Long March 2D
Long March 2D launching VRSS-1.jpg
Long March 2D launch of VRSS-1 in September 2012
FunctionCarrier rocket
ManufacturerSAST
Country of originChina
Cost per launchUS$30 million[1]
Size
Height41.056 m (134.70 ft)[2]
Diameter3.35 m (11.0 ft)
Mass232,250 kg (512,020 lb)
Stages2
Capacity
Payload to LEO
Mass3,500 kg (7,700 lb)[3]
Payload to SSO
Mass1,300 kg (2,900 lb)[4]
Associated rockets
FamilyLong March
Launch history
StatusActive
Launch sitesLA-2/138 and LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC
LA-9, TSLC
LA-3, XSLC
Total launches69
Success(es)68
Partial failure(s)1
First flight9 August 1992
Last flight29 October 2022
First stage
Height27.91 m
Diameter3.35 m
Propellant mass182,000 kg (401,000 lb)
Powered by4 YF-21C
Maximum thrust2,961.6 kN (665,800 lbf)
Specific impulse2,550 m/s (8,400 ft/s)
PropellantN2O4 / UDMH
Second stage
Height10.9 m
Diameter3.35 m
Propellant mass52,700 kg (116,200 lb)
Powered by1 YF-24C
(1 x YF-22C (Main))
(4 x YF-23C (Vernier))
Maximum thrust742.04 kN (166,820 lbf) (Main)
47.1 kN (10,600 lbf) (Vernier)
Specific impulse2,942 m/s (300.0 s) (Main)
2,834 m/s (289.0 s) (Vernier)
PropellantN2O4 / UDMH
Third stage (optional) – YZ-3
PropellantN2O4 / UDMH

The Long March 2D (Chinese: 长征二号丁火箭), also known as the Chang Zheng 2D, CZ-2D and LM-2D, is a Chinese two-stage orbital carrier rocket mainly used for launching LEO and SSO satellites. It is manufactured by the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST).[3]

It is mainly launched from areas LA-2B and LA-4 at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center. The Long March 2D made its maiden flight on 9 August 1992. It was initially used to launch FSW-2 and FSW-3 reconnaissance satellites.

Unlike all other members of the Long March 2 rocket family, the Long March 2D is a two-stage version of the Long March 4 launch vehicle.[3][5]

Launch statistics

List of launches

Main article: List of Long March launches

Launch of the first Venezuelan Earth observation satellite, VRSS-1 / Miranda, by the LM-2D launch vehicle.
Launch of the first Venezuelan Earth observation satellite, VRSS-1 / Miranda, by the LM-2D launch vehicle.
Launch of the first Venezuelan Earth observation satellite, VRSS-1 / Miranda.
Launch of the first Venezuelan Earth observation satellite, VRSS-1 / Miranda.

The Long March 2D made its maiden flight on 9 August 1992.

