OperatorUniversity of Vigo
COSPAR ID2018-111AJ Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.43908Edit this on Wikidata
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerAlén Space, University of Vigo
Dry mass2.1 kg
Dimensions10 x 10 x 20 cm
Start of mission
Launch date27 December 2018
RocketSoyuz-2.1a (Fregat-M)
Launch siteVostochny Cosmodrome
ContractorGlavkosmos, ECM Launch Services
Orbital parameters
Semi-major axis6,865 km
Periapsis altitude479.3 km
Apoapsis altitude510.0 km
Period94.4 minutes

The Lume-1 is a Spanish nanosatellite developed for educational and scientific purposes by the University of Vigo in cooperation with Alén Space, the University of Porto and the French National Centre of Scientific Research.[1] The satellite is part of the Fire-RS program in order to battle wildfires.[2][3]


Lume-1 is the spacial segment of the Fire-RS program. A program developed to create an autonomous network of satellites and UAV to detect and extinguish wildfires.[4] In that network, Lume-1 has the task of receive alerts from sensors on the ground and transmit them to the ground segment at UVIGO GS. These alerts will coordinate UAVs send by ground control to locate and evaluate the fire. In addition, Lume-1 can also store and relay the information gathered by the UAVs to further coordinate the firefighting teams.[5][6] The whole program's costs have been estimated in nearly 2.1 million , most of them subsidized by the European Commission under the Interreg Sudoe Program.[7]

Furthermore, professors and students of the Telecommunications Department of the University of Vigo were also involved in the project. Particularly in conceptualization, software development and operation. Consequently, they were largely responsible for the early feasibility studies,[8][9][10] communications software, and the different test perform on and by the satellite. The objective of their involvement was mainly educational allowing students to gain some world experience and providing material to write papers and thesis.[11][12]


The satellite is composed of two CubeSats attached in a 2U configuration forming a 10 x 10 x 20 cm square-based prism.[13] It has a total weight of 2.1 kg.[14] Its lateral faces hold the solar panels necessary to power the satellite while the upper face has four orientable antennas.[15][16]


The TOTEM is a software defined radio (SDR) subsystem that was developed by students in the University of Vigo in order to experience and learn how to develop technological products in an industrial environment. It has wide spectrum communications so it can act as a coordinator and relay of the different components of the FireRS (UAV, ground segment, emergency forces and, for some of the experiments, amateur radios).[17]

Its hardware is composed of a motherboard and four omnidirectional antennas. It is a mixture of off-the-shelf and self developed technology (it includes several experimental features such as low-data rate communication, reception of ADS-B signals, characterization of interference sources, ground calibration etc.). It employs UHF with GFSK communication with both S-band M2M receiver and transmitter. And it has downlink rates between at 1200 to 960 bits per second. Some of the frequencies coordinated for downlink listening so far are 437.060 MHz, 437.125 MHz and 437.225 MHz.[18]

Its software was completely developed by the University of Vigo and it is based on embedded Linux. Due to the limitations in time management and critical response of the operating system, the CCSDS Packet Utilization Standard was incorporated into the software. Moreover, some open programs were installed to handle radio communications and wavelength experiments such as GNURadio and SoapySDR drive with the possibility of further changes in-orbit due to the custom IP cores integrated into the FPGA.


The Humsat System Payload (HUMPL) is a standardization module integrated to the HumSat network, a Humanitarian Satellite Network developed, among others, by the University of Vigo, whose first satellite on the network was the HumSat-D back in 2013. The subsystem was developed to provide an inexpensive framework for humanitarian nanosatellites with great emphasis put in data gathering, ground communication and educative value.[19]


The satellite was launched on 27 December 2018 at 9:07 (local time) from the Vostochny Cosmodrome in Russia.[20] Lume-1 was carried, along with 27 other satellites (including Kanopus-V 5 and 6 and GRUS-1) in a Soyuz-2.1a rocket equipped with a Fregat-M upper stage.[21] The operation was a joint venture between GK Launch Services, itself part of Glavkosmos and ECM Launch Services under a rideshare arrangement.[22][23]

