
30-day mission to observe the effects of the Van Allen radiation belts on mice.[133]
Q4 (TBD)[135] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Resurs-P No.5[136] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q4 (TBD)[137][3] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Europe Space Rider ESA Low Earth Flight test  
First test flight of ESA's Space Rider uncrewed spaceplane.
Q4 (TBD)[138] TBA TBA TBA
Spain Spainsat NG I[139] Hisdesat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[19] TBA TBA TBA
United States Varda 2 Photon Varda Space Industries Low Earth Space manufacturing  
Rideshare on a to-be-announced launch vehicle.

To be determined[edit]

2023 (TBD)[140][141] Russia Angara 1.2 Russia Plesetsk Site 35/1 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Gonets-M 26 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 27 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 28 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
2023 (TBD)[142][143] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Germany Heinrich Hertz (H2Sat)[b] DLR Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[144][145] Europe Ariane 62 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe Euclid ESA Sun–Earth L2 Astronomy  
Launch vehicle changed from Soyuz ST-B to Ariane 62 due to the indefinite suspension of Soyuz launches from Kourou in February 2022.
2023 (TBD)[146] Europe Ariane 62 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe Galileo FOC FM29 ESA Medium Earth Navigation  
Europe Galileo FOC FM30 ESA Medium Earth Navigation  
2023 (TBD)[147] Europe Ariane 62 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe Sentinel-1D[95] ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Fourth Sentinel-1 satellite.
2023 (TBD)[149] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
United States ViaSat-3 APAC[40] ViaSat Geosynchronous Communications  
First flight of the Ariane 64 configuration.[148]
H2 2023 (TBD)[150][151] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Australia Optus-11 Optus Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[152] Europe Ariane 6 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe Electra SES S.A. / ESA Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[153][154] United States Atlas V 551 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States KuiperSat × ? Amazon Low Earth Communications  
First of nine Atlas V launches for Amazon's Project Kuiper broadband satellite internet constellation.
2023 (TBD)[30] United States Atlas V N22 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Boeing Starliner-2 (PCM-2) Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Expedition TBA  
Second operational Starliner mission to the ISS.
2023 (TBD)[155] Ukraine Cyclone-4M Canada Spaceport Nova Scotia Canada MLS
Canada TBA GALAXIA Mission Systems Low Earth Ship tracking  
First Cyclone-4M launch.
2023 (TBD)[156] United States Delta IV Heavy D-388 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States ULA
United States NROL-68 (Orion 11)[157] NRO Geosynchronous Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[158] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
Japan ADRAS-J Astroscale Low Earth Space debris removal
Technology demonstration
 
The Active Debris Removal by Astroscale-Japan (ADRAS-J) satellite will rendezvous with a spent Japanese upper stage rocket body in low Earth orbit and demonstrate proximity operations in preparation for a future de-orbiting mission.
2023 (TBD)[88] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
France Kinéis × 5 Kinéis Low Earth IoT  
Second of five dedicated launches for Kinéis' IoT satellite constellation.
2023 (TBD)[88] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
France Kinéis × 5 Kinéis Low Earth IoT  
Third of five dedicated launches for Kinéis' IoT satellite constellation.
2023 (TBD)[88] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
France Kinéis × 5 Kinéis Low Earth IoT  
Fourth of five dedicated launches for Kinéis' IoT satellite constellation.
2023 (TBD)[88] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
France Kinéis × 5 Kinéis Low Earth IoT  
Fifth of five dedicated launches for Kinéis' IoT satellite constellation.
2023 (TBD)[159] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
Japan StriX Synspective Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Final of three dedicated launches for Synspective's StriX constellation.
2023 (TBD)[161] Japan Epsilon S Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Vietnam LOTUSat-1[162][163] VNSC Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First launch of Epsilon S, an upgraded version of Epsilon that will have commonality with H3 rocket components.[160]
2023 (TBD)[164][165] Australia Eris Australia Whalers Way Australia Gilmour Space
Australia Centauri × 6 Fleet Space Low Earth IoT  
2023 (TBD)[166][167] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Ax-3 SpaceX / Axiom Space Low Earth (ISS) Space tourism  
Axiom Mission 3, launching on Crew Dragon. 10-day commercial flight of four (one professional and three private) astronauts to the International Space Station.
2023 (TBD)[166][167] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Ax-4 SpaceX / Axiom Space Low Earth (ISS) Space tourism  
Axiom Mission 4, launching on Crew Dragon. 10-day commercial flight of four (one professional and three private) astronauts to the International Space Station. The winner of the Space Hero reality television show will be awarded a seat on this mission.
2023 (TBD)[169] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
South Korea CAS500-4 KARI / Ministry of Science and ICT / MAFRA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Fourth CAS500 satellite, dedicated to wide-area agricultural and forestry observation.[168]
2023 (TBD)[173] United States Falcon 9 Block 5[174] United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States IM-2 Intuitive Machines TLI to lunar surface Lunar lander  
United States Khon1[175][176] Intuitive Machines Selenocentric (ELFO) Lunar communications  
United States Micro-Nova (μNova)[177][175] Intuitive Machines TLI to lunar surface Lunar hopper  
United States Finland M1 MAPP[178] Lunar Outpost / Nokia TLI to lunar surface Lunar rover
Technology demonstration
 