Flight number Serial number Date (UTC) Launch site Upper stage Payload Orbit Result
1 Y1 9 August 1992
08:00
LA-2/138, JSLC None FSW-2 No.1 LEO Success
2 Y2 3 July 1994
08:00
LA-2/138, JSLC None FSW-2 No.2 LEO Success
3 Y3 20 October 1996
07:20
LA-2/138, JSLC None FSW-2 No.3 LEO Success
4 Y4 3 November 2003
07:20
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None FSW-3 No.1 LEO Success
5 Y5 27 September 2004
08:00
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None FSW-3 No.2 LEO Success
6 Y6 5 July 2005
22:40
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shijian 7 SSO Success
7 Y7 29 August 2005
08:45
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None FSW-3 No.3 LEO Success
8 Y8 25 May 2007
07:12
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yaogan 2
ZDPS-1
SSO Success
9 Y12 5 November 2008
00:15
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shiyan 3
Chuangxin-1-02
SSO Success
10 Y9 1 December 2008
04:42
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yaogan 4 SSO Success
11 Y10 9 December 2009
08:42
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yaogan 7 SSO Success
12 Y15 15 June 2010
01:39
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shijian 12 SSO Success
13 Y14 24 August 2010
07:10
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Tianhui-1A SSO Success
14 Y11 22 September 2010
02:42
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yaogan 11
ZDPS-1A
ZDPS-1B
SSO Success
15 Y19 20 November 2011
00:15
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shiyan 4
Chuangxin-1-03
SSO Success
16 Y17 6 May 2012
07:10
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Tianhui-1B SSO Success
17 Y16 29 September 2012
04:12
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None VRSS-1 SSO Success
18 Y22 18 December 2012
16:13
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Göktürk-2 SSO Success
19 Y18 26 April 2013
04:13
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Gaofen 1
TurkSat-3USat
NEE-01 Pegaso
CubeBug-1
SSO Success
20 Y23 25 November 2013
02:12
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shiyan 5 SSO Success
21 Y25 4 September 2014
00:15
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Chuangxin-1-04
Lingqiao
SSO Success
22 Y24 20 November 2014
07:12
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yaogan 24 SSO Success
23 Y21 14 September 2015
04:42
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Gaofen 9 SSO Success
24 Y37 7 October 2015
04:13
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Jilin-1A
Jilin-1B
Jilin-1C
Jilin-1D
SSO Success
25 Y26 26 October 2015
07:10
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Tianhui-1C SSO Success
26 Y31 17 December 2015
00:12
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None DAMPE SSO Success
27 Y36 5 April 2016
17:38
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shijian 10 LEO Success
28 Y27 15 May 2016
02:43
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yaogan 30 SSO Success
29 Y32 15 August 2016
17:40
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None QSS
LiXing-1
3Cat-2
SSO Success
30 Y34 11 November 2016
23:14
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yunhai-1-01 SSO Success
31 Y33 21 December 2016
19:22
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None TanSat SSO Success
32 Y39 28 December 2016
03:23
LA-9, TSLC None SuperView-1 01
SuperView-1 02
BY70-1
SSO Partial failure
33 Y30 9 October 2017
04:13
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None VRSS-2 SSO Success
34 Y47 3 December 2017
04:11
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None LKW-1 SSO Success
35 Y48 23 December 2017
04:14
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None LKW-2 SSO Success
36 Y40 9 January 2018
03:24
LA-9, TSLC None SuperView-1 03
SuperView-1 04
SSO Success
37 Y49 13 January 2018
07:10
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None LKW-3 SSO Success
38 Y13 2 February 2018
07:51
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None CSES (Zhangheng 1) SSO Success
39 Y50 17 March 2018
07:10
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None LKW-4 SSO Success
40 Y20 2 June 2018
04:13
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Gaofen 6
Luojia 1
SSO Success
41 Y28 19 November 2018
23:40
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shiyan 6-01
Jiading 1
Tianzhi-1
SSO Success
42 Y38 7 December 2018
04:12
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None SaudiSat 5A
SaudiSat 5B
SSO Success
43 Y35 29 December 2018
08:00
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC YZ-3 Yunhai-2 01-06
Hongyan-1
LEO Success
44 Y43 25 September 2019
00:54
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yunhai-1-02 SSO Success
45 Y58 15 January 2020
02:53
LA-9, TSLC None Jilin-1 Wideband 01
ÑuSat-7
ÑuSat-8
SSO Success
46 Y61 19 February 2020
21:07
LA-3, XSLC None XJSS C/D/E/F LEO Success
47 Y51 31 May 2020
08:53
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Gaofen 9-02
HEAD-4
SSO Success
48 Y52 17 June 2020
07:19
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Gaofen 9-03
HEAD-5
ZDPS-3
SSO Success
49 Y29 4 July 2020
23:44
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shiyan 6-02 SSO Success
50 Y56 6 August 2020
04:01
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Gaofen 9-04 SSO Success
51 Y57 23 August 2020
02:27
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Gaofen 9-05
Tiantuo 5
SSO Success
52 Y54 11 June 2021
03:03
LA-9, TSLC None Beijing-3A
Hisea-2
Yang Wang-1
Tianjian (TKSY01-TJ)
SSO Success
53 Y74 3 July 2021
02:51
LA-9, TSLC None Jilin-1 Kuanfu-01B
Jilin-1 Gaofen-03D × 3
Xingshidai-10
SSO Success
54 Y62 29 July 2021
04:01
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Tianhui-1D SSO Success
55 Y53 14 October 2021
10:51
LA-9, TSLC None CHASE (Chinese Hα Solar Explorer)
Golden Bauhinia-2
Guidao Daqi Midu TSW
HEAD-2E
HEAD-2F
MOTS
QX-1
SSS-1
SSS-2A
Tianshu-1
Tianyuan-1
SSO Success
56 Y63 6 November 2021
03:00
LA-3, XSLC None Yaogan 35A
Yaogan 35B
Yaogan 35C
LEO Success
57 Y41 29 December 2021
11:13
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Tianhui-4 SSO Success
58 Y70 17 January 2022
02:35
LA-9, TSLC None Shiyan 13 SSO Success
59 Y79 5 May 2022
02:38
LA-9, TSLC None Jilin-1 Kuanfu-01C
Jilin-1 Gaofen-03D × 7
SSO Success
60 Y64 23 June 2022
02:22
LA-3, XSLC None Yaogan 35-02A
Yaogan 35-02B
Yaogan 35-02C
LEO Success
61 Y65 29 July 2022
13:28
LA-3, XSLC None Yaogan 35-03A
Yaogan 35-03B
Yaogan 35-03C
LEO Success
62 Y66 19 August 2022
17:37
LA-3, XSLC None Yaogan 35-04A
Yaogan 35-04B
Yaogan 35-04C
LEO Success
63 Y75 24 August 2022
03:01
LA-9, TSLC None Beijing-3B SSO Success
64 Y67 6 September 2022 04:19 LA-3, XSLC None Yaogan 35-05A
Yaogan 35-05B
Yaogan 35-05C
LEO Success
65 Y76 20 September 2022
23:15
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yunhai-1 03 SSO Success
66 Y68 26 September 2022
13:38
LA-3, XSLC None Yaogan 36-01A
Yaogan 36-01B
Yaogan 36-01C
LEO Success
67 Y55 8 October 2022
23:43
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None ASO-S (Kuafu-1) SSO Success
68 Y69 14 October 2022
19:12
LA-3, XSLC None Yaogan 36-02A
Yaogan 36-02B
Yaogan 36-02C
LEO Success
69 Y72 29 October 2022
01:01
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shiyan 20C LEO Success
70 Y71 24 November 2022
LA-3, XSLC None Yaogan 36-03A
Yaogan 36-03B
Yaogan 36-03C
LEO Planned

References

  1. ^ "Surplus Missile Motors: Sale Price Drives Potential Effects on DOD and Commercial Launch Providers" (PDF). Government Accountability Office. August 2017. p. 30. Retrieved 22 June 2020. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ Mark Wade. "CZ-2D". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2008.
  3. ^ a b c "China's Orbital Launch Activity 2020" (PDF). Bryce Space and Technology. 27 May 2020. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  4. ^ "LM-2D". China Great Wall Industry Corporation. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  5. ^ "Long March 2D launch vehicle (LM-2D)" (in Chinese). China Great Wall Industry Corporation. Retrieved 3 February 2018.