Miura 5
Functionpartially reusable launch vehicle to low Earth orbit
ManufacturerPLD Space
Country of originSpain
Height29.4 m (96 ft)[1]
Diameter1.8 m (5 ft 11 in)[1]
Mass32,000 kg (71,000 lb)
Payload to Low Earth orbit (LEO)
Mass900 kg (1,985 lb)[1]
Payload to SSO
Mass450 kg (990 lb)[1]
Associated rockets
ComparableShavit 2, Prime, Electron
Launch history
StatusUnder development
Launch sitesEl Hierro Launch Centre (proposed)

Guiana Space Centre (planned)

Azores (proposed)
First flight2024 (planned)[2]
First stage
Height17.7 m (58 ft)[3]
Diameter1.8 m (5 ft 11 in)
Powered by5 TEPREL-C
Maximum thrust950 kN (210,000 lbf)
Burn time182 s.[1]
PropellantLOX / RP-1
Second stage
Height9 m (30 ft)
Powered by1 TEPREL-C vacuum
Maximum thrust50 kN (11,000 lbf)
Burn time420 s.[1]
PropellantLOX / RP-1
Kick stage (optional)

Miura 5 is a two-stage European orbital recoverable launch vehicle of the Spanish company PLD Space currently under development. Miura 5 will be 24.9 m long, capable of inserting 900 kg of payload into a low Earth orbit (LEO), featuring an optional kick stage that can circularize the orbits of satellites. All stages are planned to be liquid-propelled. The launch vehicle was previously called Arion 2 but in 2018 PLD Space changed its name.[4][5]


Downscale testing vehicle used during drop test in 2019
Downscale testing vehicle used during drop test in 2019

The two stages (expandable to 3) of the Miura 5 are planned to use liquid fuel and are designed to reuse most of the technology developed for Miura 1, being the new engine and propellant tanks.[6] The first stage is planned to be reusable through the combined use of its engines and parachutes for retrieval.[7]

The Miura 5 will use a TEPREL-C turbopump engine, unlike previous versions which use a pressurized tank cycle.

A lift capacity of 150 kilograms was originally envisioned, but in 2018 lift capacity was doubled after a 10-month European Space Agency review that concluded launching up to 300 kilograms to a 500-kilometer orbit should be pursued.[8]

Its reuse capabilities are planned to allow it to be launched 3 times.[9]

LPSR Program

In October 2016, the ESA chose PLD Space as the main contractor of the LPSR ("Liquid Propulsion Stage Recovery") program, part of the agency's Future Launchers Preparatory Programme (FLPP), for the development of a reusable first stage with a budget of 750,000 euros. The main objective is to provide the reusable first stage Miura 5 launcher with parachute for return although the possibility of using controlled paragliders or "ballutes" will also be explored. The system will be tested at first in Miura 1.[10]


On 11 April 2019, PLD Space performed a successful crash and recovery test of the first stage of a Miura 5 demonstrator (1.5 m diameter instead of 1.8 m) in El Arenosillo.[11] The stage was dropped from a height of 5 km, slowed down with three parachutes and touched the water, where it was recovered.[12]

Launch sites

In July 2019, PLD Space reached an agreement with CNES to study the launch of Miura 5 from CSG, French Guiana.[13] As part of an agreement, INTA is also helping them procure a launch site, being El Hierro Launch Centre the best option from a technical point of view.[14] Recently PLD Space has shared the possibility of making launches from the planned spaceport in Azores but the status of this proposal is unknown.[3]

Launch schedule

The first test flight of Miura 5 is planned to take place in 2024.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f @RaulTorresPLD (18 January 2022). "Thread 👉 Happy to give you accurate #MIURA5 figures: maximum payload mass to reference mission (500km SSO): 450kg . Maximum payload to orbit : 900kg (equatorial launch). Launch site is CSG in French Guiana" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  2. ^ a b "PLD Space, la ambición de lanzar satélites con cohetes reutilizables" [PLD Space, and the ambition to launch satellites with reusable rockets]. El País (in Spanish). 11 August 2020. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  3. ^ a b Gallego, Pablo (August 2020). "MIURA 5: The European and Reusable Microlauncher for CubeSats and Small Satellites". Small Satellite Conference.
  4. ^ Henry, Caleb (28 November 2018). "PLD Space, after ESA input, doubles lift capacity of smallsat launcher". SpaceNews. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Since today, MIURA is the new PLD Space rocket's commercial brand" (Press release). PLD Space. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  6. ^ @RaulTorresPLD (29 August 2021). "Comenzaremos la fabricación del primer MIURA5 pero por supuesto necesitamos que vuele MIURA1 para validar y transferir muchas tecnologías. Otras, como los motores TEPREL-C o los tanques de propelente son nuevas. Esperamos tener a principios del próximo año hardware de ensayo" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  7. ^ Henry, Caleb (11 June 2018). "PLD Space raises additional $10 million for reusable smallsat launchers]". SpaceNews. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  8. ^ "PLD Space, after ESA input, doubles lift capacity of smallsat launcher". SpaceNews. 28 November 2018.
  9. ^ "ESA Microlaunch Services Workshop Presentation" (PDF). 6 November 2018.
  10. ^ "PLD Space: the first European reusable rocket". Naukas (in Spanish). 2 November 2016.
  11. ^ info-space.com (15 April 2019). "PLD Space and the Spanish Army pass the first drop test of Miura 5 – Info-Space News Spain". infoespacial.com. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  12. ^ Sheldon, John (17 April 2019). "Spain's PLD Space Successfully Completes Miura-5 Reusable Booster Drop Test". SpaceWatch.Global.
  13. ^ @PLD_Space (1 July 2019). "Today @PLD_Space and @CNES , and with the support of @CDTIoficial signed at #EUCASS2019 a preliminary Agreement to…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  14. ^ "Teniente general José María Salom, director general del INTA – Noticias Defensa En abierto". Defensa.com. 14 April 2019.