United States Sherpa-ES[172] Spaceflight, Inc. TLI to Geostationary Space tug  
United States Tanker-002[179] Orbit Fab Geostationary In-space refueling  
IM-2 South Pole Mission, flying the second Nova-C lunar lander.[170] The Polar Resources Ice Mining Experiment 1 (PRIME-1) payload will be delivered to the lunar south pole near Shackleton Crater for the CLPS program.[171] Spaceflight's "GEO Pathfinder" rideshare mission will be conducted via the Sherpa-ES transfer vehicle.[172]
2023 (TBD)[180] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States SpaceX
Indonesia Nusantara Lima PSN Geosynchronous Communications  
H2 2023 (TBD)[182] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States SpaceX
United Arab Emirates Thuraya 4-NGS Thuraya Geosynchronous Communications  
Planned replacement for Thuraya 2.[181]
2023 (TBD)[183][184] United States Firefly Alpha United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States Firefly
United States EOS SAR 1 EOSDA Low Earth (SSO)[185] Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[186] India GSLV Mk II India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GSAT-7C ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[187][188] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India Chandrayaan-3 ISRO Selenocentric Lunar lander / rover  
2023 (TBD)[187] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India DRSS-1 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
First of two Indian Data Relay Satellites.
2023 (TBD)[187] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India DRSS-2 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Second of two Indian Data Relay Satellites.
2023 (TBD)[189] Japan H-IIA Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan GOSAT-GW[190] JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[189] Japan H-IIA Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan IGS-Optical 8 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[189] Japan H-IIA Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan IGS-Radar 8 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[192] Japan H3 TF2 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan ALOS-4[193] JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Second H3 test flight.[191]
2023 (TBD)[194] Japan H3 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan DSN-3 DSN / JSDF Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[197][198] Japan H3 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan ETS-9 (Kiku 9) JAXA / NICT Geosynchronous Communications
Technology demonstration
 
ETS-9 will carry the High Speed Communication with Advanced Laser Instrument (HICALI), which will demonstrate 10 Gbps laser communications between geosynchronous orbit and ground-stations.[195][196]
2023 (TBD)[199][200] Japan H3-24L Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan HTV-X1 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics
Technology demonstration
 