It was successfully put in a LEO (479.3 km of periapsis and 510.0 km of apoapsis) with an inclination of 97.2º, a period of 94.4 minutes and a semi-major axis of 6,865 km.[24][25]

During its operation life it is being monitored by the Telecommunication Engineering School at the University of Vigo.[26][27]

See also


  1. ^ (2018-04-04). "El satélite Lume 1 de la Universidad de Vigo se lanzará en septiembre - Noticias Infoespacial España". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  2. ^ Kulu, Erik. "LUME-1 @ Nanosats Database". Nanosats Database. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  3. ^ "La Universidade de Vigo lanza un satélite para la lucha contra los incendios forestales". El País (in Spanish). 2018-12-27. ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  4. ^ Global, Bannister (2019-05-23). "Success of the demos of Fire RS project with the Lume-1 nanosatellite". Alén Space. Retrieved 2021-04-08.
  5. ^ "FireRS". Retrieved 2021-04-08.
  6. ^ (2018-04-04). "El satélite Lume 1 se combinará con drones para detectar incendios - Noticias". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  7. ^ (2019-06-22). "Lume-1 alcanza las 2.600 vueltas a la Tierra - Noticias Infoespacial España". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  8. ^ Bóveda Prado, Víctor (2019). "Implementación de un Servicio de Gestión de Tareas para Satélites Pequeños" (PDF). University of Vigo (TFG).
  9. ^ López Valcárcel, Luis Antonio (2017). "REALIZACIÓN DE ACTIVIDADES DE CAMPAÑA DE TEST PARA SISTEMAS ESPACIALES" (PDF). University of Vigo (TFG).
  10. ^ Lago Agra, José Miguel (2019). "Diseño y desarrollo de una estación terrena basada en radio por software para operaciones con satélites LEO" (PDF). University of Vigo (TFG).
  12. ^ Pérez-Lissi, Franco; Aguado-Agelet, Fernando; Vázquez, Antón; Yañez, Pablo; Izquierdo, Pablo; Lacroix, Simon; Bailon-Ruiz, Rafael; Tasso, Joao; Guerra, Andre; Costa, Maria (2018-10-01). FIRE-RS: Integrating land sensors, cubesat communications, unmanned aerial vehicles and a situation assessment software for wildland fire characterization and mapping. 69th International Astronautical Congress. Bremen, Germany. hal-02092235.
  13. ^ "Launch of the Nanosatellite Lume-1". Alén Space. Retrieved 2021-06-01.
  14. ^ "Lume 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  15. ^ "Database | | Erik Kulu". Airtable. Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  16. ^ Entrevista en TVE sobre el nanosatélite Lume-1, retrieved 2021-04-06
  17. ^ Nercellas Ventas, Aarón (2020). "In-orbit results of TOTEM, an advance multi-application SDR payload, in Lume-1 mission" (PDF). Gauss Team.
  18. ^ "IARU Sat Coordinator". Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  19. ^ "HumSat - Satellite Missions - eoPortal Directory". Retrieved 2021-05-07.
  20. ^ (2018-04-04). "El satélite Lume 1 de la Universidad de Vigo se lanzará en septiembre - Noticias Infoespacial España". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  21. ^ Clark, Stephen. "Soyuz launches cluster of 28 satellites – Spaceflight Now". Retrieved 2021-05-09.
  22. ^ Buus, Niels (2017). "GomSpace selected for the delivery of nanosatellite platform subsystem for European Commission's FIR".
  23. ^ Pons, Juan (2019-01-10). "El nano satélite español Lume-1 cierra los lanzamientos espaciales de Rusia de 2018". Fly News (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  24. ^ "Technical details for satellite LUME-1". - Real Time Satellite Tracking and Predictions. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  25. ^ Lanzamiento del nanosatélite Lume-1, retrieved 2021-04-06
  26. ^ "Launch of the Nanosatellite Lume-1". Alén Space. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  27. ^ Atlántico (2020-01-09). "El satélite Lume-1 dio 5.700 vueltas a la Tierra en un año". Atlántico (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-04-06.