Japan Ten-Koh 2[201] Nihon University Low Earth Magnetosphere observation / Technology demonstration  
First HTV-X resupply mission.
2023 (TBD)[202] Japan H3 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
United Kingdom Inmarsat TBA Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[189] Japan H3 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-5 (Michibiki-5) CAO Tundra Navigation  
2023 (TBD)[189][203] Japan H3 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-6 (Michibiki-6) CAO Tundra Navigation  
2023 (TBD)[204] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Cornwall United States Virgin Orbit
United Kingdom QKDSat 1[205] Arqit Low Earth Quantum encryption  
2023 (TBD)[204] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Cornwall United States Virgin Orbit
United Kingdom QKDSat 2[205] Arqit Low Earth Quantum encryption  
2023 (TBD)[206] China Long March 2C China Xichang China CASC
China APStar 6E APT Satellite Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[208] China Long March 2D China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
China Italy CSES-02 / Zhangheng-2[209] CNSA / ASI Low Earth (SSO) Ionospheric research  
Second CSES-Limadou satellite mission.[207]
H2 2023 (TBD)[210] China Long March 3B/E China Xichang China CASC
China Startime-1[211] Beijing Star Time Telecommunications Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[212] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 2E[213] Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[212] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 2H[214] Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[215] China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Fengyun 3H[216] CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
2023 (TBD)[217][218] China Long March 11A China TBA China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
First flight of the Long March 11A variant.
2023 (TBD)[219][220] China Long March TBA China TBA China CASC
Venezuela VeneSat-2 (Guaicaipuro) ABAE Geosynchronous Communications  
Replacement for Venesat-1. Named after Guaicaipuro.
2023 (TBD)[221][222] United States Minotaur IV / Orion 38 United States Vandenberg SLC-8 United States Northrop Grumman
United States NROL-174 NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[4] United States New Glenn United States Cape Canaveral LC-36 United States Blue Origin
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Blue Origin's New Glenn rocket.
2023 (TBD)[223][224] Russia Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Ekspress-AMU4 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[225] Russia Proton-M / DM-03 Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Elektro-L №5[226] Roscosmos Geosynchronous Meteorology  
2023 (TBD)[227] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Oceansat-3A[228] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Oceanography  
2023 (TBD)[229] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Resourcesat-3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[230] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Resourcesat-3SA ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[231][232] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India RISAT-1B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[234][235] United States RS1 United States Cape Canaveral United States ABL
United States KuiperSat-1 Amazon Low Earth Technology demonstration  
First of two Project Kuiper prototype satellite launches.[233]
2023 (TBD)[234][235] United States RS1 United States Cape Canaveral United States ABL
United States KuiperSat-2 Amazon Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Second of two Project Kuiper prototype satellite launches.[233]
2023 (TBD)[236] United States RS1 United States TBA United States ABL
United States Cryogenic Fluid Management demo mission[237] Lockheed Martin / NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
NASA Cryogenic Demonstration Mission.
2023 (TBD)[238][239] Germany SL1 Sweden Esrange Germany HyImpulse
Germany TBA HyImpulse Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of HyImpulse's SL1. HyImpulse is a spinoff of DLR.
2023 (TBD)[240][241][242] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Aist-2T №1 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Russia Aist-2T №2 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[243] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Kondor-FKA №2[244] Roscosmos Low Earth Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[245] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Obzor-R №1[246] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[247] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Arktika-M №2[248] Roscosmos Molniya Meteorology  
2023 (TBD)[249] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M[250] Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K2 24 (K2 №3) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
2023 (TBD)[251] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Resurs-PM №1[252] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[254][255] Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT (?) France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Europe Japan EarthCARE ESA / JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Earth Explorer 6 of the Living Planet Programme. As of February 2022, all Soyuz launches from Kourou have been suspended indefinitely.[253]
2023 (TBD)[256] Germany Spectrum Norway Andøya Germany Isar Aerospace
Europe TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Second of two demonstration flights.
2023 (TBD)[257] Germany Spectrum Norway Andøya Germany Isar Aerospace
Germany OroraTech × ? OroraTech Low Earth (SSO) Wildfire monitoring  
First of multiple Spectrum launches for OroraTech.
2023 (TBD)[258] Germany Spectrum Norway Andøya Germany Isar Aerospace
Europe TBA Airbus Defence and Space Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[259] United States Starship United States Starbase or Cape Canaveral/Kennedy United States SpaceX
Japan dearMoon Yusaku Maezawa Lunar free-return Crewed lunar flyby  
Private spaceflight with 6 to 8 artists commissioned and funded by Japanese entrepreneur Yusaku Maezawa.[259]
2023 (TBD)[261] United States Terran 1 United States Vandenberg B-330 United States Relativity Space
United States Iridium NEXT 174[262] Iridium Low Earth Communications  
First of six Iridium NEXT satellites to be launched on-demand between 2023 and 2030.[260]
2023 (TBD)[263] United States Terran 1 United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
United States STP-TBA U.S. Space Force Low Earth Military  
2023 (TBD)[264] Europe Vega France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Europe PROBA-3 Coronagraph ESA Highly elliptical Solar observatory
Coronagraph
 
Europe PROBA-3 Occulter ESA Highly elliptical Solar observatory
Occulter
 
2023 (TBD)[265] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
France CO3D × 4[266] CNES Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[267][268] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Luxembourg LUXEOSys (NAOS)[269] LUXEOps / MAE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[270] Japan Zero Japan Taiki Japan Interstellar Technologies
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of the Zero orbital launch vehicle.
2023 (TBD)[271] TBA TBA TBA
Peru Andesat-1 Andesat Geosynchronous Communications  
Peru's first dedicated telecommunications satellite.
2023 (TBD)[272] TBA TBA TBA
Saudi Arabia BADR-8 Arabsat Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[273] TBA TBA TBA
Brazil Carponis-1 FAB Low Earth Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[169] TBA TBA TBA
South Korea CAS500-3 KARI / Ministry of Science and ICT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Third CAS500 satellite, dedicated to space science and technology verification.[168]
2023 (TBD)[274] TBA TBA TBA
United Kingdom Inmarsat-7 F1 (GX 7)[275] Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
United Kingdom Inmarsat-7 F2 (GX 8) Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
United Kingdom Inmarsat-7 F3 (GX 9) Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
The satellites may launch on separate rockets, though they are designed to fit together in a single payload fairing.
2023 (TBD)[276] TBA TBA TBA
United States Intelsat 42 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[276] TBA TBA TBA
United States Intelsat 43 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[277] TBA TBA TBA
Philippines MULA PhilSA / UP Diliman / DOST-ASTI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[278] TBA TBA TBA
Poland PW-SAT3 Warsaw University of Technology Low Earth Technology demonstration  
2023 (TBD)[279][280] TBA TBA TBA
Canada QEYSSat IQC / CSA Low Earth QKD technology demonstration  
2023 (TBD)[281] TBA TBA TBA
Argentina Brazil SABIA-Mar 1[282] CONAE / INPE / AEB Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  

Suborbital flights

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
27 January[283] Canada Black Brant IX United States White Sands Missile Range United States NASA
United States CIBER-3 Rochester Institute of Technology Suborbital EBL anisotropy  
January (TBD)[284] United States Improved Malemute/Improved Orion MIRIAM-2 Sweden Esrange Germany DLR
Germany MIRIAM-2 Mars Society Germany / UniBw München Suborbital Ballute testing  
1 February[283] Canada Black Brant IX United States Wallops Flight Facility United States NASA
United States SOFE-1 MDA Suborbital TBA  
10 February[283][285] Canada Black Brant IX Norway Andøya United States NASA
United States VortEX Clemson University Suborbital Vapor trail deployment  
First of two launches of trimethylaluminum (TMA) vapor trails for the Vorticity Experiment (VortEx) mission.
10 February[283][285] Canada Black Brant IX Norway Andøya United States NASA
United States VortEx Clemson University Suborbital Vapor trail deployment  
Second of two launches of TMA vapor trails for the VortEx mission.
10 February[283][285] United States Terrier-Improved Orion Norway Andøya United States NASA
United States VortEx Clemson University Suborbital Gravity wave research  
First of two launches of payload instruments for the VortEx mission.
10 February[283][285] United States Terrier-Improved Orion Norway Andøya United States NASA
United States VortEx Clemson University Suborbital Gravity wave research  
Second of two launches of payload instruments for the VortEx mission.
12 February[283][286] United States Terrier Oriole United States Poker Flat Research Range United States NASA
United States DISSIPATION Goddard Space Flight Center Suborbital Thermospheric research  
12 February[283][287] Canada Black Brant XII-A United States Poker Flat Research Range United States NASA
United States Beam-PIE Los Alamos National Laboratory Suborbital Technology demonstration  
13 March[283][287] United States Terrier-Improved Malemute United States Poker Flat Research Range United States NASA
United States AWESOME University of Alaska Fairbanks Suborbital Auroral science  
First of three launches for the Auroral Waves Excited by Substorm Onset Magnetic Events (AWESOME) mission.
13 March[283][287] United States Terrier-Improved Malemute United States Poker Flat Research Range United States NASA
United States AWESOME University of Alaska Fairbanks Suborbital Auroral science  
Second of three launches for the AWESOME mission.
13 March[283][287] Canada Black Brant XII-A United States Poker Flat Research Range United States NASA
United States AWESOME University of Alaska Fairbanks Suborbital Auroral science  
Third of three launches for the AWESOME mission.
March (TBD)[284] United States Improved Orion Sweden Esrange Germany DLR / Sweden SNSA
Germany Sweden REXUS-31 DLR / SNSA Suborbital Education  
March (TBD)[284] United States Improved Orion Sweden Esrange Germany DLR / Sweden SNSA
Germany Sweden REXUS-32 DLR / SNSA Suborbital Education  
Q1 (TBD)[289] United States SpaceShipTwo Unity 25 United States Spaceport America United States Virgin Galactic
United States Virgin Galactic Unity 25 Virgin Galactic Suborbital Crewed spaceflight  
First VSS Unity commercial service flight.[288]
10 April[283] Canada Black Brant IX United States White Sands Missile Range United States NASA
United States OAxFORTIS Johns Hopkins Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy  
Off Axis Far-ultraviolet Off Rowland-circle Telescope for Imaging and Spectroscopy (OAxFORTIS).
24 April[283] Canada Black Brant IX United States White Sands Missile Range United States NASA
United States INFUSE CU Boulder Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy  
Integral Field Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Experiment (INFUSE).[290]
22 May[283][285] Canada Black Brant IX United States White Sands Missile Range United States NASA
United States FURST Montana State University Suborbital Solar VUV astronomy